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AP® English Literature and Composition 2010 - The College Board

2010 questions 2 prose essay

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AP® English Literature and Composition 2010 - The College Board

bataille essays Born in France in 1897, Georges Bataille was a very creative, controversial and strange person. A librarian by 2010 2 prose essay, profession, he wrote a great many poems, essays and available books during his life (he died in 1962). Some of questions, these writings were novels; most were works of critical theory (non-fiction writings on society and politics). Bataille's name is often closely associated with Freudian psychoanalysis, Surrealism, Marxism and 2 prose essay the occult. Because of the very strong and questions essay mostly acknowledged influence of Bataille's various concepts and methodological approaches on two fishermen morley callaghan essay the writings of such younger and sometimes better known critical theorists as Guy Debord (potlatch), Jean Baudrillard (gift exchange), Michel Foucault (the order of things), and Jacques Derrida (nonlogical difference), almost all of Bataille's many books have been published in English translations by university presses in 2010 essay America. No doubt many of these books are required reading in courses in literary theory, the history of modern art, sociology, political economy, psychology, and ethnology.

Originally written in French and privately published in questions 2 prose essay 1949, the first part of Bataille's massive trilogy La Part Maudite was re-printed by Les Editions de Minuit in 2 prose essay 1967. Believe? It was re-printed again in the 1970s, when Gallimard began publishing Bataille's Oeuvres Completes (nine volumes so far). In 1989, Zone Books in New York City published a hardcover translation under the title The Accursed Share, Volume I: Consumption (the trilogy as a whole is subtitled An Essay on General Economy). In 1998, Zone published a paperback edition of the book, as well as both hardcover and paperback editions of translations of Volumes II and III. 2010 Questions 2 Prose? Though we have only commented upon information, them once before, Bataille's books, especially the ones on 2010 questions essay art and politics, have long been of interest to us here at NOT BORED! We were excited by 2010 essay, the prospect of reading Volume I (hereafter referred to as The Accursed Share ) because it clearly marked a return to the subject matter -- unproductive (wasteful) expenditures, human sacrifices, potlatch, and the critique of 2 prose essay, classical utility -- Bataille first explored in one of our favorite essays, The Notion of Expenditure (written in 1933 and published in English translation in Visions of Excess, a collection of essays Bataille wrote between 1927 and 1939). It's pretty damn strange that Bataille's Theoretical Introduction to The Accursed Share mentions neither The Notion of Expenditure nor any of two fishermen callaghan essay, his previous writings. Essay? It's as if (Bataille wants us to believe that) this is the very first time that he is pointing out that 1) classical political economy is built on write a report the unquestioned and yet demonstrably false premises that scarcity is the defining aspect of the economy, that individuals will always act according to 2010 2 prose essay, their self-interest, and quotations on essay technology that self-interest always involves growth, the accumulation of wealth, and essay a reduction of waste; but that 2) a study of non-European, non-Christian cultures shows that surplus is actually the defining aspect of the economy, that growth can never be an end in tuition itself, that wealth can indeed be accumulated but precisely for the purposes of deliberately wasting it in spectacular displays of power (human sacrifices, wars, religious monuments, festivals and mass entertainments); and that, in any case, 3) waste is unavoidable. And Bataille (almost) gets away with it, too: he introduces so much new material, material not covered in questions essay The Notion of Expenditure -- Islam, Buddhism and the 13th Dalai Lama, and the connections between Calvinism and Marxism -- that his 1933 essay is apparently outmoded, superceded, discarded and 2010 questions essay forgotten. Bataille has discretely tried to place The Notion of Expenditure into the proverbial Trashcan of History, hoping that no one would notice or care.

Bataille also wants to pretend (wants us to believe) that the entire book, all of The Accursed Share, might also have ended up in questions the trash. In his preface, he writes: Writing this book in which I was saying that energy finally can only be wasted, I myself was using my energy, my time, working; my research answered in a fundamental way the desire to add to the amount of tuition available, wealth acquired for 2010 essay, mankind. Should I say that under these conditions I sometimes could only respond to the truth of my book and tuition assignments available could not go on writing it? A book that no one awaits, that answers no formulated question, that the author would not have written if he had followed its lesson to the letter -- such is the 2 prose, oddity that today I offer the who to, reader. This invites distrust at the outset [. Questions 2 Prose Essay? ] It's a fitting conceit, a pretty good joke, and it's irony certainly brings a smile; but it does indeed invite distrust at the outset. Note the (intentional?) ambiguity of Should I say that under these conditions I sometimes could only respond to the truth of my book and could not go on writing it? The only response to this evasively rhetorical question is: Look, Georges: You should say that you stopped writing it, but only if it's true.

If it isn't true, then you shouldn't say it. Bataille doesn't say why he decided to put aside his reservations and complete all three volumes of The Accursed Share. He certainly didn't finish Volume I because of the uniqueness of the Marshall Plan, which is the subject of its very last chapter, or because of the unprecedented scale and extent of the devastation during the morley, Second World War. Bataille finished the book because, like Breton, Aragon, Eluard and others in the Surrealist movement, he'd become a Stalinist (15 years after the 2010 essay, others!), and morley callaghan because Stalin -- the whole Soviet Union, even -- really needed people like Georges to come to its defense. Though many radical artists and intellectuals in France and elsewhere in 2010 questions 2 prose essay Europe were Trotskyists in two fishermen callaghan essay 1949 (Cornelius Castoriadis, for example), very few were open supporters of Stalinism. Andre Breton and 2 prose most of the others had distanced themselves from write or openly denounced Stalinism (if not the Communist Party, as well) because of the Soviet Union's murderous campaign to collectivize the kulaks in 1937 (an infamous example of what Karl Marx called primitive accumulation) and because of the Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939. The same may be said for 1967, when The Accursed Share was first re-printed: though there (still) were Trotskyists in questions essay France, there were very few Stalinists. Those who were Stalinists -- Jean Paul Sartre, among them -- were denounced by the Situationist International.

But there is no denunciation of Bataille in Internationale Situationniste, Guy Debord's La Societe du Spectacle or one of the books by his one-time colleague, Henri Lefebvre. Essay I This? The only thing Allan Stoekl -- the editor and translator of the 2010 questions 2 prose, Visions of Excess collection -- can say on the subject of Batatille's post-War writings is: In his later writings (of the 1940s and 50s) Bataille is no longer overtly Marxist. While this remark might be taken as indirect evidence that Stalin himself wasn't much of a Marxist, it doesn't even admit that Bataille was a Stalinist. In the chapter called Soviet Industrialization, Bataille writes: The collectivization of lands is in theory the most questionable part of the changes in economic structure. There is no doubt that it cost dearly; indeed, it is regarded as the cruelest moment of an endeavour that was never mild. But if one judges this development of Russian resources in a general way, one risks forgetting the essay, conditions in which it was begun and the necessity that compelled it [. Questions 2 Prose Essay? ] These considerations had all the more force since industrialization always demands a large displacement of the population to the cities [. ] But a sudden [industrial] development creates a call for manpower to which the response cannot long be delayed. Only agrarian collectivism, coupled with mechanization, could ensure the dissertation, maintenance and questions growth of agricultural production; without them, the proliferation of factories would have only divertissant led to disequilibrium [. ] Situations arise in 2010 2 prose which, wrongly or rightly, acts of cruelty, harming individuals, seem negligible in quotations on essay technology view of the misfortunes they are meant to avoid [. ] Today it is easy to see that the Soviets organizing production were replying in advance to a question of life and death.

I do not mean to justify, but to understand; given that purpose, it seems superficial to me to dwell on horror [. ] Apparently the Soviet Union, and, even, speaking more generally, Russia -- owing to the czarist legacy -- would not have been able to survive without a massive allocation of its resources to industrial equipment. Apparently, if this allocation had been even a little less rigorous, even a little less hard to bear than Stalin made it, Russia could have foundered [. ] And we would rather die than establish a reign of terror; but a single man can die, and an immense population is faced with no other possibility than life. The Russian world had to make up for the backwardness of 2010 2 prose, czarist society and this was necessarily so painful, it demanded an effort so great, that the hard way -- in believe essay every sense the most costly way -- became its only essay solution. What's most striking about this chilling passage -- aside from believe i this its monstrous cynicism -- is the fact that, despite the questions 2 prose, passing reference to costliness in the last sentence, it has nothing to do with the discussions that introduced them. Forced social displacement on a massive scale, systematic theft of 2010 2 prose essay, land by the State and 2010 2 prose mass murder (terror) aren't understood here in scientific or empirical terms, that is, in terms of the structural unavoidability of waste and the stark contrast between primitive practices such as potlatch and the puritanical maintenance of accounts in 2010 questions 2 prose essay modern capitalist society. Ironically, these terms only come (back) into play when Bataille turns to the Marshal Plan, which he asserts was a potlatch-like response -- not to the poverty created by the defeat of the Nazi regime -- but to 2010 2 prose essay, the success of the essay, Russian Army at questions 2 prose essay, Stalingrad.

No, Bataille justifies Stalinist terror in the calculating, moralizing, ideological terms of political expediency. Despite the radicality of some of Bataille's ideas, here he doesn't question anything of real importance: neither the believe essay, historical inevitability of Bolshevism, the political legitimacy of the so-called Soviet Union itself (the Soviets themselves were forcibly suppressed in the early 1920s), the necessity of industrialization (both in general and in the specific case of the Russian economy), nor the desirability of 2010 questions essay, Russia's survival. As Bataille himself showed in a preceding chapter, the quotations on essay information technology, Aztecs were conquered; Islam declined; Tibet was undermined. The United States, Bataille says, is also doomed. Why shouldn't Russia meet the same (unavoidable) fate? It's also striking that Bataille's argument includes the following remark: But if one judges this development of Russian resources in a general way, one risks forgetting the conditions in 2010 questions which it was begun and the necessity that compelled it (italics added). In other words, one must concentrate on specific circumstances, not the who to, general situation.

This plainly contradicts two other remarks made by Bataille -- Situations arise in which, wrongly or rightly, acts of cruelty, harming individuals, seem negligible in view of the misfortunes they are meant to avoid, and [B]ut a single man can die, and an immense population is 2010 questions faced with no other possibility than life -- as well as the who to write a report, central premise of general economy. Are there not causes and effects that will appear only provided that the 2010 questions 2 prose essay, general data of the economy are studied? Bataille had asked, rhetorically, in his introductory remarks concerning the meaning of general economy. Will we be able to believe i this, make ourselves the masters of such dangerous activity (and one that we could not abandon in any case) without having grasped its general consequences? Should we not, given the questions essay, constant development of economic forces, pose the general problems that are linked to the movement of energy on the globe? Yes, Georges, we should, even when looking at a special case such as Stalinist Russia. And so, it's regrettable that Bataille decided to quotations technology, persevere and complete Volume I of The Accursed Share. Even though this Stalinist's analyses of eroticism and sovereignty are no doubt fascinating, we will nevertheless refrain from reading Volumes II and III of his trilogy. And we will also be quick to question those who say they are avid readers of Bataille's books to see if they know about his apologies for Stalinism. Questions Essay? But trashing The Accursed Share doesn't necessarily entail discarding everything that Bataille ever wrote.

We still value the essays contained in Visions of Excess, especially The Notion of Expenditure, which speaks of revolution and class struggle against assignments, bourgeois society as a whole in essay precisely those places that The Accursed Share speaks of the evolution of socialism in apologue the Soviet Union and a dynamic peace between the USSR and America. One notes [Bataille wrote in 1933] that in primitive societies, where the 2010 questions 2 prose, exploitation of man by quotations on essay information technology, man is still fairly weak, the products of human activity not only flow in great quantities to rich men because of the protection or social leadership services these men supposedly provide, but also because of the spectacular collective expenditures for which they must pay. In so-called civilized societies, the fundamental obligation of wealth disappeared only in a fairly recent period [. ] Everything that was generous, orgiastic, and excessive has disappeared; the themes of rivalry upon which individual activity still depends develop in obscurity, and 2010 questions essay are as shameful as belching. The representatives of the bourgeoisie have adopted an effaced manner; wealth is believe i this now displayed behind closed doors, in questions essay accordance with depressing and boring conventions [. ] Such trickery has become the dissertation apologue, principle reason for 2010, living, working, and suffering for those who lack the courage to condemn this moldy society to revolutionary destruction [. ] As the class that possesses the wealth -- having received with wealth the obligation of functional expenditure -- the modern bourgeoisie is characterized by the refusal in principle of this obligation. It has distinguished itself from the aristocracy through the fact that it has consented only to spend for itself, and within itself -- in other words, by hiding its expenditures as much as possible from the other classes [. ] In opposition, the assignments available, people's consciousness is reduced to maintaining profoundly the principle of expenditure by representing bourgeois existence as the 2010 2 prose, shame of man and as a sinister cancellation [. ] As for the masters and exploiters, whose function is to dissertation apologue, create the 2010 questions, contemptuous forms that exclude human nature -- causing this nature to exist at the limits of the earth, in other words in 2010 questions 2 prose mud -- a simple law of reciprocity requires that they be condemned to 2 prose essay, fear, to on essay information technology, the great night when their beautiful phrases will be drowned out by death screams in riots.

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Ap® english literature and composition 2010 - The College Board

How to Present Your Résumé, Bio Repertoire List. Resumes, biographies and audition repertoire lists are the print materials most commonly requested at auditions and for Young Artist Program application submissions. Clear, well-formatted print materials are extremely effective tools for presenting your voice and your story to audition panels and questions 2 prose pre-screening administrators. By contrast, a poorly organized bio or resume can be very confusing and frustrating to 2010 questions 2 prose essay read; not only questions essay, do they make you look unprofessional, they may also make it look as though you have something to believe hide. When creating and 2010 essay updating your print materials, remember the information purpose these materials serve: to present a robust and 2010 accurate picture of your training and performance history, your accomplishments, and your artistic focus.

List items in two fishermen morley essay a clear chronological order so that the reader understands where you’re coming from and how things are now developing for you. List not only questions 2 prose essay, what you have done, but also when and where. List the names of music and opera professionals with whom you have worked who are in a position to provide you with a positive and write a report nuanced reference. Keep things as simple and 2010 essay factual as possible, especially where your resume is concerned. If you imagine yourself in the position of the administrator or casting director who will receive and on essay evaluate your materials, you will appreciate the questions 2 prose essay need for clarity and apologue divertissant brevity. They do not have a great deal of questions time to spend on every bio or resume that passes through their hands and must scan each quickly for relevant information. While it’s only natural for you to want people to be excited by your accomplishments, do not exaggerate or distort information on available your resume to make it appear more impressive or clutter up your bio with superlatives. Your singing resume should be a single page in length and should include: Your name and contact information.

Your Fach. Keep it simple, i.e. “Soprano” or “Baritone” rather than “Light Lyric Coloratura Soprano” or “Dramatic Baritone” – the 2010 questions 2 prose roles you have performed will make that distinction for you. Performance experience, including company/location and year. Awards and competitions. 2010 2 Prose! Education and training.

Teachers, coaches, conductors and directors with whom you have worked. Relevant special skills. List all performance and educational experiences in reverse chronological order (most recent first). The information you present should be representative and recent, not exhaustive; include only as much information as you can clearly present on one page. Format all material with clean columns and tabs. Use a serif font – you may choose a different, more stylized font for your name and contact information if you wish, but apply a single serif font for the rest of your content. Mezzo-soprano Cindy Sadler is dedicated to 2 prose essay helping singers take ownership of their talent and tuition available leadership of their careers. Cindy provides advice and mentoring on questions the business of callaghan singing through a monthly Classical Singer column “Ask Erda,” her Business of 2010 2 prose essay Singing seminars and in private consultations.

What categories of information belong on a singer’s resume? In what order s hould they appear? This isn’t a simple question! The answer is going to differ depending on dissertation divertissant where you are in 2010 essay your career and where you’re trying to tuition go. But some things are universal.

The first thing to ask yourself when writing a resume is, “What kind of work am I trying to get?” Your resume should be tailored to that – list the experience which is most relevant to that work first. The second question is, “What experience do I have?” The third is, “How can I organize my experience to show myself in the best possible light?” Let’s say, for argument’s sake, you’re a young singer applying for a YAP, pay-to-sing, or an audition with an opera company or agent. List all your solo work first, chronologically by 2 prose essay year, most recent first. Your first category should be OPERA. 2010 Questions 2 Prose! This is a list of all the full roles you’ve done.

You can include anything upcoming at the top of the list, in bold. If you have a few musical theater roles, just lump them in with the 2010 opera; if you have a lot, you can always create a separate category for two fishermen MUSICAL THEATRE. Next, if (and only if) you have room on your resume, you can list OPERA EXCERPTS. 2010 Questions Essay! (I hate the term “partial role” – it seems self-aggrandizing. We all know that means you did a scene). List CONCERT/ORATORIO, which should encompass all solo work you have done on concerts (you can include recitals if you don’t have much else to list).

As a young artist, it’s fine to list chorus work on your resume, especially if it was opera and you don’t have a lot else to list. But make sure you list CHORUS after all other solo work. After you’ve listed all your performance credits, you can add categories such as: AWARDS/SCHOLARSHIPS (be judicious, choose only the most impressive. 2010 Essay! There’s no need to 2010 2 prose essay list every honorable mention you ever got). EDUCATION/TRAINING (your degrees, YAPs and other training programs you’ve done, etc. Please don’t list master classes.

Singing once for two fishermen essay someone for questions essay 20 minutes is not a credit. If you did a semester-long workshop, that’s a different story). TEACHERS, COACHES, CONDUCTORS, DIRECTORS - List only the most influential teachers and information technology coaches; list all the conductors and directors. 2 Prose! Only list people who would give you a nice review if someone were to contact them as ask about you. Also, don’t list a conductor unless you worked with them as a soloist (unless your whole resume is for choral work). If you still have room on the resume, you can list things like LANGUAGES and SPECIAL SKILLS, but these are pretty much “filler” categories that should exit your resume as soon as you have more performance credits to fill up all the white space!

Should I list roles that I have in preparation, or only roles I have performed? I sometimes advise people to a report list Roles in Preparation or Roles in Repertoire which they have not yet performed. It depends on the circumstances. No one is going to look at these and think of 2 prose it as a credit, but it can show what you are working on and can be useful for reflecting a Fach change or a return to singing after time off. The rule of thumb is i this don’t list them if you don’t have to (you can always have a repertoire list on your website with ALL the essay roles you feel qualified to sing, whether you’ve had the write pleasure or not). Questions 2 Prose Essay! Also, if you’re going to list Roles in Preparation, list no more than three. I don’t believe you’re actively working in more than 3 roles at a time, learning all the recitatives and ensembles.

Just because you’ve learned the arias doesn’t mean you’re studying the role. Should I list the who to teachers I have studied with? Yes, but you only need to list the most influential and then only 2010 essay, if they would say nice things about assignments you if someone were to call them and ask. Should I list the essay dates of my performances? I am squarely in the “list dates” camp. While some administrators and agents won’t care, too many will see a red flag if you don’t list dates. 2010 2 Prose Essay! They’ll think you’re trying to hide your age or the questions essay fact that it’s been 15 years since you sang a role. It’s better to deal with any issues up front.

While we’re talking about dates – please DON’T list “May 2013” or “Fall 2011”. The year is plenty of information; the rest is just clutter. What if I don’t have much performance experience yet? Just list all the apologue performance experience you DO have under a single category, PERFORMANCES. Don’t worry about a thin resume – just make sure you apply for opportunities that are appropriate for questions your level of experience and you’ll be fine. What if there is a gap in my performance history? Read my article in assignments the November 2014 issue of Classical Singer Magazine , where I address those issues in detail. There’s no one-size-fits all answer; but I work with many clients with this issue and there are always things you can do. Your biography can be of any length so long as you organize information with the same inverse pyramid style recommended for questions 2 prose press releases.

Front-load all of the most important details you want the reader to know about quotations you in the first few sentences, then flesh out questions 2 prose, those details in dissertation apologue divertissant subsequent paragraphs beginning with the 2010 questions ones most relevant to the organization receiving your bio and ending with the most incidental. Your resume must stick to who to write a report the facts, but your biography tells your story in narrative form. It is up to you whether you would like to present a crisp, factual approach or use more poetic language to describe your voice, artistry and accomplishments. If you prefer a more subjective approach, get advice from people you trust to make sure that this language comes across as authentic rather than exaggerated – when possible, let others make those claims for questions 2 prose you by incorporating press quotes. Artist management firms post bios for i this the singers on 2010 questions essay their rosters, and you can draw ideas and inspiration from their formatting choices. In baritone Weston Hurt’s bio, Opus 3 sticks to the facts but features an essay i this admiring quote from a Boston Globe review.

Soprano Layla Claire’s bio on IMG’s web site is a much longer, more descriptive narrative, opening with the vocal qualities and 2010 2 prose repertoire specialties for which she is best known. In crafting your bio, be specific and sparing with superlatives. Layla’s bio can accurately include the claim that she “has been celebrated as a unique artist with a voice of special color and expressivity” because it is supported by the quote from Musical Toronto stating that “Her ample, clear, flexible soprano has power as well as grace, with a tone coated in two fishermen callaghan essay addictive, sweet carmel.” Too often, however, I see bios that describe an artist as “the most sought-after soprano of her generation” or the 2010 like! Google the phrase “sought-after soprano” and you’ll find this phrase in the bios of hundreds of singers. Who is tuition available seeking after all these sopranos, and who is keeping tabs so that we can calculate who is the most sought-after one? Non-specific superlatives like this just make it look like you’re trying too hard. Questions 2 Prose Essay! If you don’t have any juicy press quotes yet, that’s fine – it’s really okay to let your voice, and the simple facts, speak for themselves. It is both useful and courteous to tuition provide your audition panel with a printed list of the 2010 questions 2 prose repertoire you are prepared to offer. Even though they will hear at most only 2010 2 prose, two or three of your aria selections, the list provides them with an informative snapshot of what you sing best right now.

It relieves you of the responsibility to questions recite a list of arias and the operas from which they are excerpted in several different languages, and it absolves the panel from tuition assignments, having to questions 2 prose essay remember what you said. When formatting your repertoire list, include your name, Fach, and contact information. List not only your arias but also the 2010 operas they are from and the composer’s name. 2010 Questions 2 Prose! Check spelling and capitalization to make sure they are impeccable and have a couple of trusted friends or mentors proofread your work. Include all diacritical marks – if you don’t know how to type these on your keyboard, get some assistance. Learn and apply the capitalization rules for titles of operas in all languages represented:

In Italian and 2 prose essay French, only the first letter of the title and proper names should be capitalized; In German, only the first word and all nouns should be capitalized; In English, the first word and essay then all words except articles, conjugations and prepositions are capitalized. While you’re at it, make sure that you have been meticulous with your spelling, diacritical marks and capitalization in your resume and bio as well! As an Artist Manager with IMG Artists, Sam Snook frequently reviews print materials submitted by singers; he also works with the singers on his roster to make their materials as clear, effective and essay i this attractive as possible. Here is 2 prose his advice for creating and formatting professional quality resumes, bios, and repertoire lists. Throughout my career, I have had the opportunity to field many resumes, biographies and repertoire lists from singers. As an artist manager, I also have the responsibility of writing and available updating biographies for my artists, helping tweak resumes, and questions essay advising on believe i this audition repertoire. I will provide some bullet points on 2 prose essay the salient points for each of on essay technology these important documents.

A resume should be one page. 2010 Essay! If it is longer, please do not shrink the font; it is time to remove some engagements. In the header, list the assignments available usual: Name, voice type, E-mail, phone number, mailing address. I appreciate when singers list their height. Please list your current teacher in 2010 essay addition to important conductors, directors and available coaches in your life. If you are not currently studying with a teacher, list the 2010 2 prose dates that you last studied, and callaghan essay with whom. If you have a special skill, please think about what is useful to 2010 questions essay opera. “8 years of hip-hop dance” is believe essay i this not relevant to your singing career.

Double, triple, quadruple check that the 2010 questions 2 prose spelling and 2010 questions 2 prose essay diacritical marks on the engagements you have listed are correct. 2 Prose Essay! I will spend your audition correcting your resume otherwise. If you are managed, please make that clear. I cannot tell you how many times I have approached an exciting singer, only for them to tell me that they have management. Wear it as a badge of honor; you’ve earned it! As you endeavor upon your professional career and have several seasons worth of professional engagements, your biography can play double duty, and you may phase out assignments available, your resume. It is questions essay most helpful to organize a biography by season, but not to list more than three seasons. Once three seasons have been listed, a new paragraph should be considered along the lines of “In past seasons, Sam Snook has performed… ” followed by dissertation a general list of engagements with no specific dates.

A sample layout: List engagements in order of prestige within a season, not chronologically. Introductory paragraph 2014/15 Season paragraph 2013/14 Season paragraph 2012/13 Season paragraph Past work paragraph; opera (non-date specific) Past work paragraph; orchestral/recital (non-date specific) Awards and other professional details List important directors, conductors, productions and colleagues, “In the questions 2014/15 season, Sam Snook will debut at two fishermen callaghan, the Metropolitan Opera as Pollione in Norma , opposite Monserrat Caballe, in Franco Zeffirelli’s timeless production, conducted by 2010 essay Arturo Toscanini.” Pepper your biography with critical acclaim. It helps to 2010 questions 2 prose essay break up the listing of engagements and lends credence to essay your career. When selecting a quote, the same rules apply as when you were high school: stick to scholarly journals; newspapers, magazines, etc. It might be tempting to use a blog, and some are very good, but they do not provide the gravitas that a professional news agency has.

If you’re not enjoying a full season of work, there is a magic word: “highlights”; when used, it gives the reader the impression that you are only choosing to list the most important engagements. Avoid listing your education if you are in your thirties, do not list awards that are more than five years old (and if you were not the divertissant winner), and please refrain from personal details. This is a narrative that represents what you have to questions 2 prose offer professionally. List the aria you will start with first. Center justify all of dissertation apologue divertissant your arias and please list them: “Tarquinius’ Ride” from The Rape of 2010 Lucretia by Britten Make the repertoire list header the same as your resume; it looks good and shows consistency.

I am equally happy for 2 prose essay singers to list arias as they are titled or colloquially, i.e. “Ou va la jeune Hindoue?” or “Bell Song.” If you don’t want to sing an aria, or haven’t coached it in a while, take it off your list, because Murphy’s Law says it will be chosen. 2010 Questions! There is a lot of emphasis on having five arias, but four is good, as long as they are contrasting. Tailor your list to show off your best qualities; do not change your repertoire from audition to audition; a skilled casting person will be able to see what role would be good for write you within your offerings, regardless of what they are casting. So I've attached my resume here and am looking for feedback :) After reading this article, I changed a couple of headings and removed Masterclasses from the Teachers/Coaches/Directors/Conductors column - and I added my height as well based on what Mr. Snook had to 2 prose essay say.

The big thing I'm struggling with is what I need to assignments list in 2 prose essay the Related Skills section. I have been told to list everything that is presently there, but I'm sure some of it is more important to have listed, and it looks very cluttered! Of course, any other feedback is technology welcomed as well. And to contextualize where I'm at 2010 questions essay, for this stage of my career. Believe! finishing my MMus at Eastman. So far, I'm auditioning for 2010 questions 2 prose essay Santa Fe Opera and Opera on the Avalon. I've applied to two fishermen essay a couple of 2010 questions 2 prose YAPs and some other summer programs as well. Hi Joel! Your resume is in essay pretty good shape! Here is some feedback for you:

Get rid of the 2010 questions opera composers - we know who wrote Rigoletto . 2 Prose Essay! We may not know who wrote El Canguro , so after the title you can just put (von der Nahmer) to clarify (see DSF's resume - he has a number of contemporary or lesser-known works listed like this). The less stuff there is too look at, the more easily we can see what is important. Then you can space the tabs out better so you don't have crowding like we see on the Marquis de la Force entry. Check your date tabs - they're off in a couple of places. 2 Prose! For Concert Oratorio, list the major work first and only list roles when clarification is two fishermen morley callaghan needed (e.g. Pilatus). We will assume your role is baritone soloist, and 2 prose essay there should not be a role listed for works like the Peter Maxwell Davies (I do not know the Brottmann but I'm assuming the same is true for that). For Education, list the institution first, then the degree + major as a single entry, then the year. This may be just my opinion, but with the morley callaghan essay exception of your BM major I would remove all references to your work in composition and 2010 essay conducting.

It is not relevant to your work as an opera singer. Well, obviously it is tuition assignments relevant to you ! but everyone else just needs to evaluate you based on your singing. Likewise, I would mention your skill at piano, violin and euphonium, but get rid of the details that make it look like your attention has been divided. Let us think that singing is your singular passion, even if it isn't. Once we get to know you better we'll find out 2010 essay, about these other mad skills of yours. I myself have an 2 prose MM in clarinet but I didn't mention that on 2010 my vocal performance resume. Do mention that you speak French well. Dissertation Apologue! No need to list the languages you have sung in - we will surmise most of that from your performance experience.

I suppose you could list something like proficient singing diction in Czech, Russian and Norwegian but I think it's not necessary unless you are auditioning for an opera in one of those languages. If Onegin is on your aria list we will see that you know how to sing in Russian. So those are my suggestions. However, everything is essay laid out very clearly here - this is already a very well-designed resume! Permalink Reply by Joel Balzun on October 18, 2014 at 12:51am. Thanks Claudia - all of those suggestions were extremely helpful! I think my resume looks less cluttered now. and now I have room to add a couple of callaghan essay important notes that I felt were important (world premieres, etc.) - I've uploaded it again, as I want to see what you think of the alignment of the 2010 questions 2 prose essay Teacher/Coach/Director/Conductor section. and of course anything else you may notice. also, another question.

You mentioned in the article to use the apologue divertissant same heading style for questions essay your repertoire list. on my resume, I have a thumbnail of my headshot. Who To Write A Report! Would I omit that on 2010 my repertoire list? Wow, Joel! This is fantastic. Everything is so clear.

Your resume now does exactly what you need it to - present a clear picture of your performance experience and training at a glance. Great job! The only further suggestions I have would be 1. don't include Cowtown w/ your degree programs - we can see that you did this festival from quotations technology, your performance history and it isn't on the same level as a BM or MM and 2010 questions essay 2. Tab the column with your degrees rather than centering them, as this would be more consistent with the overall layout. Permalink Reply by two fishermen morley Courtney Ruckman on October 18, 2014 at 12:29pm. Thank you for offering to proof read and edit our resumes! I enjoyed reading your article and other ones on the musical exchange site. There's so many great resources available now!

Hi Courtney – looks pretty sharp! Switch to a serif font. 2010 2 Prose! You do not need to state which events are upcoming, even if the dates do not make that immediately clear. We just need to see what you're up to, not whether or not you've already completed the write a report assignment. So I'd get rid of those asterisks. Do not capitalize elisir or amore Tweak the tabs a little to make things less crowded and balance out the space between columns. The main fix is to make it so that (Barab) does not need to be in a smaller font, but the whole layout will benefit from more even spacing. Put the name of the competition first and 2010 2 prose essay your place in 2010 questions 2 prose the next column. Consider deleting the 2010 questions 2 prose essay bottom two - they were a while ago, they aren't as prominent as many of the others, and believe i this this section need not have so much space devoted to it. For training and education, find a way to make your BM stand out. Questions 2 Prose Essay! Even though it is earlier than the rest, I'd list it first and on essay information then leave a space between it and the other training programs.

Name your major (was it voice performance?) Only include those special skills that are applicable to opera performance. For dance, list those forms that are useful and perhaps years of training. Judo could apply for stage combat, I suppose, but yoga and zumba not so much - I'd leave them off. List your instruments. We don't need to know you've recently taken up running, so delete that part.

Hope you'll find these suggestions useful - post again when you have decided on any changes! Permalink Reply by Joyce DiDonato on October 18, 2014 at 4:31pm. Claudia! Thank you for compiling this article. 2010 Questions! It's hugely helpful. And SAM! Thanks for believe essay pitching in! (Go Shockers!) I just wanted to chime in questions 2 prose essay and say that your resume/bio (as well as head shot) is your very first line of attack in securing an audition. Treat it as seriously as if you were applying to two fishermen callaghan essay the top law firm in the country, or for a position at the White House.

It will speak volumes about your professionalism and your dedication. 2010 Questions 2 Prose! There are a LOT of wonderfully talented singers out on essay information technology, there, and if it comes down to a small thing giving you the edge, let it be this - something you have full control over! Also - my humble $.02? Don't lie. 2 Prose! Don't exaggerate. You will be found out, and people will see through it. Tell the truth, and then let your singing do the convincing. Wishing you guys all the best! Permalink Reply by dissertation apologue Claudia Friedlander on October 20, 2014 at 11:56am. Thank you so much for weighing in, Joyce!

Now that we are reviewing applications for your master classes, I can enthusiastically confirm that the content and layout of 2 prose a singer's resume is indeed of great importance. The video submissions are crucial, but they can only tell us so much about the breadth of a singer's experience, repertoire interests, and training. The fiercer the competition, the tuition more important these details become. And yes: never lie or exaggerate on questions essay your resume. Apologue Divertissant! Our world is so small that you will be found out. I was once on 2010 2 prose essay an evaluation panel and received the resume of a singer who claimed to morley essay have been in the cast of the workshop/premiere of questions a contemporary opera that a student of dissertation apologue divertissant mine had participated in, so I knew she hadn't been involved! She must have thought that this was so obscure that no one would know, but boy was she was wrong. We really were only evaluating the strength of the questions 2 prose essay applicants' demos, too, so it didn't matter whether or not she had tons of performance experience, but the fact that she lied took her out of the running immediately.

Permalink Reply by Emma Lynn on October 21, 2014 at 12:39am. Thank you so much for offering to do this, this is exactly what I've been looking for! I am at 2010 questions essay, a much earlier stage in my career than some of the 2010 2 prose essay other singers. I'm currently applying for graduate school and questions definitely don't have as much professional experience, but I would love your opinion! There are a few areas in which I would like specific feedback, the first being how much information I need to provide about concert engagements. If I was hired to sing just a few selections on a bigger program, how should I denote that? I don't want it to appear as thought I'm obfuscating or making engagements look bigger than they are, but I'm afraid of adding too many qualifiers for fear of clutter. Secondly, I have an eyebrow ring, and I have heard various opinions about whether or not I should wear it for head shots and 2010 questions auditions. Some say, no problem, they can imagine you without it, as much as they can imagine you with a wig on and others say that it's unprofessional. Believe Essay I This! What do you think? Thirdly, I also uploaded two head shots, and 2010 questions I would love your opinion on which you think is more appropriate (or if they're egregious and I should get different ones. )!

I understand that as I get more roles and more experience I will weed out some of the smaller things currently on my resume, but I would love any feedback as it stands now! Okay Emma! I will help you organize your resume, but I need you to do some homework for information technology me first. To the best of your ability, bring the format into alignment with the guidelines we have presented here: Keep it to one page. Use a serif font. Get the tabs aligned properly - there are dates and other info scattered all over the page, and they need to essay appear in neat columns. Post it again, and tuition assignments then we'll go into further detail. And don't worry - it looks like the basic content is all very appropriate. 2010! It just needs to be presented in who to a way that we can read it quickly and easily. I'm also happy to vote on your head shot, but I request that you repost your options to the head shot discussion so that out other members can read our interaction in context and 2010 essay benefit from it.

As regards your eyebrow ring: The general rule for available audition presentation and attire is to make yourself look as flexible as possible so that it is easy for panelists to envision you as a variety of characters in productions they are casting (and you may not even know what those are). So while you want to look stylish and questions 2 prose essay attractive, to 2010 questions 2 prose essay a certain extent you also need to be a neutral screen that they can project things onto. 2010 Questions! This is helpful for you also, because you may have to embody two or three very different characters in two fishermen callaghan essay the course of your audition, and you want to be able to easily slip in and out of them - while one of those characters might rock an eyebrow ring, probably all of questions essay them don't. So do not wear it in auditions. It's important to who to write a report let your creativity and personality shine through in auditions, but the essay best way to apologue do that is with your singing! We will cover issues like this in greater depth in a future post on Audition Preparation Etiquette. Permalink Reply by Emma Lynn on October 21, 2014 at 12:57pm. I have done some rearranging!

Instead of having an Opera column, because I don't have much experience there, I created an Opera Excerpts column so that I don't have to denote which are partial roles. For the Concert section I modeled it after some of the other resumes that have been posted, but I'm still not sure if I'm happy with that area, so I would love any feedback that would make it more clear and concise! I specialize in art song, and many of the programs I do are quite varied, so it's not as clear cut as just listing an 2010 2 prose essay oratorio and the composer. 2010 Essay! How do you suggest I present that information? Thank you so much for your help and advice! Permalink Reply by 2 prose Emma Lynn on i this October 21, 2014 at 1:04pm. I have done some rearranging! Instead of having an Opera column, because I don't have much experience there, I created an Opera Excerpts column so that I don't have to denote which are partial roles.

For the Concert section I modeled it after some of the other resumes that have been posted, but I'm still not sure if I'm happy with that area, so I would love any feedback that would make it more clear and concise! I specialize in questions 2 prose art song, and many of the programs I do are quite varied, so it's not as clear cut as just listing an oratorio and the composer. How do you suggest I present that information? Thank you so much for your help and advice! Carnegie Hall Musical Exchange. Connect with other young musicians (ages 13 and up), share your performances and compositions, and join creative projects led by two fishermen essay professional artists from 2010 2 prose, Carnegie Hall.

Digital music workshops produced by quotations on essay information technology Carnegie Hall in partnership with Building Beats are supported by the Hive Digital Media Learning Fund in the New York Community Trust.

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Specifications for Thesis Preparation. This entire document can be read from beginning to end or particular sections can be quickly referenced by using the table of contents. This guide has been prepared by questions 2 prose essay, the MIT Libraries, as prescribed by the Committee on Graduate Programs, to assist students and faculty in the preparation of theses. The Institute is committed to the preservation of each student's thesis because it is both a requirement for available the MIT degree and a record of original research that contains information of lasting value. The requirements in this guide apply to all theses and have been specified both to 2 prose essay facilitate the quotations technology, care and dissemination of the thesis and to 2010 questions assure the preservation of the archival paper copy. Individual departments may dictate more stringent requirements. Questions not answered in this guide should be referred to the appropriate department officer or to the MIT Libraries (14N-118, mit-theses@mit.edu, 617-253-5136). The academic department is required to two fishermen callaghan deliver the proper number of copies of the thesis to the MIT Libraries within one month after the last day of the term in which the thesis was submitted (Faculty Regulation 2.72). One copy is kept as part of the permanent archival collection, and the other copy is reserved for future disposition. An online catalog record, which includes the thesis abstract, is prepared for all theses deposited in the MIT Libraries. This information appears in Barton, our online catalog, which is accessible to researchers at other institutions through the Internet, as well as in the OCLC database WorldCat, an 2010 questions, online international bibliographic system available to quotations on essay information technology libraries and 2 prose, individuals worldwide.

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Degree candidates must submit the required copies of their theses to the appropriate office of the department or program in which they are registered on the dates specified in the Academic Calendar. The Academic Calendar may be found in the MIT Bulletin and at http://web.mit.edu/registrar/www/calendar.html. September, February, and June are the only months in which degrees are awarded. Additional copies of the thesis may be required by the department. All theses should be turned in to the appropriate departmental office; the office will deliver the theses to information the MIT Libraries within a month after the 2010 2 prose, last day of term. In this guide, the copy that remains in the Archives is assignments called the first copy . Additional copies required for the divisional libraries (see following section) are referred to as the second and (possibly) third copies . The department may ask for 2010 questions 2 prose copies in addition to those required for the Libraries. The student may, of course, keep personal copies. Not all departments send bachelor's theses to the Archives. If your department does, only one copy should be submitted to who to write the Archives.

Please check the requirements of your department. Undergraduate students do not pay a library processing fee. Number of 2010 2 prose copies: Normally, two copies are required for callaghan essay the Libraries Ђ“ one for the Archives and a second for the appropriate divisional library. 2010 Questions? A third copy is required only write when a student is 2010 questions submitting the same thesis to departments or programs from two separate MIT schools (e.g., Management and Engineering). If the departments are in the same school (e.g., Engineering Systems and Mechanical Engineering), only dissertation apologue divertissant two copies are required. Doctoral theses only: A completed UMI/ProQuest form (see section below) with an additional copy of the title page and abstract stapled to it is also required. Most MIT theses are written by a single author. In those cases where two or more students are responsible, only a single copy (for undergraduates) or set of copies (for graduate students) should be submitted to the Archives. The title page of the thesis should bear the signatures of all authors and thesis supervisors. (Permission to undertake collaborative thesis research must be obtained in 2 prose essay advance from the Dean of Graduate Education [3-138, 617-253-4860, http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/joint-theses). Submission of Doctoral Thesis Abstract to International Database: UMI/ ProQuest Dissertations Theses Database. Abstracts of all doctoral theses (PhD and quotations, ScD) will be submitted for questions 2 prose inclusion in ProQuest Dissertations Theses , an online database used by researchers around the world.

PQDT can be searched by author name, subject terms, and all words in the title and i this, abstract. All MIT abstracts will contain a note stating that copies of the 2010 questions, full text are available from DSpace@MIT or the MIT Libraries' Document Services. Abstracts should be no longer than 350 words; longer abstracts will be edited by UMI/ProQuest. Please complete the UMI/ProQuest form at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/umi-proquest-form.pdf, staple it to a copy of your title page and available, abstract, and submit it with your thesis. The form may printed and 2010 questions 2 prose essay, completed by quotations information technology, hand or opened and filled out in Acrobat Reader, then printed. When filling out the form, choose the 2010 questions 2 prose, appropriate subject categories from the list provided with the form. Please take care both in choosing terms and writing them (if filling out the form by hand).

Subject-based access to your thesis will depend on the accuracy of the information you provide and the precision with which it is essay i this transcribed by UMI/ProQuest. It is especially important that your name appear on this form exactly as it does on 2 prose the title page and abstract of your thesis. CHANGES AFTER SUBMISSION OF THESIS. All change made to a thesis, after the thesis has been submitted to the MIT Libraries by the student's department, must have prior approval from the Dean of believe essay Graduate or Undergraduate Education. When the purpose is to correct significant errors in content, the student should create an errata sheet using the form and instructions at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/errata-sheet.pdf and obtain approval from questions, both thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. Believe Essay? If the questions essay, purpose of change is to excise classified, proprietary, or confidential information, the student should fill out the application form at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/page-substitution.pdf and have the request approved by the thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. Students and supervisors should vet thesis content carefully before submission to who to avoid both scenarios whenever possible.

Students receiving advanced degrees from MIT are required to pay a library processing fee: $115.00 for a doctoral thesis ($50 for processing and $65 for the UMI/ProQuest abstract fee) and $50.00 for all other advanced-degree theses. Undergraduate students do not pay a processing fee. Thesis charges are billed to the studentЂ™s account when the thesis title is entered on the degree application. 2010 2 Prose Essay? Please refer to the academic calendar on the RegistrarЂ™s website to review relevant deadline dates. All copies must be submitted to the studentЂ™s department unbound between cardboard covers; the thesis and covers should be clipped or tied together, NOT stapled or punched. Recycled temporary covers and binder clips are available in a cabinet in the first floor stairwell of Hayden Library, near the circulation desk. The front cover should be labeled with the following information: author's name, thesis title, course, month and year of graduation, and which copy it is (first, second, or third). The MIT Libraries pay for the binding of theses retained in their collection. Personal copies may be bound in hard or soft cover at MIT CopyTech or many commercial binderies in the Boston area.

The Institute's policy concerning ownership of thesis copyright is covered in Rules and questions essay, Regulations of the 2010 questions 2 prose essay, Faculty , 2.73. (http://web.mit.edu/faculty/governance/rules/2.70.html) and MIT Policies and Procedures 13.1.3 (http://web.mit.edu/policies/13/13.1.html#sub3). The following are guidelines to assist the student in determining who holds ownership of the thesis copyright: The Institute will hold ownership of the copyrights to theses if: the thesis research is performed in whole or in part by the student with financial support in the form of wages, salary, stipend, or grant from funds administered by the Institute. the thesis research is performed in whole or in part utilizing equipment or facilities provided to the Institute under conditions that impose copyright restrictions..

In general, students may retain ownership of thesis copyrights when the only form of support is (a) teaching assistantships (the duties of which do not include research activities) and (b) NSF and NIH traineeships and fellowships (although the trainee or fellow may be required to grant certain publishing rights to NSF or NIH). Actual determination of a student's status is made by reference to quotations on essay the account from which the student receives support. Questions regarding restrictions imposed on any of the Institute's facilities or equipment may be addressed to the administrative officer of the laboratory or department or to the appropriate contract administrator in the Office of 2010 questions 2 prose essay Sponsored Programs (http://osp.mit.edu/). Specific questions on permission to copyright should be referred to the Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, tlo@mit.edu). When copyright ownership is held by the student, the student must, as condition of questions 2 prose essay a degree award, grant royalty-free permission to the Institute to reproduce and publicly distribute copies of the thesis, and must place the following legend on the thesis title page: The author hereby grants to MIT permission to reproduce and to distribute publicly paper and 2010 questions 2 prose, electronic copies of this thesis document in whole or in part in any medium now known or hereafter created.

For such theses, requests for permission to use portions of the thesis in third-party publications must be addressed to and granted by the student author. When copyright is tuition held by the Institute, students and 2 prose essay, third parties should contact the MIT Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, tlo@mit.edu) to 2010 essay obtain permission to reuse thesis content in other publications. However, the student is 2 prose authorized to post electronic versions of the morley callaghan, studentЂ™s own thesis, in whole or in part, on the World Wide Web. Any further publication of the thesis in whole or in questions essay part shall be made only with the authorization of the Technology Licensing Office, in consultation with the believe i this, head of the department or course in which the student was registered when the thesis was accepted. Regardless of whether copyright is held by 2010 questions, the student or the Institute, the who to write a report, MIT Libraries publish the thesis electronically in DSpace@MIT (http://dspace.mit.edu) allowing open access viewing and limited downloading/ printing. Students may request a waiver of Institute copyright by written application to the Institute's Technology Licensing Office (http://tlo.mit.edu/).

The waiver shall be granted only if the retained rights of the student as described in this guide are inadequate for the studentЂ™s needs and if a license from the Institute to the student would also be inadequate. Any such waiver of the InstituteЂ™s copyright shall be subject to questions a royalty-free grant from the believe essay, student to the Institute to publicly distribute copies of the thesis, in whole or in part. The student must also place the questions, legend above on assignments the thesis title page. Implementation: How to Copyright a Thesis. Each student should place the 2 prose, appropriate copyright notice on the thesis. Copyright notice consists of four elements: the symbol c with a circle around it © and/or the word copyright, the year of publication (the year in which the degree is to be awarded), the name of the copyright owner, and the words All rights reserved.

These four elements should appear together on the title page (or verso of the title page). student is questions essay copyright owner: © 2008 Jane Doe. All rights reserved. Institute is copyright owner: © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. See sample title pages. A copyright notice should also appear on questions any non-paper material (e.g., DVD or CD) included with a thesis. Use of Previously Published Material in believe i this a Thesis. Each student is responsible for obtaining permission, if necessary, to include previously published material in 2010 questions the thesis. This applies to quotations on essay most third-party materials (i.e., those created and published by someone else); it may also apply to the studentЂ™s own previous work. If, for example, a student has already published part of the thesis as a journal article and, as a condition of publication, has assigned title to 2 prose the journal's publisher, the tuition assignments, student has no further rights in the article.

Written permission must be obtained from the publisher to include the article, or any portion of 2010 2 prose essay it, in the thesis. Similarly, permission must be obtained to include papers written while the on essay information, student was employed by questions 2 prose essay, a commercial company or non-profit organization if title belongs to the company or organization. A sample permission letter can be obtained from the Office of the General Counsel (https://ogc.mit.edu/frequently-asked-questions). If the student knows, prior to publication or employment, that such material will be included in a thesis, he or she may wish to retain title to the material or to reserve sufficient rights to use the material. Further information is available at Scholarly Publishing @MIT Libraries (http://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/) or by contacting copyright-lib@mit.edu for more information. POLICY FOR TEMPORARY RESTRICTIONS ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THESES. Thesis research should be undertaken in light of MIT's policy of open research and the free interchange of information. Written notification of patent holds and other restrictions must reach the two fishermen morley callaghan essay, Institute Archives before the 2 prose, thesis in question is received, since under normal circumstances all theses are open and available for public inspection once they have been received by the Archives. When there is good reason for believe delaying the distribution of a thesis, the procedures below should be followed. For additional details on procedures for 2010 2 prose temporary restrictions, please see Graduate Policies and Procedures at http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/restrictions-on-thesis-publication/. When MIT holds the rights to any intellectual property contained in a thesis, students and questions 2 prose essay, their supervisors must work with the MIT Technology Licensing Office (http://web.mit.edu/tlo/www/) to 2010 questions essay determine if a patent application is to be filed.

If so, the Technology Licensing Office will notify the Institute Archives, and the thesis will be withheld from distribution for up to three months. If an extension is required, application must be made to the Vice President for Research, who will inform the Archives if an extension is 2010 questions 2 prose approved. When a student holds the rights to any intellectual property contained in his or her thesis, application for permission to 2010 withhold a thesis must be made to the Dean for Graduate Education for graduate theses or the Dean for Undergraduate Education for 2010 questions essay undergraduate theses. If the hold is questions granted, the available, dean will inform the Archives, and the thesis will be withheld for a period of three months. Questions Essay? If an extension is required, application must be made to the Vice President for Research. A student should not embark without prior approval on a thesis that requires government restrictions. 2010? The Institute recognizes that certain government agencies which sponsor research may require that theses be submitted for security review before they can be placed in the Libraries or published. Occasionally, on completing a thesis, a student may believe that its distribution will jeopardize the privacy or safety of the author, other individuals, or organizations. If the thesis cannot be rewritten to remove the problematic material, the author and supervisor should submit the thesis to questions essay the director of the program, who will prepare a recommendation for the Dean for Graduate Education for quotations technology graduate theses or the Dean for Undergraduate Education for undergraduate theses, who will then consult with the Vice President for Research.

The appropriate office will advise the Institute Archives of the restricted period. In all cases the restricted period should be kept to a minimum. The title page is always considered to 2010 essay be page 1, and every page must be included in on essay information technology the count regardless of whether a number is physically printed on a page. The entire thesis (including title page, prefatory material, illustrations, and 2010 2 prose essay, all text and appendices) must be paginated in one consecutive numbering sequence. Theses should be prepared double-sided whenever possible.

In a double-sided thesis, both sides of every page (starting with the title page and including any pages that have been left blank) must be accounted for write in the numbering sequence. Therefore, in a double-sided thesis, odd-numbered pages are always on the right and even-numbered pages on 2 prose essay the left. Pages with illustrations may be single-sided, but both sides should be counted. Single-sided theses should be numbered only on the front of who to every sheet. When using thesis templates on Athena, use caution and verify that the pagination requirements are being met. Your work will be a more valuable research tool for other scholars if it can be located easily. Search engines use the 2010 questions essay, words in the title, and sometimes other descriptive words, to locate works. Therefore,

be sure to select a title that is a meaningful description of the content of believe your manuscript; and 2010 questions essay, when possible, use word substitutes for formulas, symbols, superscripts, Greek letters, etc., which do not appear on most computer keyboards and who to a report, would make your title more difficult to search. The Effects of Ion Implantation and Annealing on the Properties of Titanium Silicide [not TiSi 2 ] Films on Silicon Substrates Radiative Decays of the J/Psi [not J/ ψ] to Two Pseudoscalar Final States The title page of the first copy must bear the original signatures of the author, supervisor, and chairman; a photocopy of the signed title page is acceptable for 2 prose essay the second copy. The title page should contain the title, name of the author, previous degrees, the degree(s) to be awarded at MIT, the date the degree(s) will be conferred (June, September, or February only), copyright notice, and appropriate names and signatures. For candidates receiving two degrees, both degrees to be awarded should appear on the title page.

For candidates receiving degrees across departments or programs, all degrees and departments or programs should appear on the title page and on essay, the signatures of both department heads/committee chairmen are required. Whenever there are co-supervisors, both signatures are required. Each thesis offered for a graduate degree must include an abstract, preferably one single-spaced page, but never more than two pages (generally less than 350 words). The abstract should be thought of as a brief descriptive summary rather than a lengthy introduction to the thesis. Doctoral abstracts are submitted for inclusion in UMI/ProQuestЂ™s Dissertation Abstracts International and ProQuest Dissertations Theses database ( PQDT ). Doctoral candidates should keep their abstracts under 350 words. Longer abstracts will be edited and shortened by UMI/ProQuest . Databases such as PQDT provide full-text searching of abstracts, so the presence of significant key words in a short abstract will facilitate access. The abstract should immediately follow the title page. Biographical Note and Acknowledgment. Although not a requirement, each thesis may contain a short biography of the candidate, including institutions attended and dates of attendance, degrees and 2010 2 prose essay, honors, titles of publications, teaching and professional experience, and other matters that may be pertinent. An acknowledgment page may also be included.

These sections may be single-spaced. Please note that your thesis will be publicly available online at on essay information, DSpace@MIT, which is regularly crawled and indexed by Google and other search-engine providers.. The style of quotations, footnotes, and bibliographic references may be prescribed by your department. If your department does not prescribe a style or specify a style manual, choose one and be consistent. Further information is available on the web site of the MIT Writing Center (http://cmsw.mit.edu/writing-and-communication-center/citation-formats/). NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES. Whenever possible, notes should be placed at the bottom of the appropriate page or in the body of the text.

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A level Biology Coursework - Effect of substrate concentration on rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Aim: To investigate the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Catalase is an enzyme which is found in 2 prose essay most living organisms. It catalyses the decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide into water and oxygen. Catalase dramatically reduces the who to write a report activation energy needed for the reaction. 2010 Questions Essay. Without catalase the decomposition would take much longer, and would not be fast enough to tuition assignments available sustain human life. Hydrogen peroxide is also a dangerous, very potent by-product of 2010 essay, metabolism, so it is essential that it is broken down quickly, otherwise it would cause damage to cells. I have done some preliminary work and as a result, have identified problems that may occur in my main investigation, such as timing, measuring and keeping variables that I am not investigating constant, (such as temperature etc). In the main procedure I will control the temperature in a water bath in order to create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. This will minimise the who to write a report effect of temperature on the results of the experiment. I have decided to do this because in my preliminary procedures, I used a thermometer to measure the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide (when left on the side) at different intervals, and on 2010 questions essay, different days, and found that the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide fluctuated slightly.

By doing this, it will ensure that the test is as fair as I can make it. Although the reaction is exothermic and will give out heat during the technology reaction anyway, since the heat has been dissipated by questions 2 prose essay being kept in the water bath, the amount of heat given off in quotations on essay the experiment will be relative to the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, but obviously some reactions will take longer than others, so more heat will be produced. However the temperature initially will be kept the same in each case. This is also very relevant because we may not get the opportunity to do the whole experiment on one day, or in the same class room. This means the room temperature in each class room or on different days will not be the 2010 questions 2 prose same for each procedure, because of quotations information, obvious factors such as type of day (very cold or mild etc) and the level of heating within the class rooms. Temperature directly affects the shape of the active site. At a temperature below the optimum, the molecules have less kinetic energy so the rate of 2 prose essay, collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules are low and therefore less enzyme-substrate complexes are formed. As the temperature increases the callaghan molecules have more kinetic energy and so collide more often, resulting in 2 prose essay an increased rate of reaction. Because of this, it is very important to control the temperature, in order to ensure a constant temperature is maintained. Above the optimum temperature, the two fishermen morley thermal energy breaks the hydrogen bonds holding the secondary and tertiary structure together, so the active site changes shape and 2 prose essay, eventually the reaction can no longer be catalysed.

I will keep the water bath at 25 o C because the optimum temperature for the enzyme catalase at which it works most effectively is 45 o C. This will ensure that, since the temperature is below the optimum the reaction will be slower and therefore enable me to collect oxygen at a measurable rate. I may, however need to change this as I have not done a preliminary experiment using a water bath. In my preliminary work I also found that when doing the experiment with 1g of yeast, and 5cm 3 of 20 volume of hydrogen peroxide, the rate of reaction was too fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate, and therefore made it impossible to gain meaningful results. I consequently reduced the mass of yeast to 0.2g rather than the 1.0g I used initially, and still used the same volume (5cm 3 )of hydrogen peroxide. This meant that because the enzyme concentration (catalase in two fishermen morley callaghan yeast) was reduced there were less collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules so the rate of enzyme-substrate formations were reduced.

This meant that less gas evolved with time, so I could effectively time, and measure the volume of oxygen produced. Another factor which I had to 2010 questions 2 prose consider was the surface area of the yeast granules, because each yeast granule has a different surface area the amount of enzyme will differ in each granule, but more importantly the greater the surface area of the yeast the more reactions take place because of the fact that there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules. In my first preliminary experiment I just weighed 1.0g of yeast as it was supplied in on essay information its granule form. However in 2010 2 prose my next preliminary experiment, I decided this would be unfair in the main procedure and because of this I decided to grind the yeast into a powder so that the surface area would be more similar in each yeast granule. Also, in my main procedure I will grind a larger mass of yeast (more than I need), and then weigh it, rather than weighing the yeast and then grinding. Believe I This. This is important because if I weigh the 2010 2 prose essay yeast and then grind with the pestle, some of the yeast will be lost because it might get stuck to the pestle, hence decreasing the technology mass of yeast slightly. I will also use the same batch of yeast because this will ensure that the yeast granules have the same surface area.

I also used 2 different methods in order to 2010 determine which would be the most effective in gaining the tuition best possible results, with minimal error. In my first experiment, I used the questions 2 prose displacement of water method, whereby a measuring cylinder (containing water) is placed upside down in a plastic tub, with a tube attached to the test tube (airtight). A syringe with hydrogen peroxide is quotations also present (as shown in the diagram). I believe that as the questions essay concentration of the hydrogen peroxide (substrate) decreases, the rate of dissertation divertissant, reaction will decrease consequently. This is because there will be fewer collisions between the substrate and enzyme molecules (catalase in yeast) – because there are fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, so there will be a decrease in enzyme-substrate complexes formed. Essay. The reaction will then stop because all of the active sites become saturated with substrate because the enzyme is the limiting factor. This will result in a decreased volume of oxygen being produced as one of the by-products of this reaction.

In addition, based on my knowledge of the collision theory I believe that if the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is doubled (or halved) then the rate of reaction is also doubled (or halved). This is because if the concentration is doubled the number of molecules of the substrate is also doubled. This means there will be twice as many successful collisions. Apologue. Therefore it is true to 2010 2 prose essay say that in theory: rate µ concentration. I will investigate if this is true for this reaction.

The hydrogen peroxide is injected into the test tube and the volume of oxygen gas is recorded (by the amount of who to a report, water displaced). Essay. This would determine the rate of reaction. However I decided against this method for several reasons. Firstly, because I used such a large measuring cylinder, the volume of gas produced was hard to two fishermen morley callaghan measure as not much water had been displaced. Although I could have used a smaller measuring cylinder, I decided that the 2010 questions 2 prose best possible way I could do the experiment was by dissertation measuring the volume of gas directly using a gas syringe, rather than by 2010 the displacement of water. Also, because the hydrogen peroxide had to be inserted into the syringe before the reaction could begin, the 2010 questions amount of time it would be out of the water bath (which I intend to questions use in my main experiment) was longer than necessary.

I decided that I could reduce this time by using a different method. In my second preliminary experiment, I used a gas syringe instead, which measured the volume of write, oxygen produced directly, rather than by the displacement of water. The hydrogen peroxide is inserted into a 5cm 3 small beaker and then tipped over to “spill” the contents and start the reaction. I felt that this would give me more reliable result in my main investigation because the length of time that the hydrogen peroxide is out of the water bath is reduced. Furthermore, the volume of gas is measured directly.

I noticed that when doing the 2010 essay first method that “bubbles of gas” were affected by people bumping the table, and that sometimes they got trapped in essay the tube, so even though the product of the reaction (oxygen) had been formed it was not measured until afterwards, (at a later stage in the reaction). Also, the bubble volume is questions affected by the diameter of the tuition available tube and the overall pressure of the 2010 questions water (depth of the tuition assignments available water) so I believe that by essay using the gas syringe, I will be able to eliminate this inaccuracy as water will not be involved. The gas syringe, however, also has a small volume of air displaced within it when it is attached to essay the conical flask, so I will have to consider this in the main procedure. I will subtract this volume of air from each of my results so that I can gain a precise measure of the volume of gas produced. The preliminary experiment also gave me an idea as to 2010 2 prose how often I should measure the volume of gas formed (i.e. every 5, 10, 15 seconds etc). In my first preliminary experiment the reaction went to technology fast to collect oxygen at questions 2 prose essay a measurable rate, but in the second preliminary experiment I measured the essay volume of gas every 10 seconds, but found that the 2010 questions 2 prose reaction was over who to a report before I had enough measurements and 2010 essay, that the results I gained would not be sufficient to who to obtain enough results and make a valid conclusion. I therefore did a further experiment based on mainly on timing only, and found that if I measured the volume of gas every 5 seconds I obtained enough measurements. However, I do have to take into account that I will be using different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide in my main experiment, so 5 seconds may not be sufficient to measure the volume of oxygen produced in the slower reactions and I may need to change this. The concentrations of hydrogen peroxide I will use will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%. I will use these concentrations because I believe that if I were to go any lower than 50% that the questions essay rate of reaction will be relatively slow, and will not produce enough results because the substrate concentration (hydrogen peroxide) will be too low in concentration.

I also want to decrease in 10% because I believe it will provide me with closer results rather than decreasing by 20% which will mean I would be testing a concentration of 0% of hydrogen peroxide. Finally, I also want to determine whether or not half the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide (50%) would produce half the volume of gas. Bored of revsion? need to read something GOOD? Want to say thanks for dissertation apologue divertissant this article? Help me out by checking out this book I helped co-edit. Thanks in advance! The independent variable will be the factor that I am going to manipulate. This will be the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide. I intend to use a pipette in order to make up the 2010 concentrations of 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and quotations, 50%. I will do this by making each mixture up to 100cm 3 , so for example, the 90% concentrated solution will consist of 90cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, and 10cm 3 water.

I will put the 6 different concentrated solutions in a conical flask which will be placed into a water bath. Because a pipette is a very accurate way of measuring volumes, I believe that this will be the 2010 essay best method to make up the concentrations. This will eliminate a very large apparatus error that would occur if I used a beaker or conical flask. The dependant variable – the variable I intend to measure is the volume of gas produced in write each reaction. This will vary as a direct result to questions 2 prose the different concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Controlled variable – the controlled variable consist of essay, all the other factors which must be kept constant.

This will be the mass of 2010 essay, yeast for callaghan each experiment (0.2g). I will make sure that I measure 0.2g of yeast as accurately as I can using the balance. The balance has a mechanism whereby it can be made level (so perfectly balanced) regardless of the angle of the desk or counter it is placed on. I have explained this is questions my method below. I will also consider the apparatus error of the balance (and indeed all the equipment I use) so I can work out the overall error derived from the apparatus and two fishermen essay, identify this in my conclusion. Essay. I am also controlling the temperature, so this has to be considered, because I am controlling 2 variables. This will affect my results, but I believe it will make them more accurate since the temperature will be constant, and so eliminate any fluctuations in temperature (as I have explained earlier). It will also rule out the fact that if I have to do my procedures in different rooms/days, the 2010 questions 2 prose essay temperature in the room might be different.

Conical flask 20 vols hydrogen peroxide Water Yeast Gas syringe Stop clock Clamp stand 50cm 3 pipette 20cm 3 pipette 25cm 3 pipette Water bath Syringe Stopper Pestle and mortar Thermometer Tweezers 5cm 3 Beaker. Firstly I am going to measure out the 2010 2 prose essay concentrations of write, hydrogen peroxide that I have decided on. This will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 2010 2 prose essay, 50%. I will do this by adding different volumes of water to make up 100cm 3 .For example, the 80% concentrated solution will consist of 80cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide and 20cm 3 of water, (as shown in the table below). Instead of using a conical flask or a measuring cylinder, I will use a pipette because they are very accurate for measuring volumes. I will then place the 6 conical flasks in a water bath, at 25 o C, to assignments create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. I will do this first to ensure that the 2 prose mixtures have enough time to reach a constant temperature, rather than only putting them in for a short time because this will mean there may be fluctuations in temperature of the different molecules which I was initially trying to believe essay eliminate. Next, I will grind the 2010 yeast into quotations on essay, a powder using a pestle and essay, mortar. Tuition. I will grind up more than I need, so that I can use the same (ground) yeast for all of my experiments. This will also be fairer than grinding the yeast on different days or for different procedures, because the time spent grinding may be different.

Hopefully this will mean that each yeast granule will have the same (or a very similar) surface area. I will then set up my apparatus. Finally, on setting up the essay apparatus, I will place the balance on the table, making sure the bubble in the spirit level is in the middle level, thereby eliminating any deviation from the balance position. This means that even though the table may not be level, the pan (or weighing basin) is perfectly level. I will set up my apparatus this way every time I need to, e.g. when I need another lesson to complete my investigation.

Once the apparatus is set up, I will place a conical flask on the balance, and set the balance to 0, so that I can weigh the yeast only, which I will place in tuition the conical flask using a spatula until the right weight (0.2g) is in questions the conical flask. I will weigh the yeast directly into the conical flask, not a Petri dish, because then I do not have to worry about transferring the who to yeast from the Petri dish to the conical flask. Next I will place the conical flask under the 2010 questions essay gas syringe and place an airtight stopper in the top, with a single tube attached to the gas syringe as shown in the diagram. I will then take the conical flask with the 100% hydrogen peroxide out tuition assignments, of the 2010 questions 2 prose water bath and measure exactly 5cm 3 of the mixture using a syringe, and tuition, place it into the 5cm 3 small beaker. Being very careful as not to spill the mixture, I will take the stopper off the questions conical flask and lower the beaker into the conical flask using tweezers. I will then put the stopper back on essay i this, the conical flask so the procedure is ready to commence. Using a stop clock I will time from the moment the small beaker is tipped over to when the reaction stops, measuring the questions essay volume of gas evolved every 15 seconds. The reaction is over dissertation apologue divertissant when I record 3 volumes of gas that are concordant or very similar. This indicates that no more gas is being produced because the enzyme is the limiting factor as all the 2010 questions essay active sites are occupied. Who To Write A Report. I will repeat this method using the different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide making sure to wash the equipment thoroughly after each reaction.

I will carry out each reaction 3 times for each to gain an average. I hope to record concordant results for each repeat, so if an questions anomaly occurs I can discount it and 2010 2 prose essay, repeat the procedure again. I will record the data in a table and allow me to work out the rate of reaction. I will then represent the results in a graph. Essay. This will enable me to work out the gradient and make a conclusion based on the evidence I have obtained. Who To. Hydrogen peroxide, if inhaled or has contact with the skin or eyes, can be very dangerous and toxic. Questions 2 Prose. I will therefore be wearing safety goggles whenever I am handling the hydrogen peroxide and during the reaction, and will also wear gloves.

I will also make sure that my hair is tied back at all times and a report, that I am not wearing any jewellery or articles of 2010, clothing that may come into contact with the hydrogen peroxide. 2010 Essay. I will also clean up any spillages immediately. Essay. I believe that the graph will firstly start of apologue, steep in all the reactions, but steepest in the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and 2010 2 prose, gradually decreasing as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decrease. This is because there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules so more enzyme-substrate complexes. The curve will then level off and dissertation apologue, this represents the point where most of the enzymes active sites are saturated. The curve will eventually stay constant and this is because the 2010 questions enzyme molecules are fully saturated. This is called the maximum velocity of reaction or Vmax. The substrate concentration at this point, even if increased, will not affect the believe rate of reaction because it is the questions enzyme which is in low concentration. I believe that the graph for one of the concentrations, for example 100% hydrogen peroxide, will look similar to the one below. I believe that each curve for each concentration will look like the tuition one above, but for each decreased concentration – 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 2010 questions, 50%, the value of the Vmax will decrease too, as will the initial rate of reaction, This is because of the fact that there will be less substrate molecules in each successive concentration, so fewer collisions between particles that can react with each other.

This means that the a report number of collisions that reach the activation energy also decreases. This can be explained by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve: THEN Draw the graph using your results or the one's in the above table. Based on the information above, I therefore believe that the graph with all the concentrations plotted will look similar to the one below. I will record my results in a table like the one below, and then record further, average results, in a similar table. I will draw a graph based on the average results, and draw a curve of best fit for 2010 each concentration which will help me analyse my results. I will then work out the gradient of each curve and plot a further graph of percentage of H 2 O 2 against rate of reaction on write a report, the y-axis. I would expect this graph to be linear as this would show that as the concentration increases, time taken for a set volume of gas would decrease - in other words, the rate is 2010 essay proportional to the concentration. I expect this graph to look similar to the one I have drawn previously.

I will work out the dissertation divertissant rate of reaction from the results gained in the first 5 seconds as this will be the point where the greatest volume of gas is evolved. I had to change the volume of hydrogen peroxide used from 5cm 3 to 4cm 3 because in the first reaction with 100% hydrogen peroxide went too fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate. When I did repeat the questions procedure with 4cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, I could effectively measure the volume of gas. Quotations Information Technology. I also had to change the gas syringe because at first the reaction did not occur, and this was because a large volume of gas was leaking from a tear in the tube. I also had to repeat the whole of the 70% concentration of questions essay, hydrogen peroxide because the results were all anomalous when compared to the rest of the data. I will talk about why this might have been in my evaluation. * Another factor which I found out later when I drew my graphs was that there were limitations to the range of results I collected, so I decided to collect some more results. I have explained this later on. Below is a table of the results I collected, including all the results which I had to assignments repeat. The raw results can be seen in the appendix. Because my results where mostly concordant, and at the very least there was only a 2cm 3 difference between any 2 repeats out of 3, I decided that I did not need to repeat any of the procedures, apart from the whole of concentration 7 which I will discuss later.

This then enabled me to work out an average by adding up 3 three repeat values and dividing by 3. Questions. For example the 100% concentration average would be (48+49+48) ? 3). Below is quotations on essay a table showing the average results. From these results, I can see instantly that less gas was evolved in the first 5 seconds as the concentration decreased and that the overall volume of gas also became successively lower in each decreased concentration. Essay. This is because there were more molecules of hydrogen peroxide in the higher concentrations, so more collisions took place and so there was a greater probability of successful collisions. This resulted in more enzyme-substrate complexes formed in the higher concentrations, and less in the each decreased concentration. A Report. This supports the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve I drew earlier. I have drawn a graph based on these average results, with a curve of best fit for each concentration which will allow me to questions identify any anomalies. From the graph I can see that as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreased, the volume of dissertation divertissant, oxygen produced decreased as a direct result.

This is because as the concentration decreased, the number of molecules of 2 prose, hydrogen peroxide also decreased. This decreased the number of particles that can react with each other, and so the number of collisions that reached the activation energy also decreased. This means that there are also less successful collisions, and so less enzyme-substrate complexes formed. Questions. The final volume of questions 2 prose essay, oxygen produced also decreased as the dissertation concentration decreased, and 2010 essay, this is because less collisions overall took place, and so a reduced number of believe, collisions reached the 2 prose activation energy. This was because there were fewer molecules initially, and this resulted in a lower probability that the molecules would collide. This means that there were less successful collisions overall. For example, the callaghan 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final volume of oxygen of 88.3cm 3 , 90% concentration evolved 73.3cm 3 of oxygen, 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and the 50% concentration evolved 37cm 3 of oxygen. The initial rate of reaction is 2010 2 prose essay fastest for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreases as the concentration decreases. This can be explained by quotations the collision theory, which states that the questions 2 prose essay time taken for a reaction to take place, and so a set volume of gas to be evolved, becomes shorter for technology higher concentrations substrate. This is because at higher concentrations there are more substrate molecules than in lower concentrations.

Subsequently, if there are more molecules, then there will be more collisions taking place, and therefore more reactions between enzyme and substrate molecules take place in 1 second, and 2 prose, so oxygen is evolved more rapidly. So at the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the oxygen was given of more rapidly because there were more substrate and enzyme molecules reacting in dissertation divertissant a second. From the curves of best fit, I can also see that there were no anomalous results, only 2010 questions 2 prose some results which were slightly above or below the believe essay curve, though they were not excessively distorted. This shows that my results were relatively accurate for each concentration alone. To find out if the concentrations together were accurate, I worked out the rate of reaction.

This enabled me to find out if each concentration, based on 2010, the number of divertissant, molecules of substrate in 2010 questions 2 prose each decrease of 10%, was similar or even showed a pattern which I failed to identify with my previous results. I did this by working out the gradient of who to write a report, each curve and plotting these values against the concentrations on 2010 2 prose, the x- axis. The method which I used to do this can be seen on the next page. By plotting these values on a graph I could also see if there was a relationship between the different concentrations. On the next page is a graph showing the rate of reaction, with a line of best fit. (again - on questions 2 prose essay, your graph showing rate of 2010 questions essay, reaction, draw a line of best fit) Overall, I believe my experiment went well and I believe that I gained sufficient results because I repeated each concentration 3 times, and investigated 8 concentrations in total. I believe that my results were also relatively reliable because as you can see from the graph I plotted with the curve of best fit for each concentration, as the concentration decreases the volume of two fishermen morley essay, oxygen produced also decreases. For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final average volume of questions 2 prose, gas of 77cm 3 of oxygen while the 90% concentration evolved a final average volume of believe essay i this, 73.3cm 3 . Also most of the points were on or close to 2010 questions the curve of write a report, best fit for each concentration. However there are some factors that I must take into consideration.

Firstly, there were limitations of the essay apparatus that I used. Each piece of apparatus has an apparatus error in which there is an upper and write, lower limit. For example the balance had an apparatus error of ±0.01 which means that since I used 0.2g of yeast, this value could either be 0.21g or 0.19g. This obviously affects the amount of catalase present, and this means that there could be more or less collisions and 2010 questions 2 prose essay, so successful collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules depending on dissertation divertissant, the greater or lower mass of yeast. 2 Prose Essay. For example, if there were more molecules of yeast the a report rate of reaction would increase because there would be more collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules which would result in a greater probability of 2010 essay, successful collisions, and therefore more enzyme-substrate complexes being produced. This means that in my results, the volume of apologue, gas produced in the first 5 seconds may have been higher than it should have been if I had used exactly 0.2g of 2010, yeast. This could have been a reason for the very fast rate of reaction of the 100% hydrogen peroxide, which showed up as an anomalous result on the first rate of essay i this, reaction graph. 2010 2 Prose. This would apply for dissertation apologue divertissant the substrate concentration too, in 2010 questions 2 prose essay that the quotations on essay pipettes also had an apparatus error. This would also mean the amount of substrate molecules could have been different for each repeat, even though I used the same concentration. For example in the 100% concentration I used two 50cm 3 pipettes which had an apparatus error of questions essay, ±0.01. So in 100cm 3 the actual volume could have been either 99.98cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide or 100.02cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide so there would have either been more or fewer molecules of information technology, hydrogen peroxide.

If there were fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, there would have been fewer collisions between molecules of questions, enzyme and substrate, resulting in fewer enzyme-substrate complexes being made. Believe. However, I do not believe they were significantly different because each of my repeats were mostly concordant, so a similar amount of oxygen was produced which must mean that there was a similar number of substrate molecules in each. For example, from my results, in the 100% concentrated solution on the first repeat, 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced. In the second repeat, 49cm 3 was and in the third repeat 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced. Essay. I tried to select the quotations on essay best method with which I considered would be most accurate. I decided on the gas syringe method because, as I explained in my plan, it measured the volume of gas directly and would also minimise the volume of oxygen which could potentially dissolve in water. 2010. However, some oxygen was displaced in the gas syringe and I had to solve this by who to write subtracting this small volume from the volumes produced in each of the reactions. 2010 Essay. Also, I noticed if the barrel was wet, the syringe often got stuck for information a short time before it recorded the volumes of gas.

To prevent this I had to questions 2 prose dry out the barrel and syringe before commencing the procedure. It was very hard to insert the i this small 5cm 3 beaker into the conical flask, and when it came to tipping it over, some of the substrate was still trapped inside the beaker. I solved this by swirling the 2010 questions 2 prose essay conical flask constantly throughout the reactions and i this, this seemed to solve the problem. Although, this means that the amount of swirling had to be the same in order to ensure a fair test. I tried to keep this constant by making sure I swirled the conical flask evenly. 2010 Questions 2 Prose Essay. The accuracy of the believe essay results showed that this factor did not distort the results too much, and 2010 questions 2 prose, so a similar amount of 2010 questions essay, substrate molecules were present in each reaction. For example, the repeated concentration of 80% had values of 32cm 3 ,33cm 3 and 32cm 3 which means that a similar number of substrate was present in each reaction.

Another factor which was hard to 2 prose essay measure was the volume of gas produced because some of the higher concentration reactions were very fast, so it was hard to read off the correct values every time. I tried to make this as accurate as possible by making sure my eyes were level with the dissertation apologue gas syringe. Again, judging by the accuracy of my repeat results, I believe that this factor was not an issue. Although I did not check for gas leaks beforehand, there was good agreement between my replicates. In the 60% concentration the 2 prose repeats at two fishermen callaghan essay 5 seconds were 20, 21 and 20cm 3 , which is concordant. If my replicates had not been so close I would have had to 2010 2 prose change the tube. I ground up the dissertation apologue divertissant yeast to try to make the surface area as similar as possible, because surface area is a major factor in my experiment.

A larger surface area means there is more molecules being exposed to collisions with other molecules, with sufficient energy to cause a reaction. This means that having the same surface area of questions 2 prose, yeast in each reaction is very important in ensuring a fair test because the assignments number of molecules exposed to 2 prose collisions must be the same. Temperature is a major factor which affects rate of reaction. Quotations On Essay. This is because at higher temperatures, molecules of both enzyme and substrate have more kinetic energy and so collide more often. This results in 2010 questions 2 prose essay a bigger proportion of molecules having a higher energy greater than that of the activation energy. Dissertation Apologue. More collisions are therefore successful so more substrate is converted into product. The reaction is 2010 questions 2 prose exothermic, and so heat is obviously produced in the reaction. The higher the concentration the more heat will be produced because the molecules of both substrate and enzyme have more energy, and so collide more often producing more heat energy. Quotations. This heat energy is transferred to the environment.

Although I tried to control the temperature in a water bath, and to good effect because a constant external temperature was produced and so the heat energy was dissipated, I could not control the amount of heat given off in each reaction. This would have affected my results for several reasons. Firstly, more oxygen dissolves in water at a lower temperature than at high temperatures and this means that for questions the reactions involving low concentrations more oxygen would have dissolved than in tuition available the higher concentrations because of the decreased amount of heat energy given off. Essay. Because the who to write a report volume of 2010 questions, oxygen dissolved in the reaction is not constant for all the essay i this reactions, because less oxygen is dissolved in water at higher temperatures, this would have affected my results. This may have been why the difference in the final volume of oxygen produced was not equal, but instead decreased in steps of 2010 questions 2 prose, 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and a report, 7.7cm 3 . The different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I made up could not have been exactly accurate because this would have meant that the volume of gas evolved would have increased in equal steps which it did not. For example, the final average volume of gas for 100% hydrogen peroxide was 77cm 3 , and for 90% was 73.3cm 3 , 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and 50% it was 37cm 3 . As I have mentioned earlier, this decreases in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and 7.7cm 3 , which is far from equal. This may have been because I only used a pipette when measuring the hydrogen peroxide, and only poured the water into the volumetric flask to make up the 100cm 3 . 2010 2 Prose Essay. I believed this was accurate, but upon reflection using a pipette would have been much more accurate as pipettes have a much lower apparatus error than the 2010 questions 2 prose essay volumetric flask.

This may have also been a reason why I had to repeat the 2010 2 prose whole of the 70cm 3 concentration, which initially had a final volume of gas, 72cm 3 , which was greater than the final volume of oxygen produced in the 80% concentration, 64cm 3 . Also I had to make sure I washed out the who to a report conical flask and beaker thoroughly with distilled water and addition I made sure they were also dried sufficiently. If I hadn’t I could have risked diluting the solutions more and questions, this would have affected the dissertation apologue number of questions 2 prose, molecules of hydrogen peroxide present which in turn would have affected the number of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules. For example, if there was still only 1cm 3 of water still remaining in quotations on essay the conical flask and beaker combined, then in say the 80% concentration of questions 2 prose essay, hydrogen peroxide, the concentration would have been closer to 79%. 2010 Questions 2 Prose Essay. This can be shown by the simple calculation of 80 ? 101 x 100 = 79.2%. Overall I believe that my data does reflect my hypothesis that “ as the questions 2 prose essay concentration of believe essay i this, hydrogen peroxide decreases that rate of 2010 2 prose, reaction will decrease consequently because there will be few collision between enzyme and substrate molecules due to a decreased number of molecules ”. This is shown by my rate of reaction graph which shows that for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the rate of reaction was 8cm 3 second -1 , and the 90% concentration was only questions 2 prose essay 7.4cm 3 second -1 . My results also showed that the reaction will gradually slow and 2010 questions 2 prose essay, eventually stop because the dissertation enzyme will become the limiting factor. This is shown when oxygen stops being produces and the same results is recorded 5 times. So for example, I knew that the 2010 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide reaction was over because I recorded 88cm 3 at least 5 times. However, I also believed that if I halved the concentration then the rate of reaction (volume of oxygen produced) would also be halved, and information, so the rate would be proportional to the concentration. This would show that the reaction is a first order reaction. Though in theory this should be the trend, my results did not show this pattern.

So, although my results did show a positive correlation, it doesn’t necessarily mean I have an accurate correlation, because my results do not follow specific trends. For example the final value at 50% was 37cm 3 whilst the volume of oxygen produced at 100cm 3 was 77cm 3 which is not double 37. Again the questions essay final volume of oxygen produced at 2010 30% was 27.3cm 3 , whilst the 2 prose essay final value produced in tuition available the 60% concentration was 44.7cm 3 which also not double. As can be seen from the rate of reaction graph, the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are relatively even, and would suggest that the line of best fit should be drawn where I have drawn the line of best fit (1). However this does not account for the fact that a concentration of 0% hydrogen peroxide produces 0cm 3 of oxygen.

If the line of best fit (1) is correct it would make this value an anomaly, which clearly it is not since it is the most accurate value on the graph. The line of best fit (2) therefore makes much more sense, because it is crosses through (0,0), and 2 prose essay, also shows that the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are still quite even. However, this presents a problem because this either suggests that the tuition concentration of 100% is not accurate and is an anomaly, or that the line of best fit should in fact be a curve of best fit. This presents me with a problem in the fact that I now have limitations because I did not test any of the 2010 concentrations below 50%, which would clearly define whether the on essay graph should have a line or a curve of best fit. 2010 2 Prose Essay. Consequently I have decided to do further experiments with concentrations of 10% and 30% hydrogen peroxide. I will use exactly the same method as I did previously, and since I still have some yeast left, I can still use the same batch of quotations on essay, yeast.

I will then work out the gradient of the 2 concentrations and plot them on a rate of reaction graph along with the other concentrations. I will also repeat the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, because I believe this was an anomalous result. 2010. Because it had a rate of reaction that was so much higher than the other values. Hopefully, with the new and repeated results I will be able to analyse my results further and therefore evaluate them with more evidence than I had previously. I will work out the gradient of these new results and 2 prose essay, plot them on a new rate of reaction graph.

This should tell me whether the reaction is indeed is 2 prose essay a first order reaction, or if a curve of best fit is required. Now I have carried out the repeats and a report, plotted the 2010 points on the rate of reaction graph I can see that the graph is in fact clearly linear. This means that the reaction a first order reaction, so the rate is proportional to the concentration. I believe that the data also shows strong positive correlation, and there are few outliers which show that my results are accurate. I have drawn a line of believe essay i this, best fit to clearly illustrate this trend. The line of best fit also suggests values of concentrations which I have not investigated. I can find out what these values might be by drawing a line up and across from the line of best fit. 2010 2 Prose Essay. So, for example the 40% concentration should have a curve gradient near to the value of 3 (shown by a report red line on the graph) Overall, the there is a pattern showing a constant trend in that as the concentration decreases the rate of reaction decreases too, and 2010 questions 2 prose, that the who to overall volume of gas evolved also decreases. This is because at essay higher concentration there is more molecules of substrate , so more collision take place, resulting in quotations more enzyme-substrate complexes being formed.

This is shown in the table with all the results I have gained. 2010 Questions. Apparatus error was one of the main factors in my experiment which I tried to keep at a minimal. I did this by only using pipettes which have a very small apparatus error when compared to beakers. I also avoided using apparatus more than I had to when measuring amounts. The balance proved to be the biggest apparatus error and this would have been much bigger if I had used only 0.1g rather than 0.2g of questions essay, yeast. Below is 2010 2 prose essay a summary of all the percentage errors.

50cm 3 pipette ± 0.01. 20cm 3 pipette ± 0.03. 10cm 3 pipette ± 0.02. Balance 0.01 ? 0.2 x 100 = 5% Making up concentrations. Questions 2 Prose. 100% using 2 x 50cm 3 pipettes: 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% x 2. 90% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 2 x 20cm 3 pipette: 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% x 2 = 0.3% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette, 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.10%

70% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 60% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.02 % 50% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% Total apparatus error for apparatus used for concentrations = 0.66% Total error for apparatus – 5.66% Considering the whole experiment, 5.66% is 2010 essay a relatively small apparatus error, and taking into dissertation, account that the fact that the balance contributed to 5% of this error, the remaining error is minimal. Remembering that a apparatus error on the balance is ±0.01, this would mean that the yeast could weigh 2.01g or 1.19g and this either increases or decreases the number of molecules present. I will talk about this in my evaluation. for original and inspiring surf photography, articles and interviews with your favourite surfers. Essay. A grade GCSE chemistry coursework - Rates of reaction Decomposition of sodium thiosulphate. Oxygenate Your Body - Proper Regimen for morley callaghan Powerful Results. by Fairwitness 0. 2010 Essay. The Enzyme Catalase Activity at information technology Different Conditions Lab Report. by hyunchang 70.

Why is the study of basic chemistry essential to understanding human body systems ? by Liwayway Memije-Cruz 86. Classification of Insulating Materials. by OSBERT JOEL C 3. MemeMachine 4 months ago. Everybody knows that luno2012 has some of the dopest fresh swag. I like memes tbh. Are you of 2010 questions 2 prose, insultings me. I am of here to the learn of biology not for the English. English of no importants to of becomings doctor.

Please shut off. This is the very good the piece of the work but i think the divertissant conclusion could be the 2 prose better man so the marks could the be the highest. Nice hub with great information about enzyme kinetics. (Ignore the dissertation divertissant last question) What board gave the grade? What mark did this get? Thanks, this is great! full marks..nice! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is questions 2 prose essay a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and tuition available, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Essay: Business ethics – ethical business behaviour. This essay aims to analyze the questions 2 prose essay, essential of ethical business behaviour. This essay will focus on two fishermen morley essay the business ethics on employees. After the introduction part, the definition of business ethic and corporate social responsibility will be given in Chapter 2. In the next Chapter 3, it would describe three basic concept and moral value of ethics which focusing on employees. Furthermore, it will explain the importance of business ethic in a company in essay, Chapter 4. In the last Chapter 5, it will use a case study of Foxconn suicide to analyze how unethical business will affect the company. Producing of new trendy products or providing excellent services is not the only reason to 2010 questions, attract customers now. Business ethics is taking a significant position on it. Business people are the 2010 2 prose essay, experts to maximize the profit of a company. They suppose to be good at different business fields, which included financing, marketing, and tuition assignments available business administration.

However, the general public are raising awareness of the corporate social responsibility these years, such as environmental issue, labour exploitation and honesty on business dealing. 2010 Essay! Therefore, for profit maximization, business person must have a good vision on believe essay operating business ethically. 2 Prose! And it would be other criteria for customers or business partner to choose your company instead of others. This essay will divide to three main parts: the first part will provide basic idea of business ethic and available corporate social responsibility. Essay! The second part will illustrate the concept on write business ethics which concerning on employees. The last part will point out the importance of business ethic with a case study. 2. What is Business ethic. 2.1 Definition of business ethic. Business ethic has various meanings and it can be differ in different countries and from industry to industry.

It is 2 prose a set of moral value, standard, code of conduct in a business organization, for write a report example honesty, fairness and responsibility, which stipulate as a guideline to a law, regulation in a business organization. According to O.C Ferrell (2011), ‘Business ethics comprises the principles and questions essay standards that guide behaviour in 2010 essay, the world of business. Investors, employees, customers, interest groups, the legal system, and the community often determine whether a specific action is right or wrong, ethical or unethical. Although these groups are not necessarily ‘right,’ their judgments influence society’s acceptance or rejection of a business and its activities.’ (Ferrell,2011). And Kirk O. Questions 2 Prose Essay! Hanson (2010) identified that business ethics is the study of the standards of business behaviour which promote human welfare and the good.” (Kirk O. Hanson2010).Business ethics is a board topic and its include different perspective, such as the relationship between company and employees, company and customers and environmental issue. Business ethics on relationship between business organization and employees. Will be focus on this essay. 2.2 What is 2010 questions essay Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Corporate social responsibility is a common term which has a close relationship and links with the concept of essay business ethic. According to Lord Holme and Richard Watts (2000) , corporate social responsibility is the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the morley callaghan, quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society at large. 2 Prose Essay! ‘(Lord Holme and Richard Watts 2000) ‘CSR is on essay information not a function of business like accounting or marketing, it is a representation of the 2010 questions, soul of a business, like values or principles. It gets expressed through the many ways that firms engage their stakeholders, how they treat those around them and how they create a community that wants to support them.’ , said Joe Lawless(2012).

CSR also are reflected in a corporate policies and essay behaviours, for example how the company treats the stakeholders including employees, customer, supplier, community and environment ethically or in a responsible manner. 3. Business ethic on 2010 2 prose essay employees. 3.1 Justice and tuition assignments Fairness. Every company must have encounter of problem that how to motivate their employees. 2010! It consistently finds that employees are more motivated when they feel that organizational resources are allocated fairly, that organizational decisions are made in fairways, and that their organization treats them fairly. To determine is the corporation treats employees with fairness; there is two contextual forms to define the fairness in an organization, which are distributive fairness and morley essay procedural fairness.

Distributive fairness is based on the outcome and the perception of individuals assumes they deserve. For example, if inflation rises by questions 2 prose essay, 5% and incomes go up by believe essay, the same margin people will perceive it as a fair outcome (Terry, T., Dienhart, J. Essay! #038; Thomas, T. ,2008). Procedural fairness is concerning about the processes or procedure that create outcomes. Take hiring employees as an example. They evaluate the fairness in application, interview, and technology selection processes. Are those processes consistent over time and questions 2 prose the same among individuals and groups? Is it in quotations on essay, neutral and transparent situation? Take Primark as an example , it expressed their Code of 2010 questions 2 prose essay Conduct that any supplier making there items must pay laborers in any event the lowest pay permitted by law, as set by government. They deliberately vet each and every processing plant, checking wage and working hours records in 2010 2 prose essay, point of interest and address specialists themselves, in certainty, to confirm the information. (2015) 3.2 Human rights #038; Labour rights.

The United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner of 2010 questions Human Rights claimed that Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Labour rights are the term derived from Human rights, which represent the relation between employees and employers. It can be refer to the employers should respect the divertissant, rights of essay all person to life, security of the person and privacy, respect the right of their employees to join trade unions and to bargain collectively and 2 prose essay develop non discriminatory employees polices , and respect each person freedom of thought, religion, opinion and communication.( Joseph W.Weiss,2014) Labour rights are stipulate under the labour and employment law. Because of globalization, corporation are concerning more than before on ethical and humane when doing business in recently years. So the 2010 2 prose, issues of Labour rights such as child labour, setting the minimum wages and questions essay labour abuse are raising public awareness on business ethics factors of employees. In the office website of Primark stated that they are a subsidiary company of Associated British Food.

They advocate that child labour should not be used and they sanction its supplier to deliver their item when the checking of the manufacturing plant to questions, guarantee all the labourers are in a lawful working age. Furthermore, they attract with suppliers, workers and gatherings, serving to ensure that the upsides of adolescents’ preparation are gotten on. Two Fishermen! Besides, they advance program that on. raising public awareness of children rights. 2010 Questions 2 Prose! (2015) Working conditions contain of the degree of safety, danger, and hygiene of the environment and all circumstances that affect employees physical (health) and psychological in the workplace, including job hours, physical aspects, legal rights and responsibilities. I This! It also involved the implementation of safety training for employees and insurance schemes and safety guideline and policies to reduce the risk of questions employee might suffer. Working hours is the apologue, important factor of the productivity.

However, in order to reach the highest productivity and 2 prose essay efficiency, some companies abuse their workers with extremely long working hours. ‘[Companies should] provide a framework for regulated hours of quotations information technology work , daily and weekly rest periods, and annual holidays. These instruments ensure high productivity while safeguarding workers’ physical and mental health. Standards on part-time work have become increasingly important instruments for questions essay addressing such issues as job creation and promoting equality between men and believe i this women.’ claimed International labour organization (2014). Working hours can be varying in different countries, culture, gender, or age and 2010 2 prose other factors. According to International labour organization, table 1 illustrates the tuition available, legal working hour among five productive countries, such as Bangladesh, China, Germany, India, and United State (International labour organization,2014).

To treat employees ethically, maximum working hours must be compliance and concerned by every business corporation. Primark has a strict Code of 2010 2 prose essay Conduct that meets universal guidelines. Suppliers must take after this Code to guarantee items are made in i this, great working conditions, and the individuals making them are dealt with well and 2010 questions paid a reasonable pay. They vet each and two fishermen morley every manufacturing plant against the Code before they submit a request with a supplier.(2015) Table 1: Legal working hour in Bangladesh, China, Germany, India, United State (based on 2010 International Labour Organization, 2013) Bangladesh China Germany India United State. Daily hours limit(hour) 11 8 8 9 No federal statutory limit on daily working hours identified. Weekly hours limit(hour) 48 40 48 48 40. Last update 4 March 2011 1 April 2011 2012 14 May 2011 July 2012. 4. Importance of believe i this business ethic for a company. 4.1 Save money for questions 2 prose essay lawsuit, settlement, theft.

‘Study from Joseph W.Weiss found out that yearly business expense of interior misrepresentation range between the yearly gross domestic profit(GDP) of Bulgaria ($50 billion) and on essay information technology that of Taiwan ($400 billion) . It has likewise been assessed that fraud costs organizations $600 billion USD every year, and that 79% of 2010 questions labourers concede or to two fishermen morley callaghan essay, consider taking from their employers.() From this result, it illustrated that there is a significant portion of business profit annually that attributed to fraud from the workers. Because of that corporation might search for legal consultation in order to open lawsuit and spend money in settlement. Furthermore, corporation paid noteworthy penalties under the law for acting unethically. ” A loss of 2010 essay public confident can be detrimental to the firm’s and to its investor.’, said Joseph W.Weiss (Operating with business ethics is essential when cooperating with crucial players with these crucial players. It is common for the profitability of publicly traded companies to decline rapidly when they encounter situations where information regarding unethical behaviour is a report discovered. When a corporation was discovered that they do business unethically, usually they will do lot more advertising and 2010 2 prose essay promotion on who to write their business than before in order to hide the problem and divert the public’s attention, instead of stand in front to apologize and to correct the problem. However, it kind of action is actually ruin their brand imagine when the people do not think the corporation is responsible for the mistakes and the confidence will decrease. Negative reputation of a company may affect the corporation that the difficulty of recruit new employees and retained valued professionals.

4.3 Investor loyalty. ‘Business relationship based on mutual trust and ethical principle combined with regulation result in long term economic gains for organizations, shareholder, and stakeholders.’ , said Joseph W.Weiss (2014). Investment is the most importance factor that keeps company survives, because it maintains the liquidity of the company and retains company in 2010, high share price that protect it from takeover. However, at callaghan, the point when speculator certainty is questions lost, it can be a hard time for an organization to two fishermen morley essay, recover the trust of general society, its financial specialists and its important shareholders. Profitability may take years to develop once more. 4.4 Customer satisfaction. The business can remain on long-term benefits when it has good client connections. To keep up good relationship with clients, the questions 2 prose, business needs to grow genuine ethical code of conduct. The conduct of the representative towards the clients will have an effect on them.

They will build up an impression of the business which will make the essay, clients enhance their trust they have with the organization .The morals of the business will lead the organization to hold the trust its clients. Joseph W.Weiss stated that at the point when organization and partners base their transactions, procurements of administrations and items on good ethical standard and the production-oriented metrics, the greater profit levels of business and fulfilment of the partner increment, and people in general’s certainty likewise upgraded. (Joseph W.Weiss ,2014) .It is 2010 2 prose clear that the a report, profit of the company will definitely increase if all the stakeholders are supporting the business . And in 2 prose essay, the worker perspective, they are more productive when they are satisfied with the environment. 5. Case Study: Foxconn Suicide. Foxonn suicide was a tragedy of unethical business practise that happened in China. ‘Sweat factory ‘ Foxconn Technology Group is a Taiwanese multinational company with its main plant operating in tuition available, Shenzhen, China. Foxconn is hands down the largest manufacturing of 2010 2 prose electronic, computer and computer components in the world. They employ more than 800,000 workers , in which 500,000 labours manufacture for Apple Inc products, such as Iphone, IPad .Between 2010 and 2013, there is a string of suicide at Foxconn. At least 16 people have jumped from high buildings at the factory so far this year, with 12 deaths and a further 20 people were stopped by the company before they could attempt to kill themselves. According to the newspaper New York Times, Foxconn has a reputation for military-style efficiency that includes mapping out apologue divertissant assembly line workers movements in great detail and questions essay monitoring tasks with a stopwatch. A typical worker shares a dormitory room with nine other workers, eats in the campus cafeteria and works 11 to quotations on essay information, 13 hour shifts. Questions 2 Prose! Often they do little more than work and sleep.

Some have no friends on campus and do not even know the names of their roommates. Shortage of warm water in the dorm often meant cold showers, and where even simple pleasures like snacks were forbidden.(2010) . From the above information from the news , it can be seen that Foxconn were not treating their employees ethically regarding the working conditions and fairness. Many worker were working long hours for low pay under heavy pressure. Most of them work 40 extra hours of overtime each week and tuition available the monthly wage they got is only 950 RMB ($US140) that employees must work hours of overtime each day to make about questions, 2,000 RMB to meet basic needs. 5.3 Effect on Apple Inc. It was a catastrophe for Apple Inc when the news discovered that their manufacturer treated its employees unethically and inhumanely. Apple Inc share of stock dropped by tuition assignments available, 1.5%, which indicated that the stock traders were taking the tragedy seriously. That was a huge impact on 2010 Apple Inc’s profit and its brand imagine, because Apple Inc did not monitor its supplier running under the business ethical principles. Moreover, it may affect their customer satisfaction because the products they have bought are from believe i this, exploitation on the workers.

This issue has raised the public awareness on ethical business. After that, Apple Inc. and Foxconn putted a lot of effort for the improvement to enhance their reputation and the trust from their stakeholders, including customers, shareholders and employees. For example, Apple Inc set up its own team of suicide prevention experts to work with Foxconn and offer guidance for further improvements. And Apple Inc worked with the questions, Fair Labor Association to ensure its suppliers’ workers are trained in their rights and obligations. Furthermore, Foxconn has raised their pay to the workers.

Foxconn suicide case is an example of unethical business to apologue, reveals that the importance of ethical practise on employees and its effect on the whole business operation. This case study is an example of labour exploitation and unethical business practise. It illustrates the strong relation of unethical business on employee and its impact of the operation. This paper has showed that the 2 prose, business ethic in perspective of employee, such as justice and fairness, human rights and working condition. And the relationships between business ethics and business operation. For example, save money for lawsuit and tuition assignments settlement, reputation, investor loyalty, customer satisfaction and profit. Business ethics are not only questions 2 prose, a moral concept but also a practical thing that every company should pay attention on and take it seriously.

Not only because of increasing profit but also operating business with conscience. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Essay! Each of us is 2010 2 prose qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to i this, your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in 2 prose essay, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by 2010 2 prose essay, a student in order to help you with your studies.

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Introduction Paragraph for Identity Essay. Type your revised introduction paragraph into the comment box. 2 Prose Essay! Remember, it must have a hook, paraphrase of tuition available quote, and 2010 2 prose essay thesis. Post your first and 2010 questions last name to 2010 essay, receive credit for the assignment. What is identity?

Identity is like a finger print your is different from everyone else. A identity is something people “must” create for two fishermen callaghan essay themselves, and 2010 questions let no one pick your choices! Roberto, I really like your use of metaphor. Believe Essay! You compared the identity to people’s fingerprints because both are different and unique for 2010 essay each person. Nice use of simile, but it needs editing. You also need to clarify what you mean, and what your argument is. Without doing so, this is not an 2010 questions essay, essay introduction. Also, quotation marks are not required around the questions, word ‘must.’ For example: “Identity is like a fingerprint; a unique identifier of who we are.

People must create their own identities, and believe essay they do so through the decisions they make. When people allow themselves to be too influenced by others, their own sense of identity will be at risk. As such, people must be true to themselves in order to develop and 2010 questions maintain a strong sense of identity.” – You could also include something about the impact of attitudes, values and who to beliefs on the development of identity. What is identity? Identity is like music, it’s not all the 2010 questions 2 prose, same kind of music, there all different from each other. Is that you’re not born with your identity you have to available, make chooses, what you do in your life, how you act around other people. I believe in this quote that you start making your identity after you are born. I like your simile comparing identity to 2010 essay, music–this is an original way to show the morley callaghan essay, intricacies of one’s individuality. Identity is who you are not who you want to be .Thomas Morton said you are who you are first not what you become to be!

You create your identity no one creates it for you. The fact that you believe no one creates their identity for them tells me that your body will filled with examples of the ways that people do so; I look forward to reading it. Carmen Spiewak Mr.Turkot. What is identity? Identity is like fish they are al not the same. Thomas Melton had said identity isn’t more than a name and essay features. I think you already have your identity you had it science you were born.

Good simile; you compare the many types of fish to the many types of identity. Interesting thesis. I look forward to learning about how one is born with his or her identity in the body paragraph. Money is like identity we are human but got different, description: Money they all look the same but what make them different is the bar code. What make humans different is the way they act or look.

Identity is more then what the eye can see. Tuition Assignments Available! I believe that you can change your identity but be for that you have to find it. Good simile using money. You told me about how all dollar bills have different numbers and markings on them, even if they are all one dollar bills. Questions 2 Prose Essay! This is a good way to see people; everyone is a human being, but we all possess different charactaristics that make us unique. Identity is like trees not one the same as the two fishermen morley callaghan essay, other. Identity is not what you are its who you are. I think you can change your identity but you can’t change it back.

Good use of 2010 simile to convey the 2010 2 prose essay, way human beings are all the same but have differences too. I also liked the second sentence: “Identity is not what you are, it’s who you are.” Identity is what people want to know.People believe that there identity is to make friend and family. I belive that identity mean to me that you can choose to be good or evil. Your thesis is good. You create a serious consequence for identity; we can be branded good or evil as a result of questions our choices. Everyone believes in tuition available there own identity.

Indentity is like your education. 2010 Questions Essay! Only you can believe in whats best for you. Some believe in available there own belief witch is there race and what they believe in. Everyone is born with there own indentity. People make there own choices when it comes to the indentity. You mention race as part of 2010 questions 2 prose essay one’s identity–this is a good example of the on essay, identity one cannot change. You also mention that we have the power to 2010 essay, make our own choices and craft our identity. Your identity is like a building, if you don’t have a strong base then your building will fall. Identity is more then your name or what you look like, but a true identity is what you make for who to write yourself.

I believe that your identity is what you creat for yourself and no one person has the 2010 2 prose, same identity. This is a good introduction that sets up a body paragraph that will explain how identity is crafted. Dissertation Divertissant! I hope to see an explanation of the specific things people do to build their own unique identity. Every one has a identity it is questions 2 prose essay a snow flake. Every one gets ther identity from 2010 questions, what they belive in. Every one gets ther idntity from wayer they ar from and how they got drot up with. Nice metaphor: identity is 2010 a snow flake. This shows the uniqueness of each person’s identity, and also that there is a commonality too. Quotations Information! Just like each snow flake is different, so is each snow flake the same for being made of 2010 essay water; people are different, but also hold in common that they are each a human being. Everyone’s identity is like stars each one is different. Identity is about who you are and your identity is about your life.

What my identity means to me is: I can make my own choices, I can handle myself in tuition assignments available life, and my identity is about my life. I believe in the quote in the first sentence because identity expresses who you are and it expresses what your life is about and you can make your own choices and no one else can make choices for you. People have different beliefes about the quote that was stated because each person’s identity is different from one another no one can have the same identity as you because other people’s identity is about them your identity is about. I like how you list what your identity means to you. 2010 Essay! You show that you feel identity to be self-crafted, and that we each create our image from our choices. Identity is apologue like a wieght scale, it wieghs parts of your life. Identity is 2010 questions alot more then the name or feature one is born with. I believe that people can’t be born with their Identity, they have to make their own chocies. Good simile–you liken identity to a weight scale. Bad choices weigh us down, while being a good respectful person can lighten our load.

Identity is when you make good or bad decisions.You have to respect people’s identity.It’s not about yor name or how you look, it’s when you make good choices and your personality. My own personal view about identity is how you create yourself, and making choices and facing challenges. I like how you talk about who to write, facing challenges. 2010 Essay! I hope in your body that I see examples of such challenges, and how meeting those challenges creates a better identity. Identity is something you must always cherish in life. I believe that your identity is a very rare and valuable thing.

Identity is something you have after you are born. It is your personality, your ability to who to write, do things, your behavior, appearance choices, and beliefs. My Identity is created myself and from admiring others. The everyday things i do such as singing, texting, the type of 2 prose music i listen to and the things i wear revolves around myself and my friends. My friends are apart of my identity because they get me into different types of things and i try those things out. I make my own choices such as i choose my own things to wear everyday, listen to whatever music i like, and choose my own friends to believe essay i this, talk to.

I like the questions 2 prose essay, likening of identity to a rare and valuable thing. I agree that is a rare thing, rarest of all things perhaps. Assignments Available! In our identity we keep all the parts of our spirit. People all over the world practice identity everyday but everyone’s is questions 2 prose essay different. Thomas Merton said you have to two fishermen callaghan, work hard to get your own identity and you mostly created by yourself. I believe some identity you can change and some identity you can’t change.

The idea that people practice their identity is novel to me. I think it rings true; everyone lives according to 2010 questions essay, some form of principles, good or bad. the last sentnce was a really good hook to get someone to read the the other two paragraphs. What identity is. Assignments Available! Did you know identity is something you choose and 2010 2 prose can effect your identity?

Thomas merton once said that identity is something more than your feature and something that your born with. Identity is something people create by on essay information technology making choices. Your choices effect your identity by what you do like work and hobbies. I think identity is something you create and its not something your born with. Work and hobbies constitute much of our identities. I agree that we pursue different things in life that interest us, and 2010 essay these show the nuances of believe essay i this our person. Identity!

Everyone have an 2010 2 prose essay, identity but none has the morley callaghan, same identity. Thomas Merton said identity is more then what you are born with. True identity is 2 prose something you create for two fishermen yourself. I believe that you do get some of your identity when you are born but identity is a lot more then where you came from. It about how you are.

I agree with you that identity is a lot more than where you came from. Questions 2 Prose! Although it might have something to quotations information, do with who you start out as, it doesn’t make you who you are. What is identity? Identity is like a hobbe. Also, you can find identity in 2 prose essay many Ways. Thomas Merton said people should. Created their own identity .I believe identity.

Means to create your own life. I think that you should tell me about all the ways we can make our identity in your body paragraph, especially your personal ways. Did you know in a school 50% of the kids are followers and 50%of the kids are liters. Being a follower or a liter is information a big part of your life. As you know your identity is what you make it. You should try to 2 prose, make it good.

I believe that identity is what you make it. Your not born poor or rich. Your also not born good or bad. It is believe essay i this what you make of 2010 questions essay your life. You make a good point about believe essay i this, leaders and followers. A leader and a follower each have a type of 2 prose essay identity. Some leaders may even change their identity and become followers. This is 2010 a good way to start your explanatory essay. i like your thesis; Your not born poor or rich. Questions 2 Prose! Your also not born good or bad.

It is what you make of write a report your life. I liked it because being a leader or a follwer is a good thing cause you can start finding your identity from your friends and other people. What is identity? Identity is 2010 essay like a football team, we are all one but have different numbers. To me this quote means that there’re many different ways to set up or live your identity. I believe in this quote because your identity is what you make it. Rather its your clothes, hair, and two fishermen morley essay even your personality. This is an awesome analogy between identity and a team sport. Football players all have different numbers, yet they play on essay, the same team; people all have different identities, but they are all human beings.

My identity is is unique like a butterfly’s wings.Thomas Merton said htat we are very unique in are only little way. 2 Prose! I beleive that we have the power to chance are identity’s. I like your simile: identity is like a butterfly’s wings. You are very right–each one is 2010 2 prose essay special and different from the rest. Identity is apologue like plants and 2010 seeds that grow around the world.

This is because everybody identity is different. What Thomas Merton said is like not everybody is the available, same and not everybody act the 2 prose, same, or look the sam, smell the same he basically trying to say is people act different from each other. 2010 2 Prose Essay! Identity is something I have to make on my own. You use a good comparison between plants growing all around the world and people forming their identities as they mature. It is true that each day, a young generation begins to grow and form, creating their identities, and pulling their inspiration from a great many sources. Identity is like animals they are all different.

But identity is more than just your age or color of essay your race. Like someone once said you’re not black first you are first human and you’re not white first you are first human and etc. For example people wear all types of things but if you like Gucci that can be your own identity. Like Thomas Merton once said identity is more than a name. I agree with Mr. Quotations Information! Merton because everyone is different and identity can be much more than a name.

I like how you wrote about being human before being a certain color; we are all human beings, and that is what puts us all on 2010 2 prose essay, the same team. We are all unique identities, and that is apologue what makes us each special. Identity is like eyes they come in questions 2 prose different shapes and sizes. Thomas Merton Sais your identity is more than looks. I think everybody is the same because everybody is 2010 questions a human and some people could have the same color skin and same eyes. Good comparison between eyes and questions 2 prose identities. Apologue! They all come in different shapes and questions sizes, but they are still all “eyes.” Alike, and essay i this yet different–that is the human condition. Identity is like more then meet the 2010, eye. It like a star. It a lot of star more then 1 million . identity is a cloud it could rain, snow, mix, ice , or it could be a nice day.

It like you should make it as you go or live your life. You create a lot of tuition assignments imagery: stars, clouds, rain, mixed ice, or even a nice day. 2 Prose! Your images do well to project the who to, range of identity. Identity is our own personality as humans we are all to show our backgrounds. From where we came from, and 2010 questions 2 prose the importance of identity is our beliefs and. Also our affinity and our appearance as well, it’s the stage from 2010 questions 2 prose, where we apart. From by telling people that we intercede with also as our peers in life, that we. Supremely associate with. You use big vocabulary words.

I like to see that kind of essay risk taking. I also like the idea of exploring identity and quotations its connection to different backgrounds. For me is 2010 questions 2 prose like differed flowers many color differed one, name. Thomas Merton said you are more the person you more them your name. You Identity your futures you create. You as a person you make your step to be soothing in life. I believe identity is something you make in write your life. Identity you color where you came from or how people see you as. Identity is one person in one love . I enjoyed your use of colors and flowers to show the beauty and variety of identity types. 2 Prose! Make sure you use spelling and grammar check before posting your next entry. Identity is like a snow flake none of them are the 2010 2 prose, same.

Your true identity is something you must creat your self. I belive that you are born with your identity and you gain some when you grow up. The snowflake simile is useful for me to understand the 2010 questions essay, differences in people’s identities. I want you to apologue divertissant, tell me about your identity in your body paragraph, such as which parts you were born with, and which parts you made for yourself. Identity is 2 prose something you are born with and can change. It can be more than something you are born with. On Essay! Sure everybody has it but you are the most important. 2010 2 Prose! Thomas Merton said identity is something you take your time creating.

I believe that identity can be any thing . I like how you started by saying that you are born with some identity, but you can also change your identity. This is a great way to look at creating who you are as a person. Your Identity is a 50/50 situation. Apologue Divertissant! Identity is 2010 essay like a block of ice, you already know it’s a block of ice. But then their identity choice though life becomes an ice sculpture. The great philosopher John Locke said everyone is essay i this born “Blank”, not “Good” or “Evil”. I believe that people choose what’s right. Be a leader not a follower. Your indentity is diffent than your mom and dad. THOMAS MERTON SAID YOU MAKE YOUR INDENTITY YOURSELF.

I BELIFE THAT I MAKE UP MY INDENTITY IN MANY WAYS on my own . People are born with different identity play different sports than people choesing there own sport. It means people who create there identity and people who is born with there own indentity. I belive people who are born with there own indentity can not change that and people who can change there identity. identity is more meet the eye. Because you cant look at somebody for the first time and 2010 questions 2 prose think you know that person. Quotations Information! Yea you could say that person is questions 2 prose essay cool but you cant say he live there or he live here just by looking at the peson. I know you was raise by morley callaghan race but you have this brave man who’s Welling to help you back home. Also you begin a jerk next, Angle Is the only one you have right now so should dependen on him not No one else but him. 2010 2 Prose! I think it’s time for you to morley essay, make some CHANGES In your life in be better person and don’t worry about what your mother teach you.”Just focus on now instead of the past. identity is more meet the eye. Because you cant look at somebody for the first time and think you know that person.

Yea you could say that person is cool but you cant say he live there or he live here just by looking at the peson.