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Review of related literature about teenage smoking

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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

body writing Toward an Understanding of l'Écriture féminine. Ann Rosalind Jones. France is today the scene of feminisms. The Mouvement de libération des femmes (MLF) grows every year, but so do the factions within it: feminist journals carry on bitter debates, a group of women writers boycotts a feminist publishing house, French women at conferences in the United States contradict each other's positions at top volume (Monique Wittig to Hélène Cixous: Ceci est un scandale!). Of Related Literature About. But in the realm of theory, the paper on magnesium French share a deep critique of the modes through which the West has claimed to discern evidence--or reality--and a suspicion concerning efforts to change the position of of related literature about teenage smoking women that fail to address the forces in the body, in structure notes the unconscious, in the basic structures of culture that are invisible to the empirical eye. Briefly, French feminists in general believe that Western thought has been based on a systematic repression of women's experience. Thus their assertion of a bedrock female nature makes sense as a point from which to deconstruct language, philosophy, psychoanalysis, the social practices, and the direction of patriarchal culture as we live in and resist it.

This position, the turn to féminité as a challenge to male--centered thinking, has stirred up curiosity and set off resonances among American feminists, who are increasingly open to theory, to philosophical, psychoanalytic, and Marxist critiques of review literature masculinist ways of seeing the gatsby cars essay world. Of Related Literature About Smoking. (Speakers at essay notes recent U.S. feminist conferences have, indeed, been accused of being too theoretical.) And it seems to me that it is precisely through theory that some of the positions of the French feminists need to be questioned--as they have been in review of related about teenage smoking France since the research topics beginnings of the MLF. My intention, then, is to pose some questions about the theoretical consistency and of related literature about teenage smoking (yes, they can't be repressed!) the practical and political implications of French discussions and celebrations of the feminine. For if one posits that female subjectivity is derived from women's physiology and analytical research topics bodily instincts as they affect sexual experience and the unconscious, both theoretical and practical problems can and review of related about teenage smoking do arise. The four French women I will discuss here--Julia Kristeva, Luce Irigaray, Hélène Cixous, and Monique Wittig--share a common opponent, masculinist thinking; but they envision different modes of resisting and moving beyond it. Their common ground is an analysis of Western culture as fundamentally oppressive, as phallogocentric.

I am the unified, self-controlled center of the universe, man (white, European, and ruling-class) has claimed. The rest of the world, which I define as the Other, has meaning only in relation to me, as man/father, possessor of the phallus. l This claim to centrality has been supported not only by religion and structure philosophy but also by language. Review Literature. To speak and especially to write from such a position is to appropriate the world, to dominate it through verbal mastery. Symbolic discourse (language, in various contexts) is another means through which man objectifies the world, reduces it to his terms, speaks in place of everything and everyone else--including women. How, then, are the Institutions and signifying practices (speech, writing, images, myths, and rituals) of such a culture to be resisted?

These French women agree that resistance does take place in the form of jouissance , that is, in thank essay the direct reexperience of the physical pleasures of infancy and of later sexuality, repressed but not obliterated by the Law of the Father. 2 Kristeva stops here; but Irigaray and of related literature about Cixous go on to emphasize that women, historically limited to being sexual objects for men (virgins or prostitutes, wives or mothers), have been prevented from expressing their sexuality in itself or for themselves. If they can do this, and if they can speak about it in research paper the new languages it calls for, they will establish a point of view (a site of différence ) from about teenage which phallogocentric concepts and controls can be seen through and taken apart, not only in theory but also in practice. Essay Structure Notes. Like Cixous, Wittig has produced a number of textes féminins , but she insists that the theory and practice of féminité must be focused on women among themselves, rather than on their divergence from men or from men's views of them. Literature Smoking. From a joint attack on phallogocentrism, then, these four writers move to various strategies against it. Julia Kristeva, a founding member of the research paper semiotic-Marxist journal Tel Quel , and the author of several books on avant-garde writers, language, and philosophy, finds in psychoanalysis the concept of the bodily drives that survive cultural pressures toward sublimation and surface in what she calls semiotic discourse: the gestural, rhythmic, prereferential language of such writers as Joyce, Mallarmé, and Artaud. 3 These men, rather than giving up their blissful infantile fusion with their mothers, their orality and anality, reexperience such jouissances subconsciously and review set them into play by constructing texts against the rules and regularities of conventional language. How do women fit into this scheme of semiotic liberation? Indirectly, as mothers, because they are the first love objects from which the child is typically separated and turned away in the course of his initiation into society. In fact, Kristeva sees semiotic discourse as an incestuous challenge to the symbolic order, asserting as it does the writer's return to the pleasures of his preverbal identification with his mother and his refusal to thank essay identify with his father and the logic of review about teenage paternal discourse.

Women, for Kristeva, also speak and write as hysterics, as outsiders to male-dominated discourse, for two reasons: the predominance in them of drives related to anality and childbirth, and their marginal position vis-a-vis masculine culture. Their semiotic style is gatsby cars, likely to involve repetitive, spasmodic separations from the dominating discourse, which, more often, they are forced to imitate. Review Of Related Literature. 4. Kristeva doubts, however, whether women should aim to work out alternative discourses. She sees certain liberatory potentials in their marginal position, which is (admirably) unlikely to produce a fixed, authority-claiming subject/ speaker or language: In social, sexual and symbolic experiences, being a woman has always provided a means to another end, to becoming something else: a subject-in-the-making, a subject on trial. Rather than formulating a new discourse, women should persist in paper challenging the discourses that stand: If women have a role to of related smoking play . it is analytical, only in assuming a negative function: reject everything finite, definite, structured, loaded with meaning, in the existing state of review of related literature teenage smoking society. Such an attitude places women on the side of the on magnesium explosion of social codes: with revolutionary movements. 5 In fact, woman to Kristeva represents not so much a sex as an attitude, any resistance to review of related literature about teenage conventional culture and language; men, too, have access to the jouissance that opposes phallogocentrism: A feminist practice can only be . at odds with what already exists so that we may say that's not it and that's still not it. By woman I mean that which cannot be represented, what is not said, what remains above and beyond nomenclatures and ideologies. There are certain men who are familiar with this phenomenon. For Luce Irigaray, on the contrary, women have a specificity that distinguishes them sharply from essay structure notes men.

A psychoanalyst and former member of l'École freudienne at the University of Paris (Vincennes), she was fired from her teaching position in the fall of 1974, three weeks after the publication of her study of the phallocentric bias in Freud. Review About Teenage Smoking. Speculum de l'autre femme is research, this study, a profound and wittily sarcastic demonstration of the ways in which Plato and Freud define woman: as irrational and invisible, as imperfect (castrated) man. In later essays she continues her argument that women, because they have been caught in a world structured by man-centered concepts, have had no way of knowing or representing themselves. But she offers as the starting point for a female self-consciousness the facts of women's bodies and women's sexual pleasure, precisely because they have been so absent or so misrepresented in male discourse. Women, she says, experience a diffuse sexuality arising, for example, from the review of related literature about teenage two lips of the paper on magnesium vulva, and a multiplicity of of related literature teenage libidinal energies that cannot be expressed or understood within the graduate cover engineering identity-claiming assumptions of review literature teenage phallocentric discourse (I am a unified, coherent being, and what is research, significant in the world reflects my male image).

7 Irigaray argues further that female sexuality explains women's problematic relationship to (masculine) logic and language: Woman has sex organs just about everywhere. Review Of Related Literature About Smoking. She experiences pleasure almost everywhere. The geography of her pleasure is much more diversified, more multiple in its differences, more complex, more subtle, than is imagined-in an imaginary [system] centered a bit too much on one and the same. She is infinitely other in herself. That is undoubtedly the reason she is called temperamental, incomprehensible, perturbed, capricious-not to mention her language in which she goes off in all directions and in which he is unable to fresh graduate letter engineering discern the coherence of any meaning. Contradictory words seem a little crazy to review about teenage smoking the logic of reason, and inaudible for him who listens with ready-made grids, a code prepared in advance. In her statements-at least when she dares to speak out-woman retouches herself constantly. 8. Irigaray concedes that women's discovery of their autoeroticism will not, by itself, arrive automatically or enable them to transform the paper on magnesium existing order: For a woman to arrive at the point where she can enjoy her pleasure as a woman, a long detour by the analysis of the various systems that oppress her is review of related literature, certainly necessary. Fresh Cover Engineering. 9 Irigaray herself writes essays using Marxist categories to analyze men's use and exchange of women, and in others she uses female physiology as a source of critical metaphors and counterconcepts (against physics, pornography, Nietzsche's misogyny, myth), 10 rather than literally. Yet her focus on the physical bases for the difference between male and physical sexuality remains the same: women must recognize and assert their jouissance if they are to subvert phallocentric oppression at its deepest levels.

Since 1975, when she founded women's studies at Vincennes, Hé1ène Cixous has been a spokeswoman for the group Psychanalyse et politique and a prolific writer of texts for of related about their publishing house, Des Femmes. She admires, like Kristeva, male writers such as Joyce and Genet who have produced antiphallocentric texts. 11 But she is convinced that women's unconscious is research paper, totally different from review teenage men's, and that it is their psychosexual specificity that will empower women to dna replication research paper overthrow masculinist ideologies and to create new female discourses. Of her own writing she says, Je suis là où ça parle (A am there where it/id/the female unconscious speaks). 12 She has produced a series of analyses of women's suffering under the laws of male sexuality (the first-person narrative Angst , the play Portrait de Dora , the libretto for the opera Le Nom d'Oedipe ) and a growing collection of about teenage demonstrations of what id-liberated female discourses might be: La , Ananké , and Illa . In her recent Vivre l'orange (1979), she celebrates the Brazilian writer Clarice Lispector for what she sees as a peculiarly female attentiveness to objects, the ability to perceive and on magnesium represent them in a nurturing rather than dominating way. She believes that this empathetic attentiveness, and the literary modes to which it gives rise, arise from libidinal rather than sociocultural sources; the typically feminine gesture, not culturally but libidinally, [is] to produce in order to bring about life, pleasure, not in order to accumulate. Of Related About Teenage. 13. Cixous criticizes psychoanalysis for research its thesis of a 'natural' anatomical determination of sexual difference-opposition, focusing on physical drives rather than body parts for her definition of male-female contrasts: It is at the level of sexual pleasure in of related literature about teenage smoking my opinion that the difference makes itself most clearly apparent in as far as woman's libidinal economy is neither identifiable by a man nor referrable to the masculine economy. 14 In her manifesto for l'écriture féminine , The Laugh of the Medusa (1975), her comparisons and lyricism suggest that she admires in women a sexuality that is remarkably constant and almost mystically superior to the phallic single-mindedness it transcends: Though masculine sexuality gravitates around the penis, engendering that centralized body (in political anatomy) under the dictatorship of its parts, woman does not bring about the same regionalization which serves the couple head/genitals and research paper on magnesium which is literature about teenage, inscribed only within boundaries. Her libido is cosmic, just as her unconscious is worldwide.

She goes on immediately, in analytical research terms close to Irigaray's, to link women's diffuse sexuality to women's language-written language, in this case: Her writing can only keep going, without ever inscribing or discerning contours. She lets the other language speak-the language of 1,000 tongues which knows neither enclosure nor death. Her language does not contain, it carries; it does not hold back, it makes possible. The passage ends with her invocation of other bodily drives (pulsions in the French) in a continuum with women's self-expression. Oral drive, anal drive, vocal drive-all these drives are our strengths, and among them is the gestation drive-just like the desire to write: a desire to live self from within, a desire for of related literature about teenage smoking the swollen belly, for research paper on magnesium language, for blood. 15. In her theoretical and imaginative writing alike ( La Jeune Née , 1975, typically combines the two) Cixous insists on the primacy of multiple, specifically female libidinal impulses in women's unconscious and in the writing of the liberatory female discourses of the future.

What Kristeva, Irigaray, and of related literature about teenage smoking Cixous do in common, then, is to oppose women's bodily experience (or, in Kristeva's case, women's bodily effect as mothers) to the phallic-symbolic patterns embedded in Western thought. Although Kristeva does not privilege women as the only possessors of prephallocentric discourse, Irigaray and Cixous go further: if women are to discover and express who they are, to bring to the surface what masculine history has repressed in research them, they must begin with their sexuality. And their sexuality begins with their bodies, with their genital and libidinal difference from review literature smoking men. For various reasons, this is a powerful argument. We have seen versions of it in the radical feminism of the United States, too. Research On Magnesium. In the French context, it offers an island of review literature hope in research topics the void left by the deconstruction of humanism, which has been revealed as an ideologically suspect invention by men. If men are responsible for the reigning binary system of meaning-identity/other, man/nature, reason/chaos, man/woman-women, relegated to review literature the negative and passive pole of this hierarchy, are not implicated in the creation of its myths. (Certainly, they are no longer impressed by them!) And the immediacy with which the body, the id, jouissance , are supposedly experienced promises a clarity of perception and a vitality that can bring down mountains of gatsby cars phallocentric delusion.

Finally, to the extent that the female body is seen as a direct source of review literature about teenage female writing, a powerful alternative discourse seems possible: to write from the body is to re-create the world. But feminité and écriture féminine are problematic as well as powerful concepts. They have been criticized as idealist and essentialist, bound up in the very system they claim to undermine; they have been attacked as theoretically fuzzy and as fatal to constructive political action. 16 I think all these objections are worth making. What's more, they must be made if American women are to sift out and use the positive elements in cover engineering French thinking about féminité . First off, the basic theoretical question: Can the body be a source of self-knowledge? Does female sexuality exist prior to review about teenage smoking or in spite of social experience? Do women in fact experience their bodies purely or essentially, outside the damaging acculturation so sharply analyzed by women in France and elsewhere? The answer is no, even in terms of the psychoanalytic theory on which many elements in the concept of féminité depend. Feminists rereading Freud and Jaques Lacan and feminists doing new research on fresh graduate engineering the construction of sexuality all agree that sexuality is not an innate quality in women or in smoking men; it is developed through the individual's encounters with the nuclear family and with the symbolic systems set into motion by the mother-father pair as the parents themselves carry out on magnesium, socially imposed roles toward the review of related about child. Freud, Juliet Mitchell has shown, describes the process through which girls in our society shift their first love for their mothers to a compensatory love for their fathers and develop a sense of their own anatomy as less valued socially than that of boys. 17 Nancy Chodorow has documented and theorized the difficulty of fresh graduate cover letter engineering this shift and used it to account for review literature teenage the complex affective needs of girls and women.

18 To the analysis of the great gatsby cars process through which sexual identity is formed Lacan adds the role of the father as bearer of language and culture; he identifies the symbolic value attributed to the phallus as the of related about teenage as the paper basis for teenage smoking contrasts and contrasting values that the child incorporates as she attempts to make sense of it and fit herself into the phallocentric world. Topics. So if early gender identity comes into being in response to patriarchal structures-as, for example, Chodorow, Lacan, and Dorothy Dinnerstein argue 19 -and if even the unconscious is review of related literature about teenage, sexed in accordance with the nuclear family, then there seems to great gatsby cars essay be no essential stratum of review of related smoking sexuality unsaturated with social arrangements and symbolic systems. New readings of Freud and of object-relations theory both confirm that sexuality is not a natural given, but rather is the consequence of social interactions, among people and among signs. Theoretical work and practical evidence strongly suggest that sexual identity (I am a woman, I experience my body as sexual in this way) never takes shape in isolation or in a simply physical context. The child becomes male or female in response to the females and males she encounters in her family and to the male and female images she constructs according to structure her experience especially her loss of direct access to either parent.

20 The desires of the of related about smoking child and of the adult who grows out of the child finally result not from the isolated erotic sensitivities of the child's body; these sensitivities are interpreted through the meanings the child attaches to her body through early experience in a sexed world. To take from psychoanalysis the concepts of drive and research libido without talking about what happens later to the child's systems of self-perception is to of related drop out the deepest level at which phallocentric society asserts its power: the sexed family as it imprints itself on the child's sense of paper herself as a sexed being. Psychoanalytic theory is not feminist dogma, and feminists have also analyzed the sexist ideologies that confront women past the age of childhood in review of related literature about the family. Not surprisingly, these ideologies make their way into dna replication paper, many women's day-to-day experience of review teenage their bodies, even in situations that we have designed to paper be free of male domination. For instance, liberatory practices such as masturbation, lesbianism, and woman-centered medicine coexist with thoroughly phallocentric habits of thought and feeling; they are not liberatory simply because they aspire to about teenage smoking be.

Some women discover, for research example, that their masturbation is accompanied by of related smoking puzzlingly unenlightened fantasies; contrary to gatsby cars essay the claims of féminité , women's autoeroticism, at least in these decades, is shot through with images from a phallicly dominated world. Similarly, many lesbians recognize their need to resist roles of review literature smoking domination and submission that bear a grim, even parodic resemblance to heterosexual relationships. Women giving birth may wonder whether the optimistic, even heroic terminology of natural childbirth is not related to the suspect ideal of taking it like a man. Even in the self-help clinics set up to spare women the topics sexist bias of the male gynecological establishment, a phallocentric magasin des images may prevail. A counselor at such clinic, showing a friend of mine her cervix for the first time in a mirror, made a remark (unintentionally, that's the point) that struck us both as far less liberating than it was intended to be: Big, isn't it? Doesn't it look powerful? As good as a penis any day. All in all, at this point in of related literature about smoking history, most of us perceive our bodies through a jumpy, contradictory mesh of great gatsby cars hoary sexual symbolization and political conterresponse. It is review smoking, possible to argue that the French feminists make of the female body too unproblematically pleasurable and totalized an entity. Certainly, women's physiology has important meanings for you teacher essay women in various cultures, and it is essential for us to express those meanings rather than to submit to review literature about teenage smoking male definitions-that is, appropriations-of our sexuality. But the female body hardly seems the best site to launch an research topics, attack on the forces that have alienated us from about teenage smoking what our sexuality might become.

For if we argue for an innate, precultural femininity, where does that position (though in content it obviously diverges from masculinist dogma) leave us in relation to earlier theories about women's nature? I myself feel highly flattered by Cixous's praise for the nurturant perceptions of women, but when she speaks of analytical topics a drive toward gestation, I begin to hear echoes of the coercive glorification of motherhood that has plagued women for of related literature teenage smoking centuries. Dna Replication Research Paper. If we define female subjectivity through universal biological/libidinal givens, what happens to the project of changing the world in feminist directions? Further, is women's sexuality so monolithic that a notion of a shared, typical femininity does justice to it? What about review of related literature about smoking variations in class , in race, and in culture among women? What about changes over time in one woman's sexuality (with men, with women, by herself)? How can one libidinal voice--or the two vulval lips so startlingly presented by Irigaray--speak for thank 500 words all women? The psychoanalytic critique of féminité as a concept that overlooks important psychosocial realities is not the only critique that can be brought against positions like Irigaray's and Cixous's. Other French women have made a strong, materialist attack on what they call néo-féminité , objecting to it as an ideal bound up through symmetrical opposition in the very ideological system feminists want to destroy. ( Questions féministes , the journal founded in 1977 with Simone de Beauvoir as titular editor, is a central source for this kind of thinking in France.) Materialist feminists such as Christine Delphy and Colette Guillaurnin are suspicious of the logic through which féminité defines men as phallic-solipsistic, aggressive, excessively rational-and then praises women, who, by nature of their contrasting sexuality, are other-oriented, empathetic, multi-imaginative. Rather than questioning the terms of such a definition (woman is man's opposite), féminité as a celebration of women's difference from men maintains them.

It reverses the values assigned to each side of the polarity, but it still leaves man as the determining referent, not departing from the male-female opposition, but participating in it. This is, I think, a convincing position, on both philosophical and pragmatic levels. What we need to do is to literature about smoking move outside that male-centered, binary logic altogether. Essay Notes. We need to review about smoking ask not how Woman is different from Man (though the question of how women differ from what men think they are is research, important). We need to know how women have come to be who they are through history, which is the history of review of related literature about their oppression by men and male-designed institutions. Only through an analysis of the power relationships between men and women, and practices based on that analysis, will we put an end to our oppression-and only then will we discover what women are or can be. More strategically, we need to thank essay 500 words know whether the assertion of of related a shared female nature made by féminité can help us in feminist action toward a variety of goals: the possibility of working, or working in marginal or newly defined ways, or of not working in the public world at all; the freedom for a diversity of sexual practices; the right to motherhood, childlessness, or some as yet untheorized participation in reproduction; the affirmation of paper historically conditioned female values (nurturance, communal rather than individualistic ambitions, insistence on improving the literature teenage smoking quality of private life), and the exploration of thank 500 words new ones. If we concentrate our energies on opposing a counterview of Woman to the view held by men in the past and the present, what happens to our ability to review support the multiplicity of women and the various life possibilities they are fighting for in the future? In a critique of féminité as praise of women's difference from men, the name of Monique Wittig must be mentioned. Great Cars Essay. Active in the early seventies in literature smoking the Féministés révolutionnaires and a contributor from the beginning to Questions féministés , Wittig has written four quite different books, which are nonetheless related through her focus on women among themselves: the schoolgirls of L'Opoponax , the tribal sisterhood of Les Guérillères , the passionate couple of Le Corps lesbien , the users of the research topics postphallocentric vocabulary laid out in review of related smoking Brouillon pour un dictionnaire des amantes . Wittig writes her novels, her monologues, and her histories to explore what social relationships among women-identified women are or might be.

21 She rewrites traditional culture in mocking takeovers: one entry in Brouillon pour un dictionnaire is Ainsi parlait Frederika, conte pour enfants (Thus Spake Frederika, children's story), surely one of the least reverent allusions to Friedrich Nietzsche to come out of French critiques of culture. She also invents new settings, such as the ceremonies and festivals of paper Les Guérillères and Le Corps lesbien , and new modes, such as the feminized epic of about teenage Les Guérillères and the lyric dialogue of Le Corps lesbien , to analytical research topics represent what a female/female life--separatist but not isolationist--might be. As Wittig's talks at recent conferences in the United States show, she is suspicious both of the oppositional thinking that defines woman in terms of man and of the mythical-idealist strain in certain formulations of féminité . 22 In her argument for a more politically centered understanding of women at of related the Second Sex Conference in paper New York (September 1979), she used a Marxist vocabulary which may be more familiar to U.S. feminists than the philosophical and psychoanalytic frameworks in which Irigaray and review of related teenage smoking Cixous work: It remains . for us to define our oppression in materialist terms, to say that women are a class, which is to say that the category woman, as well as man, is a political and on magnesium economic category, not an eternal one. . . About Smoking. . Our first task . . . is thoroughly to dissociate women (the class within which we fight) and woman, the myth. Thank You Teacher 500 Words. For woman does not exist for review literature about teenage smoking us; it is cars, only an of related literature teenage smoking, imaginary formation, while women is the product of a social relationship. 21. Colette Guillaumin, arguing along similar lines in Questions féministés , points out dna replication paper, that the psychic characteristics praised by advocates of féminité have in of related smoking fact been determined by the familial and economic roles imposed on notes women by men.

There is nothing liberatory, she insists, in women's claiming as virtues qualities that men have always found convenient. Of Related Teenage Smoking. How does maternal tenderness or undemanding empathy threaten a Master? 24 The liberating stance is, rather, the determination to analyze and research topics put an end to the patriarchal structures that have produced those qualities without reference to the needs of women. I have another political objection to the concept of féminité as a bundle of Everywoman's psychosexual characteristics: it flattens out the teenage smoking lived differences among women. To the extent that each of us responds to a particular tribal, national, racial, or class situation vis-à-vis men, we are in fact separated from one another. As the painful and counterproductive splits along class and racial lines in the American women's movement have shown, we need to understand and respect the diversity in our concrete social situations. A monolithic vision of shared female sexuality, rather than defeating phallocentrism as doctrine and practice, is more likely to cover letter engineering blind us to our varied and immediate needs and to of related the specific struggles we must coordinate in order to meet them. Analytical Research. What is the meaning of about two lips to heterosexual women who want men to recognize their clitoral pleasure--or to African or Middle Eastern women who, as a result of pharaonic clitoridectomies, have neither lips nor clitoris through which to jouir ? Does a celebration of the Maternal versus the Patriarchal make the same kind of sense, or any sense, to white, middle-class women who are fighting to research maintain the right to of related about teenage smoking abortion, to black and Third World women resisting enforced sterilization, to women in subsistence-farming economies where the thank essay 500 words livelihood of the review of related teenage smoking family depends on research topics the work of every child who is born and survives?

And surely any one woman gives different meanings to her sexuality throughout her individual history. About Teenage. Freedom from gatsby sexual expectations and activity may well be what girls in the Western world most need because they are typically sexualized all to soon by media, advertising, peer pressures, and review of related about teenage smoking child pornography; women of analytical various ages undergo radical changes in sexual identity and response as they enter relationships with men, with women, or choose celibacy and friendship as alternatives. And it is hard to review teenage smoking see how the situations of old women, consigned to sexual inactivity because of their age or, if they are widowed, to unpaid work in others' families or to isolated poverty, can be understood or changed through a concept of jouissance . I wonder again whether one libidinal voice, however nonphallocentrically defined, can speak to the economic and dna replication research cultural problems of all women. Hence, I would argue that we need the theoretical depth and polemical energy of review literature about teenage smoking féminité as an alternative idea. But a historically responsive and powerful unity among women will come from our ongoing, shared practice, our experience in essay and against the material world. About Teenage. As a lens and research paper a partial strategy, féminité and l'écriture féminine are vital. Certainly, women need to shake off the review of related smoking mistaken and contemptuous attitudes toward their sexuality that permeate Western (and other) cultures and languages at their deepest levels, and working out thank you teacher essay, self-representations that challenge phallocentric discourses is an about teenage, important part of that ideological struggle. Women have already begun to gatsby essay transform not only the review about subject matter but also the ways of producing meaning in poetry, fiction, film, and the visual arts. (Indeed, feminist research suggests that the French may have been too hasty in their claim that women are only gatsby cars essay now beginning to review literature smoking challenge the symbolic order.) But even if we take l'écriture féminine as a utopian ideal, an great cars essay, energizing myth rather than a model for how all women write or should write, theoretical and practical problems arise (again!) from an ideal defined in this way. Can the body be the source of a new discourse? Is it possible, assuming an unmediated and jouissant (or, more likely, a positively reconstructed) sense of one's body, to move from that state of unconscious excitation directly to a written female text? Madeleine Cagnon says yes, in about smoking La Venue à1'écriture , written with Cixous in 1977.

Her view is that women, free from the self-limiting economy of male libido (I will come once and once only, through one organ alone; once it's up and over, that's it, so I must beware, save up, avoid premature overflow), have a greater spontaneity and abundance in body and language both: We have never been the masters of others or of ourselves. We don't have to confront ourselves in order to free ourselves. We don't have to keep watch on structure ourselves, or to set up some other erected self in order to understand ourselves. All we have to do is let the body flow, from the literature about teenage smoking inside; all we have to do is erase . whatever may hinder or harm the new forms of writing; we retain whatever fits, whatever suits us. Whereas man confronts himself constantly. He pits himself against and stumbles over his erected self. 21. But psychoanalytic theory and analytical topics social experience both suggest that the leap from review of related about body to language is especially difficult for great gatsby women. Of Related Literature. 26 Lacanian theory holds that a girl's introduction into language (the symbolic order represented by the father and built on research paper phallic/nonphallic oppositions) is complex, because she cannot identify directly with the positive poles of that order. And in many preliterate and postliterate cultures, taboos against female speech are enforced: injunctions to silence, mockery of women's chatter or women's books abound. The turn-taking in early consciousness-raising groups in the United States was meant precisely to overcome the verbal hesitancy induced in women by a society in of related literature about which men have had the essay first and the last word.

Moreover, for review of related about teenage women with jobs, husbands or lovers, children, activist political commitments, finding the time and graduate cover engineering justification to write at all presents an enormous practical and ideological problem. 27 We are more likely to write, and to read each other's writing, if we begin by working against the concrete difficulties and review literature about the prejudices surrounding women's writing than if we simplify and idealize the process by locating writing as a spontaneous outpouring from the body. Calls for a verbal return to nature seem especially surprising coming from women who are otherwise (and rightly!) suspicious of language as penetrated by analytical topics phallocentric dogma. About. True, conventional narrative techniques, as well as grammar and syntax, imply the unified viewpoint and mastery of outer reality that men have claimed for themselves. But literary modes and structure language itself cannot be the review of related literature teenage smoking only targets for transformation; the context for women's discourses needs to be thought through and broadened out. A woman may experience jouissance in a private relationship to her own body, but she writes for others. Who writes? Who reads? Who makes women's texts available to women? What do women want to read about other women's experience?

To take a stance as a woman poet or novelist is to enter into a role crisscrossed with questions of authority, of audience, of the modes of publication and gatsby essay distribution. I believe that we are more indebted to the body of earlier women writers and to feminist publishers and of related about smoking booksellers than to any woman writer's libidinal body flow. The novelist Christiane Rochefort sums up with amusing directness the conflicting public forces and voices that create the dilemma of the dna replication research paper French woman who wants to write: Well. Of Related Literature About Teenage. So here you are now, sitting at your writing table, alone, not allowing anybody anymore to interfere. Are you free? First, after this long quest, you are swimming in a terrible soup of values-for, to be safe, you had to refuse the so-called female values, which are not female but a social scheme, and to identify with male values, which are not male but an appropriation by research paper men-or an attribution to men-of all human values, mixed up with the anti-values of domination-violence-oppression and the like.

In this mixture, where is your real identity? Second, you are supposed to write in certain forms, preferably: I mean you feel that in certain forms you are not too much seen as a usurper. Novels. Minor poetry, in which case you will be stigmatized in French by of related smoking the name of research paper poetesse: not everybody can afford it. You are supposed, too, to write about certain things: house, children, love. Until recently there was in review teenage France a so-called littérature féminine . Maybe you don't want to write about , but to write, period. And of course, you don't want to obey this social order .So, you tend to react against it. It is fresh graduate cover letter, not easy to be genuine. 28.

Whatever the difficulties, women are inventing new kinds of writing. But as Irigaray's erudition and of related literature smoking plays with the speaking voice show (as do Cixous's mischievous puns and citations of languages from Greek through German to Portuguese, and Wittig's fantastic neologisms and revision of conventional genres), they are doing so deliberately, on a level of feminist theory and literary self-consciousness that goes far beyond the body and the unconscious. That is also how they need to be read. It takes a thoroughgoing familiarity with male figureheads of analytical topics Western culture to literature smoking recognize the intertextual games played by all these writers; their work shows that a resistance to culture is research topics, always built, at first, of bits and pieces of that culture, however they are disassembled, criticized, and of related about teenage transcended. Responding to l'écriture féminine is no more instinctive than producing it. Women's writing will be more accessible to writers and readers alike if we recognize it as a conscious response to socioliterary realities, rather than accept it as an overflow of one woman's unmediated communication with her body. Eventually, certainly, the practice of women writers will transform what we can see and understand in a literary text; but even a woman setting out to write about notes her body will do so against and through her socioliterary mothers, midwives, and sisters. We need to recognize, too, that there is nothing universal about of related about teenage French version of topics écriture féminine . Review Of Related Teenage. The speaking, singing, story-telling, and dna replication writing of women in cultures besides that of the Ile de France need to be looked at and understood in their social context if we are to fill in an adequate and genuinely empowering picture of of related teenage women's creativity. Thank Essay 500 Words. But I risk, after all this, overstating the case against féminité and l'écriture féminine , and that would mean a real loss. American feminists can appropriate two important elements, at least, from the French position: the critique of of related literature about teenage smoking phallocentrism in all the material and ideological forms it has taken, and the call for new representations of women's consciousness.

It is not enough to uncover old heroines or to imagine new ones. Like the French, we need to research examine the words, the syntax, the review literature teenage smoking genres, the great cars archaic and elitist attitudes toward language and review of related literature representation that have limited women's self-knowledge and expression during the long centuries of patriarchy. We need not, however, replace phallocentrism with a shakily theorized concentrism that denies women their historical specificities to recognize how deep a refusal of masculinist values must go. 29 If we remember that what women really share is an oppression on all levels, although it affects us each in different ways-if we can translate féminité into a concerted attack not only on language, but also directly upon the sociosexual arrangements that keep us from dna replication research our own potentials and from each other-then we are on our way to becoming les jeunes nées envisioned by French feminisms at their best. 1For a summary of the intellectual background of French feminism, see Elaine Marks, Women and Literature in France, Signs 3 (Summer 1978): 832-42. Of Related Smoking. Phallogocentrism at work is powerfully analyzed by Shoshana Felman in her study of the characters and critics of dna replication paper a short story by Balzac, Women and Madness: The Critical Phallacy, Diacritics 5 (Winter 1975): 2-10. 2 Jouissance is a word rich in connotations. Pleasure is the simplest translation. The noun comes from the verb jouir, meaning to enjoy, to revel in without fear of the review of related literature about teenage cost; also, to have an orgasm.

See Stephen Heath's Translator's Note in Roland Barthes's Image-Music-Text (New York: Hill Wang, 1978), p. 9. A note to Introduction 3 in New French Feminisms: An Anthology, ed. Thank You Teacher 500 Words. Elaine Marks and Isabelle de Courtivron (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980), explains feminist connotations of jouissance as follows: This pleasure, when attributed to review of related literature about smoking a woman, is considered to cover be of a different order from the pleasure that is review of related teenage smoking, represented within the male libidinal economy often described in terms of the capitalist gain and cars essay profit motive. Women's jouissance carries with it the notion of fluidity, diffusion, duration. It is a kind of potlatch in the world of about smoking orgasms, a giving, expending, dispensing of pleasure without concern about ends or closure. (P. 36, The Law of the Father is Lacan's formulation for language as the medium through which human beings are placed in culture, a medium represented and enforced by on magnesium the figure of the review literature smoking father in the family. Research Paper. See Anika Lemaire, lacques Lacan, trans. David Macey (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1977), esp. pt.

7, lain The Role of the Oedipus in Accession to the Symbolic. 'Julia Kristeva's books include Semiotike: Recherches pour une semanalyse (Paris: Tel Quel, 1969); Le Texte du roman g1033 (The Hague: Mouton, 1970)? Des Chinoises (Paris: Des Fernmes, 1974); La Rolution du langage poique (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1974);Polylogue (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 197% and Pouvoirs de Aorreur.? essai sur I'ahiection (Paris: Editions du Seuil,1980). She also contributes frequently to the journal Tel Quel, including the review teenage Fall 1977 issue (no. 74) on women and women's writing. For her criticism of certain notions of féminité , see her interview with Frangoise van Rossum?Guyon, '76minit6 et 6criture:en r6ponse A deux questions sur Polylogue, Revue des sciences humaines 168 4Kristeva, Le Sulet en procs, in Polylogue, p. 77. See, in the same volume, her discussion of maternity as an fresh cover letter engineering, experiencethat breaks down the categories of masculinist thought, in Maternit6 selon Giovanni Bellini, pp. 409?38. She expands her argument about the meanings of maternity for women's creativity in Un Nouveau Type d'intellectuel: le dissident and about teenage smoking H6thique de I'amour, Tel Quel, no. 74 (Fall 1977), pp. 3?8, 30?49.

For an explanation of her theory of the semiotic and of Irigaray's concepts of 1'ecriture f. You Teacher 500 Words. minine, see Josette F6ral, Antigone, or the Irony of the Tribe, Diacritics 8 (Fall 1978): 2?14. 5110SCillation du 'pouvoir'au 'refus,' interview by Xavi6re Gauthier in Tel Quel, no. 58 (Summer 1974), trans. in of related smoking Marks and Courtivron, New French Feminisms, pp. 166?67. This collection of translated excerpts from French feminist writers is likely to graduate cover letter engineering be very useful to English?language readers.

6Kristeva, La Femme, ce n'est jamais ga, interview in Tel Quel, no. 59 (Fall 1974), trans. in about New French Feminisms, pp. 33 134?38. Kristeva has written mainly about male writers, but see her comments on some typically feminine themes in cover letter a dozen recent French women writers in Oscillation, Tel Quel, no. Review Of Related Literature About Teenage. 58 (Summer 1974), pp. 100?2.

She comments on certain elements of women's style in her interview with van Rossum?Cuyon (see note 3 above), although she derives them from fresh cover letter social rather than libidinal sources. 7Luce frigaray, an interview, Women's Exile, in Ideology and Consciousness, no. Of Related Literature Teenage Smoking. 1 (1977), pp. 62?67, trans. and intro. Diana Adlam and Couze Venn. 81rigaray, Ce Sexe qui n'en est pas un, Ce Sexe qui n`en est pas un (Paris: Editions de Minuit, 1977), trans. in New French Feminisms, p. lain 103. Irigaray's books since Ce Sexe are Et l'une ne houge sans Pautre (Paris: Editions de Minuit, 1979) and Amante marine. f0 (Paris: Editions de Minuit, 1980). Great Gatsby Cars Essay. Her first book was a clinical study, Le Langage des d. Literature About Teenage. ments (The Hague: Mouton, 1973). Thank You Teacher Essay 500 Words. 9New French Feminisms, p. 105. 101rigaray discusses the historical position of women in review of related literature about smoking Marxist terms in Me March6 aux fernmes, in Ce Sexe.

Her responses to Nietzsche are in Amante marine. 11H616ne Cixous's studies of male writers include her doctoral thesis, LExil de Joyce ou Part du remplacement (Paris: Crasset, 1968); Pr6noms de personne (sur Hoffman, Kleist, Poe, Joyce) (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1974)? and introductions to James Joyce and Lewis Carroll for research paper Aubler. Since 1975, all her books have been published by Des Fernmes. 12CiXoUS, Entretien avec Franqoise van Rossum?Guyon, Revue des sciences humaines 168 (December 1977): 488. Qa parle is a Lacanian formula, but elsewhere (in her fiction/essay Partie [Paris: Des Femmes, 1976], for review of related literature about smoking example) she mocks what she sees as the Father/phallus obsession of recent psychoanalysis. Fresh Graduate Cover. 13CiXoUS, Entretien, p. 487? and Vivre l'orange [includes an English version by review teenage 2. Cixous with Ann Liddle and Sarah Cornell] (Paris: Des Femmes, 1980), pp. 9, 105?7. You Teacher Essay 500 Words. 14CiXoUS, Sorties, La Jeune N6e (Paris: Union G6n6raled'Editions, 1975), trans. in New French Feminisms, p. 98. 15New French Feminisms, pp. 259?60.

16The opening manifesto of Questions f. Of Related Literature About. ministes is a long and persuasive critique of njo?fjminit. , translated in New French Feminisms as Variations on Common Themes, pp. 212?30. See also the appraisal by research paper Beverly Brown and about teenage Parveen Adama, The Feminine Body and Feminist Politics, m1f g1033 3 (1979): 33?37. 17JUliet Mitchell, Psychoanalysis and cover letter Feminism: Freud, Laing, Reich and Women (New York: Vintage Books, 1975). See especially The Holy Family, 4: The Different Self, the Phallus and the Father, pp.

382?98. 18Nancy Chodorow, The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978). 19Dorothy Dinnerstein, ne Mermaid and review of related literature teenage the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and thank essay 500 words Human Malaise (New York: Harper Row, 1977). 20jacqueline Rose, in an article on Freud's analysis of the hysteric Dora, emphasizes that the male/female roles internalized by the child enter the unconscious at such a deep level that they govern the production of dreams. Dora, who desires a woman, represents herself as a man?a striking example of the literature smoking socialized image of desire. 'Dora'?Fragment of an Analysis, m/f (1979): 5?21.

21Wittig's books have all been translated into English: L'Opoponax by Helen Weaver (Plainfield, Vt.: Daughter's Press Reprint, 1976); Les Gu(irill. fs23 by David Le Vay (New York: Avon Books, 1973)? The Lesbian Body by cars essay David Le Vay (New York:P Avon Books, 1976); Lesbian Peoples: Material for a Dictionary (with substantial revisions) by Wittig and review about teenage Sande Zeig (New York: Avon Books, 1979). 22Monique Wittig, The Straight Mind, speech given at the Feminist as Scholar Conference in May 1979 at Barnard College, New York. Research Paper On Magnesium. 23Monique Wittig, One Is Not Born a Woman, text of the speech given at of related literature teenage the City University of paper New York Graduate Center, September 1979. 24Colette Cuillaumin, Question de diff 6rence, Questions f6ministes 6 (September 1979): 3?21. Cuillaumin points out that the claim to difference comes from other oppressed groups as well (Third World and U.S. blacks, for example) who have not yet succeeded in putting their desire for political self?determination into effect. To assert their difference against the ruling class strengthens their group solidarity, but at the expense of an analysis of the political sources of that difference.

25Madeleine Gagnon, Corps I, New French Feminisms, p. 180. Review About Smoking. See Chantal Cbawaf for you teacher essay a similar statement, in La Chair linguistique, New French Feminisms, pp. 177?78. About Teenage. 26Cora Kaplan combines psychoanalytic and anthropological accounts of women's hesitations to speak, in Language and Gender, Papers on Patriarchy (Brighton, England: Women's Publishing Collective, 1976). Similarly, Sandra M. Gilbert and structure notes Susan Cubar demonstrate bow socially derived ambivalence toward the role of writer has acted upon women's writing in English, in The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth? Century Literary Imagination (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979). 27See Tillie Olsen's Silences (New York: Delacorte Press, 1979) for a discussion of the practical demands and self?doubts that have hindered women's writing, esp.

The Writer?Woman: One out of Twelve, pp. 177?258. Review Of Related Literature About Teenage Smoking. 2Christiane Rochefort, Are Women Writers Still Monsters? a speech given at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, February 1975; translated in New French Feminisms, pp. Gatsby Cars. g1033 185?86. 29Concentrism is review of related teenage smoking, Elaine Showalter's term, used in a speech, Feminist Literary Theory and Other Impossibilities, given at the Smith College Conference on Feminist Literary Criticism, Northampton, Mass., October 25, 1980.

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nyp cover letter CUMC Referrals and review of related literature about smoking Other Information. For patients with Medicaid or managed care plans, make sure that the referrals site accepts your patients' plan before proceeding. If the patient needs to see the cover letter engineering consult urgently and your clerk is unable to review of related, schedule a timely appointment, please page the analytical research topics consult physician on that particular service to facilitate a quick out-patient work up. Clinic patient representatives (PFA) will call to schedule appointments for of related literature about all hospital based clinics and testing.

On your d/c Eclipsys Order check off or enter free text what consults or test you are ordering. On the consult free text box, provide a brief Pmhx and your consultative question for thank 500 words the specialist. ACNC 158 th St. Of Related Literature About Smoking? Farrel Clinic- Home of Family Medicine Residency: 212-544-1860. ACNC 181 St. Clinic Washington Height Family Center (IM, Peds , GYN ): 342-3062.

Adolescent Clinic/Pediatrics : 21 Audubon Ave. 342-3200 (see also Young Adult Clinic below) Admin Office: x5-6262. Aim Call Center: x5-6354. AIM East: 851-5350 AE PIC room: 851-5359. PIC room ( 231): x5-7298. PIC room (214): x5-7288. Conference room (205 ): x 5-7843 AIM VC220 Conference Room x 5-4335. Allergy Clinic : AIM Allergy clinic (Dr. Donohue) can be ordered on Ecipsys , there is also Allergy Clinic VC3, x5-6350/x5-5187, Thurs PM, Allergy Consult beeper 9146. ALS/Muscular Dystrophy/MDA: 5-1319.

Ambulatory BP Monitoring (ABPM) : order is in allscript , 342-1273 - coordinated by thank you teacher the PH 9-300 Center USPSTF now recommends ABPM or HBPM for review about smoking patients with elevated clinic BP but no hypertension diagnosis who don't have evidence of thank 500 words established cardiovascular disease. Review Of Related Teenage? Patients with LVH on the EKG or fundoscopic changes (AV nicking) clearly have established hypertension. Medicare and dna replication Medicaid reimburse for of related literature about teenage smoking indication R03.0 (elevated BP reading without diagnosis hypertension”). Fresh Cover? https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/RecommendationStatementFinal/high-blood-pressure-in-adults-screening. Angio (interventional radiology): x5-5123. Anticoagulation Clinic Bronx Lebanon 12 th fl.718-518-5222. Anxiety Disorder: (PI research/free) clinic 543-5367 (bilingual) Arthritis Clinic : AIM East, extension x5-6354, Eclipsys referral. Of Related Teenage? The clinic meets on Wednesday afternoons and dna replication research paper Thursday mornings. Bariatric Surgery (see under “Obesity” below ) Blood bank : to arrange outpatient transfusion (click here) x5-4690/x5-2673. Blood Pressure, ambulatory - see ambulatory blood pressure monitoring above.

Bone densitometry (DEXA): x5-2789 - use the Eclipsys Bone Density test (ICD code menu attached, for review of related literature smoking screening use postmenopausal status) E 68th Street Bone Density: 326-8512. Brace Shop : x6-2453, VC3, can write orders on prescriptions. Breast Clinic (ca only)- 305 0983 Wed afternoon Atchley 10 th floor. Breast Cancer Chemoprevention -brochure x5-5098 for a breast specialist. Breast Cancer Genetics program (212) 305-6731 for genetic counseling. Breast Cancer Patient Navigator Program : Breast Oncology scheduling line x5-5098. For patient navigators to assist at risk patients who are newly diagnosed with breast CA. Dna Replication Paper? Ms.

Saldana 5-9894, Ms. Singleton 2 0297 www.womenatrisknyc.org. Breast Surgery : 1-866-463-2778, for review of related literature about smoking malignant or benign breast dz. Cancer Screening for Free : 851-4516. Free mammo , pap, FOBT, colonoscopy. Also for free chest CT (see spiromics flyer in PIC room).

Also nearby there is essay 500 words, Ralph Lauren Cancer Center 1919 Madison Avenue (Entrance on review of related about teenage 124th Street) (212) 987-1777 with also several free programs. Cardiac event monitor see holter. Cardiology Clinic : AIM East Please refer to the 2009 Cardiology Referral Guide. Lipid Clinic : x5-7666, Center for Atherosclerosis, Harkness Pavilion 9th fl. Essay 500 Words? Clinics meet weekday mornings, need consult outpt . form. CHF Center : Meets in Milstein 5GN 59268, they will need a special referral form, these are available with the pt. reps. Review Of Related Literature Teenage? consult team beeper CHFT. Cardiopulmonary Stress Test : x5-0483, or fax (x2-1855) a regular prescription that says cardiopulmonary stress test with or without O2 Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation : x5-4695 VC 3 For interactive NYPH PT referral form (the program can call the pt for you to schedule appt ). Click here for detailed educational and informative provider information.

The program consists of exercise, education, and support using telemetry and analytical topics blood pressure monitoring 3X/week, for of related literature about teenage smoking a 12 week program. Click here for patient info sheet (provider and patient educational info sheet courtesy of great gatsby Dr. K Kyanko ) Cath Lab : scheduling x5-0676 (they will fax booking sheet) report 5-2996. Cardiac Stress Test/MUGA: x5-5996, use special Eclipsys CV testing order form. Cardiac-thoracic Clinic : Outpatients requiring consultation with a thoracic surgeon should be referred to the thoracic surgery office. You need to contact the CT houseofficer (PGY III) to schedule a new clinic patient appointment.

CT consult beeper 1506 CT hospital or ER discharges, can be seen in of related literature the Chest Surgery Clinic VC 10, x5-6390. Carotid Dopplers : x5-9875 (Echo lab on Milstein 2); use Eclipsys requisition. Case Management : NYP nursing case managers help to research, work with a vulnerable and high risk population. Of Related Smoking? Please send SHM w Dx and reasons for referral/perception of research barrier of review literature about teenage care to Cynthia Martinez- Feliz and Susan Ellis . The cases will be screened and distributed to analytical, case managers in each module. They will communicate w you by SHM. (External Case Management Community Healthcare Network Health Home 212 360 8099- they can help w linkage to care, appt reminder, treatment adherence, entitlement assistance, housing, TB testing and follow up, discharge planning, dental care/vision care, legal service, mental health/counseling, family therapy, substance use treatment, harm reduction, support group) Chest Clinic: see Pulmonary clinic, x5-6390, 1-866-463-2778 ( pg pulm consult for rapid appt ), VC 10th floor. Of Related? Refer breathing problems, COPD, asthma.

There is a new ILD program, speak to structure notes, Dr. Patel at review literature about smoking x2-6924/b85900 for referrals. (PPD+ patients can go to NYC DOH chest clinics, see TB below). Chronic Kidney Disease Program (see under “Renal” below ) Colonoscop y : Referral is online in the AIM Common order set “Direct Colonoscopy Referral”, be sure to hand the pt a Rx for Prep. Research Paper On Magnesium? The on-site colonoscopy navigators in VC2 will teach them how to prepare for the colonoscopy. *For patients without insurance, see Cancer Screening for literature about teenage smoking Free (see above) x5-0163. Colposcopy: x5-1195 161 Ft.

Washington 8 th Floor. fax at 212-305-0496. Contraception/Family Planning: see GYN clinics. CT ordering recommendations from the Dept of graduate Radiology (emailed June 2011) Dental clinic : x5-6726 now with open access, walk-ins taken M-F, patient do not need referrals, they can go straight to VC 7; for literature about patients with valvular disease or anticoagulation use, please sent a brief note with the patient, specifying their need for prophylactic antibiotics or need for d/c anticoagulation before dental procedures. Dementia Clinic - See Memory Disorder 5-6939. Dermatology clinic : Atchley Pavilion 12th Fl. phone x5-0505, Eclipsys consult form. Urgent referrals page DERM OUTPT consult beeper 81704 (make sure you have patients’ phone number) Dermatology Associates (St lukes / Mt Sinai) 212-523-4410, address 440 West 114th street See ACN IM Rx favorite list to see preprinted referral, just add ICD10.

Takes Affinity and fresh cover letter engineering Health First. Advanced Dermatology 211 Central Park West (corner 81 st ) Suite #1D 1 st floor of review about teenage smoking Beresford NY 212-601-9400 fax 787 3077 Does not take Health First as of 2016. Be sure to provide your fax # on referral ask specifically ask to receive consult fax’d report back (evening weekend hrs/ same day or urgent access if requested MD needs to structure, call , dermatologist also available by phone for questions) See ACN IM Rx favorite list to see preprinted referral, just add ICD10. Dermatology Associates ( st lukes ) 1090 Amsterdam Ave (113-114 st ) 212-523 -5898 (fax 523-5027) See ACN IM Rx favorite list to see preprinted referral, just add ICD10. Diabetes Prevention Program (YMCA sponsored ) covered currently only by commercial insurances, but sliding scale is review literature teenage smoking, available for low income participants thru YMCA program. fax referral form (to be completed by analytical topics provider, and signed by pt ) Info sheet. Discover Program- 342 4622 or thru website email http://cumc.columbia.edu/discover. DOH NYS- disease reporting info - how to provide reports of potential outbreaks (diseases, events, conditions) to NY DOH 1 866- Domestic Violence Victim Services : Social Worker phone x5-9060, see DV page for local resources. Driver certification Exam – NYS now requires taxi drivers to literature, have a medical exam, there is a brief form that requires your signature. EGD usually obtained thru a formal GI appt , for rapid EGD you can page the GI consult. EEG Lab : Neurological Institute Rm.

13-1302, extension x7-2121. EKGs : EKGs can be ordered by stat or routine on Eclipsys. A copy will be returned to you once done, please review and analytical let the MA know if it is okay for review about teenage smoking the pt to go home. EMG testing: NI 13-1302, x5-1329 EMGs are infrequently ordered by notes PCP, it’s not a test to order blindly and in teenage many cases it may be best obtained after an evaluation with neurology to ensure the thank you teacher 500 words right test is performed. Teenage Smoking? Most insurance require EMG prior authorizations, they often need to great gatsby cars essay, see a copy of your note to review smoking, understand why the fresh graduate cover letter test is performed. (When getting a PA it’s best to obtain PA for 5 CPT codes to ensure flexibility for of related literature about the EMG team –codes are 958.85 958.85, 958.87 959.11 959.12. EMS NYPH: x5-9999. Endocrine clinic: AIM East Eclipsys referral form, be sure you know which clinic (endocrine vs. Fresh? thyroid) you are referring to. For rapid referral, call Endo consult (beeper ENDR) General Endocrine : AIM 2-240, extension x6-8025/x6-6355. Clinic meets Tuesday afternoons.

Thyroid – Herbert Irving Building , a joint clinic with endocrine surgery team (see below) English As Second Language Class : ESL program for community residents 854-7007. ENT Clinic: 305-6390 Meets Mon, Tue, Thu, Friday PM. VC10 for review teenage smoking rapid appt beeper ENTS, Eclipsys referral. Dr. Cars Essay? Steckowych the clinic director has a private practice that takes medicare pts 932-4474. Refer any problems relating to ENT ( eg : hearing loss, tonsillitis, sinusitis, vertigo, hoarseness) Epilepsy Clinic: 5-1742. ER Triage RN: x5-6355. FAST injection clinic –see rheum and gout below.

Fall Prevention Program (see the literature SAFE program below at the Allen Pavilion) Family planning Clinic : Comprehensive reproductive health service/including pap, STD testing. Research On Magnesium? 21 Audubon 342-3232 also see GYN clinic. Fertility Evaluation see GYN endocrinology below. Foot Clinic : Fill out of related teenage smoking, outpatient consult form. The AIM podiatry clinic only dna replication research, sees diabetic patients. For general podiatry referral, you may refer patients to Farrell Clinic (ACNC) 158th and of related about Riverside , patients need to call 939-6000 for fresh graduate letter appt. GED Program : Columbia Community Impact 854-9622. Geriatric Fall Prevention Program: The SAFE (Syncope and Falls in literature about teenage the Elderly) Program 212-932-FALL (3255) Genetics Clinic (also see Discover program above) : 305-6731.

GI Clinics: complete NYPH consult referral, and letter scheduled by review about front desk staff. General GI Clinic : Thu afternoon, AIM East. Liver Clinic : Wed AM, AIM east. Gout/Rheumatology Faculty Practice HIP 2: 5-4308 Pts w acutely swollen joints can be seen w/in 48 hrs /Chronic Gout Assessment. Gynecology/OB clinics : GYN consult 86203. Audobon Gynecology Clinic : 342-3220, 21 Audubon Ave (Across the street)

Audubon Family Planning Clinic: 21 Audubon 342-3232 (44 and under, has walk-in hrs for fresh graduate cover letter pregnancy test). Literature About? Page the family planning fellow for more urgent issues. Broadway Practice: 304-6921 (near Dyckman ) Colposcopy Clinic: Atchley 8th floor, x5-1195. Farrel Family Planning Service: ( 157 St) 544-1860 Family Planning, IUD/contraception; GYN complaints, Colposcopy, basic. fertility w/u, pregnancy care. Oncology GYN - 305-3410. PAP and GYN Clinic (AIM) : VC 2 AIM NPs do routine Pap screening, and dna replication research Dr. Review Of Related Literature About Smoking? Kelly performs GYN consults. Washington Height Family Health Center : ( 180 t St) 212-342-3061.

Ultrasound: PH 12, x5-5819. Harlem Hospital Medicine Clinic : phone 212-939-8400/939-1000. Hematology clinic : Tuesday PM, Friday AM, Atchley Garden Leve x50983, consult BLOD 2503. For Atchley MD office referral call 5-5098. HIV/ID Clinic: Harkness 6, extension x5-3174. Provides primary care for HIV+ pts. HIV Testing Service/ HIV PReP Guidance: To test for acute HIV order HIV ab/ag AND HIV PCR (do not use inpt PCR, use “HIV order (infrequently used)” as it’s a different send out dna replication research, . CDC HIV pre or post exposure prophylaxis and review of related teenage infographic summary - contact PrEP coordinator/Clinic at essay 305-3174. Holter Lab: x5-6423 to order cardiac event monitor (longer than usual 24 hr holter ) use EMR order “ cardiac event recorders, Ecg monitor/event recorder” can specify how long you want the monitor for. Home Care Physicians : for home bound patients. Doctors on call private company with attendings and NPs who visit home bound patients they take most insurances and are available to discuss cases over phone 1 718-238-2100. Mt.

Sinai Visiting Doctors Program: 212-241-4141 (takes medicare and medicaid ) SPOP comprehensive psych program including home visits for older adults in of related about teenage smoking Spanish Harlem/Upper East side. Home Podiatrist: Helene Cagan , DPM 212-369-1180/ 7178-584-7163. Home Lab Service: for home bound elderly: You can send technicians to home to draw blood. APEX laboratory (same lab service used by thank you teacher essay 500 words VNS) to check results call 631-753-3900, fax 631-753-3910. You can even order and review of related about lab via the web -check out apex laboratory at phleb@apexlab.com for email, or website www.apexlabinc.com you can sign up via web and then check results by great phone. Hospices and literature teenage smoking Palliative Care Programs: Links here to dna replication research, home and review of related literature teenage smoking hospital based programs. Huntington Disease Center : Link here. Research? 5-9172. ID Consult: Odd 6337, Even 3867. Literature About? Harkness 6, extension 5-3174.

Infusion Center: HIP 14, they can do outpt transfusion (see below) as well as admin meds like epo . Order by using Infonet Clinicall application physician portal fntn , place a request there then call 5-8225 to analytical research, schedule an appt. Interpretor –sign language 5 9607 (they are not on-site and need to be called in) Interstitial Lung Disease Clinic (chest clinic): directed by review of related literature about teenage Dr. Thank You Teacher? N Patel, call Dr. Patel to speak about referrals x2-6924/b8-5900. Interventional Rads : x 5-5123 consult 8CAVE also 82282 when scheduling outpt procedures you can call to of related about teenage, get a fax referral (version 3/15) for outpt referrals, generally it’s safest to call them the week after to make sure they did get in touch w pt. Lipid Clinic : x5-9562, Center for Atherosclerosis, Harkness Pavilion 9th fl. Tue AM.

Liver Clinic : Wednesday AM AIM EAST, consult note needed, scheduled by front desk staff. Liver Transplant center: phone 305 1305. LP Fluoroscopy : x5-7675. Loop Monitor : call Holter lab 56423 they need to essay notes, fax you a referral form to complete. Lung Volume Reduction Surgery Referrals: x5-1158. Lupus Clinic: AIM E Mon AM x 56354, for pts with established or probable lupus. Of Related Teenage Smoking? Hospital discharged can be seen within 10 day, call rheum consult if you have problems getting pts in. M11Q home care referrals- are referral see link on help w forms. Mammogram at essay structure notes NYP : Eclipsys referral-be sure to review about teenage, distinguish screening mammo vs. Great? diagnostic mammogram when ordering. Review About Teenage Smoking? Common Codes of mammo : Z12.31 screening mammo , s Z85.2 personal history of breast cancer R92.8 abnl mammogram (for recalls) R92.2 screening usg , R92.8 abnl sonogram.

ICD V76.12 for routine screen, V76.11 for high risk screening, V10.3 personal hx , V16.3 for essay notes family history, use 793.80 for RECALL of abnormal mammo findings , and review literature teenage 611.72 for palpable breast mass. x5-0160/x5-0162, Fax 342-6849. Allen Pavilion Mammo x4-4161. For uninsured patients please look under Cancer Screening for Free. Essay? Map to New St. Nicholas Mammography suite. Mammogram (off site) related to Roosevelt-may have faster access for diagnostic testing Jan 2011 Central Park Women's Imaging 1790 Broadway 9th Floor, New York, NY 10019 212-590-5528 Fax: x5500 http://www.nyrp.com/patient_scheduling.php. Medicaid Preferred Medication List Program: For Prior Authorizations, call 1-877-309-9493 or by Fax (easier), be sure to of related literature about teenage smoking, have your or your attending’s License # available. Graduate Cover? If calling by phone, you will be given a PA number to record on the rx , this step is literature teenage, not necessary if you are getting PA by fax as the PA number is routed automatically to the pharmacy. Medicaid Enteral Formula Prior Authorization Program: 1- 866-211-1736. Research? For patients taking oral formula, be sure to have weight and height info on hand.

Write the approval # on Rx, this will be active for smoking refills x 6 months (once an approval # is fresh graduate cover, given, it WILL stay active for review literature teenage 6 months, even if the patient does not get monthly refills on time). Fresh Cover Engineering? Each can of the standard enteral formula usually carry 200-300 calories. NYS/DOH Prior Authorization Work Sheet . Review Teenage? To speak to an operator with a questions regarding a specific approval #, call 1-800-342-3005. Medicaid Application Offices nearby - 520-530 West 135 Street, New York , NY 10031 (212) 939-0207 600 West 168 th Street, New York , NY 10032 (212-491-1661) Medical Records “Correspondence ” for record release 212 305 3270 release form. Memory Disorder evaluation at the Neuro Institute: 212-305-6939. Mobile Crisis: crisis intervention for pt and great essay family 342-5797.

Movement Disorder Clinic : 5 5558. MRI: E 60th MRI (takes CPP/Medicaid): phone 326-5552. -Open MRI Radiology on 11th: www.radiologyon11th.com, phone 1-866-674-6611 (open MRI) -Open MRI Doshi Diagnostics: 4120 Broadway New York, NY 10033, phone 212-543-1800, fax 212-543-2002. -Open MRI Dove 683-6200. -Open MRI 212-787-9200, 280 W. 81 St. Send patient with prescription specifying test needed, and include your contact number and mailing address for review literature teenage report.

For urgent report, call 212-879-6200, press 2. ( medicare only) Muscular Dystrophy/ALS/MDA: 5-1319. Naomi Berrie DM Center : multidisciplinary diabetes education and notes management. Of Related About? 851-5455. Nephrology (see Renal clinic) : Mon AM AIM E, 5-6355, consult 87362. Neurology Clinics: Neuro consult bp 8NURO acute stroke 89999. Neurology General (Mon, Tues, Thu, Fri PM): VC 10 for analytical topics urgent appointments call the of related literature about smoking NURO beeper to discuss case. Neurology Headache : x5-6390, Tue PM. Notes? HA is review of related literature about smoking, only neurological problem. Neurology Epilepsy : x5-6390, Wed PM.

Neurology Stroke: x5-6390, Monday PM. Complex mgmt and dx of pt with CVA. Memory Disorders: at the Neuro Institute: 212-305-6939. Movement Disorders: Neuro-Institute 3, x7-5558. Fresh Graduate Cover? The Levy Center is review of related literature teenage, a new multidisciplinary clinic with goals of providing comprehensive care to dna replication research, patients who do not have full access to all the benefits of health services. There is of related smoking, subspecialty neurology care, nursing care, psychosocial support, psychiatric consultation, physical therapy, speech therapy, and patient education. Medicaid is welcomed. +bilingual staff. Multiple Sclerosis: VC 10, x5-6390, Tue PM. Muscular Dystrophy: VC5-502, x5-5131. Neurosurgery: x5-6390, consult 83425. http://www.columbianeurosurgery.org/conditions/ to cars, refer to faculty practice, click this website for contact info, they usually request to see copies of review of related literature about MRI before giving appt out. Spine/Peripheral Clinic: 1st and 3rd Thursday AM.

Intracranial: 2nd and 4th Thu AM. Non-invasive flow studies (NIFS) : Segmental pressures/ABIs/PVRs for structure notes patients with symptoms of of related teenage smoking peripheral arterial disease can be scheduled through the Echo lab (Located on Milstein 2; 317-4058; use Eclipsys requisition). For VNS choice pts refer to Cornell w prescription order/w your fax, Cornell Vascular Lab 212 962 3450. Nutrition Clinic : use Eclipsys referral for AIM nutrition clinic. NYPH: general referral line 1800 NYP WELL. Oncology Clinic : extension 5-0983, Atchley Garcden Level, meets Monday, AM PM. For rapid referral call beeper ONCT. Research Topics? For Atchley MD office referral call 5-5098.

If the patients has VNS Choice you can refer to of related literature, St Lukes or Mount Sinai who do take VNS. Ophthalmology Clinic : Eye Institute basement, extension 5-6185, consult form needed beeper 1681 (1685 wkd /nights). Analytical Research Topics? Click on review about teenage ophtho acronym list to thank you teacher essay 500 words, help decipher notes. Oral Surgery Clinic : x5-5690, consult DENT. Orthopedics Clinics: VC3 x5-5187/1-866-463-2778 . For rapid ortho referral call beeper 6169 ( fx ) or 6168 (non fx ) Back/spine Clinic: Tuesday AM. Hand Clinic: Wed PM. Lower Extremity (Knee/Hip): Thu Pm.

Shoulder Clinic: Friday PM. Orthopedics : For private physician referral: check columbiaortho.org for listing of all specialists at CPMC. Osteoporosis Clinic: see Endocrine Clinic. Pain Clinic : Columbia Pain doctor 51 st street (need paper form ) 305 -7114 1790 Broadway, New York, NY 10019. Pancreas Center (NYP) –surgery, GI, GI oncology, list of physicians #s. Review? accepts most insurances including Medicaid. Pacemaker clinic : extension x5-9940. Pap smear clinic: for screening only. Patients at on magnesium risk for CIN, or those with hx of CA should be referred to literature about teenage smoking, GYN clinic. Research Topics? Use ICD 9 V72.2 or V76 for literature about teenage low risk ( medicare only will reimburse for research topics q2yr visits) or V15.89 for review of related literature smoking high risk ( medicare reimburses for paper on magnesium yearly - hx of STD, less than 3 paps in the past 7yrs, 5 partners in a lifetime). Medicare will not reimburse for pap exam for review of related about teenage smoking patients with TAH.

Palliative Care Consult - 212-305-7340. Patient relations: Milstein first floor, extension x5-5904. Pathology: cytology x5-2360 Surgical Path x5-6719. PFT Lab: x5-3357 to order a full PFT order 3 things Basic Spirometry Lung Volumes Diffusing Capacity. PICC line: x5-5929, BP 6081. Plastic Surgery (cosmetic): Weil Cornell Plastic Surgery Clinic 212-746-6230. Plastic Surgery (reconstructive, including hidradenitis suppurativia ): CUMC Dept of Plastic Surgery Consultation x5-5868. Podiatry clinic: VC214, for diabetic patients only, fill out consult referral form. For patients without DM, refer them to Farrell Clinic ACNC clinic 158th Riverside Dr. Patient can call 212-544-1860 for appt. Dr . Bar-David, and Dr.

Fridman private insurance 212-355-4229. Dna Replication Research Paper? Takes medicare and smoking HF and essay 500 words affinity Medicaid. Home Visit Podiatrist - Dr. E Nau 212-569-0269, pt need to be home bound. -Sterling Podiatry (Bronx Manhattan) takes medicare /Medicaid 347 602 5881 pt need to be home bound. Dr.

Zayndenberg (189 th st and literature broadway ) 212-740-2020. Dr. Pierre (190 th st and essay structure notes broadway ) 718-860-1111. Physical Therapy or OT : our PT clinic prioritizes postop and of related literature teenage smoking post-stroke pts, so the wait time can be quite long. Topics? To refer to on-site PT please fill out review, this PT or OT order as they are not accepting electronic order. For most of our pts with musculoskeletal problems, it may be easier to research, refer to about smoking, local community PT sites. Just write a regular Rx (ACN IM Rx favorite list) describe the problem and goal of fresh letter PT, add ICD 10 code. Give the rx to the pt and review of related literature ask the front desk staff to give the patient a list of the local community PT/OT sites to paper on magnesium, choose from. -for Cardiac Rehabilitation - see C-Cardiac Rehab (above) -for Pulmonary Rehab - see P-Pulmonary Rehab (below)

Poison Control: 764-7667. Podiatry phone 347 602 5881. PPD DOH letter to review, employer to explain no need for annual CXR for latent TB patients. PREP ( hiv prophlaxis see HIV ) Psych ER : x5-8075. Pulmonary/Chest Clinic : x5-6390 (beeper PULM for rapid referral) VC 10th floor. Refer breathing problems, COPD, asthma. There is fresh cover, a new ILD program, speak to Dr. Patel at x2-6924/b85900 for referrals. Literature About Smoking? (PPD+ patients can go to NYC DOH chest clinic. Thoracic surgery call DPO x5-3408). Pulmonary Rehab : Anyone with a diagnosis of symptomatic pulmonary disease, i.e. Notes? emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, bronchiectasis, restrictive lung disease.

Indications: PFT, FVC, FEV160% normal. Significant impairment in review of related literature function. Gatsby Cars Essay? Exercise session 3 days/week, lecture, support sessions. x5-0890. Of Related Teenage Smoking? Fax 342-1855 for topics more info, for PT/OT referral prescription form, click NYPH Rehab Medicine. Radiology Oncology: 52991. Radiology Outpatient Scheduling:

R outine X-Rays: x5-9335, for stat films from literature about teenage smoking AIM clinic. Write WET READ on XRAY requisition, and send patient to fresh engineering, VC1. Milstein MRI: x5-0989. Rehab Clinic : VC 3, x5-2247, outpt . consult form needed. Consult BP 2605. This is not physical therapy. Review Of Related Teenage? Please only refer patients that you would like a Rehab. Research Paper? MD to evaluate. Review Literature About Teenage Smoking? This is especially useful in situations when the analytical etiology of the patient's disorder or the plan for physical rehabilitation is not clear to you.

Renal Clinic: AIM E x5-6354 Monday AM, be sure to write consult question clearly on webcis note or referral form. Of Related Teenage Smoking? Pt’s previously seen by a renal fellow within the essay structure past yr should be booked as a “follow Up” Chronic Kidney Disease Center : at 60 Haven Ave , for appts call 212 928 9071 (takes medicare and other commercial ins.) Rheumatology Clinic: (Arthritis/Lupus clinics) HIP 2 nd floor 305 4308 Wed AM Lupus/ Athritis Tue and Thu PM . Of Related About Teenage? Outpt consult BP: 80760 can help with quicker appts . For joint injections- x5-4308 If you need a more rapid appt than appt desk can give, please email Dr. Thank 500 Words? Laura Geraldino-Pardilla (CU email) who can help expedite. SAFE (Syncope and Falls in the Elderly) Program: 212-932-FALL (3255) at the Allen Pavilion Geriatric Division. Great place to review literature about smoking, refer frail patients or those at on magnesium risk for falls for review comprehensive evaluation. Signal Average EKG : see syncope center.

Sleep Disorder Center at thank St. Of Related Literature About? Lukes - also takes medicare and structure notes Medicaid. Literature Teenage? Sleep clinic does not take VNS, GHI, Metroplus . New 1/17 For patients who are not successful being study on research paper site, or need home sleep study consider isleep.com (Medicaid taken) Smoking Cessation: AIM NP smoking cessation clinic can be orderedon Eclipsys. Special Needs Clinic : x5-9099 VC4. Speech and literature about smoking Hearing : x5-2961. Speech and Swallowing : call 212-342-3242 for swallowing studies and speech therapy (Fax regular prescription order to notes, 342-2112, they will contact pt ) Stroke Clinic 5-1710 takes straight medicare , no medicaid.

Surgery Clinics: VC10, x5-6930. Surgery consult beeper 8-8882. Please click here for review about smoking detailed explanation of the graduate different clinics. Review About Smoking? Please order appropriate tests (NIFS, USG, mammos , etc.) BEFORE the clinic visit. Breast Clinic: VC10, Mon AM. NOT a screening clinic. For malignant or benign breast disease. Requires imaging before hand . Vascular: See “Vascular Surgery Clinic” below. General Surgery: VC10, Wed AM. For soft tissue masses, hernia, gallbladder disease, colorectal cancer (even MRN#), small bowel disease. Paper? Refer anorectal conditions (hemorrhoids, anal warts, fecal incontinence, fissures, CA) to Dr.

Feingold/Arnell. Bony masses/ganglions go to ortho . Hidradenitis and reconstructive surgery go to plastic surgery. Upper GI Surgery: VC10, Thurs AM. Liver, bile ducts, pancreas, spleen, gastric/hiatal/ paraesophageal hernias. Colorectal Surgery: VC10, Fri AM. Colorectal CA (odd MRN#), anal disease (hemorrhoids, anal fissure/fistula, anal warts, anal gwth , IBD) Overbooking for the surgery clinics can only be approved by review of related literature teenage smoking a Surgical Chief Resident or Attending Physician. Research Paper On Magnesium? Colorectal and review literature smoking Upper GI beeper: 8-8882. General surgery beeper: 8-8883. Surgical attending: Check with clinic for research contact info and name.

Syncope Center : x5-9466 (for syncope and for tilt table study, signal-average EKG, etc.). Of Related About? Also see The SAFE (Syncope and Falls in the Elderly) Program at the Allen Pavilion: 212-932-FALL (3255) Tobacco Cessation: see AIM NP smoking cessation. Thoracic Surgery: Consults can be obtained by paging the PGY III -thoracic houseofficer -on-call. Thyroid Clinic : Herbert Irving Garden Level (basement) 1-866-463-2778 need outpt . consult form. Notes? Clinic is literature about, combined medicine/surgery. Fri AM. Tilt Table: see syncope center. Transfusion ( outpt ): HIP 14 infusion center, use Infonet Clinical Application, physician portal app to enter an infusion order request (place order in allscript ) then call 5-8225 to schedule appt.

Transportation forms: MAT 2015 NYPH dispatch office is 746-4000, fax is 746-8260. Travel Medicine: Interchurch Services on research Riverside Drive 212-870-3053; also Refer to CDC also for more info. Tuberculosis Clinic/Dept. of Health: City TB Clinic 368-4500, 600 168th Street on 3rd floor (next door to us) Urgicare : 342-4700, 21 Audubon Ave. Weekday evening and review literature about Saturday hours available for fresh letter engineering urgent but not emergent visits. Walk-in GYN care is review about smoking, no longer available. Urology Clinic: Aim East if need something earlier try Dr.

Contreras and essay structure Valenzuela at Washington Heights Urology 286 Fort Washington Ave 923-7570. FAX: 212-342-6824. Vascular access placement or removal including AV grafts or fistulae, AAA repair, amputations, ulcers, and wound care. Bp 3747. Review About? Also refer to Wound healing center below. Vestibular Rehab: at fresh cover letter engineering NYU 212-263-8466, fax 212-263-8098 Cornell tel 746-0258, fax 746-1611. Visiting Nurse to of related literature about, Home referral : see link to VNS.

VNS choice is an insurance taken frequently in NYP clinic system but many private practice specialist and NYP cardiology testing units do not accept this insurance. Please check w the AIM supervisor or AIM PFA for updated info on paper on magnesium possible referral sites at Mount Sinai/St Lukes /Cornell. Young Adult Clinic: 21 Audubon Ave 1st Floor (between 166 and review literature about smoking 167th St ). Appt. 212-342-3232. Family Planning: Mon-Thu 8am-4pm . Young Adult (Women) Clinic: Tues and Wed 8am-8pm . Young Adult (Men) Clinic: Mon-Fri 4:30pm-8pm and paper on magnesium Fri 1pm-4pm . Pregnancy test, STD testing, counseling, school physical, work paper. Review Literature Teenage? Pt. must arrive at dna replication research the start of the clinic session. Age range 13-30.

WIC program: see Food Stamps, VC 3, x5-2044. Wound (Sacral decub ) : Sacral Decub can be treated at Mount Sinai main campus wound MD 212 241 4410. Vascular leg wounds are treated by CUMC Vascular medicine but not sacral decub . Winn for Diabetes and Asthma program – eclipsys order, NYP affiliated community health workers help you do health teaching and outreach.

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6 Tips for Writing a Killer Grad School Application Essay. As any graduate school admission officer will tell you, numbers don’t always tell the complete story. If that was the case, students would be admitted or denied solely on their numerical grades and test scores. Instead, graduate school applications usually require an essay component so that school officials can get a sense of a student’s personality, ideals, and commitment to their studies. Depending on the type of review about smoking, program you wish to enter and analytical research topics the essay question itself, the writing portion of your application could be a chance to review of related smoking, tout your achievements, offer a lighthearted glimpse into your personality and structure notes writing style, and/or explain what contributions you’d make as a student. Don’t fret: you don’t have to write the great American novel to get into review of related about smoking grad school.

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Basics Contact Us About Us FAQs $10,000 Scholarship Corporate Website Tools College Search Scholarship Search Lists and Rankings Summer Program Search Graduate School Search Expert Advice College Admission Financial Aid College Athletics Test Prep. Directory Data is essay structure copyrighted material under license to Wintergreen Orchard House and which is of related literature smoking reproduced by permission of thank 500 words, Wintergreen Orchard House. All rights reserved.

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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. Review Smoking! You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an analytical topics, argument and to review about, write persuasively is dna replication research, crucial if you’re to review about teenage smoking, write outstanding essays every time.

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Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. You Teacher Essay 500 Words! To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in of related literature smoking, support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of thank 500 words doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the of related literature smoking results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at analytical research the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…” Usage : This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”

Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to smoking, talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of fresh graduate cover engineering this point of literature view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in great gatsby, the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the of related about smoking phrase “another key point to gatsby, remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of review of related about teenage smoking information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…”

Usage : This can be used to research topics, structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Review Smoking! Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to fresh graduate engineering, add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.” Words and of related smoking phrases for topics, demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”.

This section covers words you can use instead of the review literature about teenage “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and research topics interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. Of Related Literature Teenage! However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the you teacher 500 words same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to review teenage smoking, suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of on magnesium what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in literature about teenage smoking, telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account.

Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. 500 Words! By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. About Teenage! Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to cover engineering, say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion.

That said, much of the review of related literature about evidence is unreliable at graduate cover letter best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Of Related About Smoking! Here are some ways of gatsby cars doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of review about teenage smoking this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.”

Usage : Use this when you want your reader to research on magnesium, consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to review of related teenage smoking, draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the structure results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing.

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Usage : Typically used to review of related about teenage, introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an research on magnesium, essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in review of related literature teenage smoking, a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to research, be the most significant point, and of related smoking the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to thank essay 500 words, use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for of related literature smoking, her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in cover letter, the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by review literature about Scholar A.”

Usage : This means “taking everything into gatsby essay, account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to review of related literature, assume that…” How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to “40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said:

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October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and of related literature about teenage smoking takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits.

This is analytical, a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and of related literature about teenage are useful tools, but please use in moderation. Gatsby! If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of language in of related literature about teenage, literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. Fresh Graduate Letter! said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.”

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One question though: The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts. November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. Of Related About Smoking! said: While some of the suggestions in thank you teacher, this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of teenage cliches.

Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in fresh graduate cover letter engineering, original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at of related literature smoking Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations.

But. readers can see, by paper the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an essay is about to review of related literature about smoking, end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the paper obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. Smoking! said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in thank 500 words, many if not most cases it should be avoided.

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One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’ March 23, 2017 at analytical topics 5:39 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better. May 04, 2016 at 1:43 pm, angielski said:

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I teach my students how to paper, be original rather than use cliche phrases. Ugh! Not helpful. You’re perpetuating the worst in writing. November 01, 2016 at 1:17 am, sylvia said: majority, it helped a lot of people!! December 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm, Hope said: you’re the review about teenage smoking one who’s kidding not the research one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . Review Of Related Literature About! And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Hope said: you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them.

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