Write My Paper -
Resources for Writers: Summary Writing - Drew University
Aggregated Antibiograms and Monitoring of Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Summary Of Essay? Highlight and copy the desired format. Critical After Articles? Community-specific antimicrobial susceptibility data may help monitor trends among drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and guide empiric therapy. Because active, population-based surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease is summary, accurate but resource intensive, we compared the proportion of penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates obtained from existing antibiograms, a less expensive system, to that obtained from 1 year of film essay, active surveillance for Georgia, Tennessee, California, Minnesota, Oregon, Maryland, Connecticut, and New York. For all sites, proportions of penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates from antibiograms were within 10 percentage points (median 3.65) of those from invasive-only isolates obtained through active surveillance. Only 23% of summary of essay, antibiograms distinguished between isolates intermediate and resistant to penicillin; 63% and 57% included susceptibility results for erythromycin and Critical Thinking after articles, extended-spectrum cephalosporins, respectively. Aggregating existing hospital antibiograms is a simple and summary, relatively accurate way to estimate local prevalence of penicillin-nonsusceptible pneumococcus; however, antibiograms offer limited data on isolates with intermediate and high-level penicillin resistance and isolates resistant to other agents. Infections from Streptococcus pneumoniae tax the healthcare system in theme the United States and other countries. Scientific advances have been made in the treatment and summary, prevention of theme, pneumococcal infections through antibiotics and licensure of vaccines for both adults and children; however, the last few decades have witnessed the summary of essay emergence of S. pneumoniae resistance to antibiotics ( 1 ). In a multistate, population-based surveillance system that follows invasive disease from pneumococcus and other bacterial pathogens, the percent of isolates resistant to penicillin reached 24% in lab report title 1998; concurrent increases in resistance to summary of essay, other antimicrobial drugs have also been noted among penicillin-resistant pneumococci ( 1 , 2 ). Implications of drug-resistance extend beyond the laboratory and into clinical practice as treatment failures from drug resistance have been reported with meningitis ( 3 – 5 ) and otitis media ( 6 , 7 ). In some studies, increased death and gilda film, disease in summary patients hospitalized with pneumonia caused by high-level ?-lactam-resistant pneumococci have been reported ( 8 , 9 ). Measuring pneumococcal resistance to penicillin and other antibiotics enables epidemiologists and healthcare providers to monitor trends, develop guidelines for optimal empiric therapy, and provide impetus for and ascertain the success of educational efforts promoting the in history judicious use of summary of essay, antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance is not uniform across the United States ( 10 ). Nonsusceptibility to penicillin among invasive pneumococcal isolates has been shown to range from 15% to 35% among populations in the Centers for Disease Control and phd thesis, Prevention’s (CDC) national surveillance system ( 1 ).
The ideal method for accurate tracking of of essay, antimicrobial-resistance patterns in a community may be active, laboratory-based surveillance systems that collect strains for susceptibility testing in a reference laboratory. However, this method can be costly, time-consuming, and resource intensive. Alternative methods of measuring local drug-resistant pneumococci that are less expensive and timelier are needed. One alternative is to critical skills, use aggregated antibiograms. A study conducted by epidemiologists at the Oregon Health Division found that aggregating existing hospital antibiograms, also known as cumulative susceptibility data, provided relatively accurate, community-specific, drug-resistant S. pneumoniae data when compared with active-, laboratory-based surveillance, the standard criterion for invasive disease.
The investigators also found that use of local laboratory antibiograms was far less expensive and time-consuming when compared with active surveillance. Whether Oregon’s results can be generalized is unknown; however, only summary of essay, 12 hospitals in one city (Portland) were surveyed, and thesis theme seo friendly, the percent of S. pneumoniae infections nonsusceptible to penicillin was relatively low (14%) ( 11 ). Summary Of Essay? We compared the two methods of surveillance in a larger study that involved sites in thesis theme seo friendly geographically disparate areas and represented a larger fraction of the national population and varying degrees of drug resistance across the United States. Our objective was to determine if existing hospital antibiograms could be used to estimate the percent of community-specific, drug-resistant S. pneumoniae in multiple sites. We compared the proportions of drug-resistant S. pneumoniae isolates reported by participating clinical laboratories from the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs) sites to proportions obtained by of essay, aggregation of critical thinking model, existing antibiograms produced by the same ABCs laboratories. Of Essay? Active Laboratory-Based Surveillance. ABCs, a laboratory-based active surveillance system in CDC’s Emerging Infections Program, tracks invasive disease caused by S. pneumoniae and other bacterial pathogens of public health importance ( 12 ). After Reading? Surveillance areas included in this analysis were: California (CA) (San Francisco County), Connecticut (CT) (entire state), Georgia (GA) (20-county area, including Atlanta), Maryland (MD) (6-county area including Baltimore), Minnesota (MN) (7 counties), New York (NY) (7 counties), Oregon (OR) (3-county area including Portland), and Tennessee (TN) (5 counties). The total population under surveillance was 17 million. A case of invasive pneumococcal disease was defined as the isolation of S. Summary Of Essay? pneumoniae from a normally sterile site (e.g., blood, cerebrospinal fluid) from a surveillance area resident. Surveillance personnel routinely contacted all clinical microbiology laboratories in their site to identify cases and conducted audits every 6 months to ensure complete reporting. Pneumococcal isolates collected through ABCs were sent to reference laboratories for susceptibility testing by broth microdilution according to the methods of the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) ( 13 ). Isolates were defined as susceptible, having intermediate resistance, or resistant to agents tested according to shortest phd thesis, NCCLS definitions ( 14 ). We requested existing antibiograms from all clinical laboratories participating in ABCs. The antibiograms were to cover the most recent 12-month period for which completed data were available at the time of the inquiry (1997 for GA, TN, CA, MN, OR, MD, and CT; 1998 for NY).
Any identifying information (e.g., hospital name) obtained during collection of antibiogram data was removed before the data were forwarded to summary of essay, study investigators at CDC. Surveillance personnel also used a standardized questionnaire to query each hospital’s infection control practitioner or microbiology supervisor regarding the Critical Thinking production and distribution of local antibiograms and whether antibiogram data included sterile isolates, nonsterile site isolates, or duplicates isolates from a single patient. We compiled total numbers of S. pneumoniae isolates identified from the ABCs sites along with the percent of intermediate and resistant isolates, focusing on nonsusceptibility to of essay, penicillin, macrolides, and title, extended-spectrum cephalosporins (e.g., cefotaxime, ceftriaxone). We defined nonsusceptible isolates as those that were of intermediate and high-level resistance or that were simply described as not susceptible to the antibiotic tested. We aggregated data obtained from the participating hospitals within each ABCs site to produce summary antimicrobial susceptibility percentages. Of Essay? When generating tables comparing percent of nonsusceptible pneumococcal isolates estimated by antibiograms and by ABCs, we used only Thinking, antibiogram data for summary of essay the year in question (1997 for all sites excluding New York ); antibiograms covering other periods were excluded from this portion of the analysis. Also, we used only antibiograms that included both the total number of isolates tested and the percent nonsusceptible for each of the antibiotics evaluated; this system allowed for Thinking reading articles aggregation of the laboratory’s data with those from other laboratories. If only summary of essay, a subset of isolates were tested against noir, erythromycin and summary, extended-spectrum cephalosporins, we excluded these results from the aggregated total for erythromycin, cephalosporins, or both. We also calculated the percent of theme seo friendly, laboratories that included S. pneumoniae susceptibility testing to a variety of other antimicrobial agents and the percent of laboratories generating antibiograms that included susceptibility testing of gram-negative bacteria. To compare the summary proportions of and creative thinking model, resistant and susceptible S. pneumoniae isolates detected by the two surveillance methods, we examined the proportion of hospitals whose aggregated antibiogram data fell within a range of ± 5% and ± 10% compared with that detected through active surveillance.
One hundred and forty-five ABCs laboratories completed the surveys; these laboratories conducted antibiotic susceptibility and other testing for summary of essay a total of critical thinking model, 170 (85%) of the 199 hospital laboratories participating in ABCs at the time the study was undertaken. Of the 145 responding laboratories, 108 (74%) routinely generated antibiograms. The 108 antibiograms created include pneumococcal susceptibility testing results for 140 (70%) of the 199 ABCs hospital laboratories. In-house microbiologists typically generated the antibiograms (83%), while infection control practitioners (7%) and pharmacists (10%) created the remaining. Summary? Nearly all laboratories included both sterile site (98%) and gilda noir essay, nonsterile site (92%) isolates in the antibiograms. Ninety-five percent included inpatient, and 79% included outpatient isolates. Forty-six laboratories (43%) included duplicate isolates from individual patients in their antibiograms. When asked how pneumococcal isolates with intermediate susceptibility were categorized, survey responders stated that their laboratory characterized these isolates as intermediate (37%), resistant (32%), susceptible (5%), and nonsusceptible (22%). This question did not specify the antibiotic tested. Only 25 (23%) laboratories generated antibiograms that included data distinguishing isolates intermediate and resistant to penicillin; 77% only indicated whether the isolates were susceptible or nonsusceptible.
The average number of isolates included in the summary antibiograms was nearly double the number collected through active surveillance; the of essay mean number of pneumococcal isolates (per site) tested for penicillin susceptibility was 417 (range 69–850) for ABCs and 826 (range 383–1,291) for summary antibiograms. Hospitals (n=40) that excluded duplicate isolates from around the world, antibiograms averaged similar numbers of isolates (mean 89 isolates) tested for penicillin susceptibility as did hospitals (n=34) whose antibiograms included multiple isolates from a single patient (mean number of isolates tested 88). Of the 140 hospital laboratories whose pneumococcal antibiotic susceptibility testing results were summarized in antibiograms, 96 (70%) created antibiograms with penicillin-susceptibility results in a format that could be aggregated for the year in question. The proportion of laboratories in each site that generated usable penicillin susceptibility data ranged from of essay, 70% (MD) to 100% (NY and MN). Antibiograms included susceptibility-testing results for essay on traveling the world macrolides (63%) and summary, third-generation cephalosporins (57%). The proportion of laboratories for which this susceptibility information was in a format that could be aggregated, however, was smaller for macrolides (44%) and third-generation cephalosporins (39%). For the thesis seo friendly eight sites, the proportion of penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates from ABCs ranged from 14.5% (NY) to 38.4% (TN), whereas antibiograms yielded a range of 18.5% (CA) to 41.7% (TN) (Table 1).
For all sites the overall proportion of isolates nonsusceptible to penicillin according to antibiograms was within 10 percentage points of the population- and laboratory-based surveillance (ABCs); for summary six sites it was within 5 percentage points. The proportion of penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates for each site identified by antibiograms was higher than that generated by ABCs (median difference: 3.65%; range 8.6% to 1.8%). No correlation existed between site-specific levels of penicillin resistance and the magnitude of lab report title, difference between site-specific penicillin resistance identified by the two methods. The proportions of pneumococcal isolates nonsusceptible to a third-generation cephalosporin and to erythromycin were lower than the proportion of penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates, regardless of the method used (Tables 2 and 3). Similar to the results for of essay penicillin, the in history percent of strains nonsusceptible to third-generation cephalosporins or erythromycin as detected by antibiograms tended to be greater than the percent nonsusceptible detected by ABCs. In contrast, the range of the differences for third-generation cephalosporins and erythromycin detected by summary of essay, the two surveillance methods was larger than the range of differences for penicillin as measured for each ABCs site. The magnitude of the difference in overall susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins determined by the two surveillance methods was 10% for seven of eight sites and 5% for five sites. The magnitude of the difference in susceptibility to erythromycin as determined by essay, the two surveillance methods was 10% for of essay all sites and 5% for only four sites. In addition to penicillin, cephalosporins, and macrolides, submitted antibiograms included susceptibility testing results for and creative a variety of other antibiotics that included the following: trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (35%), vancomycin (59%), clindamycin (47%), gentamycin (3.9%), and one or more fluoroquinolones (14%). Thirty-eight percent of antibiograms returned for summary of essay analysis also included antimicrobial susceptibility testing results for various gram-negative bacteria. The results of our study suggest that antibiograms may be an adequate method for conducting drug-resistant S. pneumoniae surveillance for many health departments, illustrating the comparability of aggregated antibiograms that include both sterile and nonsterile site isolates to active, laboratory- and population-based surveillance for invasive isolates.
For more than half the seo friendly comparisons between the two methods, the difference in antibiotic resistance detected was 5 percentage points, and for 23 (96%) of the 24 comparisons the difference was 10 percentage points. No significant differences in summary of essay comparability of the two methods were noted between high- and low-resistance areas. Thesis Theme Seo Friendly? This study indicates that antibiograms may be an alternative tool for evaluating penicillin nonsusceptibility in a region and validates the summary earlier findings of the Oregon study, conducted in an area of relatively low antibiotic resistance ( 11 ). Essay Around? Although the estimates of summary, level of resistance obtained from antibiograms approximated that from title, ABCs, aggregated antibiogram data tended to show a higher proportion of summary, nonsusceptible isolates within each site and for each antibiotic evaluated. This trend is likely due to the inclusion of nonsterile (noninvasive) site isolates. In studies from centers that include both sterile and nonsterile isolates, nonsterile site isolates have been found to be equally or more resistant ( 15 – 17 ). The reason for this difference is in history, unclear but may reflect differences in serotype distribution between strains causing invasive and noninvasive disease.
Disparity in results between clinical and reference laboratories could also contribute to this trend; use of the E test (AB Diodisk, Solna, Sweden) by of essay, clinical laboratories might vary from the referent method (broth microdilution) by one half or one dilution ( 18 ). Lab Report? In this study, we were unable to examine the role of laboratory error or differences in susceptibility-testing methods as a reason for summary of essay differences in results from antibiograms compared with those from seo friendly, active surveillance. Compared to penicillin, differences between the two surveillance methods were greater for extended-spectrum cephalosporins and erythromycin. This finding may be because of smaller numbers of isolates included in the antibiograms, fewer laboratories that included susceptibility testing of S. pneumoniae to summary, these antibiotics, or greater disagreement between clinical and reference laboratory results. We could not include antibiogram-susceptibility testing results for some hospital laboratories because only a subset of the pneumococcal isolates that were tested for penicillin nonsusceptibility were also tested for susceptibility against third-generation cephalosporins (20 laboratories) and erythromycin (13 laboratories). The potential explanations for why these laboratories tested only shortest in history, a subset of pneumococcal isolates (i.e., only penicillin-nonsusceptible isolates were tested) against the same antibiotics were not indicated on the antibiograms. Summary Of Essay? We chose to lab report title, evaluate the comparability of the summary of essay two surveillance methods by observing how often the percent nonsusceptible isolates estimated by theme, aggregated antibiograms differed by 5 and 10 percentage points from summary of essay, that estimated by ABCs active surveillance. Shortest? As there exists no standardized or absolute level of antimicrobial drug resistance that would dictate a change in empiric treatment of summary of essay, pneumococcal infections, we chose a priori two conservative thresholds of difference. A healthcare provider may not modify empiric therapy based on the differences found in our study, and the magnitude of differences reported here are likely not relevant from a public health perspective.
Trends of pneumococcal antibiotic resistance over time may be of film essay, more clinical and epidemiologic relevance than an of essay absolute level. Knowledge of local trends may help communities assess regional antibiotic use and the world, evaluate the effects of local educational measures promoting the judicious use of antibiotics. As this study did not span multiple years, we could not document the of essay ability of antibiograms to detect trends. However, given that sentinel surveillance conducted in ABCs sites has been shown to detect pneumococcal resistance trends over time ( 19 ) and that in critical thinking skills model our study antibiograms provided site-specific point estimates of antibiotic resistance similar to those measured by active sruveillance, antibiograms may be able to follow trends in pneumococcal antimicrobial resistance at of essay, the local level. Critical Thinking After Reading Articles? Drawbacks to this surveillance method include the summary of essay inability to evaluate resistance to multiple drugs. Relatively few drugs can be evaluated because of laboratory variations in antibiotics selected for gilda susceptibility testing by of essay, antibiograms. Health departments that wish to monitor emerging resistance patterns to antibiotics, such as vancomycin or fluoroquinolones, might consider a method other than aggregated susceptibility tables, or they might encourage hospital laboratories within a defined community to standardize their susceptibility panels to facilitate aggregation of results. Another limitation of antibiograms is the theme inability to distinguish between intermediate- and high-level resistance to penicillin; 77% of of essay, antibiograms in our study expressed resistance as percent nonsusceptible rather than distinguishing between intermediate and resistant isolates. Thinking Skills Model? This distinction has become relevant for treatment of some infections. For example, NCCLS guidelines recommend different breakpoints by syndrome (meningitis vs. nonmeningitis) for some agents ( 20 ). Aggregating antibiograms is useful for infections that are generally community-acquired, but antimicrobial resistance in hospital-acquired infections should be evaluated based on the knowledge of the particular institution’s flora.
Finally, not all hospitals’ laboratories generate antibiograms or generate them in a manner facilitating aggregation across laboratories. However, we demonstrated the comparability of the summary two surveillance methods despite the fact that the penicillin-nonsusceptibility results, as measured by antibiograms, was known for only 96 (48%) of the 199 ABCs hospital laboratories. This study should help clinicians and public health personnel in thesis state or local health departments determine which surveillance tool for obtaining estimates of antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae is best suited to their specific region or community by providing background information on two alternative systems; the benefits and limitations of each system may be reviewed to determine the summary of essay most useful and practical surveillance tool for essay around a particular region. Antibiograms are relatively inexpensive and easy to use. Although not measured in our study, epidemiologists in Oregon found that the summary cost of active surveillance was approximately 70 times that of aggregating antibiograms for the three-county study area ( 11 ); the high cost of this type of surveillance, however, is partially due to the fact that ABCs is an integrated system that accomplishes multiple objectives in addition to susceptibility testing of pneumococcal isolates ( 12 ). Most hospitals and laboratories routinely generate antibiograms; therefore, obtaining this information is relatively easy and within the capacity of local health departments. Active surveillance, on the other hand, excludes duplicate isolates for a single patient or infection and shortest in history, is able to summary, provide extensive additional information such as risk factors for resistant infections, outcome data, and other laboratory testing such as serotype determination. Active surveillance also limits case and isolate collection to persons who are residents of the Thinking reading articles defined surveillance area, allowing for calculation of rates of disease. Furthermore, active surveillance provides individual patient-level data, allowing assessment of the impact of specific interventions such as pneumococcal conjugate vaccination of infants and young children. Attainment of patient-level data through active surveillance also permits detection of possible changes in the incidence of resistant pneumococcal infections (e.g., because of a general decrease in cases of pneumococcal infection among children receiving pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) that might go unnoticed if only the proportion of resistant isolates were tracked (i.e., as done by summary of essay, antibiograms). Increasing antibiotic drug resistance is a problem that is Thinking articles, global in scale and that has practical implications for the treatment and outcome of invasive infections from S. pneumoniae and other bacteria of public health importance.
Clinicians and researchers are now acknowledging the importance of preventing resistant infections through appropriate use of antibiotics and vaccines. Surveillance data are needed to monitor the success of these campaigns and to raise awareness of the problem. Because most local laboratories generate antibiograms routinely, collecting aggregating antibiogram data is an summary inexpensive and readily available method of measuring local antibiotic resistance levels. Although providing less information than active surveillance, aggregated antibiogram data are a generally accurate way for health departments to generate needed community-specific estimates of pneumococcal resistance. Dr. Van Beneden is a medical epidemiologist in the Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Thinking after Disease Control and of essay, Prevention. Thesis Theme? Her research interests include public health surveillance systems for community-acquired bacterial infections, antimicrobial resistance among streptococci, study of vaccines against pneumococcal disease, and group A streptococcal disease. We thank the of essay surveillance officers, clinical microbiologists, laboratory directors, and Critical Thinking after reading, managers working in ABCs sites for contributing data for this study and Paul Cieslak, Richard Besser, and of essay, Anne Schuchat for their helpful and insightful comments on the manuscript. Theme? Please use the form below to submit correspondence to the authors or contact them at the following address: Chris Van Beneden, Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and summary, Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop D65, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA; fax: 404-371-5445.
Comment submitted successfully, thank you for your feedback.
Expert Essay Writers -
Resources for Writers: Summary Writing - Drew University
GW2 Super Adventure Festival Daily Achievements Guide. A guide to the daily achievements in Super Adventure Festival 2017. Complete 3/5 of the Super Adventure Festival Dallies to summary get Course Work: Super Adventure Festival achievement. Complete 8 Course work achievements to obtain Course Load achievement, which grant you new Crimson Assassin weapon skins. Adventuring must be done in normal or tribulation mode. Everything else can be done on title, infantile mode unless otherwise noted. Please see this guide for the full details on completing this achievement.
Complete the Shortcut Wurm and Shortcut Eagle. This can be done in infantile mode for ease of access. Shortcut Wurm is in W1Z2. Past the second checkpoint, head to the canopy and start go backwards towards the water. The wurm is in a corner. Shortcut Eagle is in of essay, W2Z2. Past the third checkpoint, take a right at the flowers. Make a jump to a semi difficult cloud and then climb the tree to access the Shortcut Eagle.
Ride it all the way while staying behind the head to complete the achievement. Daily Guides – Environmental Science. Smash the honeycomb in gilda film, World 1 Zone 1. This is right after the third checkpoint. In the corner on of essay, your way to the next checkpoint is a maze. You go through the maze and in the next open area is a honeycomb guarded by the Queen Bee Dog in a corner. Smash the honeycomb in after reading, World 1 Zone 2. Of Essay! The ground after the second checkpoint contains the entrance to the Queen Bee Dog room.in a corner.If you are unsure where to title go, just follow the Bee dogs.
Honeycomb is guarded by the Queen Bee Dog which you have to kill. Smash the honeycomb in World 1 Zone 3. This is the honeycomb right before checkpoint 1. Summary Of Essay! If you are not sure of on traveling, how to navigate the maze, just follow the of essay, bee dogs. Smash the tree stump in noir, World 2 Zone 1. If you are doing this on infantile mode this is checkpoint 5. Otherwise it is like checkpoint 7. When you see these hillbillies, beat them up so a racoon spawns and summary lead you to the maze nearby (it is an easy maze anyways). Thesis Seo Friendly! Kill the stump protected by summary, the Raccoon Kingpin. Smash the tree stump in World 2 Zone 2. If you are doing this daily, make sure you after using the critical and creative thinking skills model, shortcut eagle after checkpoint 3 as it skip all the tedious sections like the arrow traps and gongs. Summary! If done right, the shortcut eagle will take you all the way past the building with the big gong which will save you significant time. You will need to run back a bit from the checkpoint saved by shortcut eagle and climb on this tree that will take you all the way to the roof of the gong building. Once you are at the roof, make a big jump to the rock across from it and use the Critical after, flower to shoot you to summary a hidden area with a maze. At end of the maze is a tree stump with a racoon kingpin. Watch you don’t die as the checkpoint is quite far away. Smash the tree stump in World 2 Zone 3. Infantile/normal mode is gilda noir essay relatively the same since this location is right before checkpoint 1. Go into the maze near the summary, hillbillies and navigate through to the tree stump guarded by a Racoon kingpin.
Smash 10 pieces of furniture in World 1, Zone 1. The idea here is to lab report title go into shops and smash their furniture. Of Essay! There is a shop after checkpoint easily accessible with 11 furniture inside you can smash. Smash 10 pieces of furniture in World 1, Zone 2. The idea here is to go into shops and smash their furniture. There is a shop right before checkpoint 2 and there is exactly 10 furnitures inside for you to smash. Smash 10 pieces of furniture in thinking model, World 1, Zone 3. The idea here is to go into shops and smash their furniture. There is a shop behind the waterfall past checkpoint 2. Summary! There is thesis theme exactly 10 furnitures inside the shop so smash everything for a quick and easy daily. Smash 10 pieces of furniture in World 2, Zone 1 . The idea here is to go into shops and smash their furniture. You can find a shop just past checkpoint 5 (after the raft section with assassins) and checkpoint 7 (after the rapids with logs). Each shop has 5-6 furniture pieces you can pick up and summary smash. Do it in film essay, infantile mode to complete it fast.
Smash 10 pieces of furniture in World 2, Zone 2 . The idea here is to go into shops and smash their furniture. Easiest shop to reach is to save at checkpoint 4 and then use the flowers to the left and bottom of the checkpoint to of essay shoot yourself into the shop. There is enough furniture for the achievement and use infantile mode if you need to reach it easier. Smash 10 pieces of furniture in World 2, Zone 3 . The idea here is to go into shops and smash their furniture. Easiest shop to reach is to the one right before checkpoint 2. There is Thinking after reading articles exactly 10 furnitures inside the shop for you to smash. You need to open two chests in World 1 Zone 1. The first chest is a freebie and is just to the right of entrance along with the key next to summary of essay it.
The second chest is right past checkpoint 1 on lab report, a hill. Kill all the monkeys you see for a chance at key drop. Otherwise you need to buy one from the shop. The two chests you need to summary of essay open in World 1 Zone 2 can be found in this guide here. Critical Thinking Reading! Specifically they are step 8 and 21 in the guide found between checkpoint 1-2 and checkpoint 2-3.
First chest is right past checkpoint 1. Buy a key first from the of essay, shop near checkpoint 2 and then go back and climb up this slanted tree trunk. Use it to jump on the leaves behind it and work your way to a cut open trunk with a chest inside. Second chest is Critical reading past checkpoint 2. Buy a key from the shop again and use the tree trunk near water to climb up to the canopy. Summary! Once you are in the canopy, look for a grassy area near the water and you will find a hidden chest there. You need to open three chests in World 1 Zone 3. You may consider doing this in normal mode so monkeys nearby the chests drop the keys and shortest phd thesis it makes less tedious than having to visit out of essay, of the thesis theme seo friendly, way shops.
1. First chest is right before checkpoint 2. Go past checkpoint and visit the summary of essay, shop behind the green waterfall to buy a key and then make your way back to checkpoint 2. Once you make back to checkpoint 2, jump to Thinking after reading the wall to the left of the checkpoint and across the flower pads with your key to the chest. If you get gobbled up by the flower pads, you may lose your key so beware. 2. Second chest is after checkpoint 2 with an of essay, easier shop to reach to purchase your key. Critical And Creative Thinking Model! Get up to the canopy using the slanted log and then jump on the ledge in the wall to access this shop a bit higher up above the summary of essay, chest. Once you have the key, jump down to the chest and beware of the “fake” leaf that falls down as you jump across. 3. Essay Around! For the summary, third chest, it is after the third checkpoint but you have to unlock the top checkpoint and jump through the canopy so you can access the giant horizontal log above. Gilda Film Essay! If you do this in normal mode you can kill monkeys around the horizontal log/chest to get a key. Summary Of Essay! Otherwise you may have to purchase a key from the same shop you used for chest 2 and carry it over as there doesn’t seem to be a way to get to the chest if you buy keys from shops past the third checkpoint. You need to open twochests in World 2 Zone 1. Do this in infantile mode and just buy keys from shops. Make sure you have 50 baubles on you for keys.
1. Lab Report Title! First chest is after checkpoint 5. Buy a key from the shop and then jump down on the floor to get shoot across the waterfall to the hidden cave. Run through the cave and you will find a chest on summary of essay, the other side. 2. The second chest is right before the title, last checkpoint. Buy a key from the shop right before the second last checkpoint and then ride the log next to the last checkpoint all the way to the bottom. At the bottom you will find a tunnel with mushroom pads you can climb up to unlock a chest. You need to open three chests in of essay, World 2 Zone 2. With the changes to World 2 Zone 2 which removed pretty much all the infantile cloud after the new cloud shortcut you may as well just do this in model, normal mode so you can get keys from assassins instead of having to visit shops and backtrek to the chests. 1. First chest is summary of essay after checkpoint 1. It is on a tall pagoda you have to get past on your way to lab report checkpoint 2. Kill the assassins nearby on normal mode for the key to drop and then open the chest on the top floor after using your glove to of essay push it open. 2. The second chest is on top of the pagoda with all the piranha pools after checkpoint 7. Kill all the assassins in the pagoda and on traveling around one of them should drop the key to open the key to open the chest. 3. This third chest is a pain to reach. It is right past the gong pagoda, which now you can skip thanks to a shortcut where you can simply jump over the arrow trap to the left of the checkpoint. Once you do that, you want to summary jump down and thinking skills model bomb one of the walls to reveal a hidden shop where you can buy a key.
Armed with the key, you want to walk on the edges carefully and summary of essay make your way back to the gong pagoda (have to pass through the toad pagoda first) with the key. Then you want to jump on the tree to the side of the gong pagoda and then use the clouds to get to the roof. From the roof make a huge leap from the little tower to thesis the rock nearby and summary bomb it to reveal the next hidden room. Inside the hidden room, bomb one of the walls (you have to be next to it to bomb it now) and jump down through the opening with your key to open the chest below. If you fall to your death during any of the steps, you have to repurchase your key and gilda start over. Daily Guides – Mineral Resource Extraction. Dig up two bauble chests in World 1, Zone 1. Only normal/tribulation mode works for this achievement. Between checkpoint 1 and of essay 2 is the hill with the chest on top.
From that hill, you can do two separate jumps, If you take the left path (yellow), it will take you to a spot. . If you take the right path (white), it will take you to on traveling around another spot. Each chest gave 20 baubles. Dig up three bauble chests in World 1, Zone 2. Of Essay! Only normal/tribulation mode works for this achievement. 1. Thinking Reading Articles! Right before the first checkpoint, there is a rock near the waterfall on summary of essay, the left you can dig for a bubble chest (10 baubles) 2.There is stump after the first checkpoint right next to the horizontal trunk on the ground that you can pass through. You can dig up a chest with 5 baubles. 3. Critical Thinking Model! Near the stump, a bit to the right, is summary a ledge you can dig up a chest (+10 baubles). Dig up three bauble chests in film noir essay, World 1, Zone 3. Only normal/tribulation mode works for this achievement. 1. Use your shovel to dig an area near the entrance for a bauble chest.
2. If you follow the branch to the right before the first checkpoint and across some flytraps, you will find another area to dig. 3. Also right before the first checkpoint, take a left into of essay the maze. You will find a dig spot to the left end of the and creative model, maze. Dig up three bauble chests in World 2, Zone 1. Summary Of Essay! Only normal/tribulation mode works for Critical, this achievement. 1. Before the first checkpoint in the hidden room behind the waterfall with all the water sprouts.Dig there for a +20 bauble chest. 2. This is after the 1st checkpoint. There is a ledge behind the waterfall you can use to help you get across to summary of essay the other side. Phd Thesis! Dig for 20 baubles.
3. From the summary of essay, 2nd digging location, follow the bend of the river and then make it to this smaller stream at end of the river. Jump across it and then go up so you can jump across it one time time to lab report access the summary of essay, top area with the shortest phd thesis in history, waterfall where you can dig up another chest containing 20 baubles. 4. Right after checkpoint 3 is a ledge you can drop on the right (if you run past the checkpoint and summary turn around to title face it). You can dig there for a 50 bauble chest. Dig up three bauble chests in World 2, Zone 2. Only normal/tribulation mode works for this achievement. 1. To the summary of essay, right of Checkpoint 1. Dig for phd thesis, +50 bauble chest. 2. Past checkpoint 1 but before checkpoint 2, there is a lone tall rock under an assassin that can be dug for of essay, a +20 bauble chest. 3. Take a left from checkpoint 4 and dig under for on traveling the world, a +50 bauble chest. Dig up three bauble chests in World 2, Zone 3. Only normal/tribulation mode works for this achievement.
1. This first one requires you to summary have learned the secret song 332331 from hidden room #8 in W2Z2. If you don’t have this song that is okay as I will cover 4 digging locations and you can just pick. You want to enter the Raccoon maze near the hillbillies before checkpoint 1. Hug the left side until you reach a “mouth” like wall you can open using 332331 on your flute. Once you are inside the mouth. You can to jump to the very top and then drop down on the other side. At the bottom, you want to lab report take a left instead of right that will take you to the polar bears. The digging location is summary of essay inside a corner where you can dig up a chest containing 50 baubles. 2. Past the essay on traveling the world, second checkpoint you will find the place with all the “mouths” trying to blow you as you cross.
You want to jump down to the side near the 1st “mouth” and pick the summary, hole on the right side to drop down. This is and creative a door where you can push to access the summary of essay, Raccoon Kingpin but you just want to dig here for a +50 bauble chest. 3. After you get past checkpoint 4 (it is the checkpoint next to a block where you can push with your gloves). Thinking Skills! You drop down a tunnel like structure and push the door open to proceed to the next area. To the of essay, left of lab report, that door are some ledges you can jump on and then dig for a chest containing 10 baubles.
4. After digging spot #3, you will need to hop down and set up the teleporter that will take you to summary the location with the jumping goats. Take the teleporter to the jumping goats and jump off it to dig for critical thinking, a 10 bauble chest. GW2 The Desolation Achievements Guide. GW2 Master of Decor World 2 Achievement Guide. For Interior Design 201, the summary of essay, jugs next to the hillbillies past checkpoint 7 count as shop furniture.
Well done guys clap clap Will help so much. A guide for the maze with the raccoon would be most appreciated. Never mind, I’m just stupid. I realised you had to follow the raccoons after I posted. My bad. Can I give you a hug? E-Science 202 I had no idea where the stump could be.
Dulfy I love you so much! Thanx again dulfy 3. Can these be done on infantile mode? Kinda lazy for daily grinds. Yes everything except maybe the digging. I’d like to collect a large amount of Critical after, those compressed baubles and fancy coins (to purchase skins and furniture and stuff) and one know which guide I should be looking at to figure out the best (or most complete routes) for of essay, getting them? Those bauble bauble are just boss drops and they are daily so just run through all the furniture shops in thesis theme seo friendly, normal mode (infantile mode give less) and summary of essay do the boss at film end of each zone. Adventuring 101 to of essay me, dunno if just bugged this time, but leaving this here…, had to critical and creative thinking skills model be done on the “normal mode”, since infantile mode gave me not the achievement. You don’t get the end chest from the summary of essay, boss, nor do the dig sites give any baubles on infantile.
I assume this is intended. It’s best to do it on normal because the rewards are better, and critical skills it’s not difficult to finish either. Not sure if you wan to list all the summary of essay, digging spots. So I’ll just write one I found. Mineral 102 – Sharp left after checkpoint 3 – climb up. They are all listed here, I just took the easiest/ones closest to entrance for fastest daily completion: http://dulfy.net/2013/04/04/gw2-super-adventure-box-bauble-digging-locations/
Ah, Missed that guide! This brings back memories from the critical thinking skills model, first time I’ve ever done SAB ;w; ahhh. Locksmithing 203 – the checkpoint after the shop where you need the torch to reach has a chest on the ledge just opposite there. Not sure where the other 3 are. I’ll be exploring it a bit and will let you know if I find the others – still trying to of essay find where you start the guide for finding Moto’s Finger. as for Mineral 101, you made a bit of a typo, it only requires 2 chests. Mineral Resources didn’t work for me in Infantile Mode.
The chests don’t pop up. It worked after I did it in the Normal Mode. The same case applies for the Adventuring Achievement. Alternative way for Mineral Resource Extraction 203 (I took back one of your picture because I missed to screen it) : You need to unlock the shortcut, then jump off when you have the 3 chests, go back on shortcut, use the left one on film noir essay, top roof and do the Yeti. Found a real easy dig chest in World 2 Zone 3. Lockmithing 201 – there’s a chest behind the summary, final waterfall before the boss, and there’s one after a checkpoint where you get launched through a waterfall with a flower instead of thesis theme, going straight across (there’s a bunch of bears and burnable trees there). Also might want to update the digging guide with any that people submit for the dailies – one from 202 is missing on the digging guide. i was confused at first because suddenly day 7 is of essay listed even though that won’t start until the next server reset.
I see now that all the essay, classes follow a simple pattern so you just planned ahead. You’re so smart, Dulfy! #128578; If you look at summary of essay the actual date that the dailies are on, the date corrispond to thinking model that day (April 5, 6 etc). Remember that day 1 was on summary, at the end of March. Don’t worry, I too got confuse at how Dulfy knew the film noir essay, dailies a day ahead until I notice the of essay, future dailies was the same one as I was doing that day and I look at the actual date. ha! ok i see that now #128578; Is Color Guard still available as a daily in Season 3? It seems to be a Season 2-only achievement. For Locksmithing 103, for the last chest, you can go up through the jumping puzzle-esque area that leads to Moto’s Breath, and instead of turning and falling to the right at the top, you can go to the left, and follow a log leading down. Anyone know how to theme do Study Group, Study Aids, or Dean of Students? -Dean of students just needs you to summary beat boss toad (W1Z3) and the mountain wizard (W2Z3) in after, infantile or normal doesn’t matter.
-Study group requires you to complete two zones in a party. – Study aids requires you to use each of the power-ups in Super Adventure Box once. Thanks! Was trying to puzzle out what they could mean but kept striking out. Dean of students just needs you to beat boss toad (W1Z3) and the mountain wizard (W2Z3) in infantile or normal doesn’t matter. So a bit lat but just realized SAB was back. Just enough time to finally see this so reinstalling again.
For Interior Design 201, the Hillbilly ‘furniture’ counts! For some reason, doing W1Z1 on normal did not give me Adventuring 101. Weird. same. did you have to do trib mode? Hm yeah redid it again in summary of essay, Normal and essay on traveling the world got it this time. Didn’t open all the chests, just went straight for the boss. Weird.
found another chest digging just outside the shop after the third one listed on summary of essay, mineral 102. There is Critical after articles another one just where you get dropped out by the shortcut wurm. Your dailies you have listed for 4/9 are completely wrong. So, you’re missing Locksmithing 203. Since you have to recover all chests (3 or 4?) in that zone, look like not the case for most people anyway(they will use the short cut to save 50+% time). I don’t think you get both of summary of essay, those dailies at the same time, so what your suggesting must be for the people grinding the in history, respawns every day. This guide should be for casual players who need help, not those who know exactly what they’re doing. Once again, completing a zone for the Adventuring achievement didn’t give me the achievement. Last time this happened I had to redo the zone.
Annoying. I didn’t have that problem, but if it does. just skip to the next zone to complete another daily. you only have to do 3 out of 5 to get the complete daily. not worth repeating same zone if you already get the 2 bb boss chest from of essay that zone. Did you wait until the countdown finished? Yup, got transported to around the zone with the cart and got the chest for completing the zone, and then completed the cart zone as well. First time I played through zones 1 through 3 of World 1 in addition to the bonus cart zone.
Second time I played only summary, Zone 3 and the bonus cart zone. Still no achievement :/ got a new and easier digging location w1z3 (10 bubbles) to right between the lab report title, roots at the wall before first checkpoint. Mineral Extraction is not doable on Infantile mode anymore… Who knows how many more things have changed? I got credit for Dean of Students in infantile mode. Can Study Group be done in Infantile Mode? Yes, just did it. You’re missing the new dailies added in of essay, 2017 like Color Guard, Study Aids, and film noir Study Group. The others are pretty obvious, but Study Aids is not.
Color Guard and Study Group are not new. Furthermore, there’s a guide for it at of essay the top of the post. Study group does not require a guide. Not sure what I’m doing wrong for thesis seo friendly, Environmental 202, but the flower keeps launching me into a small ledge that leads to some hillbillies but no maze entrance =[ You have to double back from the hillbillies to find the summary, maze entrance.
Anyone know the chest locations for locksmithing 203? FOR LOCKSMITHING 203 – Go through the #128577; Smiley portal instead of the : ) portal. You will have to thesis follow that way all the way, once you get through the big part with lots of switches turn left there you will see the chest. Dulfy please put a guide for locksmithing 203! If you check Dulfy’s guide to the Master of baubles for W2, you will learn the locations of all the chests in W2Z3 and most likely will see that it really does not worth time and effort to do it. Actually, since ANet changed it so you can suicide and keep the key with you, it’s a lot easier. Open the route to the “stowage” check point, then just buy all three keys at once, since you can fall down to the shop, buy the of essay, key, then suicide back to that point.
After that, the rainbows do most of the work. just keep moving the keys up with you. For Environmental Science 202, when you are taking the shortcut eagle, wait for the 9th wave of bees attacking from the front of the eagle and then jump off. I jumped off the left wing tip. I’m not sure if that made a difference or not. Locksmithing 201: “At the bottom you will find a tunnel with mushroom pads you can climb up to unlock a chest.” What this fails to menion is that there are THREE F****NG BEARS clumped together at that point, making this some of the lab report, most difficult content outside of trib mode.
UPDATE THE GUIDE so we are forewarned.
Best Essay Writers Here -
Summary Essay Examples | AcademicHelp net
100% IGCSE Art and of essay Design: A comprehensive Coursework Project. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. This exceptional IGCSE Art Coursework Project is another from the high-achieving Art Department at ACG Strathallan College. Completed by the dedicated and conscientious Tarika Sabherwal, this sketchbook and final piece were awarded 100% and the highly sought after TOP IN THE WORLD placing for shortest phd thesis the 2011 CIE October examination session. Of Essay. Tarika achieved this result along with another student in her class, Tingjian He (Jim). Viewing these two projects together provides an invaluable learning opportunity for thesis theme seo friendly students and teachers alike, as it illustrates how a classroom-wide teaching programme can be used to successfully guide students to achieve outstanding original and summary creative work.
Tarika’s project consists of shortest phd thesis in history, a twelve page A3 sketchbook, plus a final acrylic painting (approximately A3 in size). Her work explores a ‘Coastal Environment’ theme, depicting beach-related still life scenes, bones, fish, seedpods (harakeke flowers) shells, coastal landscapes, birds and traditional Maori carvings. The first page in Tarika#8217;s IGCSE Art and Design sketchbook introduces students to observational drawing. Working from a still life based on a beach theme, students gain practise representing three-dimensional form. Even in the initial sketchbook page, background washes are used to create visually interesting drawing surfaces and to give students mixed media experience. As is expected in an IGCSE Top of the World Coursework project, this sketchbook page is exceptionally strong. The skull has been rendered using black charcoal and white paint, drawing upon on a wild and unpredictable background created using coloured wash on sugar paper, with white paint marks made using the edge of a piece of card.
Students find this kind of work exciting and fun and this enthusiasm is evident in the great outcome. Summary. Superb. This IGCSE Art sketchbook page contains further examples of the great mixed media work that is prevalent throughout this Coursework project. Here, freshly caught fish have been drawn on a splattered acrylic ground. Phd Thesis In History. It is in this page in Tarika#8217;s IGCSE Art portfolio that her exceptional skill really becomes evident. Learning from summary of essay New Zealand artist Jason Hicks, this page provides excellent opportunity for Tarika to practise her acrylic painting skill, using a dry-brush technique and using masking tape to create straight edges. Colour schemes are kept earthy and Thinking after reading articles minimal, allowing emphasis on summary of essay, shape and form and seo friendly allowing Tarika to really master the blending of paint and the smooth gradation of tone. Summary. A great example of an Art Design research page.
In the left IGCSE sketchbook page Tarika demonstrates an understanding colour schemes such as monochrome, complementary and articles harmonious, whilst continuing to refine her superb blending and control of acrylic paint. Many Painting and Related Media students benefit from the summary of essay gradual introduction to wet media that is exhibited in gilda film, this programme of work. This allows students the of essay opportunity to shortest phd thesis in history, really develop and refine their painting skill (rather than throwing them in at the deep end) something that is crucial within a Cambridge IGCSE Art project. Of Essay. This second IGCSE artwork (a sketchbook page depicting birds) illustrates a great teaching exercise: students have the opportunity to learn about space, depth and phd thesis distance through overlapping form and understanding of perspective. This sketchbook page also gives Tarika the opportunity to use her competent painting and of essay drawing skills to render more complex forms. Phd Thesis. This IGCSE Art and Design sketchbook page is truly spectacular. Upon first glass it seems that the majority of the works are completed by the artist model Andrea Mae Miller. It is only upon close examination that your realise the majority are in fact stunning etchings that Tarika has completed herself. In this page Tarika demonstrates layered, mixed media techniques, gaining valuable insight from New Zealand artist Jason Hicks.
The comprehensive annotation in this IGCSE Art sketchbook also clearly demonstrate to the examiner that she is a conscientious and dedicated student who has an excellent grasp of art-making terminology. Composition Development: With visual research and artist analysis now complete, Tarika begins to culminate her ideas, generating concepts for her final work. The final two pages in her IGCSE Art and summary of essay Design sketchbook show the composition development and Critical after plan for of essay her final piece. Confidently summing up her IGCSE Art and Design Coursework project, Tarika produces a carefully executed and well-balanced final piece. It is obvious how cleverly all the pieces of Tarika#8217;s project fit together into a whole and develop systematically towards this excellent solution. Far too many high school Art projects are bitsy, inconsistent and jump wildly from one topic to another. Noir Essay. Tarika#8217;s work is an summary of essay, example of clear and coherent development of ideas, while demonstrating a broad and wide variety of skills.
Fantastic! Tarika’s Coursework project is visible in the YouTube clip below: If you are a reader of the phd thesis Student Art Guide, you will no doubt already be aware that ACG Strathallan College has an summary of essay, exceptional Art department that continues to skills, achieve great success under the guidance of Curriculum Co-ordinator Jo Palmer. More to come from this great faculty soon! In the meantime, you may wish to summary of essay, view Tarika#8217;s beautiful 100% IGCSE Art exam. This article was written by Amiria Gale. Amiria has been a teacher of Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for Thinking articles seven years, responsible for the course design and of essay assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of Teaching. She is lab report title a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest. Join over of essay 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter.
You will be notified first when free resources are available: new art project ideas, teaching handouts, printable lesson plans, tips and advice from experienced teachers. What are you waiting for?
High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays - Writing CSU
Epictetus Enchiridion Essays and Research Papers. Rules of Life: Epictetus ' View As rational beings, we can become conscious of the of essay law that guides all things. Virtue consists in critical and creative thinking skills model conscious . agreement with the inevitable order of things. According to Epictetus ' The Enchiridion , one acts with the virtues of Stoicism: human imperfection, prudence, temperance, and courage. We can relate what Epictetus is saying to our own lives. It appears that some comfort comes in knowing that one has no control over the predetermined. Epictetus represents. Enchiridion of Epictetus , Epictetus , Ethics 1105 Words | 3 Pages. Epictetus: The Virtue of Inward Freedom. accepting external events and by of essay, concerning himself only gilda essay with how he chooses to act upon of essay what is within his power.
The sage and philosopher . Epictetus taught Stoicism in first-century Rome, and although none of his original writings have survived, much of his teachings were recorded by his student Arrian. The Enchiridion , or Handbook, is and creative skills model, a concise manual on how Epictetus thought one should live. The basic idea underlying the practical enactment of stoicism can be summarized in a phrase: “Do not seek to. Chrysippus , Epictetus , Logos 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Stoic Commandments from Epictetus.
Commandments from Epictetus ? Thou shalt honor the blessings that the Lord gives you. Summary? ? Thou shalt live with only necessities, and . avoid luxuries. ? Thou shalt not attempt to control things that you are powerless to. ? Thou shalt avoid boasting about one’s life and journeys. ? Thou shalt not hold grudges against those who do wrong against shortest phd thesis you. Summary Of Essay? There are many things in thinking skills model this life that we cannot control, and according to the famous philosopher, Epictetus , we are to accept. Discourses of Epictetus , Epictetus , Ethics 836 Words | 3 Pages. The Difficulty in Living Life as a Stoic Life as a Stoic is one focused on improving the world. In more specific terms, Epictetus believed . the purpose of moral philosophy was to help show people the way to lead better lives. Summary Of Essay? A life as a Stoic philosopher is in history, therefore an ideal one for members of a society, for summary of essay, its focus is on theme seo friendly improvement for all. However, for the actual individual, leading the life of a Stoic philosopher is difficult, for it commands that the summary of essay individual subordinate his own ends. Epictetus , Ethics , Personal life 2019 Words | 5 Pages. Zeno (334-262 B.C.E.), who assembled his school on the Stoa (Greek forporch, hence the term stoic), this philosophical movement attracted Cleanthes . (303-233 B.C.E.), Aristo in Athens and later found such advocates in Rome as Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.), Epictetus (60-117 C.E.), Seneca (4 B.C.E.-?-65 C.E.), and the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (121-180 C.E.). Zeno had been inspired as a youth by the ethical teachings and particularly by the courageous death of Socrates. Film? This influence helped to fix the overwhelming.
Epictetus , Ethics , Marcus Aurelius 2037 Words | 5 Pages. THE MANUAL EPICTETUS The Handbook is a guide to daily life. Epictetus focuses his attention on how to practically apply . oneself on a philosophical level. The primary theme in this short work is of essay, that one should expect what will happen and wish it to happen so. The other motif that appears is Epictetus ' opinion on the judgment of events: What upset people are not things themselves, but their judgments about the things. For example, death is nothing dreadful or else it would have appeared dreadful. Emotion , Epictetus , Ethics 1339 Words | 4 Pages. ability to essay around step back from my previously held irrational infuriation with our country’s political system.
The main reason why I could detach myself from summary of essay this . Title? anger lay within the Stoic philosophy to which I had recently been exposed. Summary? After reading Epictetus ’ and James Stockdale’s pieces on stoicism, I began rethinking my approach to the political scene in America. I realized my previous anger at our political system was pointless, as it had no means of changing the situation. Instead of letting my mind. Aristotle , Emotion , Epictetus 1204 Words | 4 Pages. from the objection towards lerned ladies. Samuel Johnson would say: “A man is in general better pleased when he has a good dinner upon his table, than when . his wife talks Greek. My old friend, Mrs. Title? Carter, could make a pudding as well as translate Epictetus from the of essay Greek, and gilda noir, work a handkerchief as well as compose a poem. (Works of Samuel Johnson, ed.
J. Hawkins, 1787, 11.205). Of Essay? One of Elizabeth’s main interests was the study of religion, and her devotion to duty as well as her domestic abilities allowed. Epictetus , Samuel Johnson , Stoicism 1144 Words | 4 Pages. Stoic V. In History? Epicurean: the Battle of Moral Theories. theories, I found myself intrigued by their different beliefs. I was fascinated by the Epicurean pleasure filled and painless seeking lifestyle. I was also . enticed by summary, the teleological beliefs of the Stoics.
But there were ideas that Epicurus and Epictetus believed in that led me to criticize both philosophies, the gilda film essay Epicurean views about injustice and death and the Stoic view of duty in particular. One of the first criticisms I noticed when reading Epicurus was his view of summary injustice. Phd Thesis In History? Epicureans. Cynic , Epictetus , Ethics 1049 Words | 3 Pages. The Philosophical position of Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. First say to yourself what you would be; and summary of essay, then do what you have to do. Critical Thinking? This quotation by Epictetus , a great Stoic of his time, describes . Atticus Finch's reasoning during the of essay novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Atticus, the single father of two children, Jean Louise Finch (Scout) and Jeremy Atticus Finch (Jem), is Thinking after, a strictly static character whose strong views and sound judgment shape his relationship with them. The relationship between he and his children bases itself on the views of.
Atticus Finch , Epictetus , Ethics 938 Words | 3 Pages. fields such as astronomy and the art of healing. The Romans thought very highly of the stoics. Some of the most famous stoics are well recognized people to summary . Thesis Theme Seo Friendly? anyone who has a basic understanding of philosophy. Two of the best known Roman Stoics were “ Epictetus , a slave, and Marcus Aurelius, an emperor.” (Stoicism, the philosophy of Rome) Then you would obviously have to add the creator of stoicism, Zeno of Citium. Summary? Stoicism is shortest phd thesis, basically an indifference to pain and summary, pleasure. “Stoicism was one of the and creative thinking model new.
Cato the Younger , Epictetus , Ethics 620 Words | 2 Pages. Analytic Essay on Saint Augustine's Confessions Augustine uses stoicism in abundance throughout Confessions. Stoicism is of essay, when you show no strong emotion toward something that would usually cause someone . else to be very emotional. An example of what stoicism is, is in the passage from The Enchiridion ( Epictetus 1997, 18), “…if you embrace your child or wife, that you embrace a mortal - and thus, if either of them dies, you can bear it…” Augustine uses stoicism when he talks about how it is bad and that it is a sin when a baby cries for everything.
Augustine of Hippo , Epictetus , God 892 Words | 2 Pages. that he isn’t as stoical as Epictetus taught. When he returns home to his farm to find his family crucified, his emotion takes over, and he . moves from the shortest phd thesis in history world of pleasure to the deepest recesses of the world of pain. Although this does conflict with the summary whole idea of stoicism, Maximus is able to gilda film noir restore his composure and stoicism and achieve ataraxia later on in the movie, as stated in the quote. By resembling a stoic, Maximus follows the teachings of Epictetus . Epictetus says, “Do not seek to have. Emotion , Epictetus , Ethics 833 Words | 2 Pages. The Philosophy of the Stoics among the Romand and Greeks.
likewise that which is of essay, honorable.” From the “Manual of Epictetus ”: Epictetus was a former Greek slave in essay on traveling Rome who gained . Summary Of Essay? prominence as a philosopher in the second century A.D. Though he left us no texts himself, his devoted students kept copious notes on his lectures. In these lectures, he often reflects upon his experiences at thesis seo friendly, the hands of a brutal master, and from these draws general principles of summary virtue in this world. The “Manual of Epictetus ” is attributed to critical and creative model his student, Arrian. Of Essay? Quotations. Epictetus , Logos , Marcus Aurelius 3576 Words | 10 Pages. accord with nature.
Because of this, the reading Stoics presented their philosophy as a way of life, and they thought that the summary best indication of an individual's . philosophy was not what a person said but how he behaved. Later Stoics, such as Seneca and Epictetus , emphasized that because virtue is sufficient for happiness, a sage was immune to misfortune. This belief is similar to the meaning of the phrase stoic calm, though the phrase does not include the shortest in history radical ethical Stoic views that only a sage can. Cynic , Epictetus , Hellenistic philosophy 3783 Words | 11 Pages. Judgment and Destiny Epictetus ’ views on how a person should live as a good human are very clearly stated in his handbook. He explores . many different values and virtues throughout his writing. Of Essay? The lesson of Critical after reading articles virtue is one he explores in great deal and ties to many other ideas in his work. Summary? His views on how we judge ourselves, our possessions and others are eloquently written throughout his virtues. Judgment can be a dominating factor in one’s life, which Epictetus seems to appreciate and talk. Death , Grammatical person , Human 1030 Words | 3 Pages.
god of monotheism. While there is shortest phd thesis in history, little doubt that Epictetus views god as all powerful and all good, I will argue that his texts also indicate . that Epictetus views god as a pantheistic god possessing none of the defining characteristics of a personal god. There is a significant difference between what Epictetus means by being all good and what monotheism defines as all good. What monotheism defines as all good is perfect morals while Epictetus defines the true nature of good as intelligence, knowledge. Atheism , God , Universe 1498 Words | 4 Pages. “The Enchiridion ,” by Epictetus is a very interesting piece. This piece emphasizes the summary of essay different aspects of our lives that we do . have control of contrasted to the parts of our lives that we do not have any control of. “Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions.
Things not in critical model our control are body, property, reputation, command, and, in summary of essay one word, whatever are not our own actions.” ( Epictetus 1) This quote lists and incorporates some. Cognition , Concept , Critical thinking 507 Words | 2 Pages. At first glance, I was immediately inclined to argue in epictetus ' favor, because it pains me to argue that Christianity is good for . anybody. Critical Thinking Reading? In the following paragraphs, i will contrast the God of summary Epictetus , and the God of Augustine, and in the end, my stand will be clear. Epictetus and Augustine both identify God on basic level. Epictetus says, Where the essence of God is, there too is the essence of good. What is the essence of God.
Right Reason? Certainly. Augustine of Hippo , Faith , God 1101 Words | 7 Pages. Review: “The Epictetus Club” Trayler, Jeff (2004). The Epictetus Club. Papillion Press, OH November 11, 09. Based on Thinking real . events, this novel is set in the old Ohio Penitentiary.
The metaphors of the institution are realistic. The inmate characters and of essay, the names of staff have been changed in this novel. The story begins by tagging a group of inmates who meet weekly under the tutelage of a lifer named Zeno in a group called the Epictetus Club. Thesis Theme? The inmates try to learn something from the teaching. Cognition , Corrections , Criminal justice 1179 Words | 3 Pages. argument that one of these things that humans cannot control is summary, chance, and attempting to do so will result in after reading articles unfavorable consequences. This essay will . support the central claim of the film by putting it in context with two primary texts: Epictetus ’ “ Enchiridion ” and the radical opposing view of Jean-Paul Sartre’s “Existentialism”. Before examining the main argument of the Run Lola Run, I will begin by discussing why the summary of essay film advocates determinism as opposed to critical and creative thinking free will. Summary Of Essay? While we as humans like. Causality , Existentialism , Free will 1059 Words | 4 Pages.
has the ability to experience. It can either come from indulging desires or come from mental and or spiritual happiness in which two great philosophers have . studied and mastered in great depth. Although Epicurus and Epictetus both had very strong opinions to this argument, Epictetus showed that it is necessary to have a knowledgeable understanding of what is giving you that satisfaction. With his idea we see that it is important to see the big picture in order to lab report title be happy rather than Epicurus' simple. Ethics , Happiness , Pain 754 Words | 2 Pages. Saint Augustine: How He Fused Classical Culture (I.E., Both Stoicism and Platonism) with Christianity. Confessions fused the gap between Classical culture and Christianity. Of Essay? Stoicism was a school of lab report philosophy where those who practiced it believed that it . was wrong to summary of essay show any kind of emotion in any circumstance. Even in times of death, as Epictetus stated in the Enchiridion “for the opinion about thesis seo friendly death, that it is terrible is the terrible thing.”1 It was acceptable to feel some sympathy for someone else’s emotions, just not empathy, “Do not be unwilling to show him sympathy, and even if it happens so, to. Augustine of Hippo , Metaphysics , Neoplatonism 1877 Words | 5 Pages. Epictetus vs.
Seneca “a Comparison in the Writings of Two Stoic Philosophers.” Born of different stations, languages and of essay, creeds, Epictetus and Seneca are Roman philosophers who externally appear to be very different. . Epictetus was born to a slave mother, sold as a slave himself and seo friendly, spent the majority of his youth as a slave in Rome. Seneca was born into money; he became tutor to a boy named Nero who later acquired position of Emperor of Rome in 54 A.D. Though these two men seem to be from very different worlds, they have a shared purpose in of essay studying philosophy. Lab Report? The purpose. Death , Human , Human body 951 Words | 2 Pages. Explain the Key Features of Two Therapeutic Models (Cbt and Ta) originated by Albert Ellis, Ph.D. in summary the mid-1950's. Phd Thesis In History? Ellis developed his approach in reaction to his disliking of the in-efficient and in-directive nature . of Psychoanalysis. The philosophic origins of summary RET go back to the Stoic philosophers, including Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius.
While rooted in rather different theories, these two traditions found common ground in Thinking after focusing on the here and now, and on summary alleviating symptoms. CBT is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on. Albert Ellis , Clinical psychology , Cognitive behavioral therapy 1412 Words | 5 Pages. disguised as Epictetus knocks on the door. Critical And Creative Model? Odysseus: Servants! Open the door.
Epictetus ! Its been a long time since I . have seen you. Are you still working on that Trojan War essay? ( Epictetus ): No, I have changed topics, but I’m having a little trouble. So I came here! Odysseus: What is it about? ( Epictetus ): Happiness. I know you have experienced a lot of of essay it, so I came to you first! Odysseus: Let’s sit down.
What, exactly, is the question? ( Epictetus ): What is happiness. Elysian Fields , Elysium , Odyssey 1631 Words | 6 Pages. Russell defined happiness as feeling connected to one’s self and essay around, society (Bertrand Russell). While in Epictetus , a stoic philosopher, a strong . emphasis towards regulating desire co-existed with profound insight on moral excellence. In the essay, “From the Handbook,” he defined happiness as a virtuous life that consisted of letting go of the desire for things beyond an individual’s control ( Epictetus ). Summary Of Essay? In the midst of the discourse on happiness, the ideas of the gilda film essay fourteenth Dalai Lama, the spiritual.
13th Dalai Lama , 14th Dalai Lama , Bertrand Russell 1727 Words | 15 Pages. in the summary of essay mid-1950's. Ellis developed his approach in reaction to his disliking of the in-efficient and in-directive nature of Psychoanalysis. The philosophic . origins of RET go back to thesis theme seo friendly the Stoic philosophers, including Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius. Summary? Epictetus wrote in The Enchiridion , Men are disturbed not by Thinking, things, but by the view which they take of them. Summary Of Essay? The modern psychotherapist most influential to the development of RET was Alfred Adler (who developed Individual Psychology). Adler, a neo-Freudian. Albert Ellis , Behaviour therapy , Clinical psychology 1717 Words | 7 Pages. Minny were the two characters that stood out the Thinking after reading articles most that could be compare to of essay Epictetus and Aristotle. Skeeter, in my opinion . Lab Report Title? compares to summary Epictetus philosophy. Epictetus ethical teaching focuses on changing things about critical thinking skills ourselves because we are unable to change things outside our own selves.
Epictetus tells us that regardless of circumstances, human beings are capable of summary of essay dignity and self control ( Epictetus , 2010). Skeeter is essay on traveling around the world, a young white college graduate who is looking for an opportunity. Aristotle , Ethics , Happiness 853 Words | 3 Pages. Epicurus and Epictetus : Epicureanism and Stoicism There are several key differences between Epicurus’ and Epictetus ’ . ethical views, though they both branch for summary of essay, Aristotelian philosophy. One major difference is the focus on Critical Thinking after reading their theories. Epicurus believes our ethics exist only because we desire things that give us pleasure. Epictetus , on the other hand, gives a broader view of things we should do to lead a more philosophical life.
He stresses the importance of summary our moral purpose and the. Epicureanism , Ethics , Good and evil 1104 Words | 3 Pages. Character, Dignity, and Self-Respect of the Help. Self-Respect of The Help Michael A Davis Phi-2000 Capella University February 10, 2013 Introduction This paper will address the philosophies of . Aristotle, Epictetus , and Saint Augustine and shortest in history, relate them to the movie The Help. Also this paper will relate each philosopher to the movie by, Aristotle: Ethics based on summary personal virtue, Epictetus : Ethics based on inner strength of the individual, and Saint Augustine: Ethics based on following a Divine Command. Each philosopher was born and lived in different. Ethics , God , Good and evil 1273 Words | 4 Pages. in his control and what is outside of Thinking after his control, a realization central to the philosophy of Stoicism which had come to summary of essay be the de facto religion of the . educated elite by the time of Vergil (Murray 25). As the Stoic philosopher Epictetus said in aphorism I of the gilda film noir Enchiridion “some things are in summary our control and others not. Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions.
Things not in our control are body, property, reputation, command, and. Achilles , Agamemnon , Greek mythology 2924 Words | 7 Pages. philosophers, especially Zeno of Citium (the founder of the gilda film school), Chrysippus [his most influential disciple], Panaetius of Rhodes (who introduced Stoicism . into Rome), Cicero, Seneca, Epictetus , and Marcus Aurelius. The truths of Stoicism were perhaps best set forth by Epictetus , who in of essay the first century A.D. wrote in the Enchiridion : “Men are disturbed not by things, but by the views which they take of them.” Shakespeare, many centuries later, rephrased this thought in Hamlet: “There’s nothing good or bad. Albert Ellis , Clinical psychology , Cognitive behavioral therapy 2006 Words | 5 Pages. Therapists, 2010). The idea of thoughts as they connect to behaviors can be traced back to Epictetus (55 AD -135 AD , Greek Stoic and . Philosopher). Thinking After Reading? He stated, “Men are not disturbed by things, but by summary, the view which they take of them ( Epictetus and Higgonson, 1944). Epictetus also wrote, “Do not strive for things occurring to noir occur as you wish, but wish things occurring as they occur, and you will flow well ( Epictetus and Lebell, 1994).” In other words, see things for what they really are and good health. Albert Ellis , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 771 Words | 3 Pages.
Disruption of summary Order in King Lear and the Causes. justify Bradley's statement because of the innocent deaths, it is these innocent deaths which further support the gilda film fact that moral order is summary, supreme. The . Phrygian Stoic philosopher, Epictetus said it best, Since it is order which shapes and regulates all other things, it ought not itself to be left in disorder ( Epictetus ) br brbWorks Cited/b brliBradley, A.C. Essay Around The World? Shakespearean Tragedy. Of Essay? London: Macmillan, 1905 brliDoe, John. Open Quote Bartelby.com a href=http://www.bartleby.com/81/14917. Character , Good and thesis seo friendly, evil , Ian McKellen 1406 Words | 4 Pages. to examine Augustine’s ethics on pride and how he supports it in his Confessions. Augustine considered pride to be the summary of essay fundamental sin, the sin from which . all other sins are born.
Augustine believed the devil’s sin was rooted in pride. In his Enchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love, he states that, “Some of the angels…in their pride and gilda essay, impiety rebelled against God, and were cast down from summary of essay their heavenly abode,” and that the devil “was with his associates in crime exalted in pride, and by that exaltation. Adam and Eve , Augustine of Hippo , Love 1808 Words | 5 Pages. shows the valor and courage of a group of soldiers fighting against their own superior’s racism to achieve their desire to serve their country. I will . reflect on the ethics and virtues of this film and compare the shortest in history characters actions to Aristotle, Epictetus and St. Augustine philosophies.
Captain Robert Shaw is injured in the Battle of summary Antietam and sent home to gilda noir heal with his family. He meets abolitionist Frederick Douglass, a former slave. Shaw is offered a promotion to colonel and command of. 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , Fort Wagner , Frederick Douglass 1221 Words | 6 Pages. of confusion, moments of herself finding reason in the decisions she was going to make. But in of essay the end, she decides to kill them because she feels that this . is the only thing that could punish Jason for what he did to her. Philosophers Plato and Epictetus have tried to understand Medea’s inner conflict in and creative two very different ways.
In Plato’s point of of essay view, he feels that reason should govern passion. In other words, he thinks that Medea should have thought more about thesis theme what she had done in a time where. Cognition , Emotions , KILL 682 Words | 2 Pages. God: Epictetus’s Playwright and summary of essay, Abraham’s Faith. altered and lab report title, adjusted according to summary of essay the beliefs of around different people. God has been molded to summary of essay fit the beliefs of Christianity, Islam and redefined in Judaism. To . Model? some, God does not exist and to others, God is heaven and earth. To stoic philosophers like Epictetus , god is summary of essay, a playwright who assigns a role for each and every living thing, instilling himself as the rationality to all things like a conscience. To Christian, Judaism, and Islamic followers, God is an almighty divine being who is essay around, capable of both miracles. Abraham , Binding of Isaac , God 1541 Words | 4 Pages. governed by moderate virtue.
This is regarded as difficult, as virtue denotes doing the right thing, to the right person, at the right time, to the proper . extent, in the correct fashion, for the right reason.  StoicismThe Stoic philosopher Epictetus posited that the greatest good was contentment and serenity. Peace of mind, or Apatheia, was of the highest value; self-mastery over summary one's desires and emotions leads to Critical after spiritual peace. The unconquerable will is central to this philosophy. Summary? The. Ethics , Meta-ethics , Morality 1702 Words | 5 Pages.
in his or hers society; their peers can't say anything to tarnish that reputation being good or bad. However everyone is entitled to have his or her own . opinions. Critical And Creative Thinking Skills Model? So in short Epitus is saying everyone has opinion weather it is summary, good or bad. Epictetus states in Thinking book 3. Summary? In the case of everything attractive or useful or that you are found of, remember to say just what sort of thing it is, starting with the least things. If you are found of a jug, say I am fond of a jug, for then when it is.
English-language films , Hominidae , Human 690 Words | 2 Pages. and fight for the things his men needed. He chaffed at the bigotry and discrimination displayed by the Army Command and began to see and around the world, treat the men . differently. Based on the teachings of Epictetus Robert had the inner strength to summary of essay do the right thing when it came to the command of his men. Epictetus taught that “regardless of critical thinking circumstances, human beings are capable of summary dignity and self-control” ( Rachels, J. Theme Seo Friendly? amp; Rachels, S. Summary Of Essay? 2012). Theme Seo Friendly? Humans also had the summary of essay power to gilda film noir essay control their response to circumstances. 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , Abraham Lincoln , Confederate States of America 987 Words | 3 Pages. Can we be Slaves to our Desires?
Epictetus argues that we can be slaves to our desires. In one example, a man clearly desires power and . thinks he gains it by becoming Caesar’s friend; though in doing so, he becomes more like a slave. Summary? Although he may have increased his social status, he proves to be worse off and gilda film noir essay, more enslaved than when he started. He now has to pay attention continuously to Caesar’s every word. He has to agonize constantly over whether the great Caesar views him favorably, and.
Cancer , Dieting , Health 681 Words | 2 Pages. Everyone chases after happiness, not noticing that happiness is right at their heels. Bertolt Brecht After, Everyone, Heels There is only one way to . happiness and that is to cease worrying about things which are beyond the power of our will. Summary? Epictetus Beyond, Cease, Worrying Happiness is not a goal; it is lab report, a by-product. Eleanor Roosevelt Goal Love is trembling happiness. Khalil Gibran Trembling There are people who can do all fine and heroic things but one - keep from telling their. Albert Einstein , Eleanor Roosevelt , Ernest Hemingway 557 Words | 4 Pages. Innocent People, why do they suffer? one else can. Same with the suffering, only you can stop your personal suffering. “Do not seek to have events happen as you want them to, but instead want . them to happen as they do happen, and your life will go well.” Epictetus (Archetypes of Wisdom, p. 200) I think what Epictetus was trying to say is to not seek or wish to have events happen to you as you would want them to happen. For if you did you would be always be in a rut, always seeking what you want out of like instead of taking what your.
Book of Job , Buddhism , Dukkha 1252 Words | 3 Pages. up as under. Highlights 1. An essential human virtue. Of Essay? 2. A necessity for Thinking after, society. 3. Important for integration of separate entities. 4. Of Essay? Gives . significance of and creative thinking model life. 5. Educated men are .superior. Aristotle 6. Sign of freedom. Epictetus 7. A controlling grace. Diogenes 8. Summary? Basis of good life. Essay? 1. An essential human virtue Education is an essential human virtue.
Man becomes 'man' through education. He is what education makes him. It has been rightly said that without education. Childbirth , Human , Meaning of life 351 Words | 2 Pages. Why College Education Is Important To Me. com/authors/thomas_huxley_quotes.html Statistic Brain High School Dropout Statistics. Summary Of Essay? April 28, 2013, from . http://www.statisticbrain.com/high-school-dropout-statistics/ Epictetus Inspirational Quotes Today (n.d.) Retrieved June 14, 2013, from http://www.inspirationalquotestoday.com/2013/01/inspirational-quote-from- epictetus -it.html . College , Dropout , Education 965 Words | 3 Pages. Tidbits of Wisdom from St. Augustine. his will.
On the contrary, his will shall be much freer when it shall be wholly impossible for him to be the slave of sin. Thinking? References: Barrachina, . Ignatius. Spiritual Doctrine of St. Augustine. B. Herder Book Co., 1963. Augustine, St. Enchiridion on Faith, Hope and of essay, Love. Regnery/Gateway, Inc., 1961. Augustine of Hippo , Christian terms , Christianity 823 Words | 3 Pages. and literate narrator” (Mullen 261) “For Jacobs, literacy serves to record for a reading audience a continuity of experience already constructed and . preserved within her family through oral accounts” (Mullen 261). “Only the educated are free” Epictetus (Power 1) “Education is a better safeguard of liberty than a standing army” Edward Everett (Power 1). Abuse , Black people , Functional illiteracy 898 Words | 3 Pages.
approach me, you have no regard to me? the essay tyrant says. No, but I have regard to summary of essay myself; and if you wish me to say that I have regard to thesis theme seo friendly you also, I tell . you that I have the summary same regard to theme seo friendly you that I have to summary of essay my cooking pot. Discourses 1.19 Epictetus also explicitly uses the term “witness” (Greek: martyr) for the philosopher’s task of showing others what it means to live free of human opinion and authority and in history, obedient to of essay God’s will: ‘In what role are you now mounting the stage?’ As a witness. Christian terms , Christianity , Constantine I 1966 Words | 6 Pages. reason, for both REBT and Stoicism, there is an interdependency of noir thinking and emotion. Acceptance, as the result of the cognitive process of substituting . irrational beliefs with rational beliefs is one of the summary basics of stoicism. Shortest Phd Thesis In History? For instance; Epictetus claims that “Demand not that events should happen as you wish; but wish the to happen as they do happen, and you will go on of essay well” which is around the world, compatible to REBT, when comparing the “musts” to the stoic “demands” as the reason of irrational beliefs. Albert Ellis , Cognition , Critical thinking 951 Words | 3 Pages. meta-ethics and naturalistic fallacies. Hedonism, Epicureanism, Stoicism, Meta-Ethics, Normative Ethics, Descriptive Ethics, Relational Ethics, Applied . Ethics, Evolutionary and Military Ethics Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Immanuel Kant, Epicurus, Epictetus , Thomas Hobbs, John Stuart Mill, David Hume, Sophists, Zeno What determines morality? Does historical precedent define ethics?
How does self-actualization fit in with the paradigm of summary ethics? What condition is benefited by Critical after articles, human reasoning and of essay, choice. Empiricism , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 603 Words | 3 Pages. situations each of which offers a specific meaning to be recognised and fulfilled'. Phd Thesis? Meaning cannot be invented but must be discovered. Stoicism: because it . holds that no matter what the state of the world, our attitude can always help us. The Stoic Epictetus held that 'Men are not moved by events but by their interpretations'. Even in facing death and suffering, by showing courage we can turn a situation into summary a supremely meaningful one. Freedom of will. Without the capacity for freedom of will, people.
Alfred Adler , Anxiety , Life 847 Words | 3 Pages. ideas together with absorbing one’s opinions (Sinclair, 2001). ‘We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen twice as much as we speak’ – to and creative thinking skills . communicate effectively, we should put effort into summary of essay listening to and thus understanding each other ( Epictetus ). However, an Thinking after effective communication is exactly what is lacking between different generations, which is one of the major problems in a workplace. Of Essay? First of all, generations do not understand one another well probably due to each’s biases against. Communication , Difference , Generation 842 Words | 3 Pages. psychological concept as: dissociation acculturation cognitive dissonance individuation Hide correct answer Men (used here to gilda film mean all people) are . disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them.
This quote, attributable to Epictetus , most closely describes the counseling theory developed by: Carkhuff Freud Rogers Ellis Hide correct answer The counseling technique in summary of essay which the counselor intensifies the client's emotional state in order to help the client understand the. Arithmetic mean , Counseling , Individual 839 Words | 5 Pages. what are 3 similarites and 3 differences between the lab report real julius casear and the play julius casear. New York: Columbia UP, 1957-75. Summary? 4.Cox, John D. Seeming Knowledge: Shakespeare and Skeptical Faith. Waco: Baylor UP, 2007. 5.Dent, Robert William. . Shakespeare's Proverbial Language. Berkeley and Los Angeles: U of title California P, 1981. Summary? 6. Title? Epictetus . Handbook of Epictetus . Trans. Nicholas White.
Indianapolis: Hackett, 1983. 7.The Geneva Bible. A facsimile of the 1560 edition. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1969. 8.Gervinus, Georg Gottfried. Summary Of Essay? Shakespeare Commentaries. Trans. F. E. Bunnett. London: Smith, Elder. English Renaissance theatre , First Folio , Gregorian calendar 485 Words | 2 Pages.
associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus (342-270 BCE.) who taught that our life's goal should be to minimize pain and maximize pleasure. Critical And Creative Thinking Model? In . fact, all of our actions should have that aim: Stoicism Only the summary of essay educated are free. Theme? -- Epictetus The founder of stoicism is Zeno of Citium (333-262) in Cyprus. Zeno may have been Phoenician or part Phoenician. He was a student of the summary of essay cynics, but was also influenced by Socrates. His philosophy was similar to that of Antisthenes, but tempered. Bible , Christianity , Ethics 1965 Words | 6 Pages. but the search for truth. Thesis Theme? Philosophical questions are more essential than its awareness, and summary, every answer becomes a new question. When we go through this . book he speaks about different philosophers who live in ancient and modern world. The Stoic Epictetus said, “Philosophy arises when we become aware of our own weakness and gilda, helplessness”2 and he again speaks about of essay famous proposition of Descartes, “I think, therefore I am”.3 Philosophy is starting with asking questions like what is. To this there.
David Hume , Existentialism , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 933 Words | 3 Pages. “Know first who you are; and essay on traveling, then adorn yourself accordingly” Epictetus Fashion is as essential as personality. It is for everyone willing . to dress in a way that reflects their essence; their own style. No matter what, always trying to summary of essay feel comfortable and satisfied with the clothes they wear that will show who they truly are.
Finding individuality is essay around the world, really about of essay getting to know yourself. It is about being connected with the very essence of who you are and, most important, be confident about. Clothing , Color , Emotion 901 Words | 3 Pages. aims include reducing blaming the life and others because of the wrongness in the life and learning cope with the thesis seo friendly future problems effectively.[iv] It is . important that the way of thinking and behaving according to summary this thought. Greek Philosopher, Epictetus quotes “People are not disturbed by things, but by title, the view they take of them”. REFERENCE ----------------------- [i] British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies: What are Cognitive and/or Behavioural Psychotherapies?
Retrieved. Behaviorism , Behaviour therapy , Clinical psychology 889 Words | 3 Pages.
Expert Essay Writers -
Paraphrasing: Sample Essay - the Purdue University Online Writing Lab
customer relationship management (CRM) Customer relationship management (CRM) is a term that refers to practices, strategies and of essay, technologies that companies use to essay around the world, manage and analyze customer interactions and data throughout the customer lifecycle, with the summary, goal of improving business relationships with customers, assisting in customer retention and driving sales growth. CRM systems are designed to compile information on customers across different channels -- or points of contact between the customer and the company -- which could include the company's website, telephone, live chat, direct mail, marketing materials and and creative thinking model, social media. CRM systems can also give customer-facing staff detailed information on customers' personal information, purchase history, buying preferences and concerns. The CRM platform market is crowded.
That’s why our 51-page buyer’s guide explores considerations for buying the right tool, the leading CRM products, top drivers of summary upcoming purchases, TrustRadius product reviews on HubSpot, SugarCRM, Salesforce and Marketo, and more. CRM software consolidates customer information and Critical Thinking after, documents into a single CRM database so business users can more easily access and manage it. The other main functions of summary of essay this software include recording various customer interactions (over email, phone calls, social media or other channels, depending on system capabilities), automating various workflow processes such as tasks, calendars and alerts, and giving managers the ability to track performance and Critical after, productivity based on information logged within the summary of essay, system. Common features of CRM software include: Marketing automation : CRM tools with marketing automation capabilities can automate repetitive tasks to reading, enhance marketing efforts to customers at different points in the lifecycle.
For example, as sales prospects come into the system, the system might automatically send them marketing materials, typically via email or social media, with the goal of turning a sales lead into summary a full-fledged customer. Sales force automation : Also known as sales force management, sales force automation is title, meant to prevent duplicate efforts between a salesperson and a customer. A CRM system can help achieve this by automatically tracking all contact and follow-ups between both sides. Of Essay? Contact center automation : Designed to title, reduce tedious aspects of a contact center agent's job, contact center automation might include pre-recorded audio that assists in customer problem-solving and information dissemination. Various software tools that integrate with the agent's desktop tools can handle customer requests in summary order to cut down the time of calls and thesis, simplify customer service processes. Geolocation technology, or location-based services : Some CRM systems include technology that can create geographic marketing campaigns based on customers' physical locations, sometimes integrating with popular location-based GPS apps. Geolocation technology can also be used as a networking or contact management tool in of essay order to find sales prospects based on location. The four main vendors of CRM systems are Salesforce.com, Microsoft, SAP and Oracle. Other providers are popular among small- to mid-market businesses, but these four tend to be the choice of large corporations. On-premises CRM puts the onus of administration, control, security and maintenance of the around the world, database and summary, information on the company itself.
With this approach the company purchases licenses up front instead of buying yearly subscriptions. Film Essay? The software resides on summary of essay the company's own servers and the user assumes the gilda noir, cost of any upgrades and usually requires a prolonged installation process to of essay, fully integrate a company's data. Companies with complex CRM needs might benefit more from an on-premises deployment. With cloud-based CRM -- also known as SaaS (software-as-a-service) or on-demand CRM -- data is stored on an external, remote network that employees can access anytime, anywhere there is an Internet connection, sometimes with a third-party service provider overseeing installation and gilda film essay, maintenance. The cloud's quick, relatively easy deployment capabilities appeals to companies with limited technological expertise or resources. Companies might consider cloud-based CRM as a more cost-effective option. Vendors such as Salesforce.com charge by the user on a subscription basis and give the option of monthly or yearly payments. Data security is a primary concern for companies using a cloud-based system since the company doesn't physically control the summary of essay, storage and maintenance of its data. Thinking? If the cloud provider goes out of business or is summary of essay, acquired by another company, a company's data can be compromised or lost. Thinking? Compatibility issues can also arise when data is initially migrated from a company's previous system to summary, the cloud. Finally, cost may be a concern, since paying subscription fees for software can be more costly than on-premises-based models.
Open source CRM programs make source code available to the public, allowing companies to make alterations with no cost to the company employing it. Open source CRM systems also allow the addition and customization of data links to social media channels, assisting companies looking to improve social CRM practices. Vendors such as SugarCRM are popular choices in thesis theme seo friendly the open source market. Adoption of of essay any of these CRM deployment methods depends on a company's business needs, resources and goals, since each has different costs associated with it. Traditionally, data intake practices for CRM systems have been the title, responsibility of sales and marketing departments as well as contact center agents. Sales and marketing teams procure leads and update the of essay, system with information throughout the customer lifecycle and contact centers gather data and on traveling the world, revise customer history records through service call and technical support interactions.
The advent of social media and the proliferation of mobile devices has caused CRM providers to upgrade their offerings to include new features that cater to customers who use these technologies. Social CRM refers to businesses engaging customers directly through social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and summary of essay, LinkedIn. Social media presents an open forum for customers to share experiences with a brand, whether they're airing grievances or promoting products. To add value to customer interactions on social media, businesses use various tools that monitor social conversations, from Critical Thinking after reading articles, specific mentions of a brand to the frequency of keywords used, to determine their target audience and which platforms they use. Other tools are designed to analyze social media feedback and address customer queries and issues.
Companies are interested in capturing sentiments such as a customer's likelihood of recommending their products and the customer's overall satisfaction in order to summary of essay, develop marketing and Critical Thinking after reading, service strategies. Companies try to integrate social CRM data with other customer data obtained from sales or marketing departments in summary of essay order to get a single view of the film noir, customer. Another way in which social CRM is adding value for summary of essay, companies and customers is customer communities, where customers post reviews of products and can engage with other customers to troubleshoot issues or research products in Critical after articles real time. Customer communities can provide low-level customer service for summary of essay, certain kinds of problems and reduce the number of contact center calls. Customer communities can also benefit companies by title providing new product ideas or feedback without requiring companies to enlist feedback groups.
Mobile CRM -- or the CRM applications built for smartphones and tablets -- is becoming a must-have for sales representatives and marketing professionals who want to access customer information and perform tasks when they are not physically in their offices. Mobile CRM apps take advantage of of essay features that are unique to mobile devices, such as GPS and around the world, voice-recognition capabilities, in of essay order to better serve customers by giving employees access to this information on the go. For all of the advancements in CRM technology, without the proper management, a CRM system can become little more than a glorified database where customer information is stored. Data sets need to be connected, distributed and organized so that users can easily access the information they need. Companies also struggle to achieve a single view of the seo friendly, customer, where many different data sets can be seamlessly accessed and organized in summary of essay a single dashboard or interface to create one view of a customer’s account and relevant information. Noir Essay? Challenges arise when customer data is siloed in summary several separate systems or when data is complicated by duplicate or outdated information that slows down and hampers the business process. These problems can lead to a decline in customer experience due to critical and creative model, long wait times during phone calls, improper handling of technical support cases and other issues. Studies show that customers, particularly Millennials, are increasingly dissatisfied with the summary of essay, contact center experience.
They demand multiple avenues of communication with a company and expect a seamless interaction across many different channels, the gilda noir essay, most popular of which tend to be Web chat, mobile apps and social media. The main challenge of a CRM system is delivering a cross-channel customer experience that is consistent and reliable. Social media, for example, has been touted as a more efficient channel by which customers can reach companies and summary, get problems resolved or queries answered, rather than enduring the traditional method of title waiting in a phone queue or awaiting an email response. In some cases, particularly in high-touch customer service scenarios , social platforms can fall short for summary of essay, customer service. Companies also continue to struggle to identify real sales prospects with their data. New lead-generation technologies that combine CRM data with third-party data from companies like Dunn Bradstreet and social streams have also been emerging to provide sales and on traveling around, marketing teams with better sales prospects. Summary Of Essay? These methods work best, however, when companies spend time cleaning up their existing data to eliminate duplicate and around the world, incomplete records before they supplement CRM data with external sources of information.
Continue Reading About customer relationship management (CRM) Find more PRO+ content and other member only offers, here. What are the three most important things to consider when choosing a CRM system for your company? By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and summary of essay, its partners. In History? If you reside outside of the summary of essay, United States, you consent to theme, having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.
Privacy. Please create a username to comment. 1. Of Essay? a CRM solution that delivers on my top 3 needs. 2. Gilda Film Noir? a CRM solution provider that focuses on summary of essay user adoption rate. 3. a CRM solution provider with a clear roadmap.
thank in critical thinking model advance. Machine learning in summary of essay the cloud forces hard big data decisions. Interest in critical skills implementing a cloud machine learning platform is of essay, up, but not every business is sold on the benefits of this emerging. Natural language generation software making inroads in critical model enterprises. Natural language generation tools are gradually gaining a foothold in enterprises, as businesses deploy emerging artificial . AI hype doesn't stop Trulia from using new analytics tools.
Online real estate listing site Trulia is using artificial intelligence tools in meaningful ways, overcoming what many people see. Machine learning algorithms meet data governance. Machine learning algorithms may change computing, but they are a bit of a black box. Still, there are ways to summary of essay, tame them with . MapR-DB uses NoSQL to Critical Thinking articles, drive real-time analytics. Strata New York saw MapR update its MapR-DB NoSQL engine to better perform in real-time analytics settings. Other Hadoop . Bank sees ETL processes evolve from IT to summary, front-line users.
ETL jobs -- once the sole province of IT -- take on a new form as data wrangling and self-service gain greater traction with . SAP Data Hub debuts at SAP TechEd 2017. SAP bolstered its claim as a cloud-first company with several announcements at shortest in history, TechEd 2017, including Data Hub and ABAP running . Chief data officer role helps drive digital transformation. In this QA, SAP's Kristin McMahon shares why organizations are increasingly creating a chief data officer role, and how CDOs can. Start preparing infrastructure now for SAP S/4HANA migration. SAP has set 2025 as the date it will no longer support its Business Suite ERP system, and some infrastructure service providers . Oracle Universal Credits another shot directed at AWS. From 'Bring Your Own License' to of essay, Universal Credits, are the recent changes Oracle made to title, its cloud pricing model enough to . The 'Sun' starts to set for Oracle Solaris customers.
After a round of layoffs to its Solaris division, it appears Oracle is phasing out summary of essay, its hardware portfolio and continuing to focus. Battle through the recurring Oracle TNS mistakes admins make. TNS often poses problems for IT admins and can be difficult to navigate -- especially when it comes to essay on traveling the world, an Oracle database. Here's. Five Alexa tricks to build better, more interactive skills. Amazon Echo allows businesses to connect with consumers via Alexa skills, but voice interactions come with different challenges . SAM Local enables offline development for serverless apps. Serverless computing is a draw for summary, developers, though hybrid functionality has been limited. AWS' SAM Local now enables local . AWS root account access is thesis seo friendly, a treasure for attackers. Don't fall victim to a hacked root account. Create and work within new AWS accounts, and then apply the least amount of summary privilege.
Microsoft SharePoint use grows despite product maturity. SharePoint, introduced in 2001, isn't going anywhere, despite challenges from Box, Dropbox and essay on traveling, other cloud rivals. A Microsoft . The Pipeline: Brand content marketing strategies from Digital Strategy Summit. Branded content and social media were the summary of essay, main talking points at the Digital Strategy Summit, a conference dedicated to content . As users and technology drive the essay on traveling around, future of ECM, can vendors keep up? Changing user needs have pushed enterprise content management platforms beyond their initial uses. An expert looks at how ECM has. How training, seven Salesforce certifications helped reboot a career.
John Coppedge became a Salesforce admin almost by accidence -- and then he got laid off. Seven Salesforce certifications later, . Salesforce, SAP, Microsoft or Oracle CRM: Battling for your CRM budget. There are several factors that go into deciding where to spend your CRM budget. Here's a breakdown of the of essay, big four CRM platforms . Salesforce Einstein AI expands reach as Dreamforce approaches. Salesforce Analytics extended to data sources outside the platform.
Salesforce Einstein AI adds forecasting, email insights and . All Rights Reserved, Copyright 2000 - 2017, TechTarget.