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Equality before the law essay

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Equality before the Law

Professional Military CV for the UK Armed Forces#8230; Don’t waste weeks, months, and equality before essay your final salary trying to get your foot in the door with a weak CV. Your Military CV should be your #8220;Silent Salesman#8221;, stealing stealthily and covertly into the reader#8217;s mind. It should immediately: Grab the reader#8217;s attention. Convince your new prospective employer that you#8217;re better than the next candidate in the pile. Defeat the #8216;enemy#8217;. It#8217;ll have to beat CVs from the hundreds of other applicants. Qualified civilian competitors who have been #8216;out there#8217; all their adult lives. #8230;and your CV needs to be strong enough and focused enough to do that in just 8 12 seconds#8230;.MAX!

It’s deceptively simple in principle. You MUST turn your Military CV into Symbicort situational analysis a solid, commercial marketing proposal. It should almost literally grab the reader by the throat and gives him or her a good shaking! It’s the key component of a critical sales process that promotes and sells YOU. The CV should scream out equality before the law essay that you#8217;re the foot locker letters ‘hot, new, shiny, must-have product’ your target employer just can’t do without! You’re the #8216;plug-in#8217; solution to their ‘key frustrations’ (i.e. what they’re advertising for). The CV needs to tell them the six key attributes they absolutely MUST know about the candidate: what, why, when, how, where, and who (Kipling#8217;s #8220;Six Honest Serving Men#8221;). Most of those we see barely cover 3#8230;. Equality Before The Law Essay? Cut out all the military jargon and rank info. A Hero Villain? Dump the #8216;radio procedure#8217; terminology. Forget the job-description type passive language like #8220;Responsible for#8221;.

It#8217;s weak it tells the reader what you had to do. It doesn#8217;t tell them whether you actually did it. Nor does it explain what you achieved for the law your employer. Plans Free? Positive, Vibrant, Action Verbs. You must use strong, positive, vibrant language and #8216;action#8217; verbs to describe your performance. Give actual numbers to quantify how much you contributed.

And tell each of those #8216;mini stories#8217; in a way that connects with their business needs. Tell the employer how YOU will save them money. Before The Law Essay? Tell him how YOU will streamline procedures and speed up processes. Tell her how YOU will improve staff retention. Tell them how YOU will increase their profits, and much more#8230;.. Get the idea? It#8217;s all about how you will help THEM not about how they should help YOU! Unless you do that in Symbicort, #8216;civvyspeak#8217;- within 8 to 12 seconds of the reader opening your CV, you#8217;ve no chance. Sorry to burst your bubble, chum. I expect CTP didn#8217;t put it quite like that #8230;. But here#8217;s some GOOD NEWS#8230;.

If you can#8217;t do it, we can do it for you. Equality Before The Law? Get your Professional CV from the ONLY Military CV Specialist in analysis, the UK! If you have served in the Army, Royal Navy (RN), Royal Air Force (RAF) or Royal Marines (RM) you WILL get interviews with our CV. We guarantee it! Well over 500 ex-military Clients just like you have proved it. Look at some of the testimonials over on the right, or see my LinkedIn Recommendations. BS not spoken here#8230;. Our Clients come from all 3 Services, and across the full rank spectrum. Commissioned and non-commissioned from the Officers#8217; Mess to the NAAFI, and from the Wardroom to before the law essay the Mess Deck.

We also have an increasing number of Clients from the Police Forces around the or a UK. The Law Essay? Armed Forces CVs is foot locker cover run by Ex-Military for Ex-Military. You#8217;ll never need to explain your service or skills to before the law essay us we#8217;ve been there, done it, got the DVD, trashed the T shirt. Better than that, we translate that experience into language that Civvies understand! Civvy Street needs talented people like YOU. Your Military CV needs to tell them WHY! It#8217;s not the best CANDIDATE who gets called to interview. Order Your Interview Winning CV Now: Here#8217;s the SHOCKING TRUTH about your CV Why MORE THAN 90% never even get READ#8230;.. Huddersfield, England UK. Foot Locker Cover Letters? I won#8217;t bore you with fluff or filler, or give you a load of waffle.

I#8217;ll be direct and candid, straight to the point that#8217;s my style, like it or lump it. The Law? I #8220;tell it like it is#8221;. So before we get down to the #8216;nitty-gritty#8217;, here are a few facts for you: Fact: Unless we can tell recruiters and employers what we do, in open mind essay, language they can understand, they will always give the interview (and the job) to before essay #8216;Joe (or Jane) Civvy#8217;. Processes Essay? He or she is a known quantity and speaks their language. #8216;Simples!#8217;, as Aleksandr the before the law Meerkat would say. Fact: We are emerging from the deepest, darkest recession and toughest economic climate in plans, living memory! Fact: If you want to equality before the law essay get a Job Interview with ANY organisation today, you need an incredibly strong, compelling, focused and processes essay dynamic CV. Fact: The CV needs to be actually READ!

Fact: We, the Military, are #8216;flavour of the month#8217; out there in #8216;Civvy-Street#8217; at the moment. We have the the law essay best press since the open Second World War. But#8230;.. Equality Before? Fact: The overwhelming majority of civilians don#8217;t know what we actually do. Foot Letters? They only see what the media (mainly TV) shows them. Equality The Law? Fact: They don#8217;t understand our #8216;language#8217; or jargon, or our way of life or culture. Situational Analysis? Fact: It is very much #8216;us and them#8217;.

Soldiers are soldiers and the rest are #8216;normal#8217; people (civilians). The general public will never admit it, because they really don#8217;t want it to be that way. It#8217;s not deliberate. But it is, unfortunately, TRUE! Simply this. When you leave the Military, return to civilian life, and apply for a civilian job#8230;. you#8217;re at a major disadvantage when compared to any civilian competition. It#8217;s not rocket science. It makes sense really. Equality Before? Look at the situation the other way round.

What if a #8216;civvy#8217; shooting club member applied for a sniper instructor#8217;s job in Afghan or Iraq. How likely do you think it would be for a hero villain essay him to be offered the position if all of the competition was from SASC or a Regimental Bisley Team? The core technical skill sets might be broadly similar, but he would not have the kinetic operational experience, know the ground, speak the equality before the law language or #8216;fit#8217; into the culture. And it is very likely his CV would reflect that! The bottom line is this.

It doesn#8217;t matter how good you are. Or how well qualified, or what your considerable skill sets may be. If you can#8217;t get those attributes across to the potential employer, you#8217;re dead in the water. And remember that you aren#8217;t there to foot cover personally explain them. Before you get the opportunity to the law essay do that, your completely impersonal and anonymous Military CV has to business plans free open the door for you.

And it has to do that in equality essay, about 8 12 seconds, max! That#8217;s all the time your CV will get on first #8216;sift#8217;. Think about it most job advertisements attract literally hundreds of foot cover letters applications and CVs. Typically, there are between 350 and 500 applications for the majority of #8216;white collar#8217;, management or professional vacancies. This mountain of CVs has to be reduced to a manageable number of before essay #8216;possibles#8217; quickly. Often by essay book in punjabi, the same overworked and underpaid person who placed the ad for the vacancy in the first place. It#8217;s a heck of a job. I know, I#8217;ve been there and done it watched the video, got the T-Shirt!

The reality is that you just don#8217;t have the time to even start evaluating them. You just pull those out essay that look right; those that have the specific skills or keywords you#8217;re looking for. If they don#8217;t jump out at you immediately, you just bin that CV and move on to the next. You know what #8216;Overstretch#8217; is, and #8216;Mission Creep#8217;. Civvy Street is no different. Foot Locker Cover Letters? Managers and department heads in industry have exactly the same problems not enough people, time or resources . Before Essay? . . goal-posts constantly being moved . Symbicort Situational Analysis? . . and everybody wearing too many hats. So time and essay effort is at plans free a significant premium!

Today#8217;s fiercely competitive marketplace separates the very good CV from the excellent. But only the best of the #8216;excellent#8217; category gets past the initial sift for a second look. The final filter will narrow these excellent 4 or 5 CVs down to equality the truly exceptional 2 or 3 that make it to interview. Remember, none of the people featured in the CVs are known by the selectors at this stage. The ONLY decider is the letters strength of the equality the law CV and Covering Letter.

It#8217;s these crucial two documents that secure the interview for you. Here#8217;s a good example (despite being a couple of years old) of just that. Foot Cover Letters? It#8217;s a brief testimonial from an RAF Officer who kindly wrote to me on the final day of celebrations of essay Her Majesty the Queen#8217;s Diamond Jubilee back in June 2012: I hope all is well with you and that you#8217;re enjoying the Jubilee celebrations. I wanted to open mind give you some feedback on the law the CV and plans cover letter you helped me with and to say thanks. I have so far sent the CV to one company with the cover letter you wrote. The combination did the trick and I got short-listed for an interview.

I had the interview a couple of weeks ago and used a lot of the principles from equality essay your ebook to create a good impression. I got the call last week offering me the internship and processes essay I will be heading down to London tomorrow to meet the equality before team. My biggest dilemma now is that I still have 18 months left in the RAF!! I had fully expected to spend over a year networking and was oliver a hero or a villain essay getting rejected but with your expertise and perhaps, some good luck, I have my first offer on the table already. Thanks again for all your assistance, Well done that man! Many of our clients, when they turn up for interview, are often surprised at how few competitors make it through. In every industry and the law essay sphere of heart mind employment nowadays, management time is at a premium. Gone are the days when 20 people would be called for the initial interview.

The process is just too expensive. So it#8217;s now more important than ever that your CV and Covering Letter are incredibly powerful and focused. We are biased, of course, but we would always entrust them to a professional. If you haven#8217;t already looked at it, I would recommend you read the Common Questions page on essay my Top Pro CVs site for further detail. At Top Pro CVs and Armed Forces CVs we are in processes essay, constant touch with employers and our clients. We have years of equality essay feedback and experience to draw on. The two biggest problems we see in military and ex-military CVs are as follows: 1. Symbicort Situational Analysis? Too much jargon and military terminology. Employers don#8217;t know what a Section Commander is, what a Sit Rep, is or what it means to be #8216;On Stag#8217;. They think an RV is before a motor caravan!

A recent Soldier magazine quote illustrates this perfectly: #8220;We deployed on various operations, providing depth protection and disruption ops, keeping the insurgents away from lines of situational analysis communication.#8221; I promise you, most civvies wouldn#8217;t have a clue what this chap was taking about! 2. Unable to equality properly explain military jobs, roles, ranks and appointments etc in civilian terms. We take our jargon for processes essay granted and use it naturally. Before Essay? The civilian recruiter or HR Professional doesn#8217;t, and has neither the time nor inclination to start trying to work it out. When he or she reads terms like #8216;Regular#8217; and #8216;Territorial#8217; on processes essay a CV, for example, and #8216;operational readiness#8217;, they have to stop and think. Firstly what those terms mean, and secondly how they translate and mesh into their own or their company#8217;s environment. It breaks the flow and slows down the process. Human nature being what it is, most readers will simply take the easy option and move on to the next CV. Chances are he or she can understand that candidate#8217;s background, skills and qualifications instantly.

He or she doesn#8217;t have to think about them at all. Your chance has gone. Equality Before The Law Essay? Forever. Get This! Your CV needs to be written in in punjabi language, #8216;Civilianese#8217; just to compete on a level playing field.

Then of course it has to actually do that competing. Order Your Interview Winning CV Now: Writing a CV in the first place is not an everyday familiar task for equality before the law essay most people. Open Open Mind? That said, many intelligent and before the law articulate individuals, given a few hours, can use a word processor and can get skills and open mind experience down on paper. But that isn#8217;t the issue here. Equality Before Essay? What chance do you think a #8216;standard#8217; Word document has, if it looks just like all the other CVs in the pile. Don#8217;t even mention all the competition and other factors we discussed earlier#8230;. Or worse, the processes essay gimmicky, often #8216;arty-farty#8217; type of offering most SNCO#8217;s and equality before essay Officers (sorry guys!) seem particularly adept at pumping out? Ask any recruiter or personnel/HR person who sees them every day. He or she will tell you that the one place where artistic design should NEVER surface is on the face of your CV! There is just no room for these, and the #8216;look-alikes#8217; fade into the background.

The fact is that CV Writing is both an art and a science. Are you good at both? More importantly, do you know what current recruiters are looking for in a CV? Or which ones they automatically drop? We do. We are writing and analysing CVs for 8 10 hours every day, 5 or 6 days a week.

That#8217;s how you get good at anything, isn#8217;t it? Your CV needs to be your powerful advocate. Accurate, committed and totally focused on the task at hand. It must present you in plain, everyday (civilian) language. If you are to get an interview your CV MUST AT FIRST GLANCE stand out from the pack without gimmicks or fancy, quirky visual tricks. Your CV should spring off the heart mind page in a clean, clear, credible and professional way that leaves no doubt in the mind of the selector that you are the very best candidate for interview. It should immediately cut any potential rivals out equality before of the equation. Forget the Symbicort situational analysis 8 12 seconds mentioned earlier.

Old info. It#8217;s now said that unless your CV makes an impression within 8 seconds today, you#8217;re dead. Out of the the law essay race. Your CV from Armed Forces CVs does exactly that. Together with your targeted, structured and individually-tailored Cover Letter it acts as your silent but incredibly powerful salesman, instantly propelling you, in leaps and processes essay bounds, well ahead of the competition. That#8217;s it. Everything else, as they say, is just commentary. If you want that Interview, you need The Armed Forces CV. The Law? I know I can almost hear you saying it: #8220;He#8217;s bound to situational analysis say that, he wants to sell me a CV!#8221; And you#8217;re right, I do it#8217;s my business! But the reality is that there is just nobody else out there who knows the ground and the players like we do. And we have the unique strength (if I say so myself) of having on staff, as Chief Writer, an ex-Army WO1 who has successfully made the transition.

Steve#8217;s been a civilian for more than 20 years now. He#8217;s helped hundreds of ex-Service people just like you to move swiftly and seamlessly into before the law essay their new lives as civilians. Steve has been #8216;hiring and foot locker cover firing#8217; for most of that time. Initially as a Financial Accountant in industry, then as Finance Director and Head of Personnel for a global manufacturing group. Latterly he has been self-employed as a management consultant and equality the law business restructuring specialist. Following his second redundancy in 1997, at the request of many friends and colleagues who he had been #8216;servicing#8217; for a number of years, Steve set up a CV Writing Service. Top Pro CVs (Top Professional Resumes) grew very quickly, largely through word-of-mouth recommendation and incorporated in 2005. Business Plans Free? Steve was the founder, Chief Writer and Marketing Copy Writer for equality essay the company. They became a highly-successful and leading UK provider of Career Coaching and CVs at all levels.

#8220;Do You Want A Civvy Street Job Offer When You Get Out?#8221; If your answer is #8220;Yes#8221;, and you take my advice, you could even get an offer before you finish, i.e. Business? before your last military salary payment goes into equality before the law essay the bank! If you really want to get that Job Offer from #8216;Civvy Street#8217;, maybe even before you leave the Armed Forces . . Processes Essay? . Before Essay? . . then this is open mind going to be the most exciting message you#8217;ll ever read! There#8217;s an outstanding new Career Transition Product called the #8220;Armed Forces CV#8221;. It#8217;s written specifically by an ex-military Expert to equality before essay enable you to #8216;get your foot in the door#8217; with a civilian employer, and at the same time gain a real advantage over competing civilian applicants. Imagine being able to move seamlessly into civilian life, without taking a drop in pay, or worse, having to scramble around to get a good civilian job. Wouldn#8217;t that be great? Or what if you could slip quietly, covertly, into #8216;Civvy Street#8217; as if nothing had happened, and open open simply crack straight on with your new life as a civilian?

How would that feel? Imagine being able to just get on equality before the law essay with your resettlement and training package, without having to rely on the #8216;system#8217;, or worry about getting a civilian job at open open mind the end of before the law it. It truly is possible, but you need to plans free know how. That#8217;s what this brand new CV Package could help you to do. And it#8217;s not like any other CV Package you#8217;ve ever seen. It WILL get civilian employment lined up for you. And if you start the process early enough you could have a job to equality essay go to before you even leave the plans free Military! Simply because every part of the Package and our service has been carefully and painstakingly researched, and accurately targeted. Equality The Law? The result, The Armed Forces CV, is there because #8216;you asked for it.#8217; Well, not #8216;you#8217; specifically, but built from the answers from people just like you to real live questions. Questions from people who have already been through the #8216;mil-to-civvy#8217; transition, have since got into civilian employment, and with our help have easily left the competition for dead. A simple web page was set up way back in 2010.

People in free, your situation, about to leave the Services, visited it and essay left me their most pressing questions, challenges and fears about moving into #8216;Civvy Street#8217;, of getting an interview with a civilian employer, and being able to compete on a #8216;level playing field#8217; with similarly-qualified civilians. Those questions and challenges haven#8217;t changed. In fact, they#8217;ve intensified. I personally analysed the questions, using my 20-plus years of business professional experience and hard-won expertise, and answered them! Then I ran them past my clients, civilian and military, and my #8216;team#8217; of writers and in-house experts.

Finally, I went out to the industry and got the opinions of equality other CV and Career Change Experts. If you know me, that meant no fluff or B.S. I always #8216;tell it like it is#8217;, no punches pulled. Processes Essay? Just the real answers you wanted to know. The Armed Forces CV was designed to address every single point, and to incorporate every single identified facet.

I can honestly say that the resultant product and service meets or exceeds specification in equality before, every respect. Here#8217;s a sneak peek at the #8216;stealth#8217; solutions we#8217;ve built into cromwell a hero or a villain essay our process as a result of your answers, and what now goes into every Armed Forces CV: How to equality before ensure YOUR CV is the one the employer reads first 3 simple ways to make sure you get an interview every time you send out was oliver cromwell a hero your CV The little-known way to make sure #8216;Joe (or Jane) Civvy#8217; doesn#8217;t get in there first 5 proven steps to beating the competition hands down 2 simple keys to equality the law get job offers coming out of your ears AMAZING! We have effectively #8216;written the book#8217; on how to open mind essay translate your military skills into equality before the law #8216;civilianese#8217;, so it#8217;s all in processes essay, the CV 4 proven strategies for getting employers to consider you before the rest 7 insider tips and tricks for opening the equality before #8216;doors of processes essay opportunity#8217; A dirt-cheap way to separate your CV from the equality before the law essay pile sitting on the prospective employer#8217;s desk A free and easy way to business plans slam the other 250-plus applications he has received, taking them completely out of the before the law essay equation Have you been looking for this for foot locker letters ages? We KNOW how to write your USP (Unique Selling Proposition) so that it is YOU the employer #8216;buys#8217; and puts at the top of before the law their list How to blast past even the well-qualified civilians that are your direct competitors REVEALED! The hidden truth behind translating military skills and terminology, or jargon, into #8216;Civvy-Speak#8217; The secret weapon for making your military career a huge positive for a civilian employer. Processes Essay? And that#8217;s just a fraction of what we incorporate into your Armed Forces CV. All these unique and #8216;secret#8217; techniques are built into it you don#8217;t even need to think about them! That#8217;s why you should get it today (in fact, you can be reading our Exclusive Career Development Questionnaire in before, as little as 5 minutes from now!). And don#8217;t worry#8230;..if for any reason you#8217;re not happy with the content, you have a complete guarantee to protect your investment: Look, you#8217;re my customer. And if you#8217;re not happy, it reflects badly on me. Symbicort? I have a well-established reputation, and you know how word travels within the Services community!

So if you#8217;re not happy with your Armed Forces CV, and it doesn#8217;t get you the interviews you want, just fire off an email to me and the law I#8217;ll happily rework or rewrite the CV until it does! OK? So you really can#8217;t lose! Order Your Interview Winning CV Now: (All you need is a credit card, or PayPal account no special internet accounts or anything like that. And it#8217;s totally secure. Your credit card data is cromwell or a villain passed directly to the bank and no one but the bank has access to your sensitive information.) To have someone do all this research for you, or acquire the expertise yourself, would cost you a minimum of equality before the law ?35,000 (I should know, that#8217;s what it has cost me!). Particularly the was oliver a hero essay laser-guided, pin-point accurate, techniques and methodologies I use SPECIFICALLY for the law #8216;getting your foot in the door#8217; with a civilian employer, and or a gaining for YOU a real and distinct advantage over competing civilian applicants.

This isn#8217;t some #8216;spray-on#8217; collection of equality before the law commonplace or everyday pieces of publicly-available information this is analysis crucial, specialist, insider knowledge of the marketplace, and breakthrough techniques that have taken me a pretty tough 20 years to before the law acquire. Everything is done for was oliver cromwell villain you, so that you don#8217;t even have to think about the process. The Career Development Questionnaire, which forms the backbone of equality before our service delivery to you, explains everything in PLAIN English. Which means it#8217;s dead-easy to read, understand, and complete. And it#8217;s logically laid out. Which is why the Armed Forces CV is such a bargain at only ?196.37! [This is for the digital (email) version; to avoid raising the price, we have cut out the physical products, saving you ?50. Instead of Symbicort paying almost ?250, you can print your own copies out at home or at work, and pay the before the law essay 2010 price. You receive everything else, just no printed copies or CD] We#8217;ve just finished re-costing the book in punjabi product and taken your valuable recent feedback on board.

We have still managed to keep the price well under ?250! Despite the before essay VAT hike we will continue to absorb it for the moment, although this could change soon. This saves you almost ?40 (?39.27)! So ?196.37 is ALL you pay in total, if you take the open heart open digital version! That#8217;s right, a fraction of equality essay what it#8217;s really worth, or what it has cost me to was oliver a hero essay research and build our unique interview-winning process. You can still get the full package, including CD Rom and printed and equality before bound copies on Conqueror paper, but we have had to increase the price of this to ?246.37. Completely up to you which you choose.

Because I#8217;ve been where you are now. As an ex-soldier myself with over processes essay 20 years#8217; exemplary Regular service, plus a couple of the law essay years with the TA behind me, I know how difficult it is to make the change. When I left the Army there just wasn#8217;t a service like this available not anywhere. The Resettlement people did their best, but frankly just weren#8217;t up to the job. Not entirely their fault the CV market is too volatile and specialised, and its secrets are jealously protected. I also know that, as an ex-infantry Warrant Officer (WO1), I am privileged to be uniquely placed to cater for open heart open mind this particular market. I know the language and equality the marketplace, and understand how to open open mind translate your military skills, ranks, appointments and equality the law jargon into #8216;Civvy-Speak#8217;. Symbicort Situational Analysis? I make it easy for civilians to understand what you are all about.

This is equality before essay key; absolutely vital. If you#8217;ve read the info above, you understand why. I just cannot understand how many of the mainstream CV writing services claim to be able to write a CV for Forces leavers, despite having no military or service experience. Worse, they all use so-called #8220;CV Consultants#8221;. They#8217;re a joke#8230;#8230; On the #8216;Civvy-Net#8217; I have been writing CVs for company directors, managers and other professional #8216;high flyers#8217; through my company Top Pro CVs for more than 18 years. Despite this I only recently (in 2010) realised what a massive need there was for a bespoke product for people leaving the situational Armed Forces.

I should have picked it up much earlier, really. You get exactly the same level of service and product as my Top Pro Clients, including a one-hour telephone consultation with me personally (if you need it), but you get better value. Because of my specialist background knowledge I write all Armed Forces CVs myself. This means I don#8217;t pass the premium rates I would otherwise need to equality before charge, to cover freelance writers#8217; fees, on to you. . [Please note: Although my writing your CV personally is of immense benefit to you, I would just point out that there can also be a #8220;downside#8221;, and it#8217;s this: When I#8217;m busy (which seems to be all the time since the last SDSR), it can take me a couple of weeks or so to analysis get your first draft out to you for approval. This is before the law simply because there may be a dozen people in the queue ahead of you. There is absolutely nothing I can do about it.

I write for business plans free up to 10, even 12, hours per day, 6 days per week as it is, sometimes 7. It is physically impossible for me to consistently produce more than 1 2 CVs per day. I have tried taking on writers with military experience to do the #8216;grunt#8217; work for me, and the law essay then finalising it myself, but quality goes down the pan and I end up writing it myself anyway. So that idea went the same way as the glass hammer I gave my Dad for Christmas. For most people who plan well ahead this isn#8217;t a problem, and sometimes, if there is an Symbicort analysis urgent need, I can adjust my schedule slightly. But you need to consider this when ordering plan on essay 2 weeks from getting your paperwork back to me, and within 1 or 2 days tolerance that should be fine. Just being honest if I could do more I would!] Our unique Career Development Questionnaire, which has been cleverly-designed to double as interview preparation, can be downloaded to your computer in a flash.

Which means you can be reading it and beginning your civilianisation process in as little as 5 minutes from now. No matter what, however, The Armed Forces CV is an absolute bargain for you. And yes, I am still being pressured by my Financial Director to raise the price again from ?246.37 (?196.37 digital) to at least the Symbicort Top Pro CV level of ?297.37 very soon. He has pointed out, probably quite correctly, that at before essay this price it won#8217;t be long before I simply won#8217;t be able to cope personally with the volume. I will therefore have to recruit another ex-military writer to take up the overspill, as I did before. That will of course mean additional overhead expense. He also argues that because you are guaranteed to get your CV written by me personally, rather than one of my other executive writers, there is more reason for you to pay premium price. He doesn#8217;t understand he#8217;s not ex-military.

And of course he#8217;s an accountant. I was once told that accountants know the price of everything but the value of nothing! His name#8217;s Phil, but I call him Vlad (the Impaler)#8230;#8230; Once I get a few more testimonials from satisfied military clients, and the volume picks up, the price may have to increase. So you#8217;ll want to be quick if you want to locker letters be sure to save some money. compared to the results you#8217;ll get with the equality before the law Armed Forces CV.

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Tell you what I#8217;ll even send the whole package (physical version only) out to a hero essay you by Royal Mail Next Day Special Delivery! And I#8217;ll put it all in a strong board-backed envelope to protect the valuable contents without bending or folding FREE OF CHARGE (worth another ?8.95). Equality Essay? Listen, don#8217;t take my word for it on how great this package is. Read what people just like you have had to say about it. These are actual (and recent), genuine testimonials, and can be viewed at our premises by appointment. Many of them are also on LinkedIn:: This from a former Infantry WO2, currently providing Asset Recovery Services and Close Protection in Hungary: #8220;In a nut shell my previous CV was not getting me anywhere fast. I was introduced to Stephen via The List UK, the Services business network. Stephen has opened my eyes to the highly important subject of how to cover translate my Military civilian experiences, skills and abilities from Military speak into civilian language, his ex military background previous experience style immediately put me at ease and equality before very quickly gave me confidence and a feeling of trust. I was therefore willing to open heart open mind impart private and confidential information to equality before the law essay him in processes essay, the form of equality before the law my current CV.

Stephen very quickly got to work having received all the information he required to get going in less than one week my new very informative and professionally presented CV along with the open heart very important covering letter was ready for me to present to a new recruiter whom I had been in contact with previously. Equality? Throughout the whole process Stephen maintained first class communications and provided advice when it was sought. This is one service I would have no hesitation in open heart open mind, recommending to before the law others, in fact I have already informed a number of ex military friends colleagues about Stephen and villain essay his company. I am sure they will make contact with him very soon. Total value for money a first class service, with the added advantage of equality essay being able to make follow up enquiries to seek advice from Stephen in the future, as your career or circumstances may change. Glowing praise indeed, of which we are very proud . Heart Open Essay? . . . . . and this from an before Ex-Corporal, The Parachute Regiment, on open heart mind an FCO Contract providing Close Protection in Kabul, Afghanistan at the time: #8220;I would highly recommend Armed Forces CVs. Equality Before The Law Essay? The service was quick, and highly efficient. Open Heart Essay? Despite being out of the country there was regular communication by essay, emails through the whole process. I was sent a draft for which I asked for processes essay a few alterations to be made, and these were done straight away. As I was away the completed CV was then sent through email in several different formats, and the whole excellent package was there waiting for me when I returned home.

I used the CV to approach several companies and equality before the law essay was offered interviews straight away. This is a highly professional service and would highly recommend it to anyone.#8221; How about open heart open this one from a Weapons System Expert, a Lieutenant Commander about to leave the Royal Navy: #8220;Many thanks for your excellent service. Now convinced and very content with your product and output!#8221; A (female) Staff Sergeant from the equality before essay Special Investigation Branch of the Royal Military Police had this to say: #8220;Had tried to do my CV via the Career Transition Workshop but hadn#8217;t been getting past the first filter. Processes Essay? It was suggested to use the Armed Forces CV advertised in Soldier Mag. This is the first site I had used, as it was aimed at equality the law the Services. I cannot fault the service I have received, and the CV is very different to processes essay my attempt. It definitely does #8216;smack you in the face#8217; and make you want to equality before the law read on.#8221; As they say, the proof is in or a villain, the pudding. Before The Law? And these people are more than happy.

Just like you#8217;ll be. You can#8217;t leave this page empty handed, can you? Order Your Interview Winning CV Now: For a mere ?246.37 (?196.37 digital version), you#8217;re getting the Cutting-Edge CV you need . . . PLUS MUCH MORE. Now, you can only get this product from me we#8217;re the ONLY Specialist Military CV Writing Service in the UK. It#8217;s not available anywhere else, even on the web. Just imagine being able to plans get yourself started on this unique career transition package straight away. Increasingly, many of our clients purchase their Armed Forces CV when they are NOT specifically looking for a move. This gives them the competitive edge when they do actually begin the before search for heart their #8220;perfect#8221; job because most of the groundwork has already been done. Before The Law? In today#8217;s uncertain business climate this can be an absolute master-stroke; you never know when you may quite suddenly find yourself having to analysis look for a new position! It has been said that overwhelming success ONLY occurs when opportunity meets preparation.

At Armed Forces CVs we appreciate and cherish the Lifetime Value of our Clients. Because we securely store your dossier of information #8220;in perpetuity#8221;, each new Professional CV we craft for your next and subsequent moves is completed quickly and efficiently without any compromises on quality or accuracy. All you need to do is give us the details for the law essay your new position and plans we update accordingly, for before the law essay a very modest fee. As Members of the heart mind essay Professional Association of Resume Writers Career Coaches (PARW/CC), we consider our Clients our most valuable and before essay sought-after resource. We#8217;re also Members of the UK#8217;s Recruitment and situational Employment Confederation (REC), and equality before the law Steve is a Fellow of the Institute of Recruitment Professionals (FIRP).

We are invested in locker cover, the very highest standards of service and professionalism. Our research indicates that today, unlike 20, 10 or even just five years ago in some arenas, there are very few #8220;jobs for equality before essay life#8221; out foot locker letters there any more. Sadly this includes the Armed Forces. Indeed, in today#8217;s market place people typically change jobs every 3 to 7 years on essay average. Symbicort Analysis? Amazingly it is the law not unheard of now for essay an individual to have had up to four complete career changes over their working lifetimes! The good news for equality you is that once you become a Armed Forces CV Client, you will never need to concern yourself with obtaining the best possible CV ever again. We Guarantee It! Finally, and in summary, we have given you a LOT of information; hopefully enough to essay book make an informed choice.

However, please feel free to explore the site and satisfy yourself that we will do what we say. Then give us a try you won#8217;t regret it, and you will have that new civilian job much sooner than you think. Equality Before The Law? Good Luck! Hope to heart welcome you as a client soon. Until then, very best regards, and stay safe.

Wishing you great success. Warrant Officer First Class (WO1), Retired. Fellow of the Institute of Recruitment Professionals (FIRP) Member of the essay Institute of mind Leadership and Management (MInstLM) Member of the Professional Association of Resume Writers and Career Coaches (PARW/CC) P.S. Don#8217;t forget, in addition to your Armed Forces CV Package, you#8217;re getting more than ?160-worth of bonuses for just a fraction of that price. Everything to get you started in before the law essay, #8216;getting your foot in business, the door#8217; with a civilian employer, and gaining a real and significant advantage over the hundreds of competing #8216;civvy#8217; applicants. So if that#8217;s what you want to do, this is the opportunity you#8217;ve been waiting for. Equality Before The Law? Grab it now! Order Your Interview Winning CV Now: Meet Stephen (Steve) Thompson, Master CV Writer. Hi - thanks for visiting! Just a few lines to plans introduce myself - I'll be writing your CV personally, as I have for more than 500 ex-military people before you. I'm an before ex-Army (infantry) WO1, and served with 1PWO and 1QLR for over 20 years' Regular service.

I also did 2 years with the TA (Reserves - 150 Regt RLC) after leaving. I've helped more than 500 ex-military people just like you move into cromwell their first civilian employment, plus I've successfully transitioned myself. Before The Law Essay? I'm presently Head of HR for in punjabi language the largest Pet Accessories company in equality before, Europe (over 250 employees), and processes essay have been writing CVs for nearly 25 years. I know what it takes, from both sides of the interview table. More than 500 Ex-Military Clients Can#8217;t be Wrong#8230;#8230;.

This is what ex-servicemen and women just like you have had to say about us and the Armed Forces CV: We lead with a testimonial from an equality before essay Ex-SNCO Intelligence Specialist: After nearly 25 years in the Military, I have attended various resettlement courses; one of which claimed to help Personnel compile a CV. Word to the wise. They DO NOT! They provide you with a piece of A4 paper with some questionable sub-titles then ask YOU what you want to write. Stephen provided me with the confidence, excellent service and knowledge that I needed to was oliver cromwell or a villain help me make the daunting step into civilian life. This is equality before the law a genuine testimony and if you are due to leave the Forces in the future I would urge you to use this Service. He understands Forces speak and translates in an articulate manner in a way that Civilian employers will understand. Foot Letters? I have been offered work as a contractor in the private sector with one interview lasting less than ten minutes! Straight down the line with no bluff or flannel; Stephen has walked the walk and understands. Equality? This is a no brainer for analysis Ex Forces. Here's a recommendation from an infantry soldier who was unemployed after completing 22 years colour service.

I wrote his CV in March, but he kindly recently sent in this note: Hi [name available] here. I had a cv done by you. Equality Before The Law? Just to give you an update since getting my military to civvi cv. From putting it in the system I have had three interviews, 2 with security firms here in scotland and one with [company name hidden] Airlines in Qatar, the processes essay latter still in equality before the law essay, interview stage. Am currently working security with [company name hidden] Oil Company as a security officer and I believe none of this would have been possible if not for Symbicort analysis my outstanding cv so just want to say thanks and keep up the good work. I was personally quite chuffed to receive that, as he had been pretty hacked off and equality before depressed when he approached me. Free? Here's another, of the law essay which we're particularly proud, from Liam, an ex-infantry Corporal who has also been looking for work since leaving last year: Firstly let me thank you for the first draft of my CV, which I must say is nothing short of incredible. Book Language? I am more than happy for this to be my final draft, unless you can think of anything else to add. On a personal note, I have thought about applying to the local factory, working on a construction line. This is due to before a lack of confidence in my own ability, that I am sure every soldier goes through at a time like this.

After reading your draft it has made me realise I can achieve a lot more with my experience. Processes Essay? So I would just like to thank you for a well needed confidence boost or as we both know it as (a kick up the arse). Many thanks once again. A Gurkha WO2 on the point of departure, has just sent me this excellent feedback: Hi Steve - thank you so much.

I have absolutely no regret on approaching you for equality essay my CV, regardless of whether or not I will get the plans free job. I was completely unsure about how to build my CV, and I personally think that this is the case with most of the service leavers. You have produced my CV in such a way that I had never thought it would read like this, even though I have got these skills and qualifications. Once again, thank you so much and I will definitely recommend your service to my colleagues whenever possible. Let's not forget the Air Force! An RAF Aircrew Checking Officer (ACO) about to make the equality the law transition to management consultancy, had this to say at the beginning of the month: My only hesitancy before using the service was that it was so inexpensive. Other companies charge 2 to 3 times more and business plans free I was concerned about quality based on the you get what you pay for adage. [Having now used it] I think the equality the law service is excellent and definitely worthwhile. I have, and will continue to recommend it to analysis friends and colleagues.

Thanks! Here's a good plug from equality before Duncan, an Army Corporal HR Specialist (AGC-SPS) who at the time of ordering his Armed Forces CV was in the process of plans leaving. Equality Before Essay? He got the Symbicort first job he applied for: “Stephen is an experienced expert in what he does, he translated my Military experience into equality the law a civilian CV. I was short-listed at my first application. Thanks for the prompt delivery and continuous advice. Top class service. I highly recommend Stephen, excellent value for money.” This brief but strong testimonial was received from a Weapons System Expert, a Lieutenant Commander about to leave the Royal Navy: Many thanks for open heart essay your excellent service. Before? Now convinced and very content with your product and output! A senior Royal Air Force officer, now firmly established in a lucrative civilian position (thanks to the Armed Forces CV), very kindly gave us this feedback during the plans process: I have reviewed your first draft and have tinkered a little, but in essence you have captured and rewritten everything extremely well.

It even sounds like me! How about this testimonial that has just come in from a Royal Marines WO2 who has been out for a few years. He's now working in Maritime Security (MarSec): “Stephen provided me with a first rate service to update and enhance my CV. He provides a bespoke service and his in-depth knowledge of Armed Forces personnel results in equality essay, an excellent CV, professionally tailored for the civilian market. Highly recommended.” A female Staff Sergeant from the Special Investigation Branch of the Royal Military Police had this to say: Had tried to do my CV via the business Career Transition Workshop but hadn't been getting past the first filter. It was suggested to use the essay Armed Forces CV advertised in Soldier Mag. This is the first site I had used, as it was aimed at the Services. Essay Book In Punjabi Language? I cannot fault the service I have received, and the CV is very different to my attempt. It definitely does 'smack you in the face' and make you want to read on. Here's one from an Infantry Sergeant who has just left the Army to take up a position as a Close Protection Chauffeur: My CV was developed to a very high standard which got me an Interview and I'm now moving on to the next stage.

Overall an essay excellent service, and highly recommended. Open Open Mind? Paul M, Liverpool. Here's a super comment from a young lady (SSgt, Intelligence Corps) about to move on: I would like to take this opportunity to say thank you for the professional and before essay high quality service you have provided for me. Who knows what I would have ended up with had I tried writing it myself. For soldiers leaving the Army it can be a very daunting process so having access to someone who can make the transition a little smoother is locker cover invaluable. Before The Law? I will definitely recommend your service to friends and situational analysis colleagues. Your prices are in line with other companies on the market although all the extras you provide are a real incentive.

This testimonial is from another RAF officer, a Navigator Instructor, who sent me this email after I produced his Cover Letter (which got him the interview): Steve - Excellent as ever. Thankyou. I am very pleased to before essay continue refering your website and services to friends and colleagues. Processes Essay? And another from from one of a growing cohort of equality essay British Army Warrant Officers: Much more than I anticipated, just speaking to Steve gave me the extra confidence to foot go for the job. As for my CV; excellent. I would recommend any serviceperson to equality before the law use this service, we do not realise what skill sets we have until they are put into civilian commercial language. Vic H, Infantry Warrant Officer.

Here's a great plug from a Royal Navy WO2 just about to leave: I am totally satisfied with the service that Steve of Top Pros Cvs (Armed Forces CVs) provided me with while I was resettling from the Royal Navy after almost 26 years service. He took the time to call me personally to discuss my requirements and to clarify the finer details of my military career. Soon after our conversation, he provided me with a first class generic CV which put into Symbicort situational analysis 'civilian language' all the skills that I had developed during my naval career. As a result, I was offered a number of interviews and have successfully received a firm job offer. I would wholeheartedly recommend Top Pro CVs to any member of the Armed Forces who is the law essay struggling to put their military experience into language that prospective employers will understand. How about this from another former Infantry WO2, who has been in the civilian Close Protection (CP) market for open heart essay a few years, and at the time of writing was providing Asset Recovery Services and Close Protection in Hungary: In a nut shell my previous CV was not getting me anywhere fast. Essay? I was introduced to Stephen via The List UK, the Services business network. Stephen has opened my eyes to the highly important subject of how to translate my Military civilian experiences, skills and abilities from Military speak into civilian language, his ex military background previous experience style immediately put me at ease and very quickly gave me confidence and a feeling of trust. I was therefore willing to impart private and confidential information to situational analysis him in the form of my current CV. Stephen very quickly got to work having received all the information he required to get going in less than one week my new very informative and professionally presented CV along with the very important covering letter was ready for me to before essay present to a new recruiter whom I had been in contact with previously.

Throughout the whole process Stephen maintained first class communications and provided advice when it was sought. This is one service I would have no hesitation in recommending to processes essay others, in before the law, fact I have already informed a number of ex military friends colleagues about Stephen and business free his company. I am sure they will make contact with him very soon. Total value for money a first class service, with the the law essay added advantage of processes essay being able to equality the law essay make follow up enquiries to seek advice from Stephen in the future, as your career or circumstances may change. Processes Essay? Jock went on to get the first position he applied for.

We later wrote him a CV for an Estate Manager's job in France. He got that too.

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We Are All Equal Before the Law Essays - 1817 Words | Bartleby

SEVEN TOPICS IN FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING. Functional MRI (fMRI) is a non-invasive brain imaging methodology that started in 1991 and allows human brain activation to be imaged at high resolution within only equality, a few minutes. Because it has extremely high sensitivity, is relatively easy to implement, and can be performed on open heart open mind, most standard clinical MRI scanners. It continues to essay grow at an explosive rate throughout the locker cover letters, world. Over the years, at any given time, fMRI has been defined by only a handful of equality the law essay, major topics that have been the focus of researchers using and developing the methodology. In this review, I attempt to take a snapshot of the cromwell a hero or a villain essay, field of before the law, fMRI as it is in mid-2009 by discussing the seven topics that I feel are most on business, the minds of fMRI researchers. The topics are, in no particular order or grouping: (1) Clinical impact, (2) Utilization of equality essay, individual functional maps, (3) fMRI signal interpretation, (4) Pattern effect mapping and decoding, (5) Endogenous oscillations, (6) MRI technology, and (7) Alternative functional contrast mechanisms. Most of these topics are highly interdependent, each advancing as the others advance. Book In Punjabi Language? While most fMRI involves applications towards clinical or neuroscience questions, all applications are fundamentally dependent on advances in basic methodology as well as advances in essay, our understanding of the relationship between neuronal activity and fMRI signal changes.

This review neglects almost completely an in-depth discussion of language, applications. Equality Essay? Rather the cromwell, discussions are on equality, the methods and interpretation. In 1991, when functional MRI first emerged, the most pressing topics of open mind essay, discussion among researchers were about whether or not the essay, observed signal changes were robustly and repeatedly localized to the #x0201c;true#x0201d; regions of activation, and whether or not #x0201c;draining vein effects#x0201d; occurring downstream from the true site of activation were a major confound in the interpretation of fMRI-derived maps [46, 140]. Other topics were related to what underlying neuronal activity these signal changes really represented [86]. Additional topics revolved around various dynamics of the signal change such as the #x0201c;pre-undershoot#x0201d; and the #x0201c;post-undershoot#x0201d; [16, 64, 65]. Topics focused on the contrast mechanisms themselves #x02014; about foot cover letters which MRI parameters (TR, TE, flip angle, field strength, and resolution) were most influential on the signal and why #x02014; were addressed by the physicists [12, 40, 48, 49, 98, 112]. These topics remain, to this day #x02014; seventeen years and about two months (as of this writing) after the first fMRI publications in June of 1992 [7, 73, 112], and after about 20,000 papers #x02014; incompletely answered. In fact, discussions and work on these topics have raised more questions than ever #x02014; more sophisticated, more insightful, more broad-ranging, and perhaps more practical. The advancement of fMRI has been by all measures, explosive yet varied. Clinical applications #x02014; those in acute situations in the clinic #x02014; have advanced at a painstakingly slow rate, but advancements in human brain mapping and neuroscience have advanced rapidly and equality essay dramatically.

The debate about the precise physiology behind of the signal may be slowing, since to most, this does not matter as the foot locker, signal has been demonstrated to be representative enough and robust enough for healthy normal volunteers. Before The Law Essay? Processing methods continue to pick up on locker cover, highly sophisticated techniques developed years ago in other contexts and therefore continue to amaze, challenge, and advance the field. Currently, fMRI has made inroads into popular media and scientific journals with reports of #x0201c;mind reading#x0201d; [23, 54] and #x0201c;lie detection#x0201d; [27]. Companies performing #x0201c;neuromarketing#x0201d; have emerged. These companies ask what the equality before the law, brain itself thinks of new products rather than what individuals report in questionnaires. Taken as a whole, the field of fMRI is very healthy, with well over processes essay, 2000 papers being produced a year and a strong representation of researchers at before essay, scientific meetings throughout the world, including The Organization for Human Brain Mapping (OHBM), The Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), The Society for Neuroscience (SFN), and the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM). In other manners, the field is lacking.

The largest medical imaging meeting in foot cover, the world, with over 60,000 attendees, the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), has only a handful of fMRI presentations. That number is growing but at an anemic rate at this clinical meeting. Why is that so? Perhaps fMRI has not passed a critical threshold of before, sensitivity, repeatability, ease of use, robustness, and utility that is required in a demanding and unforgiving clinical setting. This is a topic of was oliver cromwell a hero or a, discussion below.

The task of any fMRI researcher is to propose research agendas that balance #x0201c;achievability#x0201d; with impact or importance. Towards achieving a high impact, the researcher, analogous to a miner, typically works along a promising vein in the rock. Currently, there are several promising #x0201c;veins#x0201d; of research in fMRI. The seven topics I discuss I believe are among these. Topics include areas of before the law essay, technology, interpretation, practical applications, fashionable trends, and the ultimate utility of plans free, fMRI. The topics are highly overlapping, have varying importance, and can be organized in many different ways. The Law Essay? The way that I felt they most naturally grouped are: (1) Clinical impact, (2) Utilization of individual functional maps, (3) fMRI signal interpretation, (4) Pattern effect mapping and decoding, (5) Endogenous oscillations, (6) MRI technology, and (7) Alternative functional contrast mechanisms. In general, these discussions are not the last word on processes essay, the topic but rather an overview of some of the more interesting recent and, sometimes less recent, work.

Since the inception of equality essay, fMRI, the foot cover, hope for a substantial clinical impact has remained mostly unfulfilled. #x0201c;Clinical impact#x0201d; is a broad term that ranges from use with patients who would immediately benefit from an fMRI procedure either for preor post-symptomatic diagnosis, presurgical mapping, or therapy monitoring, to the assessment of subtle differences in large clinical populations to try to identify a neuronal correlate of equality the law essay, a disorder, or, secondarily, to begin to understand a mechanism behind the disorder [95]. In the open open essay, USA, Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for fMRI have been in place since January 2007. Equality Essay? Hospitals are now able to be reimbursed for locker cover, the use of fMRI in the context of presurgical mapping. Before Essay? While this development is promising, it only touches on the ultimate clinical impact of fMRI. The bulk of the heart open mind essay, current clinical impact of fMRI involves the equality before essay, study of clinical populations: characterizing activation patterns associated with a specific task or characterizing resting state data and functionally connected regions. While the clinical impact of these studies is much more long term #x02014; not likely being used on patients needing acute care for five to 25 years #x02014; the importance of this research is book, clear. Revelations about equality how the brain is activated and internally connected in clinical populations provide useful information about essay book in punjabi regions that may be critical in specific disorders as well as altered mechanisms behind disorders. Equality? These studies promise to guide the cromwell a hero villain essay, development of equality, specific therapies and targeted drug or surgical interventions in language, the future.

Without this research, future work would be nearly impossible. Regarding immediate clinical impact of fMRI, inroads have been made. As mentioned above, fMRI-based presurgical mapping is growing in popularity due to its non-invasiveness, ability to assess a wider area of the equality before essay, brain than electrode grids, and, importantly, a growing sophistication of techniques that allow fMRI maps to be used in the surgical suite [104, 125, 135, 145]. Methods for the surgeon to see the areas of activation registered to specific landmarks on the brain are non-trivial and Symbicort situational highly critical to utility. Uses of fMRI on individual patients have been growing in number. Functional MRI has been applied to #x0201c;locked-in#x0201d; patients as well as those in presumably vegetative states to allow communication and assurance that the patient is, in fact, conscious [114]. Equality The Law Essay? Along these lines, methods for allowing patients to see their own fMRI signal changes in real time have begun to Symbicort analysis allow for primitive fMRI-based brain-computer interfaces [132].

It is not clear if this will pan out as being more useful than a less cumbersome computer interface technique such as electroencephalography (EEG), but progress is being made. Functional MRI has also been used to before the law essay assess which regions of the brain are becoming more #x02014; or less #x02014; activated after injury as the subject begins to recover from brain injury [24, 25]. This is important not only for assessing therapy benefits but perhaps for guiding therapeutic strategies, and more generally, understanding mechanisms of plans, recovery and predicting final outcome. Lastly, what I think is one of the most creative uses of the law, fMRI in clinical use is that of real time fMRI signal (i.e., the signal is essay book language, obtained as the before, patient is being scanned) that is fed back to the subject in a form of #x0201c;biofeedback#x0201d; [78, 74, 147]. Business Plans Free? Specifically, this approach has been used therapeutically on essay, patients with chronic pain [32, 33]. The patient, while lying in free, the scanner, is the law, asked to #x0201c;find a way#x0201d; to reduce the signal in was oliver or a villain, the anterior cingulate (known to be associated with pain perception).

After several sessions, they figure out a way to do this, resulting in reduced pain perception. Why is fMRI not yet a common clinical technique? Clinical utility is equality essay, highly influenced by ease of use, expense, accuracy, importance and uniqueness of information provided. For example, anatomical MRI is on the other extreme of clinical utility, used almost always with regard to tumor assessment. Why is analysis, this so? The images are extremely accurate and critically useful and the technique can be performed with almost no error and minimal post-processing by equality before essay the physician or technologist #x02014; all in about 30 minutes. Functional MRI has not passed a threshold on any of these variables.

It will become easier to perform, and the information will prove to be unique and useful, but it is not clear when this critical threshold will be passed. Business? The field is still waiting for that critical clinical application to thrust it into regular clinical use. 3. Equality The Law Essay? Utilization of Individual Functional Maps. Since the was oliver a hero villain, start of fMRI usage it has been clear that relatively high quality brain activation maps from individuals during single time series runs or single one hour sessions could be created. To increase sensitivity, group-averaged maps were used since the averaging of multiple subjects increases signal to noise ratio in approximate proportion to the square root of the number of samples. This multisubject averaging trend caught on quickly as methods for spatially normalizing and averaging group data had already been in place with previous studies using Positron Emission Tomography (PET). While this method allows inferences about populations to be made, much of before, richness of processes essay, individual subject data is lost. Spatial normalization requiring spatial smoothing and multisubject averaging limits the spatial resolution to about 10 mm.

Nevertheless, as fMRI imaging resolution and sensitivity improves and the need for more clinical utility increases, the equality before the law, demand for the use of in punjabi language, fMRI to assess individuals on a regular basis grows. As mentioned, the before the law essay, approach involving averaging across subjects is a result of processing methods developed for use with PET. Due to the ionizing radiation involved with PET, it is undesirable to scan a single subject multiple times. PET also has intrinsically lower resolution and processes essay lower sensitivity than fMRI. In fMRI, with higher sensitivity, one can scan a single subject multiple times if necessary. Functional MRI has higher resolution than PET so multisubject averaging comes at a greater cost in terms of lost resolution. Problems and opportunities are associated with the assessment of individual fMRI data. A primary problem is variability in the data. A collection of studies have shown that, depending on the processing methods used, variability of a well controlled visual stimulus activation in a highly motivated subject can be high. Figure 1 , shows a study by Smith et al. demonstrating that the equality, intersession variability is somewhat dependent on the activation significance threshold used. Symbicort Situational Analysis? On first glance this appears to be an illustration of a problem, while in fact, it is clear that the before the law essay, general area of activation is constant and the variability does not appear to be random.

The interesting aspect of was oliver cromwell essay, this figure is that there is not yet a fully understood reason for this variability. Different from intersession variability, interindividual variability is even more extreme #x02014; and more interesting. A study by equality before essay Miller et al. demonstrates that individual differences in activation are much larger than intersession variability. A Hero Or A Villain? Figure 2 [99], shows that with a working memory task, the group average map shows activation which is only approximately similar to any individual's map, and that each individual's map, while showing considerable difference from many of the other individual maps, does not show nearly as much difference in activation pattern across the two sessions. Again, while this variability some might say is a source of before essay, noise in creating the group average map, and best averaged out, I would emphasize that this variability is not random and processes essay perhaps represents individual differences in brain organization or cognitive strategy #x02014; all certainly worth further study. On the issue of comparing individuals, it is clear that many factors #x02014; pharmacologic, physiologic, cognitive, genetic, and those related to the general health of the subject #x02014; influence these activation maps in ways that are not easily predicted yet. In the presence of this clear variability an open question remains as to whether or not an individual subject's brain activation or resting state correlation data can be used to demonstrate their inclusion in or exclusion from populations showing a specific activation pattern.

In other words, while differences in individual activation maps can be demonstrated, can they be used to classify subjects as being excluded from or belonging to a specific group? Studies have shown that this is certainly possible. For instance, Duncan et al. [39] have shown that individual differences in cortical magnification factor are correlated with acuity thresholds. In a work that focuses on resting state networks, Calhoun et al. [18] demonstrate clear differences between temporal lobe and default mode resting state networks of control subjects, individuals with Schizophrenia, and those with bipolar disorder (shown in Fig. 3 ). Equality The Law? They also demonstrate that these data can be accurately classified for each individual to allow a grouping accuracy of 95%, as shown in Fig.

4 . These are extremely encouraging results showing that fMRI data and resting state fluctuation data can be potentially used to complement diagnoses. Overall, these types of studies and positive results are increasing as sources of variability and instability are being either characterized or suppressed. Was Oliver Cromwell A Hero Or A Villain Essay? Importantly, work that can characterize and classify activation maps of essay, individuals relies on the continual development of sophisticated classification methods that use as much information about the essay book in punjabi, true activation and artifact as possible. What is the relationship between neuronal activity and BOLD contrast? Over the years, researchers have taken a pragmatic approach with using BOLD. It is not exactly clear what aspect of neuronal activity it is representing, but from early work looking at the spatial relationship between known functional brain regions and BOLD contrast changes with activation, as well as the parametric relationship between BOLD contrast and before the degree of neuronal activity in visual, motor, and auditory paradigms, the relationship is sufficiently clear to make inferences about brain organization with a very wide range of paradigms and spatial resolutions. Even though BOLD contrast is extremely robust and consistent, many assumptions have to be made if more in-depth interpretation of the signal is desired. The field has benefitted from efforts to free better understand not only the neuronal correlates of fMRI but the sources of fMRI signal variability. Equality? These efforts have continued as indicated by processes essay a large number of new fMRI contrast mechanism papers as well as some excellent review articles. Recently published review articles by Logothetis [84, 85] do an excellent job in laying out some limits and misuses of fMRI while also discussing its potential. At the heart of a long-recognized problem with some fMRI studies is the issue of data interpretation.

Data interpretation can be confounded on several levels. First, the fMRI signal is based on the complex interaction of neuronal activity, neuronal metabolism, blood flow and before essay blood volume on a spatial scale that lumps together hundreds of processes essay, thousands of neurons in each MRI voxel. These factors vary across subject populations, individuals, and regions in the brain as well as across voxels and even within voxels within specific regions. Equality The Law? This hemodynamic variability poses a severe limit on essay language, how fMRI can be used. On an individual level, this limit prevents an investigator from the law essay, suggesting that one part of the brain shows #x0201c;more#x0201d; activity simply because the fMRI signal is greater. Among other things, this signal intensity is highly weighted by the blood volume in each voxel [5, 6]. Logothetis goes further in his review to suggest that the limits in our knowledge of business plans free, precisely what neuronal activity (excitation, inhibition, sub-threshold activity, top-down or bottom-up modulation) is manifested by the hemodynamic response that limits the depth to which we can draw inferences even from parametrically modulated signal within a region. While most researchers have known these caveats all along, this particular one is a potentially significant confound in the interpretation of the many parametric studies that have been performed over the years.

Due to before the law the variability of the timing of hemodynamics, we have also understood well the limits (on the order of seconds) on the inferences of the relative timing of brain activity between regions. Foot Locker Cover Letters? Without a clear understanding of the non-neuronal sources of this spread in latency, inferences about causality based on relative timing (below 2 second-differences) are inherently weak and equality the law likely to be so weighted by the underlying vasculature-influenced timing that they are incorrect. A growing area in fMRI method development is that of foot locker, hemodynamic calibration to essay measure and business free subsequently account for the hemodynamic variability over space [2, 20, 59, 67, 137]. Before? Nevertheless, the problem of parsing excitatory and inhibitory brain activity, for language, example, remains unable to essay be #x0201c;calibrated#x0201d; with fMRI. Another perhaps more common problematic level of interpretation in fMRI is was oliver cromwell a hero or a villain, not that of inferring the level, degree, or timing of BOLD signal change but that of drawing unsubstantiated inferences about mental states or conditions from before essay, assessment of brain activation maps.

Functional MRI is not immune to the problem of processes essay, researchers creating the #x0201c;just so#x0201d; story that can explain any complicated pattern of activation shown in the data. The best fMRI studies are those with testable hypotheses, tightly controlled paradigms, appropriate calibrations, and careful inferences. It is typically correct to say #x0201c;this area is associated with processing visual stimuli#x0201d;. It is equality the law, much more risky (but not necessarily impossible) to say #x0201c;Because there is more activation in business free, this area, this subject prefers this political candidate more#x0201d;. Regarding fMRI interpretation, an equality before the law essay, encouraging amount of fascinating progress has been made recently. An interesting study by Schummers et al. Plans? [124] describes in detail the spatial and temporal behavior of astrocyte activation relative to before essay neuronal activation, and convincingly demonstrates that it is astrocytes that signal blood flow to increase with activation. Interestingly, this work shows that the spatial tuning of visual cortex astrocytes to orientation column stimulation is sharper than that of neurons. In addition, the activation timing of astrocytes is delayed about processes essay 4 seconds from that of neurons. To show astrocyte influence on hemodynamics, astrocyte activation was selectively modulated using isoflurane, which has less of an effect on neurons. Equality Before Essay? When astrocyte activity was suppressed, the measured hemodynamic response to stimulation was also shown to villain be suppressed. These findings certainly shed light on the mechanism of fMRI contrast mechanisms and equality before will cause us to refine our models of neurovascular coupling.

As is well known, considerable controversy continues as to cromwell a hero essay the physiologic origin of several specific aspects of BOLD contrast, including BOLD nonlinearity, preundershoot, post-undershoot, and before the law essay fluctuations. Many papers published recently have provided provocative data perhaps shedding light on several of these unknowns. One example is was oliver cromwell or a essay, that of the equality before, post-stimulus undershoot. As is well understood, BOLD signal increases with an increase in blood oxygenation or decrease in blood volume. Three popular hypotheses for processes essay, the post-undershoot exist: The first is that there is a perseveration of increased blood volume, after blood flow and oxygenation have returned to baseline. Equality Before The Law Essay? The second is open heart essay, that there is a perseveration of oxidative metabolic rate after blood flow and equality before the law essay volume have returned to baseline, thus reducing blood oxygenation.

The third is that there is a post-stimulus decrease in processes essay, flow, causing blood oxygenation to decrease since the time for oxygen to be delivered to equality before the law active tissue increases, thus enhancing delivery. The work by essay book language Devor et al. [35] may suggest the latter explanation. Other groups have experimental evidence for a blood volume perseveration [131], while yet another set of researchers have experimental evidence for equality, oxidative metabolic rate perseveration [89] or just against blood volume perseveration [45]. There exist different assumptions, experimental conditions, and spatial scales with all of these studies. As with most fMRI contrast mechanism work, the explanation for was oliver cromwell a hero or a essay, an effect, when discovered, is always more complicated than we expect it to be. To most people outside of the subspecialty of fMRI contrast mechanism studies, this seems like an esoteric discussion since the post-stimulus undershoot is not typically used as a source of equality before the law essay, contrast. Understanding it fully is nevertheless extremely important as this understanding may lend insight into Symbicort analysis other aspects of BOLD contrast and potentially lead to an enhanced capability of using BOLD contrast to understand neuronal activity. Regarding negative signal changes, a common network showing negative signal changes in response to a wide range of cognitive tasks has been termed the default mode network [97, 96, 121]. Equality Before The Law? An ongoing debate continues with regard to precisely what these negative signal changes imply, and what the functional role of this network is.

As shown above in the #x0201c;individual subject assessment#x0201d; section, Calhoun et al . Analysis? [18] have clearly shown that the default mode network, among others, has a clinical significance. Some recent work involving the relationship between GABA (an inhibitory neurotransmitter) concentrations, MEG contrast, and BOLD contrast has shed some light on mechanisms underlying BOLD. In work by Muthukumaraswamy et al . [107] GABA concentrations, Magnetoencephalography (MEG) signal, and BOLD signal were measured in visual cortex. The results of equality before, this study show that across individuals, gamma oscillation frequency is positively correlated with resting GABA concentration in visual cortex, BOLD magnitude is cromwell essay, inversely correlated with resting GABA, and gamma oscillation frequency is strongly inversely correlated with the equality before the law essay, magnitude of the BOLD response. These results, shown in Fig. 5 , clearly demonstrate that neuroimaging measures are highly dependent on the excitation/inhibition balance in foot locker letters, an individual's cortex and before have implications for the interpretation of functional imaging results, particularly when making between-group comparisons in clinical research. These results are also consistent with a recent study in rat somatosensory cortex, which found a blunted BOLD response after GABA levels were pharmacologically increased. In humans, a study combining GABA MRS and fMRI [109] demonstrated that the negative BOLD response in the anterior cingulate region of the default mode network increased with increasing GABA across participants. All these recent data suggest that individuals with relatively high GABA concentrations in foot locker cover, an area will exhibit relatively small positive BOLD responses and relatively large negative BOLD responses. Other studies provide results which are less explainable but are interesting in that they suggest that BOLD contrast is not necessarily measuring the same aspects of neuronal activity as MEG contrast [108].

Muthukumaraswamy and Singh compared fMRI and equality the law MEG Gamma frequency (40 to business free 60 Hz) responses to a visual stimulus which was varied in equality before the law essay, spatial frequency and temporal frequency. While the spatial overlap between brain activation measured with the two modalities was substantial, the parametric dependence of the in punjabi language, signals dependence curves were generated for both spatial frequencies. Before? With MEG, high spatial frequency showed much higher power across temporal frequency than low spatial frequency. 5. Pattern Effect Mapping and Decoding. The powerful approach of analyzing fMRI that involves extraction of subtle voxel-wise activation patterns rather than mapping blobs of activation has, in the past few years, seen a tremendous surge of interest due the dramatic results that it has produced [19, 53, 66, 23, 74, 27, 42, 47, 55#x02013;57, 103, 71, 68, 69, 72, 100, 117, 118, 110, 111, 126, 127, 134]. Essentially, these approaches are able to pull information from fMRI data that does not conform to a clear mapping of blobs of activity. This new class of techniques is business free, generally known as multivariate pattern recognition, classification, or decoding (i.e., aiming to identify a perceptual representation, activation, or cognitive state on the basis of multivoxel regional fMRI signals). When a perceptual representation can be decoded from the activity pattern, the brain region studied contains information about the stimulus. In general, such #x0201c;information-based#x0201d; analysis requires multivariate techniques, but not necessarily decoding. In many instances #x0201c;decoding#x0201d; has been performed using univariate techniques.

Multivariate techniques in neuroimaging were introduced over a decade ago [151], but the before the law, current interest in the information-based approach is derived from the idea that brain activation patterns reveal information carried by a neuronal population code at the scale of imaging voxels. This idea motivates multivariate analysis in single subjects without smoothing of the was oliver or a, data. An information-based analysis determines whether there is a statistical dependency (i.e., mutual information) between the experimental conditions and equality before the law the regional spatiotemporal activity patterns. Information undetected by activation-based mapping is often present in neuroimaging data. If the information resides in the fine-scale pattern of the activity, the spatial average may be similar between conditions, so no effect may be found by conventional methods with the data spatially averaged for ROI analysis or smoothed for cromwell villain essay, statistical mapping. Information-based analysis can be applied to predefined ROIs. Alternatively, a continuous information-based mapping can be performed with a multivariate searchlight in order to discover regions carrying a particular type of information [72, 105]. It should be emphasized that this approach to before the law essay neuroimaging, while, on the surface, appears to foot cover letters approach the brain as a black box from which to extract information about equality the law what the subject is doing, can be used as a highly sensitive probe to understand which aspects of a response are most informative, and therefore most relevant to behavior. In addition, as researchers begin to book explore and understand precisely why certain classification algorithms work better in equality before, the context of extracting information from messy biological systems, perhaps this information will also be useful in lending insight into mind brain function that could not be probed by any other way. Ultimately, the technique may, at the moment, appear to be a flashy way of doing tricks with fMRI (i.e., brain reading, etc.), but in fact, this approach has tremendous potential to pose and equality before the law essay answer extremely subtle questions about how the brain is organized. The basics of the techniques are provided in some recent papers [101, 105].

In the past year, two outstanding studies have further pushed the limits of decoding mental content from business, brain activity. Previous decoding studies, the before, experiments have involved two components: a training set in which the spatial pattern of brain activity was associated with an object (or object category), orientation, or position; and an experiment set in which the same stimuli used in a hero, the training set were used. Before The Law? The training set and test set was the same or highly similar stimuli. The two studies described below extend fMRI decoding to allow the locker letters, accurate identification of equality essay, brain activation associated with completely novel stimuli or tasks. An exciting paper by Kay et al. [66] has demonstrated the ability for fMRI patterns to be used to identify the perception of completely novel images that the was oliver a hero villain essay, subject was viewing. This study consisted of a training set in which subjects viewed 1750 natural images. From this training set a quantitative receptive field model for each voxel was created using Gabor wavelets, characterizing tuning dimensions in the law essay, space, orientation, and spatial frequency. Subjects then viewed 120 completely novel images. Business Plans? The corresponding brain activity patterns were compared with the receptive field models obtained from the training set. Equality The Law? Accuracy ranged from 72 to 92%. In addition, the decrease of accuracy was extremely small as the size of the test set increased, providing hope that with the appropriate training set size and villain essay tuning dimensions, activation for just about any object that exists may be characterized with a high level of the law, accuracy.

In the second study, Mitchell et al. [102] describe a method by which whole-brain patterns associated with statistical relationships between words representing abstract semantic concepts are determined and used to predict mental states not present in the training set. These results establish a direct predictive relationship between the statistics of word occurrences in Symbicort situational, text and the activation patterns associated with processing word meanings. A new insight into how the equality before the law, brain processes concrete nouns is also put forth in this study. Essentially, the meaningful fMRI patterns for heart essay, these nouns are distributed across the brain (i.e., also in prefrontal regions) rather than only existing in typical sensory-motor regions. Both of these studies represent an important paradigm shift in fMRI decoding#x02014;that of equality the law essay, using a large training set focused on more elemental aspects of heart mind, a brain state (i.e., from equality before, visual stimulus or word set) to predict the processes essay, brain activation pattern associated with novel stimuli or brain states associated with processing novel semantic content. Not only do these studies pave the way for extensive applications of equality the law essay, fMRI for #x0201c;brain reading#x0201d; but also lend a unique insight into how the brain is processing information by plans being able to identify the before, #x0201c;most informative#x0201d; voxels and regions. Similar insights regarding the significance of tuning functions and whole-brain activation patterns would not have likely been uncovered using standard univariate mapping techniques. A related study by Williams et al. Symbicort Situational Analysis? [149] addresses a previously overlooked aspect of pattern information #x02014; regarding which aspects of equality the law, a specific pattern in the brain are actually used in was oliver cromwell essay, the processing of a visual stimulus or word and which are non-essential epiphenomenon. In their study, subjects were scanned while observing novel objects that belonged in one of three categories.

They were asked to decide which category each viewed object fell into. The corresponding fMRI activation patterns in retinotopic and lateral occipital cortex (LOC) were shown to contain category information associated with objects, but only in the LOC were the patterns stronger for before the law essay, correct than for incorrect trials. Put another way, in trials in which the subjects did not correctly categorize the stimulus, the correct stimulus information was present in retinotopic cortex but not in LOC. This work represents an essay, alternative direction in fMRI pattern effect imaging #x02014; that of before essay, determining pattern representations and then comparing with corresponding behavior to further classify cortical areas as they influence behavior. One area of Symbicort situational, rapid development in equality, fMRI is that of using endogenous or #x0201c;resting state#x0201d; fluctuations or oscillations to explore resting state networks as well as their correlation with neuronal pathology. The basic observation is that when subjects are not performing any task in essay book language, the scanner, the time series signal consists of fluctuations that are not simply thermal noise or random, but rather, of interest. Components of these fluctuations include cardiac pulsations of blood and CSF (inflow effects), breathing oscillations (changes in Bo field from chest expansion), bulk motion, scanner instability, vasomotion, BOLD and equality before essay flow fluctuations that occur with slow changes in open heart mind essay, end tidal CO 2 variations causing a chance in blood CO 2 level, and before the law BOLD and open open essay flow fluctuations that occur with spontaneous neuronal activity. The last component is of course what is most interesting to neuroscientists, but it is equality the law essay, first important to ascertain that they are related to locker cover neuronal activity.

The predominant frequency range of before the law essay, these #x0201c;neuronally related#x0201d; fluctuations is at or below 0.1 Hz. Interestingly, since the first observation of this effect #x02014; in which the endogenous oscillatory signal from foot locker cover letters, one motor cortex was found to most correlate with the before the law, other motor cortex [11], it actually took several years for others to start to take interest. It was only after year 2000, that the field started expanding rapidly. Now, the cover letters, expansion is explosive, with over a hundred papers a year being produced addressing endogenous oscillations. Research related to this phenomenon has been along three avenues: (a) How to equality essay most efficiently and robustly extract and map resting state fluctuations #x02014; or, rather, how to business process the essay, data, (b) How to interpret these fluctuations, as well as to best separate neuronal from physiologic fluctuations, and (c) How to best apply the phenomenon of resting state fluctuations towards neuroscience questions and or a essay towards understanding of patient populations. Hundreds of papers have covered these topics in only the past 5 years. In the past year, the trend of an explosive interest in endogenous oscillations continues.

A recent special issue of the journal Human Brain Mapping (Volume 29, Issue 7, July 2008) was completely devoted to the publication of before essay, studies about endogenous oscillations. Several review articles about essay endogenous fluctuations have also been written in the past year. Regarding each of the three areas of endogenous oscillations research, the following are some notable recent advancements. a. Endogenous oscillation processing. A current problem in equality, resting state processing is as follows: Given that a single plane of language, data consists of 64 #x000d7; 64 voxels, and that 30 planes are typically collected per volume, and that 300 time points are collected per run, about 37 million time points are collected in a single 5-minute volumetric fMRI scan, the before essay, task of determining the correlation of every voxel time series with every other voxel in the brain is, to date, computationally prohibitive. Two alternative solutions have been popular. The first is to chose #x0201c;seed voxel#x0201d; regions [11, 52] and the second is to use relatively unsupervised model-free approaches such as independent component analysis (ICA) [26].

Each of the methods has limitations. With the seed voxel approach, the results are highly dependent on the choice of open heart mind, ROI or voxel from before essay, which the #x0201c;seed#x0201d; reference time series is chosen from. Within this chosen time series, much of the energy in the signal driving the correlation may also be artifactual. In addition, many correlated areas are of essay language, course, missed, depending on how many #x0201c;seeds#x0201d; are chosen. With the ICA approach, it is difficult to sort individual components and to subsequently further interpret what each component means (i.e., What frequency components are correlated? What about phase offsets over space?).

As ICA methodology improves, it appears that the problem of robustly extracting a stable set of networks for comparison and clinical use is being solved. Papers that have discussed how to process resting state data last year include the following: Refs. [17, 18, 22, 38, 43, 122, 142, 150, 159]. b. Endogenous oscillation interpretation and separation. A central issue is whether or not the extracted networks actually mean anything neuronal, and if they do contain neuronally-relevant fluctuations, how are these separated robustly from data that contain non-neuronal fluctuations? In the past year, several excellent multimodal studies have been carried out to demonstrate the neuronal basis of fMRI-based endogenous oscillations [30, 31, 29, 75, 128].

In addition, several studies have recently addressed the issue of how physiologic processes such as breathing and cardiac function can influence fluctuations [8#x02013;10, 130]. Other studies have shown functionally correlated endogenous oscillations in before essay, the generally #x0201c;cleaner signal#x0201d; perfusion data [21]. Others have demonstrated that, in non-living samples, artifactual correlations in the resting state data can be seen as they relate to how MR images are formed (adjacent voxels share a considerable amount of image #x0201c;energy#x0201d;) coupled with an imperfect stability of the foot locker, scanner [70]. While identification of potentially confounding artifacts is equality, relatively straightforward, a clear assessment in in punjabi, each subject of equality before the law essay, what regions show artifactual correlation and which do not is much more difficult. It is problematic to cleanly #x0201c;regress out#x0201d; respiration or other variations since there is a considerable amount of overlap. Work is ongoing, and Symbicort situational will be ongoing for quite a few years, to minimize any false positives in equality the law, the identification of these networks. One other point that is not discussed as much as other aspects of endogenous oscillations is in locker letters, regard to what the the law, physiologic mechanisms of these neuronally mediated oscillations in flow and BOLD are. What #x0201c;purpose#x0201d; do they serve? Are they only an foot cover, epiphenomenon of regions being physically connected or functionally related, or do they serve a specific critical function to equality how we interact with the world? Several studies have came out recently which speak of a functional role, or at least an effect on behavior #x02014; of endogenous oscillations. One study, carried out by Boly et al. [13], starts with the open heart essay, observation that baseline signal magnitude in the brain spontaneously varies.

They then demonstrate that a temporal variance in perception of identical stimuli is positively correlated with pre-trial resting state oscillation signal phase in medial thalamus and lateral frontoparietal network (thought to be associated with vigilance and external monitoring) and before negatively correlated with posterior cingulate/precuneus and temporoparietal cortices, which are hypothesized to be related to analysis introspection and incidentally, the equality before the law, primary areas associated with what has been identified as the #x0201c;default network#x0201d;. A second study, by Fox et al. [44] demonstrates not only that endogenous oscillations persist during tasks and analysis that they contribute to a significant fraction of the trial to trial variance of the BOLD response in supplementary motor cortex with a simple finger tapping task, but, interestingly, they are also directly related to trial to trial variation in motor performance. Equality Before The Law? The performance of the task itself (force of the button press) is affected by when the task is performed relative to the phase of the was oliver cromwell a hero or a, endogenous oscillation. It appears that when the oscillations are at the peak of their cycle at the beginning of activation-induced BOLD changes, the force of the finger tap force is lightest, and vice versa. Equality Before? When the trough is at the beginning of the BOLD-signal change, the finger tap force is greatest.

About 74% of the behavioral (finger tapping force) variance is attributed to ongoing endogenous oscillations in supplementary motor cortex. In Punjabi? A third study, a comparison study of the resting state networks (default, oculomotor, somatomotor, and visual) in anesthetized monkeys, was carried out by Vincent et al . [144]. Equality Before? Not only did they show that the same #x0201c;default#x0201d; network was activated in humans and monkey but it also provided anatomical connectivity and processes essay evoked response pattern support for the oculomotor network. Equality Essay? This work strongly argues that the #x0201c;default#x0201d; network is situational, not strongly dependent on equality the law essay, the level of consciousness nor is it a uniquely human system. Recent endogenous oscillation studies in rodents have also been performed, confirming that this effect is not even limited to primates [90, 116].

All the studies mentioned provide intriguing evidence that endogenous oscillations influence how we and most other mammals at least perceive the world and interact with it. Business Plans Free? What to make of this information with regard to understanding the functional significance of endogenous oscillations remains to be fully worked out. c. Applications of neuronal fluctuation assessment. A very large number of applications of studies involving endogenous oscillations have already been reported in a very short time. A recent outstanding review article by Broyd et al . has summarized the myriad of applications of spontaneous brain oscillation fMRI data to brain dysfunction in before the law, mental disorders [15].

A comprehensive table, obtained with Elsevier's permission from that review article is reproduced in Fig. 6 . Recent studies have included those of children and infants [81, 136], populations with multiple sclerosis [87], intelligence [133], acupuncture [36], sleep [62, 63], sedation [51], seizure activity [93], Alzheimer's disease [83], schizophrenia [82, 158], chronic pain [3], ADHD [141], depression [50], and consciousness [14, 123]. Heart Open Mind Essay? For future clinical studies, it is before essay, endogenous oscillations that clinicians are looking to with hope as these are fMRI signal changes that do not require a self-limiting probe task and are sensitive to patient population and conscious state. Just about every significant step in the advancement in fMRI applications has been made is a direct result of advancements in MRI technology. Was Oliver Essay? MRI technology includes magnetic field, radio frequency (RF) coil configuration, and equality acquisition and/or image reconstruction strategies.

Advancements in MRI technology allows an increase in sensitivity, resolution, robustness, or immunity to book artifact, imaging speed, and equality before the law information obtained. In the past year, several dramatic improvements in MRI technology have been published. These are discussed below. First, magnetic field strength has exhibited a surprisingly linear increase over the years, starting in 1984 when the first clinical 1.5T scanner was available and projecting to 2011, when an 11.7T human scanner is planned to be operational. At least three centers have plans for an 11.7T for humans. They include the National Institutes of Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, and NeuroSpin #x02014; located just outside of Paris. At the was oliver cromwell a hero, time of writing this article, there are about 30 human 7T scanners in operation in the world.

The push for higher field strength is driven not only by a direct proportionality of equality, sensitivity to field strength: With this increased sensitivity comes the ability to collect high SNR functional and business anatomical images faster and at higher resolution, allowing investigation of more subtle signal changes or anatomic features or allowing scanning of volunteers or patients at a faster rate. A recent article summarizing the gains in the law essay, functional contrast at 7T [143] shows a linear increase in percent signal change, and a small gain in small vessel specificity. Unfortunately the situational, gain in the law essay, functional contrast (the parameter that matters most with regard to functional imaging studies) is blunted somewhat since the baseline signal does not increase as fast. In other words, optimal echo time (TE) is achieved when TE = T2* (or the baseline relaxation rate of the tissue). With an increase in field strength, the activation-induced change in relaxation rate increases linearly, but the baseline relaxation rate increases at a slightly greater rate than linear rate. This pushes down the contrast somewhat. Nevertheless, all measures of performance, including functional contrast show an increase at least up to 7T. Anatomic images at business, 7T not only before, have higher signal to noise ratio or higher resolution, but also have qualitatively different anatomical contrast. Locker Letters? New anatomic contrast is apparent in equality the law essay, 7T anatomical images. An example of the qualitative difference in contrast at was oliver cromwell a hero villain, 7T is a study by Duyn et al . [41] demonstrating that MRI phase is a highly sensitive contrast at 7T, revealing a 10 #x000d7; improvement in equality before essay, gray matter#x02013;white matter delineation over magnitude contrast at lower field strengths, as well as cortical layers, and perhaps even white matter tracts. The authors speculate that the phase shifts are mostly due to essay differences in susceptibility effects, but other hypotheses have been put forward [157], suggesting that macromolecules play a role.

Performance of fMRI at high field is technically extremely challenging. Challenges include making sure of a high magnetic field homogeneity throughout the brain, minimizing RF power deposition in some sequences, maintaining an acceptable RF excitation homogeneity, minimizing acoustic noise, managing an before the law, increased amount of physiologic noise [139], and minimizing patient discomfort, among others. Nevertheless, the benefits are beginning to manifest themselves in fMRI. A recent publication by Yacoub et al . [153] has convincingly demonstrated that activation of human orientation columns (about a third of the size of ocular dominance columns) can be imaged. To achieve this, scanning was performed at 7T on a Siemens/Varian console using a four shot spin-echo sequence, resulting in an in-plane resolution of 0.5 #x000d7; 0.5mm 2 . A novel finding from this study is that there is a bias toward the brain processing orientations around the plans, vertical direction. An important point also to be taken from equality before, this study is that at 7T, the intravascular contribution is reduced such that spin-echo sequences do not suffer from open open, large vessel intravascular effects #x02014; as occurs at lower field strengths. This enables spin-echo sequences to have a smaller functional point spread function than gradient echo sequences [129, 154], thus being critical for the imaging of orientation columns. The motivation for increasing sensitivity is strong for the law essay, many reasons. Heart Mind Essay? As mentioned, a higher sensitivity allows for smaller voxel sizes and more sensitivity to subtle signal changes as well as more subtle fluctuation effects (which, incidentally increase substantially at 7T). A higher sensitivity will also allow for equality essay, faster assessment of individual subjects.

Figure 7 , used with permission, is adopted from Murphy et al . [106] showing that, in the realm of a relatively low temporal signal to noise #x02014; common when imaging at high resolution #x02014; the reduction of necessary scan time to create an adequate quality functional image is a nonlinear function of temporal signal to noise. Simply doubling the temporal signal to noise in this regime would decrease the processes essay, necessary time to equality the law create an adequate image by a factor of 5. This type of essay language, time reduction opens up the before the law essay, opportunity for an extremely different set of experiments that were previously limited by open mind low sensitivity. A much less expensive alternative to increasing field strength is decreasing the size but increasing the number of RF receivers around the head. Moving up from a single quadrature receive coil to before a 32-channel coil (about the state-of-the-art technology at locker, 3T), will increase image signal to noise ratio (SNR) up to a factor of 4 [148]. Figure 8 , obtained with permission from Wiggins et al . [148], shows the clear and before the law dramatic advantages in terms of business free, signal to noise ratio increasing as a function of the number of coil elements #x02014; at least to before the law essay 32. Plans Free? With a higher number of elements, the depth of high signal to equality the law essay noise ratio coverage may be reduced. At higher field strengths, this would be reduced less. Other technological innovations have been in the direction of using these multielement coils for a hero or a essay, faster image acquisition. Currently, almost all functional MRI data involves the collection of a stack of 2D images which takes about 2 seconds.

With higher bandwidth receivers, parallel RF coil arrays, stronger gradients, and novel image reconstruction strategies, the goal of obtaining a relatively high resolution volume of data in a single excitation or with a single acquisition is drawing closer. In the the law essay, past year, two papers have described novel echo volume imaging (EVI) techniques [80, 120]. In the near future, EVI will emerge as a new standard in image acquisition for those researchers performing multisubject averaging (who do not need high resolution) or interesting in studying subtle or rapid temporal dynamics of the response across the brain. Lin et al . [79] and Hennig et al . [58] have taken parallel acquisition to a new level in minimizing the need for time-consuming spatial encoding gradients. Lin et al ., using a 32-channel parallel array with the processes essay, coil configuration resembling EEG or MEG sensor geometries, apply similar source localization algorithms to equality before reconstruct these images. They have named this approach magnetic resonance Inverse Imaging (InI). Hennig et al . Locker Letters? have reduced the equality the law, need for spatial encoding gradients even further with their one-voxel-one-coil (OVOC) imaging method.

While the essay, obvious advantage of these methods is the extreme rapidity with which useful volumes are obtained, another advantage is the presumably silent acquisition. This avenue of technology development appears to be just beginning. Essay? It is easy to Symbicort situational analysis imagine improvement in coil configurations optimized for before the law, specific brain areas or more efficient sampling schemes. Higher bandwidth acquisition rates will also lead to further improvements in resolution. Perhaps in the next several years, relatively silent, whole brain fMRI will be the standard. 8. Alternative Functional Contrast Mechanisms. As BOLD contrast is based on blood oxygenation changes that are dependent on the precise interplay of flow increase and metabolic rate increase, the temporal and spatial accuracy as well as the interpretability of the signal is fundamentally limited. Many researchers are busy trying to develop an MRI-based functional contrast that may somehow be a more direct, sensitive, quantitative measure of open open mind essay, neuronal activity. The Law Essay? Indeed, many other functional contrasts have been put forward as possible. These include the book language, non-invasive measures of activation induced changes in perfusion itself [34], blood volume [88], diffusion [77], CMRO 2 [28, 59] temperature [152], and presumably magnetic field changes in the vicinity of active neurons [4].

These results have always been met with extreme interest by the imaging community but none have proven superior to BOLD, because the techniques are more technically challenging or, more often, the effect size produced using the equality before essay, specific contrast sensitivity is considerably less than BOLD contrast. Perfusion imaging has come the closest to BOLD in terms of utility and functional contrast. While it generally has less brain coverage, lower temporal resolution, and lower functional contrast to noise than BOLD, it does have the advantages of higher specificity, baseline information, and less baseline drift. The latter advantage is significant when probing very slow brain activation timing [1]. Each of these functional contrasts has the potential to providing unique information not only about brain activity location, timing, and magnitude but also about cerebral physiology. This information is not only useful for Symbicort situational analysis, brain mapping but may be useful for understanding more deeply, neurovascular coupling and variations of this with disease. What is exciting about fMRI is that the equality before the law essay, potential impact of the field is not limited to mapping brain function, but rather to understanding many more aspects of brain physiology at a depth not previously achieved with more invasive methods. An exciting direction that I feel has significant potential in fMRI is the simultaneous collection of multiple contrasts [92, 37, 60, 146, 61, 91] and even the simultaneous collection of data across multiple modalities [119, 113, 138, 155, 76, 115, 94]. The simultaneous collection of this information allows detailed temporal behavior of the business free, signal changes and the noise to be carefully studied in the law essay, a temporally and language spatially registered manner. These pieces of information synergistically combine to provide unqiue data. Just one example of this approach is that of Yang et al . [156].

Figure 9 shows an example in which baseline and activation induced perfusion was obtained simultaneously with BOLD and blood volume changes. This particular approach holds the potential for mapping changes in CMRO 2 from these various measures without the before the law, need for a global flow change calibration scan. This is one example of what is possible. Many more pulse sequence approaches are also on the horizon. This overview of fMRI is an attempt to convey not only some of the most interesting current work, but also a solid sense that fMRI is processes essay, becoming a rich field from neuroscience, physiology, engineering, signal processing, and essay physics perspectives. Situational Analysis? Clinical applications, while not yet here, will steadily move from the realm of #x0201c;potential#x0201d; to before the law essay #x0201c;practice#x0201d;.

Neuroscience applications, while high in number, are in reality just beginning as we continue to learn more about fMRI contrast and situational develop better processing methods and better technology for extracting even more about brain anatomy, physiology, and function.

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ancestor essay The Jergens Family Essay (1936-37) Our research for the history of the JERGENS Family of Dayton, Ohio began with the essay, “The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family,” written by Margaret Jergens in 1936 and Maryann Jergens in 1937 for a high school English class assignment. Margaret Jergens (her maiden name) wrote to us on October 27, 1992, regarding this document: “…Maryann had her copy of the Jergens family report (essay) that I had written as a high school junior – of equality the law essay, course, my Mother and Daddy and was oliver a hero or a, all the relatives in our neighborhood were able to contribute information – (56 years ago they were all alive ).” The year after Margaret wrote her family history essay, her sister Maryann got the same assignment from the same teacher at Kiser High School in essay, Dayton. (When Maryann went to business plans free, their parents for help, they told her to use the information they had given Margaret the previous year!) Maryann thoughtfully preserved a copy of her essay, which Margaret had the good sense to pass along to us. Our thanks to both Jergens women for sharing this priceless resource. Keep in mind that this is an oral history written down by teenagers many years ago. And it's a good example of the law essay, family tradition – the essay contains quite a bit of questionable information and erroneous dates, alongside a great deal of processes essay, useful and accurate information. For the purpose of clarity we made a few minor changes, to punctuation, spelling and the law, phrasing, that do not change the story or detract from its voice. One item in the essay that we should view with a healthy dose of skepticism is the family lore about the Jergens family of Symbicort, Dayton being “cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the equality, manufacturers of Jergens Lotion.” From what we’ve found published about the Andrew Jergens family, it appears they immigrated to this country a quarter of a century or more after our Jergens ancestor arrived. Processes Essay? If they were related to our Jergens family in equality before, Europe, that has yet to be discovered. In terms of its overall structure, the genealogy described in the essay is turning out to be mostly correct.

Some of the names got a little confused, and processes essay, many dates in the essay are erroneous (they obviously were working from memory). Where documentary evidence consistently disagrees with the essay, we have given preference to the former rather than to equality before the law essay, the essay. When the Symbicort situational, data have been conflicting, we’ve tried to provide a reasonable interpretation. References to living descendants have been removed or omitted from both The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family and before, the narrative history in order to protect the privacy of these individuals. Undoubtedly, more of the Jergens story will be unearthed in years to come. As new data surface, the story will change; but we’re willing to bet this foundation stands the test of time. Essay: “The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family” On both the essay book, paternal and maternal sides of my ancestors, little is known.

My great-great-grandparents were the first to travel to before essay, this country. On the paternal side of my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, Germany and Sweden are represented. A long time before my great-great-grandparent, Andrew Jergens, and his brothers Phillip, Peter, and John came to America, their forefathers tilled the soil of Sweden. Processes Essay? While in Sweden, these ancestors spelled their surname as Jergenson, but somewhere along the line the on before, was eliminated, and the spelling remained as it is spelled today. This probably occurred when my Swedish forefathers went to Germany to live. My great-great-grandfather, Andrew Jergens, was born on his father's estate in Berlin, Germany, on was oliver cromwell essay, June 25, 1797.

His three brothers were born there also: Phillip, born October 5, 1799; Peter, born March 21, 1801; and John, born December 14, 1803. This estate was located directly next to equality before the law essay, the estate of the Kaiser, then the ruler of Germany. This close connection of property later caused the departure of the four brothers from their native land. Book In Punjabi? Their leaving was caused by a dispute between the Kaiser and my great-great-great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. The dispute grew out of the shooting of the Kaiser's prize deer. While the four brothers attempted to save their crops from the deer by shooting at them, the Kaiser was opposed to their actions. After being warned three times, they left the before, country. Before their flight from the country, they tried different ways to escape the analysis, Kaiser.

Andrew evaded the Kaiser's men through his knowledge of witchcraft. Equality Before? When he was at a loss for free, a place to equality before essay, hide, he would turn himself into a tree stump. His pursuers would sit down and rest, knocking the ashes from essay, their pipes on his nose. At another time he escaped capture and death by simply disappearing. He also had the power to drive fire from burns and to bring back stolen articles.

After the third warning, their estate was partially confiscated and the family dispersed. The mother and father remained in Germany on what land was left for the law, them. Their four sons, Andrew, Phillip, Peter and John, came to America. They completed their voyage, reached port in New York and open heart, traveled together until they came to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Here they parted, never to see one another again. This was about the year 1818. From Pittsburgh, each traveled to a different city: Phillip went to Chicago, Illinois; Andrew established his residence in before, Cincinnati, Ohio; John remained in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and the exact city of Peter's settlement was never known.

From the processes essay, day of their parting they never again renewed family ties. After Andrew settled in Cincinnati, he married a German girl, whose name is unknown, on equality the law essay, May 22, 1820. He followed the occupation which nearly every one of his relatives, living before and after him, followed, that of gardening. The exact number of children reared by plans him and equality before essay, his wife is unknown, although it is known that on February 8, 1822, Phillip Jergens was born. He remained with his parents until his marriage to Mary Stephens on September 10, 1845. Mary Stephens was born in Cincinnati on July 27, 1823. Locker? Phillip and Mary established their residence on the law essay, Price Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio. Business? My great-great-grandparents, Andrew and his wife, lived in Cincinnati for some time, later moving to Dayton, where they died in 1850 and 1852, respectively.

Mary Stephens Jergens, my great-grandmother, bore four daughters in before, Cincinnati: Helen, born January 15, 1846; Mary, born April 3, 1847; Magdalena, born October 29, 1848; and Elizabeth, born August 6, 1853. When Elizabeth was but a babe in arms, her parents moved to Dayton in a covered wagon, drawn by two horses. Cover? They made their home on the Old Troy Pike, about 3 miles from Kiser High School. Since then three generations have lived here on the same tract of land chosen by before essay my great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. This land has been held for 83 years under the name of Jergens. After they had settled in Dayton, five sons were born to processes essay, them.

The eldest of the the law, sons, Phillip, was born on September 23, 1855 and died November 9, 1937. The next son was Peter, my grandfather, born on situational analysis, November 6, 1857. The Law Essay? The three other sons were William, born August 18, 1859 -- William died 21 years later, in Dayton, on free, October 10, 1880; Jacob was born on November 23, 1861 -- he lived for about six weeks and then he died; and equality essay, the next and last son was Joseph who was born on May 16, 1863. Great-grandfather Jergens died on May 22, 1907; my great-grandmother Jergens died on August 25, 1899. All the daughters of the family are dead. Helen married Jacob Zink, raised a family of twelve children, and died in Dayton on essay book in punjabi, February 7, 1925.

Mary married Joseph Zink, raised a family of twelve children, and died in West Milton, Ohio, on before the law essay, January 11, 1906. Magdalena married John Kleinfelder, raised a family of ten children, and died on October 25, 1908. Elizabeth married George Logel, raised two children, and died in Dayton on July 12, 1933. Just one son of the family is dead. Phillip married Mary Abelle; they raised one boy and one girl; Peter married Magdalena Abelle and raised two sons; his daughter died. Processes Essay? Joseph married Mary Desinger, raised two girls and two boys, and equality before the law essay, died on September 20, 1925 in Dayton.

My grandfather, Peter Jergens, married Magdalena Abelle on June 23, 1886 at Holy Trinity Church, Dayton. Magdalena Abelle Jergens was born on open heart open essay, May 12, 1868 and died on February 23, 1895. She was the daughter of John and Barbara Funkmeyer Abelle. She had one brother, Joseph, and three sisters, Mary, Cynthia and Barbara. Their birth and death dates are unknown. The birth, marriage and death dates of Magdalena's parents and grandparents are also unknown. Equality Essay? Magdalena bore three children.

The first born was my aunt Mary; born on plans free, December 15, 1889, she died about an equality the law essay, hour after her birth. One year later my uncle, Henry, was born on December 9, 1890. On May 8, 1912 Henry married Bertha Rediess in Our Lady of the Rosary Church in Dayton. Heart Open Essay? They had eight children and before essay, one daughter died. Three years later my father, Peter, Jr., was born on November 23, 1893. All three children were born in the small brick house located about 100 feet from in punjabi language, my present home, as was their father and his brothers before them. Equality? The brick house is still standing to this day. Peter married Cecilia Leyes on open mind, May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the Rosary Church in Dayton. The members of this generation of the Jergens family are the equality, third cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the foot locker, manufacturers of Jergens Lotion. On the maternal side of my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, France and Germany are represented.

The first generation of this side of the family which can be traced back the farthest is my great-great-grandparents. They were John Hecht and Margaret Grau Hecht, both of whom were born in Wittenberg, Germany. The dates of their births, marriage and deaths are unknown. They are the parents of Henry John Hecht, my grandfather. John and Margaret Grau Hecht came to America in 1844. They lived at first in Cincinnati, on Vine Street, and later moved to Dayton with both their sons, who were born in Cincinnati. Their sons were Henry John, born June 24, 1846, died October 30, 1901; and equality before essay, Michael, born August 17, 1848, died March 5, 1884. When they came to Dayton, they located their home in the south of Dayton on what is now called Bonner Street. Henry John Hecht married Elizabeth Ziegler on essay, August 11, 1864 at St. The Law? Mary's Church in Dayton. My great-grandmother was a convert to foot locker cover, Catholicism from the Lutheran religion.

She was the equality essay, daughter of Joseph and plans free, Dorothea Slatz Ziegler. She was born in Wittenberg, Germany, on equality before, October 30, 1846. She died on December 9, 1918. The birth, marriage and death dates of her parents are unknown. They are probably buried in Dayton because they came to America in 1862 with their three daughters and one son. Henry and Elizabeth Ziegler Hecht reared a family of ten children.

The eldest of their children, Anna, who is my grandmother, was born on July 26, 1869 and married Henry Leyes. Letters? She is the sister of four more girls and equality before the law, three boys. Two other children died in infancy. Charles, born August 10, 1876, married Molly Linich. Mary Agnes, born May 2, 1878, died six weeks later.

Dorothy was born April 23, 1880. Michael, born November 20, 1883, died two years later. Gertrude, born December 6, 1885, has been a nun in the convent of essay book in punjabi language, St. Francis of the equality essay, Poor for the past 25 years. Henry was born November 12, 1887 and died March 27, 1930. Clara was born June 15, 1888. About the paternal ancestors on my mother's side, facts are unknown to exist from the time of my great-grandparents.

My great-grandfather John Leyes was born July 26, 1839 in Alsace Lorraine, France. The names of his parents are unknown, likewise their birth, marriage and foot locker cover letters, death dates. John Leyes married Margaret Seager on June 15, 1855. Equality Before The Law? She is also a convert to Catholicism from the Lutheran religion. She was the daughter of John and Mary Seager.

She was born in Guttenberg, Germany on April 10, 1840 and came to this country with her parents and her brother John Seager when they were children. Her parents died when she was young. They were buried at was oliver cromwell, Greencastle Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio. More than this we do not know of my great-great-grandparents. My great-grandparents Leyes raised a family of ten children. At the time of the equality before the law essay, birth of their eldest son, my great-grandmother, Margaret Seager Leyes, purchased a second-hand cradle. She used it for the five children who lived, beginning with my great uncle Joseph Leyes. When my great-grandmother was through using it, her children, as they were married, used it for their children, until it passed along the line, finally reaching my grandfather Leyes. My grandparents used it for their seven children.

It then went to my mother who used it for her eight [surviving] children…. We are to this day preserving it for future use, although its rockers are worn thin and a new bottom has to replace the foot letters, older warped one. It is made entirely of walnut, with a dark walnut stain and finish. The four posts, which form the legs also, are carved to equality before, shape balls, which are connected. Book In Punjabi? The side pieces are fashioned the same way in a smaller pattern. As far as we know, it is of the Queen Anne style of furniture. Its value in the family is untold, because of its rare beauty and age which is estimated to equality before, be about 100 years. After the birth of Joseph, there were five still-born children, therefore without names. The dates of their births are also unknown.

The remaining five are: Joseph, born February 10, 1856, married Mary Kinzic, died November 3, 1934; Catherine, born July 30, 1858, married Andrew Stick; Carolina, born August 6, 1880, married three times, first to processes essay, Louis Stick, second to Charles Kramer, and third to the law essay, Carl Coates, died on processes essay, September 13, 1929; Phillip, born January 26, 1886, married Mary Niehous, died November 30, 1934; the last child was Henry, born May 23, 1871, married Anna Hecht on May 11, 1892 at Emanuel Church, Dayton, Ohio. Henry Leyes is before the law, my grandfather and Anna Hecht Leyes is my grandmother. They made their home on the Old Troy Pike where they raised all their children. They are still living there. They raised a family of seven children of whom my mother is the eldest. Cromwell A Hero Or A Essay? My mother, Cecilia Leyes Jergens, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the Rosary Church, Dayton, Ohio. My maternal grandparents' family included: Cecilia, born March 18, 1895, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10,1917, has eight living children, one deceased son; Louise, born May 11, 1897, married Louis Clayton on March 7, 1919, has three children; Andrew, born April 19, 1899, married Irma Hill on equality before, January 17, 1925, has four living and four deceased children; Dorothy, born March 26, 1901, married Charles Leidig on September 12, 1924, have no children; Catherine, born April 20, 1903, became a nun in the convent of analysis, St. Francis of the Poor at Hartwell, Cincinnati, Ohio, went to Germany in 1927 and died there on equality the law essay, March 12, 1930; Raymond, born June 20, 1905, has not married; and heart mind, Herbert, born on February 16, 1908, married Margaret Smith on November 7, 1936. When Peter and Cecilia Leyes Jergens were married, they established their residence at the homestead on the Old Troy Pike.

It was here that their children were born, all except the equality before essay, baby of the processes essay, family who was born at the Miami Valley hospital. The Law? My father is following the occupation which his father and grandfather followed before him, that of gardening, although today he has eight acres planned and worked in a more modern manner. Mind Essay? With one of the largest irrigation systems in the Mad River Township, his success at gardening is evident. Equality The Law Essay? The engine, which supplies the water to the thirty-six pipe lines, pumps three hundred gallons of business plans free, water a minute. The pipe lines to which the before, water is situational analysis, pumped have an average of one hundred and ten nozzles, or openings, in them. The patent for these nozzles was obtained by the Skinner Irrigation System, before my father could apply for one. My father had also perfected these nozzles. Equality The Law Essay? The organizer of the Skinner company gave a district salesmanship to my father instead. He has held this position for 26 years. At present he is employed at Frigidaire Corporation, working at Plant 2, Moraine City.

Before her marriage, my mother attended school from the first through the sixth grades at a little red school house on the Old Troy Pike. Free? She completed the equality before the law, seventh and eighth grades at the Emanuel Parochial School. Locker Cover Letters? Upon leaving Emanuel's school, she attended Miami Jacob College and Stivers High School night classes. Before The Law Essay? At the completion of her education she worked in the Schaeffer home of Oakwood. She was employed for six years before her marriage to Peter Jergens, Jr.

Therefore with the family, of which I am a member, being descended from ancestors who have come from essay language, Germany, France and Sweden, we form a family of mixed traits. Some of these traits are strongly prominent. We are all staunch Roman Catholics, about equality before essay, evenly divided between the dark and light complexioned, and all fairly largely built, physically.

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Equality Before the Law and its Role for Transition to Capitalism

FabricationsHQ - Putting the Words to the Music. Earlier/ previous month's reviews will be re-ordered alphabetically. Tony Visconti, producer of the band’s first two albums, was so sympathetic to equality the law, their cause that he effectively joined Gentle Giant for those back to back recordings, adding (to use his own words) some stunning audio effects that gave their sound more depth and immediacy. Additionally, subtle raising or lowering of a given instrument in the mix has brought a different perspective, as opposed to situational analysis, a complete reworking, which would have been completely out of place and out of sync with Steven Wilson’s deference for equality essay, the material (Wilson was also responsible for the 5.1 and new stereo mixes of Gentle Giant’s 1972 album Octopus and 1974’s The Power and the Glory ). It works well enough (and to be fair a large part of was oliver or a essay Black Country Communion's musical modus operandi is based on equality before essay, the sway and swagger of Zeppelin) but as the album progresses it becomes apparent that on BCCIV the band have perhaps gone to that particular well once or twice too often. The song, a fittingly titanic tale of the Titanic’s last moments (and that of the ship’s band leader, violinist Wallace Hartley), is a beautifully constructed number that features fiddle, mandolin and a heavier, dark icy waters central passage. A heavy blues (carrying a faint echo of 'Dazed and Confused' in the background) with an impassioned lyrical plea for the Dolphins slaughtered every year in the coastal town of Taiji in cromwell or a villain, Japan, should be quite the statement, but the the law essay, importance and significance of Glenn Hughes' lyric is lost in was oliver essay, the musical wash (a video that is being made to accompany the song should help make the message very clear however). The same live familiarity applies to the plaintive 'Voice in before essay, My Head' and letters the uplifting, mid-tempo melodic pop of 'Impossible,' featuring an equally uplifting solo from guest guitarist Meno Gootjes of Focus (the album also features guitar part contributions from Niko Tsonev and Robin Boult).

The opening track is a softly shimmering (and ever so slightly jazzy) melodic keyboard based affair with passages of equality essay ambience and punchy, rhythmic outbursts from Jon Poole and drummer Frosty Beedle. The you are freedom led non-linear lyric has been intentionally left open for the listener to come up with their own interpretation; similarly the track’s title, which can be Nything you want it to be. The one long-form piece where the band truly get their melodic prog on open mind, tells the tale of the famous Cardington Sheds in Bedfordshire and a bygone era that was once seen as the future of air travel through the R100 and before the law R101 Airships of the late 1920s and early 1930s (the beauty of the silver beast; the machine that gives man the means to try). Its fast, it sizzles, it snaps but it’s not far removed from the H.E.A.T template and that of other, similar bands. The band Erik Grönwall (vocals), Crash (drums percussion), Jimmy Jay (bass), Jona Tee (keys) and returning guitarist Sky Davis (aka Dave Dalone, who played on the band's first three albums) have extended their sonic palette beyond hard edged power rock and processes essay melodic balladeerng to express themselves on a broader musical canvas. The rhythmic, percussive pulse and equality before the law essay sonic atmosphere of radio friendly 'Redefined' makes a good song a great one; 'Do You Want It?' (which is about exactly what you think it is) provides heavy synth pop meets euro guitar rock contrast; 'Time on processes essay, Our Side' is equality before pacey melodic Euro rock but goes that extra, well-crafted and beautifully structured mile, coupled with a lyrical sincerity (about rebuilding a once strong relationship) to set it apart from the pack. A seven and processes essay half minute blues rock affected slab of power, swagger and substance, 'Into the before the law, Great Unknown' is another song that carries a resonating chorus, this time with a twofold lyrical meaning just where are we headed as a species / an individual’s decision to take a risk rather than never to try (Into the great unknown, but is it the end of the essay language, world? On a one way ticket to fortune and fame/ I’m not gonna fall without a fight). Into the Great Unknown European Tour UK dates: The latter pair are given a country styled makeover from Indie-folk band Vandaveer while 'You Can’t Fight Lightning' was recorded by Indie rock outfit Alberta Cross; Ringo Starr then added new vocals. The results being the new Colosseum line-up actually only before the law essay appear together on one of the eight tracks on Daughter of processes essay Time, opening track 'Three Score and Ten, Amen.'

The number also contains a funky little solo mid-song from Clem Clempson, but the equality before the law essay, guitarist shines brighter on later tracks including the pacey instrumental 'Bring Out Your Dead' and the blues 'n' wailing saxophone number, 'Downhill and free Shadows.' The latter, another lifted from Back to equality before the law, the Drive , features a cathartic, relationship-ending lyric emotively delivered by Suzi Quatro. Dubiety of open open mind that line notwithstanding, what Liz Jones can certainly claim to be is fine songwriter, with a folk and jazz flavoured voice that’s a pleasure to listen to. For his first solo release of the then very new Millennium, Glenn Hughes came out the gates rocking hard and equality the law essay stayed there for pretty much the entire album. Funkin' it up on a big beat from Armando Aussenac and some great saxophone from Grammy award winner Fabian Hernandez (Hamilton Loomis's fellow Texans and open open essay go-to guys for live performance) the song plays as if it’s written for before the law essay, your sugar on the dance floor but is situational actually dedicated to all the sugar babes who suffer from the rare low blood sugar disease Congenital Hyperinsulinism, or HI. (Hamilton Loomis’s three-year-old son Bo, who makes an appearance on before, the album via his maraca shaking, was diagnosed with the potentially life-threatening condition in 2015). Following 'Funky Little Brother,' the perfect book-end partner to 'Sugar Baby,' a funky little jam ensues featuring a quartet of young Houston area music protégées of Hamilton Loomis; it’s a paying it forward and passing it on essay language, nod to the mentoring a young Loomis received from the late and great trio of before the law essay Johnny Copeland, Joe Guitar Hughes and the legendary Bo Diddley. The latter pairing comes courtesy of noted jazz and business plans blues Hammond player Pete Whittaker and equality the law essay highly sought-after session and free live drummer Paul Robinson (everyone from The Buggles to Nina Simone). Trumpeter Andy Urquhart and before sax player Ian Ellis, part of the band’s studio sound since the excellent debut album Good Times, make an appearance on three numbers. (A major influence on Schwarz in her early teens, Holiday clearly inspired the Symbicort, Blue Commotion front woman to develop her own inimitable style of lyrical phrasing and vocal intonation, much as the before, pioneering jazz blues legend did some eight decades before her).

But this is no second best band this is Symbicort analysis a first-class outfit with a fresh approach, the equality before, results of heart open mind essay which mean they now have are another vibrant, thoughtful and captivating album under their blues-swingin’ belts. However having supported Tears For Fears on a world tour and wanting to up the ante as regards their own songwriting, sound and production values, The Adventures headed to equality before the law essay, the studio for album number two fully focussed on the task at hand. The sum of all the parts was a full-bodied sound, huge choruses and a sonic layering that moved Pat Gribben’s songs from excellent to exceptional. Each song also has its own weight, whether in foot cover, arrangement, tempo or vocal feel (Matt Andersen’s soulful voice has the ability to be incredibly emotive even when delivering across only a handful of notes). The slow and smooth 'The Gift' features an equality essay equally smooth vocal that sits in baritone territory with occasional dips in to a resonate bass; the mid-tempo title track grooves along on electro-beats and swinging horns; the essay language, genuinely heartfelt piano and vocal ballad 'I’m Giving In' shines through Matt Andersen’s honest and emotionally open delivery.

(If Adele covered and equality before the law released 'I’m Giving In' it would be top of the charts and foot locker never off the radio). And you’d better believe that, with Honest Man, Matt Andersen has delivered one of the most soulful (musically and equality the law essay vocally) blues related albums of recent years. Crystal Machine is therefore more an open heart introduction to equality, the ambient space rock world of Tim Blake than a true debut, but from the was oliver or a essay, swirling spiral of synths on 'Midnight' to message receiving album closer 'Crystal Presence,' it’s a strong representation of the creative, new age music of Tim Blake. The album also features two of Blake’s most significant pieces, the before essay, space-rock travelogue 'Lighthouse' and business the 16 minute synthesized opus 'New Jerusalem;' they are also two of his most recognised songs, featuring as they did in Hawkwind sets during his time in the band from 1979 to 1980. 'A Song for a New Age' and the law the quirky electro-pop of 'Generator (Laser Beam),' which musically predicts the business plans, appearance of techno-pop just a year or two later. The B-Side tracks 'Bad Girl' (Rainbow) and 'Girl From Uptown' (MSG, and a song that should have made it on to the before essay, album) are included however, as is 'Lost In Hollywood' and two versions of essay book language 'Since You’ve Been Gone,' in different band guises.

Two numbers sung by Bonnet for the Taz Taylor Band’s Welcome to America album (2006) also feature. The melodic rock of Alcatrazz is before featured across six studio tracks (and a live cover of essay book 'Since You’ve Been Gone') while the melodic metal leanings of Impellitteri are showcased with two tracks from Stand in Line (1988) and Bonnet’s fourteen years later reunion with Chris Impellitteri via 'Perfect Crime' from equality before System X. Graham Bonnet’s singing on the Blackthorne tracks make for quite the Symbicort, vocal curio as Bob Kulick insisted Bonnet sang in equality essay, a lower ranged, rawer Brian Johnson style (a pretend voice! as Bonnet states in the accompanying and informative 16 page booklet). Featuring new introductions from the singer, the DVD contains 23 video tracks (a number of them victims of second generation copy quality) spanning from the mind, rare 'on stage' films made to accompany Bonnet's earliest solo numbers to the official video for 'The Mirror Lies' by the Graham Bonnet Band. Rounding off what is an outstanding and thorough retrospective are eight songs from Impellitteri, filmed live in equality the law, Tokyo in business plans, 1988. There was a time when it could be (Greatest) Hit and Miss, vocally, but whether strengthened by having a solid band behind him, bolstered by the far-better-than-anyone-expected GBB debut album The Book or simply looking after his voice better as he approaches his seventieth birthday, Graham Bonnet is before the law essay singing as well as he has in a hero, many a long year. But recent tours and performances have highlighted a singer on solid vocal form and, of equal importance, one that is clearly enjoying himself and singing smartly Graham Bonnet can still hit some nice highs on choruses (the heavy pop-rocking of 'S.O.S.' and equality before MSG's 'Dancer,' the pacey Alcatrazz number 'God Blessed Video') but he knows when to drop an plans octave or rephrase a line. Only flubbed lines and essay (musically) missed or (vocally) cracked notes have been caught and redone in the studio, as confirmed by Graham Bonnet when he spoke to FabricationsHQ earlier in cover letters, the year. Both numbers move at such a (guitar) lick that you feel they are over and gone in before the law essay, sixty seconds, not their fast and heart mind essay furious two minutes and forty-five seconds apiece.

Forty-odd years on equality the law, from Cheap Trick’s emergence as one of the rock 'n' roll bands via their black and white debut of diversity, their fully In Colour and plans free pop-rocked sophomore release, the dynamic Heaven Tonight and that little live shindig at the Budokan, Cheap Trick are indeed all right, no Surrender to greatest hits tours or re-recorded classics for before, these boys. The angular rock 'n' roll of 'Lolita' touches on a hero or a villain, the mid-80s sounds of the much maligned The Doctor; 'Brand New Name on equality before essay, an Old Tattoo' (contender for song title of the open essay, year) carries that 90s high-powered rock punch; 'Floating Down' is the atmospherically structured rock ballad no Cheap Trick album has been without since 'The Flame' took them to their biggest commercial success thirty years before; 'She’s Alright' is the the law, quirkier pop-charm of the band in open heart open mind, the 21st century; 'Listen to Me' is equality before the law contemporary Cheap Trick rock 'n' roll. That way you’ll have yourself the essay, fully poppified 'n' Trickified version of The Move’s classic hit 'Blackberry Way,' the Who-esque 'Fly on the Wall' and the cutely titled and Beatles clothed 'If You Still Want My Love.' (Remastered and Expanded Editions) Organ and keyboardist Dave Greenslade (Jon Hiseman and Tony Reeves were part of equality the law The Dave Greenslade Trio when Hiseman was just 14) and singer-guitarist James Litherland completed what became Colosseum and an acclaimed brace of musically adventurous releases, Those Who Are About to Die Salute You and Valentyne Suite (March and November 1969 respectively). Eclipsing that quartet of gems was the seventeen minute instrumental title track. A suite in three parts, it featured Dave Greenslade and Dick Heckstall-Smith and was driven by some brilliant and intense drum work from Jon Hiseman; the results were a track destined to become an important and processes essay iconic part of before essay early progressive history and the band’s tour-de-force. A number of well-received tours through the 21st century culminated with a final curtain show in processes essay, London in 2015. Featuring guitarist Dave Clem Clempson (who replaced James Litherland at the end of 1969), the album was culled from equality before the law four songs unreleased in Symbicort situational, the UK and four from Valentyne Suite , three of equality the law which were remixed to feature new guitar and lead vocal parts by Clempson. The song then reshapes to become an uplifting ray of shine your lovelight optimism and one of the feistiest little feel-good numbers in the Lachy Doley Group repertoire.

a cappella vocal lines and keyboard flourishes that add a splash or three of bluesy colour. The strength of 'Waiting' is in the delicacy of its vocal and guitars only arrangement; the cromwell or a essay, accordion of the law Colin J. Nicholson is the featured instrument of the lovely 'Leaving Stoer;' the delightful 'A Peedie Heart' (Peedie is the Orkney word for little or wee) is processes essay given additional texture from the keyboard and equality essay fiddle of Hazel and Symbicort situational analysis Jennifer Wrigley respectively. (Originally released in equality before the law essay, 2006 and personally compiled by Keith Emerson, the long since deleted album has been given a new lease of digitally remastered life by open open Esoteric Recordings). The Nice themselves are featured on another of before their famous covers, Frank Zappa’s 'Lumpy Gravy' (from a John Peel radio session). Idiom carries its own style thank you very much, albeit there are times when Euro-rock-metal ('Father Time') or darker metal variants built on slower tempos ('So Far Away') make themselves known. While such influences are evident, you won’t find any parodies or copies of foot letters those bands or genres; the strength of Evilyn Strange is that they tend to mix those influences with their own distinct brand of metal. More power to Evilyn Strange then for a musical modus operandi that, to quote from a recent chat with Phillip Strange (a singer who has a tonality not dissimilar to Biff Byford but with very much his own voice, style and equality before phrasing) is all about processes essay passion over fashion. The former is a vocal and acoustic guitar ballad (layered with harmony vocals and punctuated by equality before essay a short but poignant solo from Mikael Johannsson) while the latter brings the album to a fast-paced, punky conclusion. Idiom is the natural Evilution from the band's five track release of that name; the was oliver cromwell a hero villain, album takes its lead from their 2016 EP but dares to go further, well beyond the reaches of equality the law their Alice in Chains meets melodic rock debut, the heart mind, solid but tragically underheard Mourning Phoebe.

The most unusual yet highly effective contribution comes from Ferenc and Sara Kovács (trumpet and didgeridoo respectively) who add eeriness to 'Fifty Miles From the North Pole,' an atmospheric and dark Steve Hackett number that musically describes the beauty and dangers of the frozen wasteland. The track features a number of musicians and vocalists including Christine Townsend on violin and singers Kobi and before the law essay Mira, from Israel and Palestine. How emotive and beautifully phrased is the guitar work? The immediate comparison is Jeff Beck. FabricationsHQ is processes essay sticking with Wolflight for equality, the time being but the more you listen to processes essay, The Night Siren (and it takes multiple spins to appreciate its breadth and multi-cultural complexity) the the law essay, more you start to think Mr Hackett might be on to something. It also delivers plenty of a hero or a villain essay bluesy swagger and space for the Red Rocker to deliver his trademark, fiery vocal lines with a depth and equality the law range that hadn’t diminished much over his then thirty years of giving to the vocal cause (and, fifteen years later, still haven’t). It’s no surprise therefore that the track listing (chosen by Hagar) lifts heavily from that album, including the celebratory rock of the processes essay, title track, the AOR geared 'Little Bit More' and equality before the law essay the charming little ukulele instrumental 'Maui Wowie' (the latter was originally a hidden track that followed the optimistic vibrancy of 'Tropic Of Capricorn,' which also features). The acoustic led and business backing vocal harmonies of equality the law 'No Worries' follows and complements' One More Sip' while 'Never Said Goodbye' is a remembrance waltz to friends passed and the perfect album closer. Thirteen was followed in foot locker cover, 2015 by Live at the law the Phoenix ; recorded and filmed in the band’s hometown of Toronto, the show captured Harem Scarem in fine form delivering a set based around material from Mood Swings and Thirteen. Tracks such as 'The Sky is Falling' (full of big beats and an even bigger chorus) and 'Sinking Ship' (the punchy, riff-driven number making for cromwell or a essay, one of Harem Scarem’s strongest songs to date) tell a tale as much through their titles as their lyrics.

But if you’re looking to lighten the load with roots based, easy-on-the ears, acoustic led blues-folk there’s a static in the wires out there that might deliver a lower strength current than its Marshall stacked, blues rockin’ counterparts but one that’s no less powerful in terms of performances, authenticity and songcraft. Part Two is a slower-tempo, seven-and-a-half minute number that leaves plenty of space for before the law, the vocal, guitars, drums and open open double bass to breathe; it falls somewhere between structured composition and studio work-out (the album was tracked live at Wow Flutter Studios in Nashville). Unfortunately however too many songs on Jo Harman’s 2013 studio debut were cut from the same mould or arrangement outside of a couple of change-ups (the funky blues-pop of 'Heartstring' and essay the grittier, guitar slidin’ 'Underneath the River') the remaining tracks, while well performed, got lost in the piano based shuffle. For example the seven and a half minute 'Lend Me Your Love' is atmospheric Pink Floyd meets soul-blues while the Nashville piano and situational slide balladeering of 'Changing of the Guard' features a George Martin-Beatles styled section toward the end of the the law essay, song. The latter, featuring the distinctive tones of book Michael McDonald on guest vocals, deservedly made BBC Radio 2 playlist rotation.

If Judie Tzuke did soul-blues (Harman and Tzuke have similar vocal timbres and purity of tone) it’s hard to equality, conceive of it being any better than this and the beautiful ballad 'The Final Page,' another People We Become highlight, might well be the best song Miss Tzuke never wrote. Given the state of the world and where we may be heading that might not be the worst of ideas but this is a Hawkwind album; not everything is open as it first appears By the before the law essay, time Dave Brock’s spitting, semi-narrative lyric confirms we are waiting here for you, there’s nothing else for us to do, later declaring we’ll tear your flesh and eat your bones, and you won’t be going home! it's clear there won’t be any skipping lightly through leafy forest paths in these woods. The latter, featuring guest player Big Bill Barry on fiddle, is best described as the business plans free, Hillbilly grandson of before the law 'Silver Machine.' The stylistically different but could-only-be Hawkwind tracks include 'Vegan Lunch' (channelling the band’s short-lived new wave sound of the late 70s), the sonic eeriness and spoken word vignette 'Dark Cavern' (a staple of in punjabi Hawkwind’s entire career) and closing number, the nine-a-half-minute space-rock psychedelia instrumental jam 'Magic Mushrooms' well, it’s the one thing you would risk coming out of your isolated underground dwelling and equality before essay heading Into the Woods for, isn’t it?

Malcolm Holcombe performs solo on 'Damn Weeds' (a plaintive musical nod to Symbicort analysis, the fact that, while the outside world continues to argue among itself, the grass still needs cutting); 'The Eyes of equality the law Josephine,' featuring Mike McGoldrick on processes essay, Uilleann whistle and pipes, is equality before a fine slice of Irish folk. He’s also a musical poet and master storyteller. The band's subsequent reunion shows led to recordings that were, initially, to be part of a new Trapeze album. From the swaying horns, soul-sass female backing vocals and foot letters percussive remarks of 'I Got it Covered' to closing track 'I Found a Woman' (one of Glenn Hughes' finest soul-rock moments) it’s clear this a musically unrestricted Glenn Hughes who was free to experiment and not just musically, by the sounds of the perfectly titled 'Space High' (Glenn Hughes was still combating heavy drugs dependency at the time). 'L.

A. Cut Off' while 'Destiny' is the template for many of the high-voiced, soul-grooved Glenn Hughes numbers that would follow. CD2 also includes the dreadfully misguided and truly awful Four on the Floor disco project by Casablanca Records, which featured, among others, Glenn Hughes, Jeff Baxter and Al Kooper. It’s also an album with not one, but two, soul-based styles. Half the numbers are bass pumping or bass driven funk and equality the law soul-rock, exemplified by pacey opener 'Big Time' and open heart mind essay the groove driven 'Livin' for essay, the Minute,' while the lighter soul-pop of processes essay Glenn Hughes can be heard on numbers such as 'Does it Mean That Much to You?,' 'Speak Your Mind' and soul-ballad 'Save Me Tonight (I’ll Be Waiting),' the latter featuring one of Glenn Hughes' finest ever deliveries. 'Big Time' and the funky hard melodic rock of 'Redline,' both co-written with Thrall, give an indication of just how good a second Hughes-Thrall album would have sounded; sadly however a follow-up to their classic 1982 album was destined never to materialise, despite all efforts. Glenn Hughes' melodic soul take of the equality, Deep Purple number works extremely well, especially in was oliver cromwell villain, the context of the album. It's a monster album that also laid claim to being the heaviest Glen Hughes release until Resonate turned the amps up to eleven and a half twenty years later. (The remastered edition also includes live versions of the Trapeze songs 'Way Back to the Bone' and 'Touch My Life' and Deep Purple's 'You Fool No One' as bonus tracks). CD2 of Feel features the equality before essay, seven song set from the 1994 Schüttorf Open Air festival in Germany and a number of unplugged performances; CD2 of Addiction is a high-energy, greatest hits styled set from 1995 in Holland. That idea became a reality when the pair first saw, and were captivated by, the essay in punjabi language, Carducci Quartet Matthew Denton (Violin), Michelle Fleming (Violin), Eoin Schmidt-Martin (Viola) and Emma Denton (Cello).

Similarly 'We Used to Bach' is a beautifully segued arrangement of 'We Used to equality essay, Know' and Bach’s 'Prelude in Symbicort situational analysis, C Major.' (The renowned engineer, who also recorded Erja Lyytinen’s vocals, worked with the original analogue console he used when recording the Rolling Stones back in equality before, the sticky fingered day). Built on a slow, repeating groove, an extended guitar solo takes over the second half of 'Black Ocean;' the six-string work out is as expressive musically as Erja Lyytinen is vocally. The dreamy nature of the latter plays foil to a more serious lyric that warns us it’s a thin line between stretching ourselves to our limits and analysis mental illness. From a bright keyboards and guitars up front beginning 'Trojan' (a futuristic story the Trojan Horse in before the law, a. sci-fi setting) becomes a melodically charged swell of Magenta coloured prog, all given rhythmic rise and foot letters fall from Jon Jiffy Griffiths (drums) and Dan Nelson (bass). The second half of the number mixes delicate passages with hard rock sequences (if Pink Floyd played the blues), highlighting the the law essay, versatility and strength of Christina Booth’s vocals; the song then returns to processes essay, its opening remarks for an invigorating, short-burst finale.

The climax to 'Colours' is two minutes of before the law vibrant, psychedelic prog-blues; Dan Nelson’s bass lines weave in and out of Chris Fry’s lead guitar work and open heart open essay Christina Booth’s ever-rising, impassioned vocals. Darker tones are then introduced via jagged guitar lines and a more sinister vocality (as the voice of the equality before, infected) before 'Legend' is brought to a big-finish conclusion, Christina Booth vocally soaring above the Symbicort, backing vocals as the last man standing accepts his fate, and challenge, as the one left holding the world in my hand. Chris Fry superbly mixes soaring melodic licks with blues-tinged lead work and edgier six-string lines. Christina Booth, having returned to full musical duties after illness, is singing with both purpose and equality essay a discernible joie de vivre. (on stage the open mind, unfettered exuberance of Krissy Matthews, along with the energy produced by the band, could probably power a small town for a night). 'Hit the Rock' is RB with little rock-based change-ups, 'Roadsick Blues' is equality finger pickin’ country rockin’ party time and the wonderfully titled 'Bubble and processes essay the Seven Phones,' running to nine minutes live and written for equality essay, a friend sadly passed, provides spacey, slow melodic blues contrast to or a essay, a high energy release from a high energy musician. The results, song-wise and in Kevin Elson’s sonic tone, is something more akin to a classic 70s rock sound than a 90s band alive and well in the 21st century. '1992' is equality a self-effacing, nostalgia-rock nod to a chart-topping past (the simple but beautifully effective vocal-led ballad 'To Be With You') while the snappy beats and mind essay melodic hard pop 'n' roll of the title track is a declaration of positivity, beating the before, odds and processes essay still swinging two decades after many similar bands would have run out of steam or called it a day.

The chosen songs were collated and equality the law essay sequenced as a four album, themed collection, but presented exactly as originally recorded, warts 'n' all (not state-of-the-art, merely state-of-the-heart as Nelson described the work). Pick of the Buddha bunch is the more ambient 'Perfect World,' which contains the wonderful line in a perfect world, love would cast no shadow (Buddha himself would have been proud of that one). Decoded delights include 'Snowing Outside,' 'Tired Eyes' and the deep voiced 'Year 44 (The Birthday Song).' The final album of the collection is a musical smorgasbord of treated or audio effected guitars ('Dream Up, Billy'), pacier tempos ('Birds in cromwell a hero essay, Blue Sky Again'), quirkiness ('Only Dreaming'), electro beats and equality essay keyboard punches ('It’s Always Maybe'). It’s interesting to note that the additional pieces are more rhythmic, or fill more space, than the main body of processes essay work, but complement the whole perfectly. The Book of equality before essay Inward Conversation also includes the eight tracks that make up the serene Ecclesia Gnostica (Music for the Interior Church) , the 7 vinyl EP that was originally only available with the first LP pressings of Chance Encounters in the Garden of Lights. The inclusion of the additional fourteen tracks and essay in punjabi language Ecclesia Gnostica EP also means the original eighty-five minutes of Chance Encounters. The Law? has been expanded to a two-hour journey of the serene and the evocative.

It’s also clearly no coincidence they have delivered such an album in 2017, thirty-five anniversary years after debut album Dawn Patrol. (which was, somewhat ironically, the open mind, title of his excellent little Americana-rockabilly-country release of before the law essay 2007) has taken the essay book language, Scottish folk 'n' lore route for his new solo album. The Dunfermline based singer’s love of essay rock music is evident (Osborne spent a year with Nazareth and a hero essay currently fronts ex Nazareth and Scottish rock guitar legend Manny Charlton’s band) but traditional Scottish music is a passion. For Ballads Battles Logan took Linton Osborne’s basic guide demos, played and laid down the the law essay, necessary instrumentation, recorded Osborne’s vocals and, amazingly (given the situational, quality of the mix, mastering and final product) produced the album in equality, just three days. Each song features his natural baritone / bari-tenor voice while his higher register or head vocal is, understandably, posted missing (the latter however is something Linton Osborne can seemingly switch to Symbicort situational analysis, with ease; it’s also the voice that got him the gig with Nazareth and equality the law makes him such a great fit for Manny Charlton’s Raz-ama-tastic sets).

The mid-tempo number struts with melodically charged soul blues; the vocals of front man and rhythm guitarist Ben Edwards are perfectly complemented by the guitar tones of latest Rainbreaker, Charlie Richards, who delivers a tasty little solo and provides echoing six-string colour behind the rhythmic groove created by Peter Adams (bass) and Sam Edwards (drums). It's a genuinely striking number that, in weight and pacing, is the slow soul blues equivalent of a hero or a essay Thin Lizzy’s classic rock ballad 'Still in Love With You' (and as comparisons go that’s not too shabby). The falling in love song 'Perception' retains the equality essay, balladeering mood of business plans 'Waiting On You,' but carries a more psychedelic tone; 'Living Free' is an edgier, more rock orientated number and equality the law essay the song that comes closest to blues rock, albeit with that Rainbreakers infusion of psychedelia, soul and musical space-to-breath. The rhythm work is more groove orientated, Ben Edwards is vocally hitting all the soul blues sweet spots and Charlie Richards is delivering the space-filling, pedal effected and melodically structured guitar lines that should see the band Rise Up the ranks of the must see - must hear blues rock and blues soul acts. It's no more than their talents deserve. (a twenty-five year tenure that ended with an announcement that was as big a surprise to the front man as it was the was oliver cromwell a hero or a, fans). The debut balanced multi-layered soft prog with darker musical colours ('Darkness has Spoken' wouldn't have been out of place on a Pallas album) and equality a touch of Celtic flavouring; all of which made for a solid and well-received release within the modern progressive rock community. Room for one more, Alan? ex Wishbone Ash guitarist Laurie Wisefield, keyboard player Adam Wakeman (Ozzy Osbourne) and the husky-blues voice of Chris Ousey (Heartland). Lead-off single 'That Kind Of Love' is high quality, mid-tempo AOR blues; the a hero essay, similarly paced and highly energised 'Are You Ready to Fly' is the essay, best song the aforementioned AOR era Bad Company never wrote; 'I’ll Take You as You Are' carries the acoustic-based rise and foot cover letters heavy blues fall of before the law classic Whitesnake but, through the guitar stylings of Simon McBride, Laurie Wisefield and Chris Ousey’s distinct vocal, it’s all Snakecharmer; the book language, heavy pop-blues of 'Punching Above My Weight' adds further snakeskinned charm and equality the law texture, to name but four.

A rhythm section that features Neil Murray and Harry James is a lock-down done deal, and a foundation upon which the others can express themselves and truly shine. Simon McBride and Laurie Wisefield have dovetailed in to an exceptional six-string pairing that play to, and off of, each other’s six-string strengths; Adam Wakeman fills the processes essay, gaps with big Hammond sounding grooves and well-placed piano lines (such as on the barroom soul-blues of 'Forgive Forget'); Heartland’s Chris Ousey has become even more vocally assured and confident as the front man and voice of Snakecharmer. Back In Line may be cut from the equality the law essay, same monster riffs huge beats mould but the band’s grunge-tinged rifforama has been reshaped to plans free, a hard 'n' heavy rock sound that mixes the equality the law essay, classic old school with the contemporary. The short, introductory instrumental quickly gives way to the dirty great riff, slam-dunk drumming and driving bass that powers 'My Poison;' the song delivers a hard, heavy and hollerin' start to the album, Kyle Lamley declaring seven deadly sins, y’know I’ve tasted every one (but) nothing relates to situational, the taste of my poison! It’s one of the best (and most successful) albums of Vangelis’ entire career, as is his other 1979 release, China, which is influenced by equality before the Land of the Rising Sun and Symbicort situational analysis includes the use of Chinese instrumentation. By contrast the Academy Award winning Chariots of Fire soundtrack is the most well known and successful Vangelis album, featuring the emotive, instantly recognisable and equality before the law essay hugely successful 'Titles' theme.

More experimental than its predecessors, Invisible Connections (1985) completes the processes essay, trilogy and equality the law essay features three longer form tracks of intentionally minimalist (more space than notes), eerie and ambient soundscapes. The latter is cromwell a hero or a villain fully realised on the 22 minute 'Horizon' from The Private Collection , the album that closes out essay a comprehensive retrospective highlighting some of the most interesting solo, soundtrack and collaborative work Vangelis ever committed to record and open open mind essay now remastered CD. The feisty Indie-Alt rock of the I-V album would have been far stronger as a four or five track EP truth be told but it was interesting to note the gritty riff and shuffling beat that drove closing number 'Lay Me Down' was a pointer of blues-meets-contemporary things to come. In 2016 Ash Wilson joined Jesse Davey's Big Blues Band but the equality before, seeds of a solo debut recording had already been sown what could have been just another side project quickly grew to become such a strong statement of processes essay Ash Wilson intent that in 2017 he decided to head out under his own name with the album Broken Machine. Ash Wilson’s guitar howls of before expressive pleasure carry a hint of essay in punjabi language Hendrix in before, full cry; Phil Wilson (who produced and mixed the album) adds punctuation via well-placed fills and cymbal crashes while the king of the 6-string bass, Roger Inniss, underpins the opening number with not so much a repeating bass line as a sensual pulse. The latter features Bob Fridzema (the King King man’s keyboards can be heard on the majority of the numbers) who fills the space between Ash Wilson’s stream of melodic notes (Wilson also delivers a seriously tasty solo to close out the processes essay, number).

The simply arranged but beautifully delivered number is coloured by some fine six-string playing and phrasing as well as falsetto lifts from Ash Wilson; the singer clearly stretching himself beyond his vocal comfort zone for maximum effect on the heartfelt ballad. Ash Wilson’s previous musical experiences and wide ranging influences haven’t helped produce a good debut they have helped produce an excellent one.

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Life and Debt: Jamaica and the Imf Essay Sample. Through the eyes of Westerners taking holidays on the beautiful beaches of Jamaica, most will only be exposed to the bountiful sunshine constantly spraying across their faces, the perfect turquoise tropic waters surrounding the island, and the rich fruit that tastes so fresh it leaves you feeling as if it must have been picked off the equality essay, tree only mere moments ago. In Life and Debt, the film portrays Jamaica from two substantially clashing views. First, it is highlighted as a perfect vacation spot. Situational. It shows how rich the equality the law, country is in tourism and how ideal the ocean-front property surrounding the island truly is. However, the film counters the natural beauty of Jamaica with the harsh realization of the was oliver cromwell a hero or a villain, widespread unrelenting veracity of poverty that grips this small island nation. Equality The Law Essay. When Jamaica was granted its independence from Great Britain, the tiny nation lacked sufficient economic strength to survive on its own. Throughout the time Great Britain ruled over the island, she had taken Jamaica’s ample natural resources in processes essay the name of the Crown.

Economically, when a nation does not have enough natural resources to survive, the situation turns very bitter in a short amount of time. Jamaica soon realized they were not able to finance what was needed to meet the needs of equality before essay its citizens. Jamaica sought financial assistance through the private banking system, but was denied repeatedly. The country had no choice but to resort to open heart mind the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to equality essay borrow money from. The IMF’s role is that of a “helping hand.” As per Jamaica and the IMF’s agreement, the IMF established a five-year plan with Jamaica. This included the placement of a hero or a essay stringent restrictions on what the tiny nation could spend the money on. As the Jamaicans slowly realized, this deal would serve them no purpose, except indebting the nation even further. The island was forced to cut certain government programs and equality before the law essay devalue their currency to meet IMF demands.

Jamaica was essentially bullied into processes essay, expanding imports and diminishing exports. The island’s debt keeps rising and the capacity to export their own goods is becoming alarmingly reduced as time advances. In this never ending cycle, Jamaica is repeatedly forced to ask for loans, which the IMF and the island know that they cannot afford to repay. Since Jamaica can’t repay these loans, it is before the law forced to take out different loans to finance the past balances and to meet the country’s current fiscal demands. Open Heart Mind. With every new loan, come harsher and harsher impositions due to Jamaica being forced to breach the previous loan’s agreement in order to attain the new funding from the IMF. This process is in a perpetual circle of a cycle and will not cease until the IMF decides to cut the impoverished nation off and deny further loans. As Jamaica and the IMF both realize, when the equality the law, IMF decides to cease the flow of business plans capital to Jamaica, the tiny nation will still be forced to follow certain stringent economic policies the IMF desires the nation to abide by. Before. These restrictions will undoubtedly harm Jamaica’s economic outlook for several years to come. The Jamaican Situation. Life and Debt showcases how the IMF’s harsh restrictions on the Jamaican economy are affecting the normal citizens of the island. In nearly every situation presented, the individual is cromwell or a essay facing extreme disrepair and is losing hope on a daily basis.

These limitations that are being artificially imposed on the Jamaican economy are severely damaging a broad range of traditional industries across the equality essay, nation. The IMF’s “investments” have brought about the near extinction of a once thriving dairy industry. In its place, is the severely under-priced, powdered milk industry that is heavily subsidized by the United States. Jamaica was once home to proud farmers and a prosperous agriculture industry. This, too, has greatly decayed as an influx of cheap produce is shipped from the essay book language, U.S. The prices are so low that the local farmers can no longer compete with the equality the law, giant multinational corporations that are sending the discount produce into locker cover, Jamaica. At one point during the film, an IMF spokesman blatantly suggests that Jamaicans completely give up on their rich history of producing fresh bountiful produce and solely focus their arable lands on the production of peppers. And if that fails, they always have tourism, says the IMF.

Since adoption of the demands mandated by the IMF, the Jamaican economy and citizens have become a dumping ground for cheap goods. For example, the poultry industry sends shiploads of US consumer rejected dark meat parts to equality before the island at a fraction of the cost compared to local grown, high-quality poultry. In addition to being forced to purchase cheap products comes the accompanying risk of receiving goods not fit for human consumption. In Life and Symbicort analysis Debt, a shipment of chicken that was estimated to have been frozen for over 28 years was sent to the island. When it was discovered, the shipper claimed that it was all a big mistake and essay that the load was actually supposed to have been shipped to Haiti.

The owners requested the shipment be released and sent on its way, but the Jamaicans did not release it due to plans the risk of the meat being sent for human consumption. The economic restrictions the IMF places on Jamaican imports and exports were not enough to satisfy the demands of the IMF. In addition to the aforementioned burdens placed upon the Jamaican economy, the IMF endorsed the establishment of Jamaican Free Zones. These zones were put into place in 1976. Before The Law. The Free Zones were designed to encourage foreign investment and international trade within Jamaica.

Businesses operating within these zones are responsible for no tax on their profits, and business plans are further exempted from the law essay, customs duties on imports and business free exports for all areas of production. They are also completely exempt from equality, import licensing requirements. However, these businesses must export 85 percent of open essay their products outside of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) according to the IMF agreement. Thousands of equality before the law essay Jamaican women, with little of prospect for employment, work long hours in harsh conditions within Jamaica’s Free Zones. Many western corporations use the open essay, cheap labor these workers provide to assemble the imported materials into expensive products that are shipped immediately to outside markets. The workers in before the Free zones average a wage of only $30 per week. These free zones provide no economic growth to the Jamaican government or the citizens within. These Free Zones are essentially viewed as not even being part of the island, but as independent land plots not under Jamaican authority. The Free Trade Conundrum. Free Trade is essentially defined as international trade that is free of such government interference as import quotas, export subsidies, and protective tariffs.

The concept of free trade is one that is steeped in opinions on open mind, both sides of the question. Free trade can work if it is truly free in nature. That seems to be the problem with all nations that are having issues with the adoption of this economic policy. In that same regard, it is not necessarily the country’s fault that they are struggling with the realization of the benefits of the law essay free trade. Fault is mainly within the country’s that are promoting the idea of free trade. These established countries are causing problems for processes essay the newly adopting countries. As displayed throughout Life and equality the law Debt, Jamaica is struggling with the idea of free trade due to the fact that the industries the country has historically been prosperous within are struggling to adapt to the complex and ever-changing demands of the global economy. Cover Letters. Having said that, the IMF is choking what little life the Jamaican economy once had by imposing the import and export restrictions on Jamaica.

By flooding the Jamaican market with cheap produce, cheap dairy products and cheap processed meats, the IMF is literally choking the life out of the Jamaican farmers and the people. These individuals cannot directly compete with the prices of the equality before essay, multinational corporations and situational are slowly being driven from existence. By keeping Jamaica’s economy as being heavily reliant on before the law, imports and not allowing them the in punjabi language, benefits of exporting goods, the IMF has literally enslaved the small island nation. Equality. If the IMF would ease restrictions placed upon the island, adopt a policy of limited debt forgiveness in combination with a refinancing package and thus made terms more favorable for the struggling Jamaican economy, growth could occur and some industries could be saved. However, the IMF will never cease their continued interference through the cover letters, use of export limitations, the promotion of an import-heavy economy, and before the law essay the reimplementation of certain protective tariffs that the Jamaican economy needs in order to compete with multinational corporations. The execution of these things could save the Jamaican economy, and at the very least, it could improve certain economic indicators to boost the heart mind essay, financial system within Jamaica. Equality The Law Essay. Conflicting Views of the IMF. The views of the World Bank and the IMF severely conflict with the views presented in Life and Debt.

The official aim of the World Bank is essentially maintaining the responsibility for letters financing economic development. The World Bank’s lone purpose is to promote economic and social progress in developing countries by helping to equality the law essay raise productivity so that citizens of the world may live a better life. The IMF was designed as a voluntary and cooperative institution. It attempts to equalize economic practices that are injurious to the overall economic well-being of was oliver cromwell a hero or a villain essay fellow member nations and minimize the damages caused by these practices. The rule of the institution is essentially that it requires members to allow their currency to be exchanged for foreign currencies freely and without restriction. The members must keep the IMF informed of changes they contemplate in financial and monetary policies that will affect fellow members’ economies. Before The Law. In addition to these rules, members must modify these policies on the advice of the plans, IMF to accommodate the needs of the entire membership as a whole. The IMF demands frequent reports on members’ economic policies and prospects. They will, in turn, debate, comment on, and communicate to the entire membership so that other members may respond in full knowledge of the facts and equality a clear understanding of how their own domestic policies may affect other countries. Essay Book. The IMF is convinced that an essential condition for international prosperity is before essay a systematic monetary system that will promote trade, create jobs, expand economic activity, and raise living standards throughout the world.

In Life and Debt, The IMF is portrayed as accomplishing exactly the opposite of their stated intentions within Jamaica. Was Oliver Or A Essay. Since adoption of the guidelines put forth by the IMF, poverty has been widespread, industries have been severely damaged, and citizen’s vitality has been ruined. These facts completely undermine the purpose the IMF/ World Bank purportedly serve. In my view, the equality before the law, IMF and World Bank attempt to perform the open heart mind essay, best they can, but their methods and equality the law essay guidelines are extremely flawed in relation to their assistance with struggling economies. Life and Debt offers an informative look at the current state of the Third World within the Caribbean as these economies struggle through the post-colonial world and book language trek their way into the global economy. The film also portrays the before the law, vast amount of power and influence that is exerted by book in punjabi the IMF and World Bank. The smaller economies of the world are essentially under economic control of the IMF and World Bank and therefore must conform to the strict demands set forth by these institutions.

Although the IMF and World Bank advertise their selves as out to help struggling economies, the proof of their “help” has yet to be displayed. These institutions cause more long-term harm to the economies of the countries who seek their assistance. In addition to essentially losing sovereignty over their economy, Jamaican politicians must also conform to the will of the International bankers that basically own the local economy. The Law Essay. In conclusion, as far as globalization is concerned, the IMF and World Bank hamper the benefits that globalization allows the was oliver a hero or a villain essay, world by imposing their own set of protective tariffs upon their investments. These organizations are essentially being given control of small economies to use to the law essay their advantage and the submissive governments in need of assistance can do little to counter the strength of the IMF and World Bank. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Life and Debt: Jamaica and the Imf. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Life and Debt: Jamaica and the Imf. Jamaica is known as an island of paradise for many individuals around the world.

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