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Importance of Communication Skills Essay - UK Essays

Communications essay

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Importance of Communication Skills Essay - UK Essays

Bali - mass tourism in developing countries. 32 Pages, Grade: Good. 1. INDONESIA AS A DEVELOPING COUNTRY ON THE WAY TO MASS TOURISM. 2. CULTURAL TOURISM IN BALI. 3. WOMEN, PROSTITUTION AND AIDS. 4. BOMB ATTACK IN BALI - THE END OF THE MASS TOURISM? „The areas of essay, Southeast Asia that are quiet, peaceful and possess spectacular scenery and diverse cultures have a great opportunity to develop tourism.” (President Suharto, launching Visit Asian Year, January, 1992) (McCarthy, 1994, p.7) To be in movement essay, a paradise which is exotic, strange, with amazing landscapes and essay, people who are not affected by corrupted society, is the civil right essay, main reason for tourists to visit foreign countries. However, the communications essay, questions is, if increasing tourism would be an sociologists advantage or a disadvantage for the potential host country, and how tourism affects the economy, society, the and the local environment. International tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors of the global economy and represents profitability for the visiting country and positively impacts the communications, economy. The question is, whether the economic advantage compensates the civil right essay, damage, which is inflicted to the society, environment and essay, the culture by the tourists.

This essay focuses on the case example of Bali and its mass tourism. 1. INDONESIA AS A DEVELOPING COUNTRY ON THE WAY TO MASS TOURISM. In order to describe the tourism in developing countries, it is necessary to clarify, which countries hold this status, which characteristics they possess and what is meant by the term development. The term developing country was formed at the beginning of the 1950’s. It stands for a group of countries, whose level of development is thesis seo friendly, small compared with the essay, developed nations. The criteria for the developing countries would be: economical, ecological, demographic, socio-cultural and political status. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) divides the developing countries into the following categories:

1. LICs (Low Income Countries, per capita GDP (Gross Domestic Product) $760), 2. LMICs (Lower Middle Income Countries, per capita GDP $761-$3,030), 3. UMICs (Upper Middle Income Countries, per capita GDP $3,031-$9,360) 4. HICs (High Income Countries, per dbq essay war 1812 capita GDP $9,360) (OECD, 2000, Homepage, Attachment 1) Indonesia belongs, according to the world development report” of the World Bank, to a per capita GDP of $710 country (conditions 2002) which is part of the category of a developing country with a low income. (World Bank Group, 2003b, Homepage, Attachment 2) Altogether Indonesia consists of 13,000 islands, from which 6,000 are uninhabited and which extend to over 5,150 km. Communications! The total area of thesis statement yourself, Indonesia is over 1,900,000 km?. Bali covers only 0.3% of this stated surface. (Lonely Planet, 1997, p.31) The official language is Bahasa Indonesia, whereby each ethnical group has its own language. Altogether this accounts to approximately 200 different languages. Due to the ideal of Indonesia between the Indian and the Pacific ocean, many different cultural, religious, political and economic influences can be found on the islands. Thus European colonialists, Arab and Indian sea traders, as well as members of the Chinese kingdoms have left their mark in Indonesia. Indian trades people have spread the Buddhism and Hinduism religion. Essay! Starting from the 13th century A.D. the Islamic influence increased by Arab dealers. Today 88% of the Indonesian population are Muslims, 8% Christians, 2% Hindus and 1% Buddhist. (Federal Foreign Office, 2003, Homepage). The European influence resulted particularly from the Dutchmen, who came to Indonesia in 1596 supervised by Cornelius de Houtman.

First they captured the power and made it part of United India Company (VOC). Hamlet First Soliloquy! In 1799 the VOC was replaced by the Netherlands state. (Lonely Planet, 1997, pp.18-22) In 1830 the systematic exploitation of essay, Indonesia began under the control of Netherlands governor general Johannes van de Bosch. He introduced the Cultuurstelstel system, (Lonely Planet, 1997, p.22) that improved the land use and the taxation system. Simultaneously, a massive population growth began in Java. People needed more workers, in sociologists research religion, order to meet the demands of colonial power. Communications! After the take-over of Indonesia by the Japanese, Soekarno and Hatta proclaimed the Republic of Indonesian at the 17.08.1945. (Lonely Planet, 1997, pp. 22-26) In 1966 Soeherto took over movement, the leadership of Indonesia. Soeherto’s most important legacy was political and economic stability. This appears to be when the communications, modernization theory was realized.

The Indonesian Government began to the psychology of problem, strive to promote the economy. They reached a rapid economic growth in Indonesia in the 1980‘s. (Lonely Planet, 1997, p.30) At the end of the 1960’s they began to communications, promote Bali as the island for international tourism. Therefore they consulted French tourism experts, in order to develop a master plan. In 1971 “The Master Plan for statement for a yourself, the Development of tourism in Bali “ was terminated. (Picard, 1993, p.79) The United Nation Development Program (UNDP) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and communications essay, Development promoted this plan. (McCarthy, 1994, p.14). When in 1963 the essay, first multilevel hotel was built and at the 01.08.1969 the large international airport was opened, the final way to the mass tourism was smoothed. Picard indicates that in 1969 11,000 tourists came directly to Bali, 120,000 in essay, 1979 and 436,000 in 1989. (Wall, 1995, p.60) Statistics of BPS for Statistics Indonesia show, that 2,322,155 tourists came to Bali in 2001. With the entire number of visitors in Indonesia of 4,648,687 foreign tourists, approximately 50% the Tourists spend their vacation in Bali. (BPS Statistics Indonesia, 2003, Homepage, Attachment 3/4).

Without the promotion of the tourism on Bali by the government, the thesis theme seo friendly, island probably would not have been to adjust so fast and communications, so comprehensively to the tourism. Above all economic growth was the most important point of view. Already in the modernization theory economists asked, why development was equated mostly with economic growth (Kohler, 2000, Homepage). Among the scientists an agreement based on war 1812, the fact that underdevelopment was an early stage of each social development. It is a temporary condition of a traditionally shaped society. The modernization process should transfer the underdeveloped societies into a dynamic process of modern values, way of thinking, behaviours and social structures. According to this process, these societies would be penetrated by communications essay modern influences and unfold to a modern industrialised society and thesis seo friendly, approximate to essay, the societies of the west. The next question is the travel motive of the guests. What are the characteristics of Bali and what attracts the dbq essay war 1812, travellers? On the one hand the natural-space potential of the island plays a large role. Apart from the scenic characteristics also the culture, the religion and their customs attract the travellers.

Terms arose like Garden of Eden or Last Paradise, which was established by communications essay early travellers into the 1930’s. Soliloquy Essay! (Picard, 1993, p.77) Bali is communications, often called living museum. (Picard, 1993, pp.74-77) „Thus is that culture - in the case in war 1812, point, mostly narrowed down to artistic and ceremonial manifestations - became Bali’s defining feature, providing the common ground on which Dutch orientalists and American anthropologists, artists and tourists could encounter each other and the Balinese.“ (Picard, 1993, p.76) With the rising number of visitors the “Last Paradise” Bali was threatened to communications, become the Paradise Lost. (Picard, 1993, p.77) On the one hand Bali had become a living museum to promote the tourism on hamlet first soliloquy essay, the island. On the other hand the Balinese culture needs to communications, be protected and a possibility should be found to protect the culture against the influences of the religion, modern world brought to the island by essay the presence of the foreign visitors. (Picard, 1993, p.77) The Indonesian government recognized Balinese culture, considering history, as a valuable resource for the economic development of the hamlet soliloquy essay, island. How this resolution could lead to essay, Cultural Renaissance of the Balinese culture (Picard, 1993, p.87) or to the Balinisation of civil right movement, Bali (Picard, 1993, p.75) will be discussed in the following. Apart from traditional Balinese music, painting and carving art, the traditionally accomplished dances are the most spectacular characteristic of the island. These dances are however not exclusively intended for the public, but also serve religious purposes, „because present among the spectators are the ancestors, the gods and the demons, who share with the Balinese a keen taste for lively festivals and fine performances“. (Picard, 1995, p.58) The Balinese government went even so far to say, that the island inhabitants have to behave as authentically Balinese as possible, since authenticity is exactly that what potential tourists search. Thus the term Balinization of communications essay, Bali developed, and the condition that the culture is not regarded as a Heritage any more, but as the thesis, Capital. Essay! (Picard, 1995, p.55) How can tourism develop without cultural pollution (Picard, 1993, p.87)? How can the tourist enjoy the Balinese culture on for a paper about, the one hand without menace it on the other hand? Negative effects can be determined on the inhabitants of the island. Before the mass tourism began, it was not important for the Balinese whether the dances were seen for communications essay, religious purposes or as a spectacle. When the dances were performed in hotels to additionally increase the tourism, it became necessary to decide, where religious ceremony stopped and where the commercial attraction began. The Balinese created new dances, shortened and changed them, in order to thesis statement for a about, improve the communications essay, entertainment character. (McCarthy, 1994, p.45) An example is the thesis seo friendly, choreographically very impressive Kecak dance.

This dance was invented for a film project and is today presented as traditional dance. Communications Essay! The irony is that the Balinese became proud of these dances. (Lonely Planet, 1997, p.376) Further effects can be found on the nature of the island. Natural areas are destroyed by the building of hotels, holiday settlements, business areas and roads. Since these natural areas are also used as ritual places, the island inhabitants are disturbed in their spirituality. Hamlet Soliloquy! Further the clothing of the tourists during their visit of the holy temples did not correspond with the religious conceptions of the inhabitants.

However, a dress code has meanwhile been introduced. Even under ecological criterias the mass tourism is communications, irresponsible. Many hotels in the middle of the rice fields block the irrigation system functioning so far. The immense water consumption for the apartments or pools reduces the water reservoir for the population. In addition the disposal of the waste water is completely unsettled. Thesis Theme! The perhaps worst effect of the mass tourism could be an AIDS epidemic disease. In Indonesia the essay, condition between tradition and modernity, between arising Islamic fundamentalism and western orientation brings many economic, socio- cultural and political-religious problems. The increase of the commercial Sex industry, the associated high number of STDs (sexual transmitted diseases) and the high number of thesis for a paper yourself, unemployed persons are essentially responsible for the rapid HIV spreading. At present Indonesia has announced 380 cases of HIV infections. The dark number is indicated at 90.000-300.000. (Dreezens-Fuhrke, 1997, p.4) In a men dominated economy and communications essay, society women consider to find their survive in prostitution.

In the Islamic Indonesian society prostitutes are, however, not considered victims. Rather they are considered as women without moral with morally despicable social reputation. (Dreezens-Fuhrke, 1997, p.23) Already in 1989 started the first NGO (Non governmental organizations associated with the thesis paper yourself, United nation) an HIV/AIDS prevention program in Bali, the place of origin of the HIV/Aids. Until today female prostitutes beside male prostitutes and essay, homosexuals are focussed by the NGOs in Southeast Asia. Hamlet Soliloquy Essay! (Dreezens-Fuhrke, 1997, pp.21-24) The Australian International Development Assistance Bureau (AIDAB) contribute AUD 20 million in HIV/AIDS- prevention in Indonesia (McCarthy, 1994, p.21) 4. BOMB ATTACK IN BALI - THE END OF THE MASS TOURISM? “The architect of the Bali bombing has revealed that they originally targeted the Sari Club on essay, the previous night, Friday October 11, when the popular nightspot was filled with AFL footballers celebrating the end of the season (…). The blasts killed 202 people, including 88 Australians and thesis statement paper, 38 Balinese. Unofficial estimates in Bali put the death toll as high as 250, when vagrants and street prostitutes are included. Hundreds were injured.” (Miller, 2003, Homepage) The result of growth in communications, 2002 was a pleasant surprise in Indonesia. (World Bank Group, 2003b, Homepage). The feared negative effect of the Bali attack was not perceptible on the total growth.

The GDP growth with 3.7 per thesis for a paper yourself cent for the year 2002 was better than expected. (World bank Group, 2003b, homepage) Nevertheless the Balinese hotel sector was strongly affected by the effects of the attack. Essay! The number of visitors declined by 31 per cent. Thesis! (World Bank Group, 2003a, Homepage, Attachment 5). Domestic tourists replace partially the communications essay, dropping foreign tourism. It is probably because of the fact that Indonesia could not recover from the Asia crisis in 1997/98 and the effects were limited therefore. Since the Second World War the governments of Indonesia try to strengthen their economic situation. Above all the Master Plan for the Development of Tourism in sociologists research, Bali (1971) helped Indonesia to win many tourists in Bali and hence to increase the national income. They tried to receive the status of Middle Income country. According to the Modernization Theory of communications essay, Rostow the Indonesian government tried to achieve a transition from the hamlet first, Traditional Society to communications, the second step, the right essay, “Establishment of the preconditions for take-off”.

The next step in essay, Rostows Theory is the transition to the “Take- off society”, afterwards the “Drive to Maturity” to the final step: “The Age of thesis theme, High Mass Consumption”. Communications Essay! The success in hamlet first soliloquy, this concept rests probably on the fact that it integrated a variety of other factors, such as cultural and technical prerequisites. The problem at this concept was the insufficient explanation for long-term underdevelopment, the communications essay, neglected external factors and historical influences. In this theory there is also a shortage of a process analysis, how these five ideally steps finally can be reached. (Kohler, 2000, homepage) Indonesia still belongs to the status of a traditional society with a GNP by capita from $710. (World Bank Group, 2003b, Homepage) One of the neglected factors is the high number of illiterate people and consequently the theme, lack of experts. Worldwide there is a range of humanitarian assistance for Indonesia.

The Asian development bank (ADB) named some development activities in its statistical appendix. Some projects are: Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Program, Education Development, Local Roads Development or Waste Management and Environmental Protection for Urban Poor Communities. They are promoted beside the communications essay, ADB by the World Bank, CIDA, GTZ, USAID or JBIC. The Psychology! (ADB, 2002, Homepage, Attachment 6) The net transfer of resources amounted in essay, the year 1999 to $106 million, during the Asia crisis 1998 and 1999 to an average $631 million and until 2001 to hamlet soliloquy, approximately $40 million. Communications Essay! (ADB, 2002, Homepage, Attachment 7) Between 1996 and 2001 development assistance was carried out within the ranges Agriculture and essay, Natural Resources, Social Infrastructure, Transport and Communication. (ADB, 2002, Homepage, Attachment 8) In the future the ADB plan Assistance pipeline for Lending Products 2003-2005 will promote Financial Governance and Social Security Reform, Road Rehabilitation, Integrated Urban Development and Poverty Reduction, Education Development und Commercialisation of Public. (ADB, 2002, Homepage, Attachment 9) The inhabitants try to overcome the rising catastrophic situation within social and communications essay, ecological ranges. Ida Ayu Agung Mas, who lived abroad and returned to Bali after 20 years, created the Sua Bali concept.

Sua Bali means Meet Bali, understand Bali. (BBC World News, 2003, homepage) The aim of Sua Bali is to keep the negative effects as small as possible for the environment and the culture. Therefore courses are offered to inform tourists about the culture, traditions and the everyday life of the island inhabitants. Foreign visitors get the possibility to participate in their way of first essay, life. An increasing interest among the Bali travellers can be determined, although a lot of essay, tourists still demand a completely western standard in solving, their vacation. Essay! Nevertheless this should be a guide for war 1812, the future. (Heinen, 1999, Homepage) Bali lives between prosperity and poverty.

Tourists come annually nearly in communications, the same number as inhabitants live on the island. They bring currency and contribute to a large extent to the economic growth. In addition, regarding the economic effects, it must be pointed out, that only certain persons, who have the appropriate conditions and knowledge, such as hotel managers, share the profit. Nevertheless the first soliloquy, increasing tourism gives the Balinese inhabitants the possibility to earn money in order to secure their surviving. Of course this point leads also to problems like prostitution, which are tried to communications essay, be solved by development assistance. Not only the Balinese try to overcome the dbq essay, poverty but also their government. The tourism development politic helps Bali to increase their growth substantially. The aim seems to be the next step in Restow’s Modernisation Theory - to become an “Establishment of the preconditions for take-off”. The culture tourism on Bali represents an exceptional case in the developing countries. Essay! It becomes clear, where the civil movement essay, problems of the essay, island are. The dilemma between economic prosperity and the entrance of tourists in Balinese life and culture belong inseparably together.

Nevertheless the culture of Bali is neither polluted nor renaissance. The Balinese culture is still alive, although a bid modified. The end of the tourism is not in sight, as many statistics show. The Bali tourism is not destroyed, only dammed. Some of the reasons of the stagnation could be the Asia crisis 1997/98, the attack of 11. Dbq Essay! September or the SARS epidemic. As German writer Theodor Fontane already said to end 19 of the century: To the peculiarity in our times belong the essay, mass journeys. Previous only preferred individuals travelled, now every man and women travel. (Theodor Fontane, 1873) Diploma Thesis, 119Pages. Research Paper (undergraduate), 9Pages. Project Report, 34Pages.

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Importance of Communication Skills Essay - UK Essays

resume share tpf eds The Alternative TPF Homepage. Animated GIFs by: The Scoop Archives. No News Here, but if you've been out communications, of the business for a while you can catch up here. Got some gossip on TPF or TPFers ? Drop us a line. Just finished a particularly lucrative contract and not sure what to civil right essay, spend all that money on ? See yourself as the new entrepreneur that is going to really make e-business payoff ? How about getting together with a few other like-minded TPFers and calling someone over at Galileo ? It seems they might want to make a deal. This was on the PRNewswire recently: ROSEMONT, Ill., Oct. 20 /PRNewswire/ -- Galileo International, Inc., ( NYSE:GLC ), announced today that its board of directors has. authorized management to explore strategic alternatives for the company.

designed to maximize shareholder value. Such alternatives include, but are not limited to, a leveraged buyout or sale to essay, a strategic buyer. The company said that there is no assurance that any transaction will be completed. The board has begun the search for solving a financial advisor to explore and evaluate possible alternatives, and anticipates naming one shortly. value, said James E. Barlett, chairman, president and communications essay, CEO. We do not believe that the dbq essay public market is appropriately valuing our. consistent financial performance, cash flow generation and excellent.

growth prospects. Our board of essay, directors has agreed that it is in civil movement the best. interest of shareholders that we evaluate all options in order to deliver. increased shareholder value. regarding the progress of this strategic initiative except in communications essay accordance. with applicable securities laws. Galileo International stock has suffered, along with almost every other 'tech' stock, in the psychology solving the last few financial quarters and is now trading around $19, much nearer its 52-week Low of $13.50 than its high of essay, $33.50.

So does this represent an opportunity for investors and statement for a paper about yourself, shareholders, or a warning that the financial experts in communications the marketplace have a different view of thesis statement paper about, Galileo's potential than their management ? Tell us what you think. (26th October 2000) SABRE To Throw-In The Outsourcing Towel ? They were once one of the 2000lb Gorillas of the outsourcing business but if a recent article in Travel Distribution Review that is doing the rounds in TPFers e-mail is anything to go by essay, those days are about to end. Naturally there will be much speculation over the actual contribution that the failure to solving, secure the communications BA outsourcing deal made to thesis theme, this decision. Essay! Over the soliloquy essay years Sabre (now: The Sabre Group) had grown from the highly respected IT department of American Airlines, responsible for the creation of the SABRE CRS, into communications a multi-faceted IT solutions provider that had led the way that other companies, notably Amadeus, are now following with some success. Whether this apparent decision to pull back from being an statement, outsourcing giant will allow them to focus on the higher margin Professional Services with more success remains to be seen.

It certainly would eliminate any possibility of them growing by acquisition in the same manner that Amadeus now seem poised to do through deals like that with BA. Sabrre have made bold decisions in the past and some have come off while others have been less rewarding for them, what do you think will happen this time ? Why not let us know what you think ? ( 26th October 2000) TPFers Looking To Forge Union Links. We recently received an e-mail which stated the communications following: Word is out that the TPF and distributed technical employees are banding together with CWA (Communication Workers of dbq essay, America) to form Union. Essay! Some former TWA, NW, DL, System One, etc. It's time for benefits, retirement, medical upon retirement, job security, fair pay. Information site at: support the effort or are interested in statement for a about participating, meetings start soon, represent yourself. It has often been felt in the TPF community that Delta operated a fairly strict environment for their staff, perhaps this is a reaction against that situation.

Perhaps the influence of Delta attitudes and procedures has also affected the Worldspan environment. We don't know, but somebody out communications essay, there does. So why not offer your opinion on this development in TPFer - management relations ? TPFers, even within the IT industry, are a unique resource for employers (which is dbq essay, one of the main reasons most TPF shops would like to move away from requiring 'specialist' skills at communications essay, all). Companies rarely appreciate the human resources they rely on dbq essay war 1812 so heavily, is communications essay, this another example of that or are these activists becoming unnecessarily antagonistic ? Let us know what you think. Share your opinions with the rest of the TPF community, in the strictest confidence of course, whether you agree with this movement or not. (30th September 2000) GALILEO Get Personal. ROSEMONT, Ill., July 28 /PRNewswire/ -- Galileo International, Inc. (NYSE: GLC - news), a global travel distribution services leader, today announced the worldwide launch of ViewTrip(TM) , its newest Internet information service tool for travelers. Hamlet First Soliloquy Essay! By using the new ViewTrip site, customers of Galileo® and Apollo® automated travel agencies now can view their itineraries 24 hours a day, seven days a week, over the Internet simply by typing in their last name and a six-digit reservation. provides dynamic itinerary information, including any updates made to communications, an itinerary by travel agents or travelers. the Internet with ViewTrip. travel agencies and their customers,'' said Babetta Gray, executive vice president, Subscriber Sales and Service. Soliloquy Essay! ``Along with providing vital, real-time information, ViewTrip.

allows agencies to supplement their service offerings by providing their customers with 24-hour, real-time access to their reservations.'' Check out this other news item which you might have missed from ComputerWeekly's site Not sure how much of essay, this report is thesis statement for a about, accurate, and essay, whether Amadeus would like to sociologists religion, be known as a Spanish company, but there might be some truth in communications it. Hamlet First Essay! It does seem that £250m total to essay, develop BABS and RTB over 30 yrs would equate to something of a bargain. but then what do we know ? (11/5/2000) Staff Spirits Dampened By Office Flood. Some British Airways IT staff were given an thesis about yourself, unpleasant surprise yesterday when part of the ceiling above them collapsed and they were drenched by water from communications a ruptured pipe. One observer saw water cascading down onto a PC and the flood has temporarily displaced approximately 6-10 staff as work is carried out to repair the pipe and ruined carpets and equipment. This accident comes just days after Amadeus representatives had stressed that when they finally take on some of the BA TPF staff they will have offices equipped to a very high standard. I expect at dbq essay war 1812, least one or two staff might have remembered those words as they dried themselves yesterday afternoon. SABRE Fails To Make The Cut With BA. British Airways has chosen to place the future of its TPF Reservations system BABS in the hands of the European consortium AMADEUS rather than The SABRE Group. This represents a major coup for essay AMADEUS and a significant setback for SABRE.

Many people within the TPF community felt that AMADEUS were not the leading provider of TPF hosting services and for them to have won over a bid from civil essay SABRE, until now thought to essay, be pre-eminent in this area, will send shockwaves through the industry. While AMADEUS’ reputation and sociologists research papers religion, status within global IT will be enhanced by this 10 year deal with BA, it can only harm SABRE. Although this is clearly a highly complex and communications, risky undertaking for both BA and their chosen supplier, observers are bound to consider what possible affect some notable past SABRE projects, such as CONFIRM and the SNCF French national railway, might have had on BA senior management. In many ways the choice of thesis theme seo friendly, AMADEUS could be seen to reflect BA’s global corporate approach. Unlike SABRE, which is communications essay, a US company, based in paper yourself the US and has a ‘US-centric’ reputation, AMADEUS grew from the communications essay cooperation of the psychology of problem solving, many different nationalities, has key operational divisions headquartered in separate countries and employs a strongly multi-national and multi-cultural workforce. For a Special Report and Opinions CLICK HERE. Galileo Financial Report Shows Costs of Swindon Closure. The following excerpt is essay, taken from the recently published Annual Report by Galileo (figures are presumed to be in thousands. ) The Company recorded special charges of $26,460 ($15,902 after tax) during the research religion year ended December 31, 1998 related to a strategic realignment of communications, the. Company's operations in the United Kingdom and, to a lesser degree, other realignments within the Company. These special charges were comprised.

primarily of $15,025 in severance costs related to termination of 399 employees , primarily in the development and marketing groups, and civil essay, $11,435 of. other costs, principally related to essay, the closing of the remaining Swindon, U.K. facilities. As of first essay, December 31, 1999, $15,082 of severance costs have been. paid and charged against the liability and 345 employees have been terminated. The Company expects the realignment activities to communications, be substantially. complete in early 2000. Research Papers! Also related to the closing of Swindon, U.K. facilities, in 1993 the communications essay Company, formerly Covia Partnership, combined with The. Galileo Company Ltd. and consolidated its two data center facilities resulting in of problem the closing of the Swindon, U.K. data center. Essay! In connection therewith, the estimated cost of the consolidation was charged to expense. During 1999, the Company was successful in assigning a Swindon, U.K. facility lease at market rates, resulting in recognition of an $11,359 one-time recovery of previously reserved facilities expenses. At December 31, 1999 and 1998, the estimated remaining liabilities for all of the the psychology of problem above mentioned restructuring activities, principally related to essay, Swindon, U.K. severance costs and facility closure costs, were $10,220 and $44,115, respectively, and are included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. (12th April 2000)

BA Close To Choosing Outsourcing Supplier. British Airways are close to making a choice between SABRE and solving, AMADEUS for who will assume control of their TPF systems in oneof the largest and essay, most complex outsourcing/multihosting deals yet in the industry. Both bidders have completed lengthy discussions with both BA and Qantas and last week BA and met in Singapore to compare notes on the rival bids. Word is hamlet first, that there was broad agreement on the suitability of each bid. A decision was planned for end of March early April but with such a complex decision BA cannot afford to be hasty. Communications Essay! The contract is believed to be for an initial period of 10 years and further rumours are that other airlines (EI and dbq essay, CX) might be considering a similar arrangement. Draft 'Heads of communications, Terms' have been sent to both bidders but we are told that some issues are still in the negotiation stage, chiefly issues of sociologists research papers religion, liability in the event of operational failures etc. The major Unions involved (GMB and essay, MSF) are also meeting representatives from soliloquy essay both bidders and have numerous questions for the rival delegations. Not least is some assurance that the winning bidder will even recognise the unions, let alone collaborate and deliver an acceptable staffing contract to their current membership.

It is believed that Amadeus would be willing to recognise and essay, work with the dbq essay war 1812 unions but we have no information on Sabre's stance on communications essay this. We'd be interested to hear from anyone involved in this situation and can assure discretion. If you have any information or opinions on the fight to control BA's TPF systems let us know. (7th April 2000) IR35 Set To Have Major Impact At BA. Changes to the UK income tax law, known as IR35, come in to force after April 6th 2000. They make it almost impossible for independent contractors to operate through their own corporation when working on a TPF contract. BA have also reduced the number of 'approved' contract vendors to essay, 2 (!) Computer People and Spring.com. Early indications are that neither company will risk the wrath of the Inland Revenue and essay, attempt to structure working arrangements with TPF contractors so that they will have a chance of resisting the research papers changes to the tax code. This will make contracting at communications, BA (or indeed in the UK) far less attractive.

One US contractor at BA has estimated that it will impact his income by 30% when all aspects are considered. Do you have an opinion about IR35 ? If so tell us. Old Galileo Data Centre Set To Be Largest Web-Farm In Europe. News has reached us that Cable Wireless have got hold of the old Galileo data centre in Swindon and the psychology of problem, plan to turn it into communications the largest web-hosting installation in Europe. It seems a sensible use for the site and movement, appears to quell rumours that SABRE might have been keen to turn it into their European base. Essay! You can read CW's own description of what they plan for the site here. (14th March 2000)

The world's largest airline reservation system, went off-line 22/2/2000, leaving airlines including US Airways Group Inc. and American Airlines, travel agencies and consumers unable to essay, access its reservation systems for two hours. As of last night, we were doing diagnostic testing with our equipment vendor, she said, declining to name the vendor. The Sabre computer reservations system handles approximately 40% - or 400 million bookings annually - of all reservations made around the world, the company said. Communications! (23rd Feb 2000) Under a multi-year agreement, WORLDSPAN will provide automation and. computer reservation system (CRS) services to Navigant International, Inc., one of the thesis seo friendly nation's largest suppliers of corporate travel management services. The agreement follows two years of rapid growth by Navigant, during which the company has acquired a number of regional travel firms, including several WORLDSPAN subscriber agencies. (16th Feb 2000)

Either way staff are still facing some tough choices. Some TPF trainees that had only just arrived at their groups after their initial courses, have been offered the opportunity to transfer internally to other areas. Essay! It seems that many will take this option. Dbq Essay! What will happen to the contractors and other permanent staff in the affected areas is still unclear. (16th Feb 2000) New Shake-Up At Holiday Inn. Paul Halstead, SVP has resigned to accept a senior IT leadership job at. cheaptickets.com in essay Hawaii and thesis theme, Suzie Carr has been appointed SVP of Ops and Development. Suzie came to Holiday several years ago as a long distance sales person. Following the failed Galaxy project and the final decision to essay, scrap the project and papers, cut the losses, a new project called Symphony has emerged. This appears to be a Holidex re-write and includes the aging Yield management system HIRO and a PMS component.

Significantly the senior management team is without a TPF'er. Technical staff at Holiday Inn are nervous as a rumor that BASS, the owner of the Holiday name, will be moving all development and operations to England. The chairman of essay, Holiday Inn has already re-located. (10th January 2000) BA Getting Out Of The TPF Business ? The latest on the BA situation is from the hamlet first Daily Express (2/12/99) The following is from the essay Electronic Telegraph: BRITISH Airways is considering selling or spinning off its BABS. computerised reservations system as part of a drive to cut £225m costs this.

Management wing, which directly employs about 2,200 people. About 200. staff work on the BABS system. It is a pure reservation system, showing. which seats are empty on flights, but is right essay, not used to determine the price at. which those seats are sold.

tender. A BA spokesman said: We are looking to see where we can take. costs out of the essay airline and improve efficiencies. As part of that process, we. have been talking to the Information Management staff and discussing what. options we have.

could be operated by an external partner. We could put it out to theme seo friendly, tender. She stressed that it was only a proposal at this stage and that it was much. too early to discuss the communications implications for jobs. As far as anyone knows the two potential suitors are AMADEUS and SABRE. Indications are that BA plans to do all it can to hamlet essay, ensure continuity of employment for all TPF-related staff affected by this move. It is communications essay, known that BA wish to leverage their DCS product, which is thesis statement for a paper yourself, highly regarded within the industry, since AMADEUS do not have a DCS product of their own, so would be interested in acquiring one, and SABRE would be interested in obtaining a superior product themselves.

With BA currently operating on the latest release of TPF and being almost current on PUTs, one can only speculate on what the spokesperson for BA meant by updating the BABS technology. Presumably this is a reference to communications essay, the adoption of sociologists research, Unix, or Open (multi-vendor) Systems by some other small TPF users. If anyone has views on this topic or can offer any more insight or information then please contact us (23rd November 1999) United Set For Move To Worldspan. United Airlines seem set to move their system away from Galileo to Worldspan. Recruiters are busily scouring the communications globe for 50+ TPF staff for the psychology of problem solving Kansas City. This would be a major blow to Galileo, for whom the Apollo system was a flagship. Does anyone know more details on essay this story ? If so please let us know. ( 12th October 1999 ) EDS Sign Continental for $1.5 Billion. Tuesday September 28, 9:01 am Eastern Time.

Company Press Release. SOURCE: Electronic Data Systems. EDS Signs $1.5 Billion Services Extension With Continental Airlines; Technology Support, Including E-Commerce, Enhances Airline's Capability To Meet Industry Drive Toward Global Airline Alliances PLANO, Texas, Sept. 28 announced the signing of of problem, a global service agreement valued at $1.5 billion over eight years to enable the airline to take advantage of the rapidly changing marketplace. The industry is moving. quickly toward global airline alliances to meet travelers' needs in communications essay an increasingly smaller and more connected world through the speed of transportation and technology. The contract calls for first soliloquy EDS to provide a myriad of existing and expanded services, such as inter-airline electronic ticketing and check-in. Continental has a comprehensive alliance network including relationships with carriers in North America, Europe, Latin America and Asia. A key goal of the communications essay alliance strategy is to offer the traveler a seamless itinerary, which often requires Continental to achieve a high degree of systems compatibility with the partner airline. The Psychology Of Problem Solving! Previously EDS has worked with Continental on technology projects supporting alliances with Northwest. Airlines, America West Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Alitalia, Air France, Copa.

Airlines and many others. ``As a global leader in the IT industry, EDS has been integral to our success since the relationship was established in 1991. IT is the underpinning that will ensure the success of global airline alliances,'' said Continental Sr.V.P. and CIO Janet Wejman. Communications! ``International travelers will benefit from improved shared customer services and sociologists research papers religion, information, smoother international connections, and other advantages, such as global. shared frequent flyer programs.'' Continental Airlines and EDS support success has been demonstrated as the airline has been awarded first or second place in the Frequent Flyer magazine and essay, J.D. Power and Associates Airline Customer Satisfaction Study for the past four years. ``The leadership of Dick Brown, EDS CEO, was instrumental in of problem solving EDS packaging its services in a way that delivered the most value to Continental,'' said Gordon Bethune, Continental Chairman and CEO. EDS secured the expanded agreement with Continental over an elite group of.

competitors. The company will manage compute environments, reservation. systems, legacy application development and maintenance, field services, and. network and voice systems. New services to be provided in the expanded. agreement include single-point-of-contact help desk and complete desktop. ``The extension of our relationship with Continental, the 5th largest. airline in the U.S. and a leader in the development of international airline. alliances, firmly positions EDS as a major player in essay providing services to. the global airline industry.

The engagement also signifies EDS as an enabler. of the industry's innovations and latest business trends,'' said Bobby. Grisham, President of the EDS Travel and Transportation Group. EDS serves. more than 20 international airline customers. Continental Airlines is the fifth largest airline in civil essay the U.S., offering more than 2,200 departures daily to essay, 130 domestic and 85 international destinations. Operating major hubs in Newark, Houston and Cleveland, Continental has extensive service throughout the Americas, and to Europe and Asia. Continental recently initiated a strategic global alliance with Northwest Airlines.

Continental is in the psychology of problem the top half of FORTUNE magazine's ``100 Best Companies to Work for essay in America,'' and has won first or second place Frequent Flyer Magazine and J.D. Power awards for four consecutive years. Continental has received numerous awards for its BusinessFirst premium cabin. (Conde Nast Traveler, OAG Official Airline Guides, Entrepreneur and Smart Money magazines), OnePass frequent flyer program (InsideFlyer's Freddie Awards) and thesis, overall operations and management (Air Transport World's 1997 Airline of the Year). EDS, a leader in the global information technology services industry for more than 35 years, delivers management consulting, electronic business solutions, and systems and technology expertise to improve the communications essay performance of more than 9,000 business and government clients in about 50 countries. EDS reported revenues of $16.9 billion in 1998.

The company's stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the London Stock Exchange. Visit EDS via the Internet at thesis seo friendly, http://www.eds.com. Galileo has processed 16 out of 27 contractors for 'early termination of contract' effective 7/31/99. The 11 who are remaining are assigned to communications essay, specific projects for which they still have a need of contract assistance. Thesis Theme! However, the transition from Swindon has been completed 'ahead of schedule' and 'more employees than expected elected. to come to Denver, after all.. This is apparently the message from Galileo Human Resources. (26th July 1999) Pressure Of Internet Activity Stresses SABRE System. SABRE's Passenger Services System (PSS) is already running on 8 CPCs (with a further FPC (Fares) complex of 8 CPCs) but is reported to be creaking under the strain of recent workload increases. Communications! Unconfirmed reports place the source of this increased workload as the activity from the dbq essay successful Travelocity website. Communications Essay! The situation is nothing particularly new for research papers the crew in essay Tulsa who have been fighting a virtually constant battle against resources and performance since the startling business success of the SABRE system in the 70s and 80s.

I'm sure they had hoped to have put the need for enforced innovation behind them following their massive conversion project from their largely unique version of ACP8 to a less customised TPF3.1 in 1990. It seems they are now to fall victim to their faster, and more successful adoption of dbq essay, e-commerce and the web. We're sure the hardware salesmen have their Rolodex's open at the SABRE contact pages even as you read this. (26th July 1999) SABRE Also Releasing Contractors. SABRE are set to release all contractors and halt work on some projects. Staff have been reassured that permanent employees engaged in terminated projects. would be redeployed throughout SABRE.

The stated objective is rumoured to be to reduce staff and expenses without layoffs of permanent employees. (25th July 1999) United Set To Leave Galileo. In the same week or so that British Airways has sold it's shares in Galileo we have now been reliably informed that there is very little likelihood of United Airlines remaining part of the Galileo fold (indeed they have scheduled a visit to essay, review the SABRE facilities for the very near future. ). Regarding Continental, the other major airline soon to be needing a new home for it's reservations system, we're betting on Worldspan as the likely favourites to supply the computing resources. (24th July 1999). Galileo Let Contractors Go. We have been told that Galileo have released all their contractors working in Denver. We are trying to clarify the situation and hope to thesis, bring you more details very shortly. (20th July 1999) Continental Almost Certain To Leave EDS.

Continental Airlines is essay, nearing a decision for its hosting contract, with its EDS pact set to expire. Thesis Theme Seo Friendly! Sources say Worldspan is the forerunner. They also say where Continental goes, America West may follow (1st July 1999) from TRAVEL DISTRIBUTION REPORT JULY 1, 1999. Sabre poised to host Air Canada and perhaps others in Star Alliance. Air Canada signed an agreement with Sabre for assessment services for a prospective long-term technology relationship - possibly signaling the vendor of choice for the coveted United Airlines hosting contract, which is essay, meant to thesis statement for a, include members of the Star Alliance. Essay! Terms of the statement for a paper about yourself Air Canada-Sabre pact cover critical applications and systems, including all computer systems in essay all branches and right movement, systems governing the operational requirements for running the airline. The assessment agreement will enable us to communications essay, evaluate in greater detail the information technology products and services available from Sabre, said Lise Fournel, senior vice president commercial for Air Canada. We are interested in what Sabre can offer Air Canada in line with our profitability and cost-reduction initiatives in the information technology area, Fournel said.

Sabre, meanwhile, sees this agreement as further evidence that major independent carriers are seriously interested in Sabre as a way of meeting their in-creasingly complex information technology requirements, said Eric Speck, ex-ecutive vice president sales and marketing. War 1812! With Sabre lined up to serve Air Canada, other Star Alliance carriers may not be far behind. Communications Essay! The United hosting contract specifies that the winner will get the business of United, Ansett Australia, Air New Zealand and Air Canada, which has appar-ently now cast its vote with Sabre. While those close to the bidding process continue to place their bets on Sabre to win United's business, the Chicago-based airline isn t commenting and movement essay, Sabre has said no deal has been signed. Autumn TPFUG To Be In Cancun.

It is confirmed that the relocated Autumn TPFUG meeting will be held in Cancun. Time to dust off that list of reasons why it is ESSENTIAL that you attend the next conference . (22nd May 1999) SABRE or British Airways to take over Galileo site in communications Swindon ? It is believed that both SABRE and BA have been walked through the site in Swindon used by Galileo as prospective new occupants. SABRE are known to be opening a facility in of problem solving the Swindon area, possibly complimented by a suite of management offices around Newbury. Whether these will be separate from essay or partially replace the presence in Hounslow is unclear. The purpose of the SABRE site in research papers Swindon is thought to be development. SABRE spoke at the recent TPFUG in Chicago about their ideas for communications essay the future of the psychology of problem solving, TPF technology. Some months ago SABRE had been quietly talking to selected individuals in the UK about the possibility of joining them when they established a larger presence.

At that time they were interested in essay collecting a portfolio of people that could go in to civil right movement, new accounts to prepare for essay outsourcing or the take-over of general data processing operations. It has been previously reported here that SABRE were recently rumoured to have tried to take over the computer operations for British Airways and/or acquire BA's Speedwing consulting operation. Whether this might be involved with SABRE's interest in the Swindon site is not known. If you know anything about this do let us know, in absolute confidence of course.. (7th May 1999) Venue Change For Autumn TPFUG Due To Terrorist Bomb Blast. The Autumn 1999 TPF Users Group Conference scheduled in Athens will be moved to another location.. Papers! A terrorist bomb exploded at communications essay, the Intercontinental Hotel (the hotel to be used for the conference) last week. Extensive damage resulted and seo friendly, one death. In view of communications, this the TPFUG Board of Directors voted to scratch Athens from the list, and is considering a new venue. (Newspaper report) (3rd May 1999) Contractors Let Go Early From FOS Project.

About 8-10 contractors have been told that their last day is to be Friday Apr.23.1999 after they were asked to convert, despite their contract terms still having time to thesis theme, run. Communications! Unofficially we have heard that this may be due to a desire to reduce contractor numbers initiated by about, SABRE management. Some seasoned contractors are now concerned after the recent decision by Galileo to communications, release contractors early and now Sabre letting some go, despite having numerous projects in progress. If you know any more about the situation at either Galileo or Sabre let us know. Sabre Said To Be Bidding For 3 Airlines' Business. By Dan Reed - Fort Worth Star-Telegram - 3/23/99. FORT WORTH -- The Sabre Group is preparing bids to run data processing and information technology for three of the world's largest airlines -- United, Continental and British Airways -- according to industry sources and a leading trade journal. Sabre, an affiliate of American Airlines and parent AMR Corp., faces potential obstacles in landing those contracts. Rivalries among the thesis seo friendly airlines are intense, regulators could object to Sabre's buildup of communications, market share, and Sabre's abilities could be spread too thin, analysts said.

But a deal with any of the three carriers would have a major effect on Sabre, the industry's top provider of information technology outsourcing services to airlines. Besides American, Sabre's clients include US Airways, Canadian Airlines, Aerolineas Argentinas and Cathay Pacific Airways. United, Continental and British Airways are all larger than US Airways, whose 1997 deal to buy Sabre's information technology services was worth $4.3 billion over 25 years. Last week, ¡Travel Distribution Report' suggested that other members of the Star Alliance, which is anchored by United and Lufthansa German Airlines, will likely choose the same information technology service as United. Industry sources said representatives of the Fort Worth- based Sabre, which was partially spun off from AMR Corp. in 1996, have pitched their services to senior United executives.

United is considering ending its long relationship with Galileo, the world's second-largest computer reservations and papers religion, airline information technology company. Industry sources also said that Sabre President Michael Durham is expected to communications, meet in Houston this week with Continental executives, who are looking to replace EDS as Continental's information technology service. Sabre executives are also considering buying Speedwing, British Airways' information technology unit, according to ¡Travel Distribution Report,' a trade journal. Sabre, a publicly traded company that is 84 percent owned by AMR, is working closely with Speedwing on several projects related to the American-British Airways alliance and the larger, multi-carrier OneWorld airline alliance anchored by American and British Air. A Sabre bid for hamlet first essay more airline business would not be surprising. The airline information technology business is the communications essay fastest-growing and movement essay, most profitable for Sabre, which reported $2.3 billion in communications revenue last year. The company has said it is seeking major outsourcing contracts. With the trend toward global airline alliances, we feel we bring a lot to the table in providing technology for those types of alliances, Sabre spokeswoman Jennifer Hudson said. The company is not discussing specific companies it is pursuing. Sabre officials said yesterday the company will repurchase up to 1 million shares of dbq essay, its stock, worth about $40 million based on yesterday's stock closing price of $40.0625 a share, to cover current obligations under its employee stock plans. Sabre Group also said that it will report a one-time $35 million gain, or $22 million after taxes, in the first quarter from the sale of stock in essay a telecommunications network company.

Sabre is best known to the public for its Sabre computer reservations system, used at 35,000 travel agency locations to sell about soliloquy a third of the world's airline tickets. But the company also provides a wide array of communications essay, information technology services, primarily to research papers religion, airlines and communications essay, other travel-related companies. Those services include designing and maintaining company operating and scheduling systems, maintaining customer data bases and sociologists papers, providing a full range of data processing services including financial planning and revenue accounting. It is communications essay, not clear whether Sabre's bids for the United, Continental and British Air business will include all of the first soliloquy carriers' computer reservations and information technology functions, or just portions. United and British Airways declined to comment yesterday, and a Continental spokesman did not return telephone calls. British Air officials have quietly been shopping Speedwing for several years.

Because of the close relationship between American and British Air, a Sabre-Speedwing deal would make sense, industry sources said. Essay! But the question for solving Sabre is communications essay, whether it would be best to thesis theme, invest capital to communications essay, acquire and control Speedwing, or simply to continue cooperating closely with it, the sources said. Sabre might be fighting an sociologists research papers, uphill battle in communications its pursuit of United and Continental, said Tom Woodall, publisher of ¡Travel Distribution Report..' Both have intense rivalries with American and are involved in civil right movement global alliances that compete against OneWorld. Woodall pointed out that Northwest recently acquired part of Continental. Worldspan, the fourth-largest airline information technology service provider, is owned by a partnership that includes Northwest, Delta and Trans World Airlines. I'm sure [Northwest] is urging Continental to sign up with Worldspan, Woodall said. United also has lengthy ties to Galileo and founded its predecessor, Woodall added. United may be trying to communications essay, scout around to find out if there's something better than Galileo out there that it might go with, Woodall said.

Or it might just be trying to get Galileo's attention by talking to its competitors. WORLDSPAN Announces Resignation of Mike Buckman. ATLANTA, March 15, 1999 --WORLDSPAN today announced that Mike. Buckman, chief executive officer, will be leaving the sociologists research papers Company at essay, the end of. March to thesis theme seo friendly, take a position with a leading Internet-based real estate services.

firm. Communications! Since his appointment as CEO in May 1995, Buckman has lead the. Company through a period of unprecedented growth, profitability, and. SNCF Data Centre On The Move. The SNCF (french railroad company) intends to move the TPF developpement. from Paris to Nantes (West of theme seo friendly, France). Communications Essay! This move, decided for political reasons, seems also to paper, be considered by management as an opportunity to slowly abandon the TPF-based reservation system, RESARAIL. Strongly criticized because of the astounding cost of it, and also because of the numerous problems encountered at communications essay, the beginning of the the psychology of problem solving project, RESARAIL's future, and the future of the communications essay 300 people working on thesis statement for a about this project, is communications, unclear.

Only about a third of the SNCF staff intends to follow the move to Nantes, a medium-sized town, somewhat off the thesis for a yourself beaten track. Does this mean the future of TPF programming at SNCF will either be an outsourcing (with Sabre ?), or a slow death of a project that is just coming to essay, maturity ? If you have any further information on the SNCF situation please let us know. (31/1/99) GALILEO To Close Swindon Operation : 250 Jobs To Go. Staff in Swindon found out recently that Galileo plan to close the operation within the next few months with the loss of 250 jobs. Despite announcing a sound financial report almost simultaneously Galileo have decided to centralise their TPF development and communications support in Denver and theme seo friendly, place their other marketing and support services at other locations within the UK. A copy of the communications press release and the internal memo to staff are available here. As of Jan 31, 1999 Arrow is sociologists research papers, certified Y2K compliant. GDS distribution systems are either ongoing or scheduled to conduct Y2K testing against ARROW. Arrow will have seat assignment for High Speed Rail and Passenger Name Association in essay the PNR sched to the psychology solving, go on production this year. Arrow will also have a Windows (MFC plus our own homegrown set of Arrow API classes for TPF connectivity) GUI set to roll out communications, this year.

You can also make reservations and buy your Amtrak ticket via Amtrak's internet website. (www.amtrak.com) (3/2/99) SouthWest Airlines in Year 2000 Crisis. Southwest Airlines are believed to be in some trouble following attempts to migrate their Reservation system to a Unix platform. Hamlet Essay! There are persistent rumours that the proposed system (possibly based around HP-Unix, with Hewlett-Packard as prime contractors, and using COBOL (!?)) was not going to be able to handle the message rates expected and so Southwest are believed to essay, be returning to a TPF/ALCS solution. The problem is that they were using a TPF 1 system, the so-called Cowboy system, operated by statement paper about, SABRE, which is communications, not Y2K compliant. First Soliloquy Essay! There is now little time left to perform the TPF1 - TPF4.1 upgrade that would be necessary. Communications Essay! Anyone out there with TPF1 to TPF4.1 migration experience . Do you know any more details about this situation ? If you do let us know. News has been received, directly from Moira Thornett, Vice President with responsibility for the Holidex re-write project.

In an e-mail to civil, us she said: We're currently in communications the requirements gathering phase, so we don't yet have the full answer on what the new system will look like. We do know that It will replace the current Holidex system, and it will be TPF-based. Holidex is our #1 mission-critical system, and we need the stability and thesis theme seo friendly, robustness that TPF provides. I fully expect the entire project to last 3+ years, with incremental deliverables as soon as six months. Moira has graciously offered to provide periodic progress reports on this important project and we will make those updates available here just as soon as we get them. Despite their long and arduous struggle (reported here first) to migrate their pharmacy support systems away from communications essay TPF to right movement essay, a so-called Open platform, Walgreens have remained focused on the task and are almost there.

This is a project that has caused much internal tension in Walgreens and communications, a public failure for Andersen Consulting, who were the initial contractor, but were unable to thesis statement for a, tune the system they developed to be usable in production. Subsequently fresh Unix 'Gurus' were brought in to squeeze extra performance from the mixed hardware and software environment. This appears to have been successful although no information is essay, available about whether service to the Walgreens pharmacies has actually improved, stayed the same or worsened since introduction of the about yourself new client/server architecture. Essay! It was always the hamlet first soliloquy case that the largest improvement from a business efficiency perspective was to essay, be gained from process reengineering at the pharmacy level. This was never made clear in the information releases, which might not have been a good move since the system side of the project faltered so badly under Andersen Consulting. Things are reportedly much better now however. Sociologists Papers Religion! Walgreens have reduced TPF Systems, Communications, Applications and Coverage technical staff to one contractor (Who is this masked man ? And where can you hire him ?).

However they still rely on TPF for communications essay credit card processing for their entire pharmacy network and the speed and volume of transactions for this portion is still causing concern to the specialists (Tandem in this case) charged with replacing it. Galileo Contractor Clarification. Of the 18 contractors that were let go, only 13 were TPF. 3 or 4 managed to. get contracts on other projects (Skyteller. ) still at Galileo, 3 are now at UA, a couple went to Sabre at RSI, 1 went to DFW, 1 went off on of problem solving his own on some indepedent TPF project. (14/9/98) ' Holiday Inn' Set To Try Again. Bass Hotels and Resorts (BHR), formerly known as Holiday Hospitality, formerly. and more commonly referred to as Holiday Inn, has made yet another new decision to create a new reservation system. The new system will not be replacing the current TPF system, HOLIDEX, but It will provide a different rates and inventory structure for communications essay the companies more upscale properties, Crowne Plaza and for a about yourself, recently purchased Intercontinental hotels. The current HOLIDEX reservation system will remain in use according to management at BHR.

Management also assures our source that the new reservation system will be mainframe based. This project is currently in the early design process, so more to communications, come at a later date. If anyone has more information they would like to share on this please let us know (13/8/98) Galileo Lets Contractors Go. News from Denver is that Galileo have recently let several contractors go (estimates range from 18 to dbq essay, 40 !?). RSI were known to have recruited some . Galileo are moving. their Subscriber programming from Denver to Swindon, and the 3 manager groups in Denver that made up Subscriber are being reassigned to Ticketing and communications, Fares. Dbq Essay War 1812! . There is apparently still a lot of work on communications the books so some insiders are saying that Galileo may be trying to hire contractors again within 2 months.

If anyone can shed more light on this piece of news let us know (31/7/98) Pakistan Airways Joining SABRE Fold. It appears that Pakistand Airways, currently running a version of the KLM reservation application under ALCS, is probably moving to SABRE. This is as yet unconfirmed but seems about 90% likely. It is of problem solving, also rumoured that Aer Lingus, which runs ALCS, may join the SABRE fold too. Communications Essay! (28/5/98) SABRE Continuing Aggressive Expansion. Sabre has opened a remote programming shop in Denver. They have coaxed away about 50 TPF programmers and 7 PC programmers/engineers from the psychology of problem solving Galileo and United. The shop is communications essay, located about 3 miles from the UAL Data Center. The site is actually being run by sociologists religion, RSI Contracting.

Most of the communications TPF'ers are now RSI contractors, with the option to convert to permanent Sabre employees. Sabre eventually plans on growing the shop to about 70 programmers, and has the contractual option of assuming control of the shop (including the lease and thesis seo friendly, all programmers). Essay! All hardware and software are provided by Sabre, and LAN services and support are provided by thesis, onsite Sabre employees. (28/5/98) Holiday Inn Reconsidering Their Position. Recently we saw a copy of an internal memorandum, received anonymously at the Alternative TPF Homepage which was apparently sent out by Doug Lewis, CIO of communications, Holiday Hospitality Corp regarding the Galaxy Project. The Galaxy Project was first announced February, 1995, as a TPF replacement which would reach production in no more than 18 months. It has now reportedly turned into the psychology a $17M airline/internet interface. One is tempted to wonder what sort of developments could have been made to TPF with the $17M 'invested' in Galaxy. I have decided to essay, change the scope and schedule for major aspects of the Galaxy project. TPF For The TUBE ? SABRE are apparently planning to introduce the London Underground to TPF.

They plan to use the system developed for SNCF (French Railroad) to operate a Staff Scheduling, Train Scheduling and Timeyables system. Does anyone have any further information on this by first, any chance ? If so you know what to do. Southwest migrating to Unix (?) This from one of our readers: Sad News From Tulsa. On Tuesday, 1JUL97, John Peterson, recently retired, Systems TPF Programmer from communications essay American Airlines died at the young age of soliloquy, 63. He wrote his place in TPF history designing and writing the communications essay weather system many years ago at AA. John's list of projects and accomplishment goes on and on thesis paper during his 20+ years contribution to the TPF world. He was a great man, great programmer and communications, great friend.

I welcome any responses, thoughts, or memories you might have, of John Peterson to pass on of problem to his wife and children. I would love for them to essay, realize how John was liked and admired by the TPF world. Amtrak Going Off The Rails ? Recently we received this from a reader: Meanwhile, down on the farm, Amtrak is investigating the possibility of replacing the current TPF based reservation application, named ARROW, with an unspecified application running on an unspecified platform. The running joke is They want something like the civil essay airlines use.. (That apparently is a direct quote.) So yet another TPF system is under 'threat'. Communications Essay! We will watch this one with interest and see if there is any attempt to learn from yourself Holiday Inn or Walgreens. More on communications essay Holiday Inn. We recently came across this little tidbit which is quoted here (unattributably of course): Holiday Inn announced that TPF is anticipated to be around 3-5 years.

Galaxy will continue to go forward with the intent to interface with the internet and Holiday Inn central reservation offices. Holiday Inn also has a non-financial, reorganizational hiring freeze at this time. It seems that another attempt to supplant TPF is encountering difficulties. One might be tempted to say 'When will they learn', but if any current users of TPF are candidates to be migrated to another platform then Holiday Inn must be amongst them. Their system is probably in the 200-300 msgs/sec range at peak.

If Unix or any other alternate system is unable to replace TPF in this business environment then it is theme seo friendly, hardly ready for the more demanding applications. With the apparent determination being applied to migrating away from TPF it is most likely that before long one of the communications smaller TPF brethren will succumb. It will not be cheap, and it will most certainly not be painless. In fact, as TPF tries to become POSIX compliant and a true object-capable open system, it may even prove to civil, be pointless. A Simple Web Server on communications TPF (!?) At the recent TPFUG in San Francisco IBM (in the shape of civil essay, Stu Waldron) demonstrated a simple web server working on essay a VPARS test system in Poughkeepsie. Dbq Essay War 1812! Stu had copied some pages from communications essay another IBM website and was able to display them for the curious on your favourite Netscape client. To enable this Stu needed to develop a miniature version of the unix file system and a way to load the page data (including gif images). Theme! He does admit to borrowing a fair bit of the server code from the ALCS version mentioned below and the demonstration included the ability to communications essay, submit Z-msgs via a CGI-style Form ! A Production Web Server on thesis statement for a paper about yourself ALCS (TPF/MVS) Thanks to Pete King at Galileo for pointing out essay, that Turkish Airlines is currently running a webserver on their TPF/MVS system. He tells us that it is being used for Schedules and I think that means that the sociologists papers religion URL is:

Other features of ALCS include ASCII file support and TCP/IP. Communications! Put them altogether and you have a web server that plugs right into first your reservation system. Communications! This Web Server support comes as PTFs to sociologists research, the base product, and communications essay, so is supplied at no extra cost and installation is a breeze. There is civil right movement, a production ALCS web server running - Turkish Airlines use it for Schedules. Anyone have any info on communications this ? Have you heard anything about an IBM-sponsored project writing a TPF reservation system in Washington, DC? We have had a couple of first soliloquy, e-mails from people that have heard of something going on but no details so far. Essay! This is supposed to be a 9 month contract, writing the system in DC. Amtrak ? A (Further) Update on first soliloquy essay Holiday Inn. This from our correspondent at Holiday Inn: 2 people went to Marriott and one to Worldspan.

A couple of the others took Client Server jobs within Holiday Inn, two are still unemployeed. It is still mostly a contract TPF shop, with about 20% as employees. Qantas Plan Contractor Cull. It is rumoured that up to communications, 70 TPF contractors could be made surplus to requirements now that the installation of the BABS system has completed at Qantas. There are no confirmed reports on expected numbers of lay-offs but decisions are expected soon. The installation of the BA BABS system may not be enough to movement essay, quieten some users who are still bemoaning the communications passing of a Unisys reservations system used by Australian Airlines before Qantas took them over.

It was apparently more feature-rich than either the recently replaced Qantas system or the version of BABS that replaced it. Well it appears that the proverbial cat is out of the bag regarding the problems at Walgreens (first reported here some months ago). Computerworld (January 27th, pp63-64) carries the story of the halted roll-out of the new Intercom Plus system. The report says that Walgreens has cutover 800 of its 2,238 pharmacies to Intercom Plus since its rollout began in late 1995. The report also states that Walgreen President L. Daniel Jorndt spoke about the delay to shareholders at the annual meeting earlier this month.

This from a visitor to the Alternative TPF Homepage (received 1/24/97): Holiday Inn, last Tuesday, laid off approximately 14 Oracle/SQL programmers from right essay it's 'Galaxy' system. (Their new client server res system to communications, replace TPF). The good news is. TPF contractors kept their jobs. in other words, it's safer to research religion, be a TPF contractor, than an Oracle Programmer employee! The bad news is. that all of the laid off programmers were old TPFers who were attempting to communications, make a transistion to for a paper about, different technologies. No Holiday in Atlanta. Apparently, Holiday Inn, which uses TPF for its Reservations system, has run into problems with a project to move off TPF.

Their latest forecast is to have a small trial Unix based Client/Server system ready by the year 2000 (originally intended to be fully up and running in 1995). In the meantime, their TPF4 system is giving very high availability with the periods between unplanned outages being counted in months. Is the 'best' solution the wrong choice ? For a few years now the choice of essay, DASD, particularly for the higher traffic TPF sites, has been a virtual 'no-brainer'. EMC has pretty much made the TPF-user's marketplace its own. At the recent TUG in Dallas, their newest competitor, Encore Computer Corporation, were strongly in evidence.

Encore, a Florida-based company that was aligned with IBM until recently, has a technically more advanced product than EMC. It offers true intelligence in the DASD subsystem, courtesy of a fully functioning Unix system, which allows Encore to store the statement paper about information within its subsystem in a format of it's own choice, while appearing to hold the data in communications whatever format the accessing application expects. While Encore was being backed and helped in its marketing by IBM, they posed a very serious threat to EMC's dominance in soliloquy essay the market. However IBM has since pulled back, due to commitments with other vendors and essay, Encore is now a little isolated in its attempts to break the EMC stranglehold. For companies looking to really leverage their large TPF databases (and mainframe databases generally) the Encore subsystem looks a very exciting alternative to data conversion software running in a host environment (which is all EMC can currently offer). Statement Paper! The problem is an old one. Do you 'bet the farm' on new and untried technology that is not backed by a company like IBM, not used by other TPF shops (yet ?) and marking a radical change in technology ? The cautious amongst us would say stick with EMC'. but that might just prove to be a short-sighted choice. hopefully someone will appreciate the communications innovation of the Encore technology and use it to make their TPF systems even more valuable within their corporate environment. Can you imagine doing a 'cd' (change directory) command on first soliloquy TPF ? Funny, neither can I. Communications Essay! But that's just what we might find ourselves doing in a couple of years. The Lab boys in Poughkeepsie are beavering away to make the for a paper yourself 'C file system' a reality under TPF even as we speak. The signs have been there for a while of course. Essay! Gradually over the past few years they have introduced incremental changes demonstrating a clear objective of moving TPF more into dbq essay war 1812 the mainstream of TP systems.

Key pieces of this strategy have been the communications essay introduction of ISO-C support and thesis, the forthcoming TCP/IP implementation. Other plans include Domain Name Service (DNS), DCE (RPC and essay, Threads) and building on the TPFOR successes at UAB. I still think it will be an odd feeling when I get a response from a TPF system that says Wrong file or directory. Oh well, I suppose that's progress. It's been two years or more since Walgreens began their project to of problem solving, migrate from essay a medium-sized TPF system to a Client/Server configuration to serve their network of over 2000 pharmacies across the continental US. Employing Chicago-based Andersen Consulting from the civil outset, the communications Illinois-based Walgreens has found out for itself how difficult it can be to replace an old, but highly specialized and efficient, transaction processing technology, with a 'grab-bag' of the latest Client/Server Unix-based systems. Over the dbq essay last year the roll-out of the new system has been halted frequently, due to poor performance and complaints from the communications essay field.

Costs have exceeded the original budget considerably but Walgreens is now in the unenviable position of choosing to either continue on a course which has no certainty of thesis theme seo friendly, success or returning to TPF and trying to salvage what they can from communications one of the most expensive RD 'experiments' on record. All the civil movement essay classic, and by now well-documented, problems with Client/Server implementations have surfaced so far at Walgreens. They have multiple layers of independent products, which do not always work together, despite claiming to be 'Open'; they have had to extend a building to accommodate the extra Help-Desk staff necessary to advise the field on using the new system; they have seen response times plummet for even basic transactions that need to access any centralized information. Perhaps the saddest part of this cautionary tale is that a Walgreens publication described how the new system was only going to provide a portion of the projected improvements for the entire project. The largest part was to come from Business Process Re-engineering. Communications Essay! If that piece had been successfully implemented, along with some of the latest TPF advances, we could well have been reporting on a major success story in Chicago.

Instead we have the latest disappointment with Client/Server technology and the visions of Andersen Consulting.

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and essay term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in of problem 2009. Among the new rules of formatting, the Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the communications medium of publication for every cited source.

It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Seo Friendly! Since it can be used with either one, the communications writer must choose which reference style to use. In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. Hamlet First Essay! You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one.

The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of essay, in-text citations and the Works Cited page. 12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of war 1812, your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the communications essay headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the dbq essay headings have to be italicized or typed in bold. The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the communications essay left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and dbq essay justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is essay, several pages.Using this MLA template for thesis statement about Word simply change the editable fields and follow the essay guidelines within the text.

Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is thesis, absolutely unacceptable. The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in communications double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to state the author’s name and the page number where the thesis theme MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to essay quote from a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from thesis statement for a paper about yourself, 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154).

Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number. In cases when the communications essay author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. Quotation marks are not used in this case.

However, the author’s name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the right movement Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Sahibs’ wives and children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of those words. The omitting of communications, words in MLA citations is war 1812, used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the statement of the author in the original source, which is located in communications the middle of the quoted sentence. Theme Seo Friendly! In this situation, you can preserve the essay key information and omit the details that you do not need.

Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . . who had stepped out from the war 1812 pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the MLA essay , it is allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the essay Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to thesis millions of communications essay, Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at the end of the sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness”, but at theme seo friendly, the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert” (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in italics and communications essay the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by war 1812, the presidential commission … (Report 4)

In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at the end of essay. Essay! To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at statement, P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and communications essay in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and thesis seo friendly formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. The process of gathering and communications essay formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. The Psychology Solving! Improper formatting of communications, citations may spoil the results of your hard work. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes.

P rof E ssays.com is the best place to research papers religion buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of communications essay, your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the soliloquy essay first page. The title of essay, your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the the psychology of problem solving title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. Communications! The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to the psychology of problem write an essay, MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style.

MLA Format Outline (Click on thesis seo friendly Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to say that both can be done in communications essay MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and centered. Introduction and civil right movement essay conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of outline can’t have only one sub-section. Communications Essay! So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc.

MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the year of essay, publication, the publishing house and communications the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is hamlet first soliloquy, provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. Communications Essay! The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list. Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in thesis theme cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the author’s last name in front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and then the place of publication, the publishing house and the year of communications, publication. Civil Right! Do not forget to italicize the title of a book.

Example: Buchan, John. Communications Essay! Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the thesis theme second author.

In cases when there are more than three authors of the communications book, you can choose to war 1812 list all names in communications essay the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. The Psychology Solving! Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. Communications! 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and right essay other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of essay, Art. Thesis! A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University.

Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of newspaper articles in communications essay a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books. The general scheme of war 1812, citing a newspaper article is the communications following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the the psychology of problem title of newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and communications year of publication, followed by the number of dbq essay war 1812, pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. Essay! “Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools”. The Times.

London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the first soliloquy essay periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules.

The general rules of formatting on-line sources in communications essay MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. Research! In such cases, list the available information.

When indicating the essay medium of publishing, put Web for dbq essay on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. 2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Essay! Web. Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of dbq essay, organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in communications essay angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in statement about yourself accordance with the communications essay standard rules.

Though the dbq essay preferable format of a MLA essay includes the communications essay in-text citation, the Footnotes and theme seo friendly Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in essay the text by Arabic numbers in of problem solving superscript. The footnotes are indicated at essay, the foot of every page and the endnotes are indicated at the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and thesis statement for a endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to essay the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms: The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in of problem solving bold. The title of the essay MLA paper should be centered.

Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .

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Acupuncture for mumps in communications essay children. Sichuan University, West China School of Public Health, Chengdu, Sichuan, China Search for more papers by thesis seo friendly this author. Communications? Mingming Zhang, Chinese Cochrane Centre, Chinese Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. First? 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. mingming-zhang@163.com. Communications Essay? ChiCC86@hotmail.com. Hamlet Soliloquy? West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Rehabilitation and Acupuncture Centre, Chengdu, Sichuan, China Search for more papers by communications this author. Sociologists Research Papers? First published: 12 September 2012 Editorial Group: Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008400.pub2 View/save citation Cited by communications (CrossRef): 1 article Check for the psychology solving, updates. Communications? Mumps is an civil right movement essay acute, viral illness transmitted by respiratory droplets and communications essay, saliva. A number of sociologists papers, studies published in China have suggested that acupuncture is communications essay, beneficial for children with mumps but the the psychology literature reporting the communications benefits or harms of acupuncture for mumps has not been systematically reviewed. To determine the thesis seo friendly efficacy and communications, safety of acupuncture for civil movement essay, children with mumps.

We searched CENTRAL (2012, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1950 to April week 4, 2012), EMBASE (1974 to May 2012), CINAHL (1981 to May 2012), AMED (1985 to May 2012), the essay Chinese BioMedicine Database (CBM) (1979 to soliloquy essay May 2012), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (1979 to essay May 2012), Chinese Technology Periodical Database (CTPD) (1989 to May 2012) and WANFANG database (1982 to May 2012). We also handsearched a number of first, journals (from first issue to current issue). Communications? We included randomised controlled trials comparing acupuncture with placebo acupuncture, no management, Chinese medication, Western medication or other treatments for mumps. Right? Acupuncture included either traditional acupuncture or contemporary acupuncture, regardless of the source of stimulation (body, electro, scalp, fire, hand, fine needle, moxibustion). Communications Essay? Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the dbq essay quality of included studies. Communications Essay? We calculated risk ratios (RR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for war 1812, the effective percentage and essay, standardised mean differences (SMD) with 95% CIs for the time to civil right essay cure.

Only one study with 239 participants met our inclusion criteria. There were a total of 120 participants in communications the acupuncture group, of which 106 recovered, with their temperature returning back to normal and theme, no swelling or pain of the essay parotid gland; the condition of 14 participants improved, with a drop in temperature and alleviation of swelling or pain of the parotid gland. Seo Friendly? There were 119 participants in the Western medicine group, of essay, which 56 recovered and the psychology of problem solving, the condition of communications, 63 improved. The acupuncture group had a higher recovery rate than the civil right movement essay control group. The relative RR of communications essay, recovery was 1.88 (95% CI 1.53 to 2.30). However, the acupuncture group had a longer time to theme seo friendly cure than the control group. The mean was 4.20 days and the standard deviation (SD) was 0.46 in the acupuncture group, while in communications the control group the mean was 3.78 days and the SD was 0.46.There was a potential risk of research papers religion, bias in communications essay the study because of low methodological quality. We could not reach any confident conclusions about the thesis efficacy and communications essay, safety of acupuncture based on one study.

More high-quality research is religion, needed. L'acupuncture pour les oreillons chez l'enfant. Communications? Les oreillons sont une maladie virale aiguë transmise par des gouttelettes en suspension dans l'air et venant de la salive dans les voies respiratoires. Un certain nombre d'études publiées en Chine ont laissé entendre que l'acupuncture est bénéfique pour les enfants atteints des oreillons, mais la littérature rapportant les bénéfices et les dangers de l'acupuncture pour les oreillons n'a pas encore fait l'objet d'une revue systématique. Sociologists Papers Religion? Déterminer l'efficacité et l'innocuité de l'acupuncture pour les enfants atteints des oreillons. Communications Essay? Stratégie de recherche documentaire. Nous avons effectué une recherche dans CENTRAL (2012, numéro 4), MEDLINE (1950 à la 4ème semaine d'avril 2012), EMBASE (de 1974 à mai 2012), CINAHL (de 1981 à mai 2012), AMED (de 1985 à mai 2012), la Chinese BioMedicine Database (CBM) (de 1979 à mai 2012), la China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (de 1979 à mai 2012), la Chinese Technology Periodical Database (CTPD) (de 1989 à mai 2012) et la base de données WANFANG (de 1982 à mai 2012). Nous avons également cherché manuellement dans un certain nombre de journaux (du premier numéro jusqu'au plus récent). Statement For A About? Nous avons inclus des essais contrôlés randomisés ayant comparé l'acupuncture à l'acupuncture placebo, à la non prise en charge, à la pharmacopée chinoise, à la pharmacopée occidentale ou à d'autres traitements pour les oreillons. Cette acupuncture incluait tant l'acupuncture traditionnelle que l'acupuncture contemporaine, quelle que soit la source de stimulation (corps, électro, cuir chevelu, feu, main, aiguille fine, moxibustion). Essay? Deux auteurs ont extrait les données et évalué la qualité des études incluses, de façon indépendante.

Nous avons calculé les risques relatifs (RR) avec leurs intervalles de confiance (IC) à 95 % pour le taux effectif, et les différences moyennes standardisées (DMS) avec IC à 95 % pour le temps de guérison. Une seule étude avec 239 participants répondait à nos critères d'inclusion. Thesis Statement For A Yourself? Il y avait un total de 120 participants dans le groupe d'acupuncture, dont 106 avaient guéri, leur température étant revenue à la normale, le gonflement et la douleur ayant disparu de leur glande parotide ; l'état de 14 participants s'était amélioré, avec une baisse de la température et une réduction du gonflement ou de la douleur de la glande parotide. Le groupe de médecine occidentale se composait de 119 participants : 56 avaient guéri et l'état de 63 s'était amélioré. Le groupe d'acupuncture avait eu un taux de guérison plus élevé que le groupe témoin.

Le RR de guérison était de 1,88 (IC à 95 % 1,53 à 2,30). Le groupe d'acupuncture avait cependant eu un temps de guérison plus élevé que le groupe témoin. La moyenne était de 4,20 jours et l'écart type (ET) était de 0,46 dans le groupe acupuncture, tandis que dans le groupe témoin la moyenne était de 3,78 jours et l'ET était de 0,46. Essay? Il y avait un risque potentiel de biais dans l'étude en raison de la médiocre qualité méthodologique. Nous n'avons pas pu parvenir à des conclusions fiables quant à l'efficacité et à l'innocuité de l'acupuncture sur la base d'une étude. D'autres recherches de meilleure qualité devront être réalisées. Acupuncture for mumps in essay children. Acupuncture has been used to communications treat children with mumps for hundreds of hamlet, years in communications China. War 1812? Benefits attributed to acupuncture include decreased swelling and pain, and communications, shortening of the first disease duration. According to traditional Chinese medicine, health is achieved by essay maintaining an uninterrupted flow of Qi, or energy, along 14 meridians.

Mumps is caused by 'wind warmth evil' (epidemic heat) and the psychology solving, 'pyretic toxicity' accumulated in communications Shaoyang and papers religion, Yangming meridians, thus the flow of Qi, sputum and 'heat evil' stagnate in and around the communications essay ears and civil right movement, the cheeks. Acupuncture can help expel 'wind warmth evil', clear pathogenic heat, remove toxic substances, act as an anti-inflammatory, alleviate pain and communications essay, re-establish the normal flow of Qi, thus restoring internal balance. Although acupuncture has been widely used in China for children with mumps and quite a number of trials claiming to be randomised controlled trials have been published, we identified only one study with 239 participants that met our inclusion criteria. The study results suggest that acupuncture may be beneficial in improving swelling and pain of the parotid gland and returning the body temperature to thesis statement for a yourself normal. Communications? However, the included study is of low methodological quality and did not report adverse effects and long-term follow-up. Therefore, we could not draw any definite conclusions about the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for children with mumps. L'acupuncture pour les oreillons chez l'enfant. L'acupuncture est utilisée en Chine depuis des centaines d'années pour traiter les enfants atteints des oreillons. Les bénéfices attribués à l'acupuncture comprennent notamment la diminution des gonflements et de la douleur, et le raccourcissement de la maladie.

Selon la médecine traditionnelle chinoise, la santé est assurée par le maintien d'un flux ininterrompu de Qi, ou énergie, le long de 14 méridiens. Thesis Statement About? Les oreillons sont causés par un mauvais vent chaud (une chaleur épidémique) et une toxicité pyrétique accumulée dans les méridiens Shaoyang et Yangming, de telle sorte que la circulation du Qi, des sécrétions et de la mauvaise chaleur stagne dans et autour des oreilles et des joues. Communications Essay? L'acupuncture peut aider à expulser le mauvais vent chaud , éliminer la chaleur pathogène, éliminer les substances toxiques, agir comme un anti-inflammatoire, alléger la douleur et rétablir l'écoulement normal du Qi, restaurant ainsi l'équilibre interne. Bien que l'acupuncture soit couramment utilisée en Chine pour les enfants atteints des oreillons et que de nombreux essais prétendant être des essais contrôlés randomisés ont été publiés, nous n'avons identifié qu'une seule étude impliquant 239 participants qui remplisse nos critères d'inclusion. Sociologists Papers Religion? Les résultats de l'étude suggèrent que l'acupuncture pourrait permettre d'améliorer le gonflement et la douleur de la glande parotide et de ramener la température du corps à la normale. Cependant, l'étude incluse est de faible qualité méthodologique et n'avait pas rendu compte des effets indésirables ni d'un suivi à long terme. Essay? Nous n'avons par conséquent pas pu tirer de conclusions définitives sur l'efficacité et l'innocuité de l'acupuncture pour les enfants ayant les oreillons.

Notes de traduction. War 1812? Traduit par: French Cochrane Centre 18th January, 2014. Traduction financée par: Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé Français. Copyright 2014 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Article first published online: 12 September 2012. Jing He, Pengli Jia, Min Zheng, Mingming Zhang, Hua Jiang. Communications Essay? Article first published online: 2 Feb 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008400.pub3. Jing He, Min Zheng, Mingming Zhang, Hua Jiang. Article first published online: 12 Sep 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008400.pub2. Jing He, Min Zheng, Mingming Zhang, Hua Jiang. Article first published online: 17 Mar 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008400.

1 Jing He , Pengli Jia , Min Zheng , Mingming Zhang , Hua Jiang , Mingming Zhang , Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015 Wiley Online Library. Copyright 1999 - 2017 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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Constructive Criticism Essays and Research Papers. MASTERING THE ART OF CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM To become better writers, people need to be evaluated, but taking . criticism from others is often difficult. The way you tell someone “ You did it wrong” can destroy goodwill and cooperation, or it can build the relationship and help the person learn from the mistake, improve performance, and retain self-esteem. To criticize more constructively, follow these suggestions : ? Get all the facts first : Don’t accept hearsay or rumors. Find out specifically. Better , Boss , Critic 521 Words | 2 Pages. Douglass’s fifth of July. In J. A. Communications? Kuypers (Ed.), Rhetorical criticism , perspectives in action (pp. 39-59). Lanham, MD: Lexington.

F. I. . Dbq Essay War 1812? Hill wrote the essay, article The “Traditional” Perspective in 1972; later edited in 2009. This article was meant to inform readers about how to apply traditional criticism through the use of the theory of rhetoric. It was divided into two sections; the first being an civil essay overview of traditional criticism , and the second being the application of this in communications essay his critical essay. Audience , Audience theory , Criticism 821 Words | 2 Pages. CRITICISM AND ANALYSIS The first step toward seeing one’s object as it really is, is to know one’s own impression as it really is, to . discriminate it, to realize its distinguishing features. (Walter Pater, British art critic) INTRODUCTION Your personal, academic, and professional lives often require you to use analytical and critical skills. As art critic Walter Pater believes, when you see an object as it really is, know your impressions, discriminate, and realize distinguishing features. Critic , Critical thinking , Criticism 879 Words | 4 Pages.

To: | CEO | From: | MICHELLE FOX, JR. SUPERVISOR | CC: | COO | Date: | JUNE 1, 2013 | Re: | CONSTRUCTIVE DISCHARGE CLAIM | | | . Background: Our company attorney notified me about a former employee who filed a claim against the company citing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 for constructive discharge. Findings: A. How is research papers, constructive discharge as a legal concept relevant to the scenario? Due to communications essay, continued growth within the company, a new production schedule was implemented. Constructive dismissal , Employment , Employment contract 2076 Words | 7 Pages. Daniel Dunson Reading and hamlet first soliloquy essay Writing Art Criticism Meta-paper April, 2011 Looking at Blackness with New Eyes In 1995 . feminist, author, racial theorist, professor and theorist *bell hooks interviewed the acclaimed artist Carrie Mae Weems for her published book, Art on My Mind: Visual Politics.

In bell hooks’ interview with Carrie Mae Weems, a question is raised and continues to be raised throughout their discussion: Can black images be viewed transcendently, or is the viewer. Black people , Criticism , Feminism 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Literary Criticism What comes to your mind when you hear the word “ criticism ”? Nowadays, most people look at . criticism as something negative and personally, it has a negative connotation to me. Multimedia (for example, television, radio, etc.) has often depicted criticism as an antagonist. On reality TV shows, say, a singing competition, there is usually a panel of communications, judges who criticize the contestants' performances particularly focusing on its fine points and flaws (more on the latter) and hamlet first essay the. Critic , Criticism , Hermeneutics 766 Words | 3 Pages. Essay About Criticism of Shakespeare's Plays. Essay About Criticism of Shakespeare's Plays When attempting to communications essay, read criticism of Shakespeare plays one idea is clear: if the . Thesis Statement For A Paper? review was written more than five or ten years ago the essay is likely to be exclusive when it comes to communications essay, the women in Shakespeare. Little attention had been given to the women of Shakespeare prior to solving, the seventies feminist movement.

The women in King Lear deserve attention just as women in every Shakespearean play do. A common idea among critics is communications essay, that the women perpetuated. Criticism , Edmund , Gender 2205 Words | 6 Pages. ?First Last Doctor Moquett Literature 206 28 August 2014 An Essay on Criticism Alexander Pope engraved his name in thesis statement yourself history by proving . that the pen is mightier than the sword. Due to him being a Roman Catholic, he was unable to attend University, vote, or hold office. Essay? To add on to that, Pope was plagued with poor health from birth, suffering from tuberculosis of the bone. Thesis For A Paper About Yourself? Pope wouldn’t let these barricades stop him from becoming the writer he knew he could be and was encouraged by essay, his father. Alexander Pope , An Essay on Criticism , An Essay on war 1812 Man 1412 Words | 5 Pages. ?Film Criticism Lee R. Bobker affirms that there are six rudiments that film criticism should involve to be effectual: 1. . Theme of film 2. Quality of technical execution 3. Quality and nature of ideas in the film 4. Validity of ideas in communications essay the film 5. Individual contributions 6. Relationship of the film to other works by hamlet first soliloquy, the same filmmaker Each of communications, these essentials must be satisfied or the film criticism will lack its effectiveness.

A true critic realizes the importance that they hold. Art , Critic , Criticism 2294 Words | 7 Pages. Literary Criticism Critics throughout the years agree that F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is one of his most renowned accomplishments . in his entire career. Although there are a few who believe this novel was like one of his previous ones. It portrays not only his understanding of the Jazz Age of dbq essay, being happy and having money but also the loss of traditional. Communications Essay? Some critics found his novel entertaining, “a real attention grabber”, while others found it a bit negligible. Yourself? In 1942 Alfred Kazin. Critic , Criticism , F. Scott Fitzgerald 995 Words | 3 Pages. ?NEW CRITICISM Introduction New Criticism The name New criticism came into popular use to describe this approach . to understanding literature with the 1941 publication of John Crow Ransom’s The New Criticism . This contains Ransom’s personal analysis of several of his contemporaries among theories and critics.

Here he calls for an ontological critic (one who will recognize that poem is communications, a concrete entity) like Leonardo Da Vinci’s “”Mona Lisa”. Research Religion? In New Criticism , a poem can be analyzed to discover. Cleanth Brooks , Criticism , John Crowe Ransom 843 Words | 4 Pages. Research about communications essay The Traditional and The New Criticism What is Literary Criticism ? Literary criticism or literary . analysis can be defined as, “An informed analysis and the psychology of problem evaluation of a piece of literature”. Or A written study, evaluation and interpretation of communications essay, a work of literature”. Seo Friendly? * The study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature * A theory founded upon the term “critique” (an analysis of written or oral discourse) * Literary Criticism is usually in the form of a critical essay. Critic , Criticism , Literary criticism 1062 Words | 3 Pages. ?Words in poetry invite us, not to think about and judge but to essay, feel into or become ? to realize a complex experience that is the psychology of problem solving, given in the words' - . Essay? F.R. Leavis PRACTICAL CRITICISM : AN INSIGHT The heart is a bloom Shoots up through the stony ground There's no room No space to sociologists religion, rent in communications this town You're out of luck And the theme, reason that you had to care The traffic is stuck And you're not moving anywhere If the first two verses of Beautiful Day by U2 (lyrics by Bono) above. Critic , Criticism , Fiction 1201 Words | 4 Pages. Pragmatic Literary Criticism Pragmatic criticism is concerned, first and communications essay foremost, with the ethical impact any . literary text has upon an audience.

Regardless of art's other merits or failings, the primary responsibility or function of art is thesis, social in essay nature. Assessing, fulfilling, and first essay shaping the needs, wants, and desires of an audience should be the first task of an artist. Art does not exist in communications isolation; it is a potent tool for hamlet soliloquy essay individual as well as communal change. Though pragmatic. Aesthetics , Art , Critic 795 Words | 3 Pages. ?Literary Criticism Steven Garita Out of class essay #2 Scrutinizing the cultural studies approach in essay regards to sociologists papers religion, the film Juno Juno is . a movie that can be analyzed from several perspectives in regards to the study of hegemonic discourses that are within the text. There are many gasps in the movie to interpret and discuss how related are some significant aspects of cultural studies. Essay? The text is a social production in the movie; the circumstances around the plot are political engaged since. Anthropology , Critic , Criticism 1021 Words | 5 Pages. the problem? Communication problems often highlighted to be the issues at workplace.

Criticism is one of the soliloquy essay, communication problems . which are common at workplace. Essay? Criticism exists because everybody has something to say in their own opinion relating another person’s. Seo Friendly? What is communications essay, criticism ?[1] Criticism is the judgements of the merits and movement faults of the actions or work of another individual. Communications Essay? Criticism can mean merely to evaluate without necessarily finding fault. However, usually the thesis, word implies. Better , Boss , Critic 3647 Words | 10 Pages.

The Difference Between Common Intention Constructive Trusts and communications Proprietary Estoppel Has Been Described as ‘Illusory’ (Hayton). Do You Agree with This Statement? Consider How the Case Law Has Developed and Give Reasons for Your Answer. The difference between common intention constructive trusts and proprietary estoppel has been described as ‘illusory’ (Hayton). Dbq Essay? Do you agree . Communications? with this statement? Consider how the case law has developed and give reasons for your answer.

In his article ‘Equitable Rights of the psychology of problem solving, Cohabitees’ Hayton suggested that the communications, distinction between common intention constructive trusts and proprietary estoppel has, over time, come to be but illusory and first soliloquy goes on further to communications essay, propose that since the general direction of. Common law , Constructive trust , Deed 1984 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative “New Literary” Criticism A good novel is hard to first essay, put down. The story in the novel is perfect with a great plot, convincing . characters, and communications a suspenseful build up to the climax. You have been drawn into hamlet essay, the story and it is almost like you are there, living along side the characters.

You understand their background, their trials, and their joys. The story brings to life something from long ago that may or may not be fictional. Communications? It is hard to hamlet, tell without doing further research. Biblical criticism , Critic , Criticism 1735 Words | 5 Pages. ?Jennifer Vescio Dr. Communications Essay? Helena Liddle ENGL3062 27 March 2015 Analysis Paper 2: Old Spice Commercial There are seven major schools of literary . criticism : gender, social/historical, biographical, psychological, mythological, new criticism , and reader based criticism (Schools of hamlet, Literary Criticism . A-41 - A-49). Each school allows for us to “read” the “text” (Old Spice Commercial) through diverse theoretical “lenses”. The question is how can these diverse “lenses” allow for us to communications essay, focus in on one. Critic , Criticism , History of literature 1250 Words | 5 Pages. English 441 New Criticism Explained Beginning in the 1920's and coalescing in solving the 1940's, an interpretative approach emerged that did not . define literature as essentially the self-expressive product of the artist nor as an evaluative reflection or illumination of cultural history. Essay? These New Critics opposed the traditional critical practice of using historical or biographical data to sociologists research religion, interpret literature.

Rather, they focused on the literary work as an autotelic (self-contained) object. The New. Art , Cleanth Brooks , Linguistics 1344 Words | 2 Pages. Generic Criticism What is Generic Criticism ? * Foss (2009) defines generic criticism as “the assumption that . certain types of communications, situations provoke similar needs and expectations” (p. First Soliloquy Essay? 137). * According to communications essay, Oliver and the psychology Duff (2012), “Genre can be defines as a pattern of communication that conforms to community norms. Genres are not fixed, but are constantly evolving and emerging.” (p. 373) * According to Northrop Frye, genre studies are not just about essay classification, he believes that the. Genericized trademark , Genre , Genre criticism 1278 Words | 5 Pages. of Literary Criticisms ? * New Criticism / Formalism - This type of criticism concerns itself with the parts of soliloquy, . Communications? a text and the psychology how the parts fit together to make a whole. Because of this, it does not bring in any information outside of the text: biography of the author, historical or literary allusions, mythological patterns, or the psychoanalytical traits of the characters (except those traits specifically described in the text.) * Archetypical or Mythic – This type of criticism looks at communications traditional.

Fiction , Literary criticism , Literature 1134 Words | 4 Pages. Richard L. W. Clarke LITS2306 Notes 05A 1 MATTHEW ARNOLD “THE FUNCTION OF CRITICISM AT THE PRESENT TIME” (1864) Arnold, Matthew. “The . Function of Criticism at the Present Time.” Critical Theory Since Plato. Ed. Hazard Adams. Religion? New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1971. 592-603. Pragmatic theorists from Plato onwards have emphasised the communications essay, impact which literature has on the reader. War 1812? Here, Arnold, arguably England’s most important cultural critic in the second half of the essay, nineteenth century and someone. 175 , Critic , Literary criticism 1484 Words | 4 Pages.

A Dual Criticism Look at theme seo friendly Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Birthmark A Dual- Criticism Look at essay The Birthmark Literature is many things: provoking, heartwarming, emotional, traumatic, poetic, maybe even . life-changing. Literature can also be incredibly ambiguous. Seo Friendly? While literature can be “simply read”, when one takes a step back and looks at a piece through specific lenses, the work can take on communications essay an incredibly different, deeper meaning. Taking the lead of the psychology, criticisms such as formalist, psychoanalytical, biological, feminist, Marxist, etc., one can dig deeper into a text. Criticism , Literary criticism , Meaning of life 1350 Words | 4 Pages. reader-response criticism of young goodmanbrown. or more of the essay, other approaches. A critic stressing the topical/historical approa.

, for example, might introduce the close study of a work that is . associated with the method of the New Criticism . Dbq Essay? Similarly, a psychoanalytical critic might include details about archetypes. In short, a great deal of criticism is pragmatic or eclectic rather than rigid. The approaches to be considered here are these: moral/intellectual; topi­ cal/historical; New Critical/formalist; structuralist; feminist; economic. Critical theory , Criticism , Goodman 949 Words | 7 Pages. ?Essay on essay form criticism Form criticism is a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of dbq essay war 1812, scripture by . literary pattern. It is used in communications essay order to discover the origin and history of a text or its creators. The stories about Jesus and of problem solving the events of essay, his life were not written down straight away, in fact the thesis, accounts that we have for essay the gospels are considered by research papers religion, most scholars to have been written some decades after the events, although they may well have been based on earlier writings going. Biblical criticism , Gospel , Gospel of John 1663 Words | 4 Pages. criticise the modern comprehensive school? (2) 4) Give one criticism of Durkheim. (1) 5) According to Parsons, how does . school act as a bridge between the communications, family and wider society? (Refer to Particularistic and research papers religion Universalistic values) (3) 6) Who saw education as a system of role allocation? (1) 7) Give two criticisms of this theory. Communications Essay? (2) 1. 2. 8) In what way is the thesis theme seo friendly, theory. Anthropology , Criticism , Cultural studies 347 Words | 4 Pages.

Literary Theory and Criticism, and communications Its Relevance Today. Literary Theory and sociologists research religion Criticism and Its Relevance Today Literary criticism is primarily the evaluation of the importance of communications, a . particular work or body of work on such grounds as: the personal and/or cultural importance of the themes and the uses of language of a text; the insights and impact of a text; and solving the aesthetic creation (or, performance) of the text; mainly as these areas are seen to be reciprocally dependent, supportive or inflective. The word ' criticism ' has ordinary-use negative connotations. Critic , Criticism , Literary criticism 964 Words | 3 Pages. System and communications essay Change in Industrial Relations Analysis. whole. Heery goes on to outline several criticisms of Dunlop’s rather classic and still widely studied systems theory. War 1812? A starting . criticism of the systems theory is that it views IR as an essay independent field with an sociologists research papers inherent theory. Critics want to push back this boundary and argue that IR was and is deeply connected with and communications determined by economics, politics, social, domestic, and familial relationships of the time and place in history.

Another criticism is that Dunlop has over simplified his description. Complex system , Criticism , Ideology 990 Words | 3 Pages. Krasovec Garden of statement for a about yourself, Love Explication When considering the many works of William Blake, the poem “The Garden of Love” withstands to me as one of his best . poems, and one that can be interpreted in a vast number of ways. After reading literary criticism on this poem, it was interesting how differently the author of the essay, article critiques the piece, in comparison to how I myself had originally perceived it. In my opinion, William Blake is a poet of great complexity, who before his time had much to. Christianity , Criticism , Love 875 Words | 3 Pages.

5 Right and Wrong Ways to Deal with Criticism • .5 • 1 • 1.5 • 2 • 2.5 • 3 • 3.5 • 4 • 4.5 • . Dbq Essay? 5 Date Published: 10/1/2011 Criticism accompanies leadership. Communications? The only way to dbq essay war 1812, avoid criticism is to essay, do nothing. If a pastor is taking a church somewhere—and really even if he or she isn’t—someone will criticize his or her efforts. The way a leader responds to civil right, criticism says much about the maturity of the leader and the quality of his or her leadership. By the Way , Complaint , Critic 1169 Words | 5 Pages. Law - Wrongful Dismissal (Employment Law Canada) termination procedures among other things. When an employee is unjustly let go at work there is no law in Canada which enforces reinstatement even if the . employee can prove unjust causes. An issue related to communications essay, wrongful termination of employment would be constructive dismissal.

This refers to a situation where the employer exhibits an attitude so negative towards the employee that the employee is forced to civil, resign. With the resignation not being in actual fact voluntary, this is communications essay, just but accurately speaking. Constructive dismissal , Employment , Labour law 1915 Words | 5 Pages. significance because of the writer's life? 3. What were the writer's intentions (be very careful answering this question)?

Who was the writer's audience? 4. . Dbq Essay War 1812? Is this work representative of this writer's artistic development? Atypical? C. Social Criticism 1. What is the social situation the work describes? Does the work reveal anything about the culture in which it is set? (consider food/eating, clothing, religion, work/economy, class/social structure, housing/architecture, tools/utensils, arts/recreation. History , History by period , Literary criticism 1529 Words | 5 Pages. “The current law on the establishment and communications regulation of a co-ownership interest in hamlet soliloquy land is unsatisfactory.” Discuss. and patterns of living evolve in society.

This essay will discuss the many difficulties that regularly arise in this delicate area of the law for which there . is no simple, all-encompassing solution. Specifically it will cover the common intention constructive trust and its development as well as the communications essay, impact of the reform introduced by the Trust of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TLATA). Cohabitation of property has generally always been regulated by statute. Much of the 20th century co-ownership. Account of first, profits , Common law , Constructive trust 2305 Words | 7 Pages. Study of Social Critcism in Perfume by essay, Suskind and A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.

The Criticism of society and human nature implicit in Perfume by Suskind And A Day in seo friendly The Life of Ivan Denisovich by solzenitsyn The . criticism of society and human nature found in these two novels, is extremely subtle. The criticism in the novels differs through the difference in era. A Day in the Life of essay, Ivan Denisovich is civil right movement essay, based on a prisoner of essay, war camp in Russia during the thesis seo friendly, Second World War or right after and communications essay is a criticism of the treatment they receive inside the camp. Whereas Perfume. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn , Criticism , Humanities 1022 Words | 3 Pages.

me through my time teaching writing at dbq essay war 1812 Harvard, was a deeper lesson about the nature of creative criticism . First off, it hurts. Genuine . criticism , the type that leaves an indelible mark on you as a writer, also leaves an communications essay existential imprint on sociologists research religion you as a person. I’ve heard people say that a writer should never take criticism personally. I say that we should never listen to these people. Criticism , at communications its best, is dbq essay, deeply personal, and communications gets to the heart of why we write the way we do. Perhaps you’re. Critic , Criticism , Essay 1148 Words | 4 Pages. 1. (c.) Psychoanalytic Criticism Psychoanalytic Criticism was first mooted by the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. It deals . with the mind of the author at the time of writing hence the “psycho” aspect of it. The text is seen as a dream and the readers unravel the mysteries of the dram as they read and hamlet first essay endeavor to gain understanding of the essay, text. Thesis Statement About? In this theory, the author’s mind, the impact of the communications essay, text on the reader and the third character are of paramount importance.

This theory came from psychology. Black people , Leopold Sedar Senghor , Literary criticism 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter 7 What If They Wont Play 1. it • Look at the underlying interests • Discuss hypothetically what would happen if the position was accepted • What would happen if we chose this option….. . • Ask how it addresses the problem Don’t Defend Your Ideas – Invite Criticism and statement yourself Advice • • • • • Invite criticism Try to understand why they don’t like it Find out their underlying interests Improve your ideas from their point of view Ask what they would do in your position Recast an communications Attack on You as an Attack on the Problem •Don’t respond. Animorphs , Attack , Attack! 343 Words | 8 Pages. Decrease in property value is likely to occur with there being a decrease of 10 to dbq essay war 1812, 18 percent in property value. Wal-Mart handling criticism . I think that despite the criticisms Wal-Mart face, their success speaks for itself and customers always come back. Businesses worldwide will always face criticism , its how these businesses decide to essay, follow up on the psychology of problem solving these criticisms that truly matters. Wal-Mart needs to be careful when deciding where to station Wal-Mart centers; making certain that people in the.

Big-box store , Business , Criticism 856 Words | 3 Pages. how most women in the 1600’s were with independence. IV. Ophelia’s relationship with Hamlet A. How they met 1. Quotes, and criticism . B. Became lovers 1. Communications? Quotes, and criticism C. Hamlet rejects her 1. Sociologists Research Religion? Quotes, and communications criticism V. Ophelia’s relationship with Polonius A. How he speaks to her 1. Find quotes B. The advice he gives her 1. Criticism C. Sociologists Papers? Is it a two way relationship? Or just one? VI. Communications Essay? Ophelia’s relationship with Laertes A. Their converstations 1. Find quotes. Characters in Hamlet , Criticism , Family 426 Words | 3 Pages.

no resulting trust as Westdeutsche Landesbank Gironzentrale v Islington London Borough illustrates the two types of resulting trust and Quistclose does not . fit into neither. Of Problem? Smolyansky goes on to state that Quistclose trusts should be based on constructive trusts which can come into force regardless of express or implied intentions and it would be imposed when its unfair for the legal owner of the property to claim a beneficial interest in the funds. It was put forwards due to the unsecured creditors. Constructive trust , Contract , Debt 1568 Words | 5 Pages. ?Stephanie Ihekwoaba English 3341—Fall 2013 Monday, October 21, 2013 New Criticism Analysis of The Crate (Francis Ponge) VS. A Dog After . Love (Yehuda Amichai) As defined by the editors of the Bedford Glossary of communications essay, Critical and Literary Terms, mentioned in sociologists religion a handout given by Professor Tomas Q. Morin, New Critics have the ability to “treat a work of literature as if it were a self-contained, self-referential object,” rather than intently evaluating a poem on the basis of the reader’s emotional. Intentional fallacy , Literary criticism , Literary theory 1519 Words | 7 Pages. decipher the events within the play—and within the play’s play—as they unfold, thus creating a tertiary level of meta- criticism . Through this . approach, Stoppard demonstrates that critics and criticism are not formal roles, but rather that assuming the role of a critic can be done by anybody and that people actively engage in criticism even if they are not aware of it. Through his criticism of theatre and the whodunit genre, Stoppard forces the reader, and consequently the critic, to recognize the interdependent.

Actor , Critic , Criticism 1482 Words | 4 Pages. Individual Report Eng.Proficiency and leadership. ?Analyze Your Own Mistakes and Criticize Yourself (Rule 22) Explanation of the Rule: In order to keep us from essay worrying about civil right movement essay criticism is by . doing self-analysis more than bothering on what other people said. Charles Darwin own self-criticize after he wrote a book called “The Origin of Species”: “He became his own critic and spent another fifteen years, checking his data, challenging his reasoning, criticizing his conclusion.” This method shared by Dale can be used by us to focus more on self- reflection. Criticism , Dale Carnegie , Exercise 1135 Words | 4 Pages. Part 1 Fundamental Techniques In Handling People. practical wisdom ought to essay, be implemented by anyone of soliloquy essay, us. I have learned that someone has to think twice or thrice before he or she behaves and talks. This . is because people will remember what we talked to them especially the communications essay, complaint and sociologists research papers praise. Criticism and blaming will make people feel very down, angry, and even to be discouraged.

Besides, I learnt to think deliberately with unhurried manner in order to give out the most appropriate responses when dealing with different people under different situations. Complaint , Criticism , Human 1050 Words | 3 Pages. Beowulf: the Monsters and the Critics. much poetry in the world like this; and though Beowulf may not be among the very greatest poems of our western world and its tradition, it has its own . individual character, and peculiar solemnity;…” (113). Tolkien has successfully undermined the communications essay, criticism of for a about yourself, all of those opposed to how Beowulf was written. Tolkien also studies and analyzes how the communications essay, structure of the poem fits into the meaning of the article. The most important point of dbq essay war 1812, Tolkien’s speech I find is that Tolkien finds this poem not to be. Allegory , Beowulf , Criticism 911 Words | 3 Pages. corrupt and unfair. The lottery also demonstrates ideological criticism . Tess makes a joke at communications essay the end of the passage, just before she is aware . that she is chosen, exclaiming why she was late by saying, “Wouldn’t want me to leave m’ dishes in the sink now would you, Joe?”(965).

This sarcastic remark is mocking her job as a spouse and the typical hereditary family she has been living in. Scholes explains this scene as a ideological criticism due to the joke Tess Hutchinson had made about her own gender. Criticism , Gender role , Shirley Jackson 1285 Words | 4 Pages. Hitting the Wall: Nike and International Labor Practices. 1) Which criticisms leveled against Nike do you consider to be fair? Explain. Nike's corporate practices are good indicators that the . company is civil right essay, only interested in exploiting low wages in third world countries. This is communications, indicated by civil movement, investing in these countries through worker training or human resource investment but has continually shifted its operation to the country with a lower wage. Nike is in control of its subcontractors ? They dictate the price of a shoe and essay the cost of theme, operation to its. Criticism , Developing country , Employment 1358 Words | 4 Pages. A Reflection on Children Live what they Learn.

we should teach them the essay, right things because everything that they see is right for them. First? “If a child lives with criticism , he learns to . condemn”. “If child lives with hostility, he learns violence”. Essay? A child is still a child, we should let them be a child and experience their childhood years. A child should be enjoying himself while learning. We should not let them live with criticism , that every move they make our eyes are onto them too. Say for instance, we always criticize a child as they grow.

Child , Criticism , Developmental psychology 803 Words | 1 Pages. questionnaire and interview surveys Goal-free evaluation model - concerned with reducing the effects of bias in evaluation by searching all outcomes - . The primary audience for this model is the thesis for a paper yourself, con¬summer Art criticism model or educational critic - uses the traditions of art and literary criticism . - uses expert who is attuned by experience and communications training to judge the important facets of educational programs - to help us to judge the thesis about yourself, programs through the process of communications essay, description, interpretation, and. Criticism , Das Model , Evaluation 773 Words | 4 Pages. Explore Priestley’s use of dramatic devices to criticise Mr Birling in Act One of The Inspector Calls. with a consistent pattern of behaviour, whereby he is civil right essay, demonstrated as a man who makes recurring wrong predictions and continually mirrors his wrong . decisions, reinforces amiss impressions about him and his personality, therefore shows Priestley’s criticism of him and his points of view. Essay? Mr Birling views marriage as a business transaction and is constantly emphasising his capitalist viewpoints, whereby there are ‘lower costs and higher prices’. Movement? Consequently he places a monetary value on his daughters. An Inspector Calls , Audience , Capitalism 1099 Words | 3 Pages.

2.1 Summary of communications essay, The Issue Social media provides businesses with a platform to communicate directly with prospective consumers (Ormazabal, 2012). However, . the freedom of hamlet essay, dialogue between brands and consumers makes companies vulnerable to essay, online criticism . Thesis Yourself? According to Solomon (2015, para.5), businesses are often inclined to delete or rebut complaints received on social media, although it is suggested that brands, instead, should view them as an opportunity to showcase their effective complaint resolution. Brand , Business , Complaint 911 Words | 4 Pages. The end of admiration: the media and the loss of the heroes makes some arguments about how the media develops gossip, criticism and essay . knowledge. Peter H Gibbon, writer of the article affirms his point were too he brings historical heroes and famous people that are admire in a wall for their accomplishment of being better than anyone. Dbq Essay War 1812? He says that there is more popular people that are athletic or talented famous then those that made a change. He appoints that the children are being expose to the. CBC Radio One , Celebrity , Criticism 944 Words | 3 Pages. long journey that never seems to essay, end. Thesis? Learning one thing always opens a door to a slew of other ideas and facts that you may find yourself ignorant of.

In . Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism , Pope explains poetically that the more you learn, the communications, more you realize you don't know anything. An Essay on Criticism is written in iambic pentameter and arranged into war 1812, five separate paragraphs. Communications? Pope, the narrator of the poem, begins the poem by stating, A little learning is a dangerous thing. Civil Right Movement? This. An Essay on Criticism , Learning , Literature 910 Words | 3 Pages.

Stylistic Analysis : “a Cup of Tea” by K.Mansfield. common view that a literary text is likely to be comprehended better if it is studied in communications essay parallel with stylistic analysis which emphasizes the crucial role . The Psychology Of Problem? of the communications, linguistic features of the text contributes much to religion, the development of literary criticism . M.A.K.Halliday is one of the essay, text linguists who sees ‘grammar’ as a network of systems of of problem solving, relationships which account for all the semantically relevant choices in language, which is the standpoint of the stylistic analysis as well. In. Criticism , Fiction , Isaac Asimov 815 Words | 3 Pages. misunderstand you. In addition, remember that being honest and essay not disguising and intension.

Moreover, Sammy should learn how to receive . Of Problem Solving? criticisms . “The effective way to respond to criticism is to use an assertive style. It does not attack, surrender to, or sabotage the critic. It disarms the communications, critic.” (McKay and the psychology of problem solving Fanning, 2000, p. 162). When parents criticize you and communications the criticism is justified, using the phrases as “I know” or “I understand”. Also include the reason and what is your further action. Sammy can. 2007 singles , Communication , Criticism 1092 Words | 4 Pages.

The Real Inspector Hound and Metafiction. THE REAL INSPECTOR HOUND Dramatic criticism of the play by Tom Stoppard | | | . | |In The Real Inspector Hound Stoppard makes fun of the critical jargon used by reviewers; when they make quasi-official | |pronouncements, they are pompous and hamlet silly. Of course the satire is especially effective when it is partly self-satire, coming | |from a former theater critic. Agatha Christie , Critic , Criticism 1388 Words | 5 Pages. appears to grasp the effect that Hurston was going for in his review in the NAACP publication: Opportunity. Essay? He starts his critique off by showing . appreciation for Hurston’s “gift for poetic phrase, for rare dialect, and hamlet first essay folk humor”. This kind of communications essay, criticism is refreshing after analyzing the critiques of someone like Wright. Locke gives the impression of first, open-mindedness and shows an interest in the time and research that has been put into communications essay, the creation of this particular work. Instead of letting personal.

African American , Black people , Black Power 1206 Words | 4 Pages. New Criticism vs. Reader-Response A piece of soliloquy essay, work can be evaluated in plenty of ways. Critique methods such as Reader-Response, . Deconstructive Criticism , New Criticism , and communications many others act as examples of literary evaluations. All of the critique methods share similarities, but differ in other ways.

Reader-Response and New Criticism , for example, share characteristics but they are also two very opposing things. Reader-Response focuses on attention towards the text influenced by the reader’s thoughts. Criticism , Linguistics , Literary criticism 977 Words | 3 Pages. 111.09:305-055.217/18 FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM IN ENGLISH LITERATURE (How does it apply to ‘Pride and Prejudice’-by Jane Austen?) . Sanja Dalton1 Abstract: The aim of this paper is to express Feminist Literary Criticism in English Literature, as critical analysis of literary works based on feminist perspective, as well as to uncover the latent dynamics in a novel relevant to women’s interior role in society. Feminist Literary Criticism rejects patriarchal norms in of problem literature that.

Elizabeth Bennet , Feminism , Feminist theory 1378 Words | 4 Pages.